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The remaining part of this discourse contains a very proper illuftration of the following words: “God is a spirit, and they that worship him muft worship him in spirit and in truth.'

CONTROVERSIAL. A Letter to the Rev. Theophilus Lindsey, A. M. 8vo. 60.

Rivington. In answer to Mr. Lindsey this writer endeavours to prove, that the prophets spake of the appearance of Christ, as of that of God; that his works were such, as they usually ascribed to God, that in his manner of doing them, and in his appeals to them, he affumed the character of the Son of God; and that the apostles understood this title in the most natural and proper sense. On these grounds he ventures to maintain, that Chrift is the eternal and only begotten Son of God, of the same nature with the Father.

MISCELLANEOUS Characters by Lord Chesterfield, contrased with Cbaracters of the Jame great Personages, by orber respectable Writers, &c. 416. 35. 6. Dilly,

This publication contains the characters of the following eminent persons: George the first, George the second, queen Caroline, lord Townshend, Mr. Pope, Lord Bolingbroke, Mr. Pulteney, Sir. Robert Walpole, Lord Granville, Mr. Pelham, Richard earl of Scarborough, Lord Hardwicke, Duke of New castle, Duke of Bedford, Mr. Fox, and Mr. Pitt.

Whether lord Chefterfield has drawn his characters with im. partiality, and has given accurate and just delineations of the principal persons, who figured on the stage of public life with himself; or whether the capital lines, forming the likeness, are distorted by affectation, prejudice, and the medium of party, is referred to the decision of the judicious friends of the several great personages above mentioned.

To give the public however a more perfe& view of the origi. nals, and enable them to form a better judgement of the noble earl's portraits, likenesses of the fame eminent persons, by Burnet, Tindal, Smollett, lord Orrery, Ruffnead, Mrs. Macaulay, and other respectable writers, are annexed.

To this publication the editor has subjoined an appendix con. sifting of thirteen letters to George Faulkener, Esq. three to the rev. Dr. Samuel Madden, one to Mr. Sexton, at Limerick, two to Samuel Derrick, Esq. and one to the earl of Arran, Temple of Cythnos, or the Oracles of Fortune and Wisdom, for the four Siajons of Life. Translated from the Greek. 8vo. 36. Jewed. Conant.

This work is formed upon the following story. A Grecian fage repaired to a delightful, though a little and unfrequented iland, called Cythnos; built a magnificent temple, and placed

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on the fame altar the images of Fortune and Wisdom.

He then industriously caused it to be reported throughout all Greece,

that thefe two godde fles were reconciled, for the benefit of man> kind ; that Fortune answered all those, who came to confult her upon the secrets of futurity, and that Wisdom advised them how to avail themselves of that knowledge. In the spring, those who were under the age of twenty-one; in summer, those who were between twenty-one and forty-two; in autumn, those who were between forty-two and fixty-three; and in winter, those who were between that age and eighty-four, were admitted into the temple, in feparate classes, consisting of seven persons of the fame fex. They proposed their several questions; and answers were returned.

In this book the answers are divided into classes, and the inquirer is to take at random any number from one to seven, and consult the oracle under that number. Thus the fair one, who in the summer of her life, desiring to know, • What it is that interferes with her happiness ?' and chooses the number feven, will find under that number the answers of For. tune and Wisdom. The former will tell her, Her fenfibility is so strong, that it is hardly in the power of Fortune to procure her a tolerable share of happiness;' and the second will inform her, That though fenfibility may sometimes prove 'painful; it is a necessary ingredient of happiness, and the great characteristic of her sex"

All these oracles are of the fame sentimental or preceptive kind, calculated to give proper comfort to those, who are under any perplexity, aud useful admonition to those, who are in prof. perity. A Supplement to the Works of John Hutchinson, Esq. &c. By the late learned Robert Spearman, Esq. 8vo. 35. 6d. Jewed. Law.

The works of Mr. Hutchinson consist of twelve volumes, containing Moses's Principia, part I. or an account of the Disso. lution and Reformation of the Earth ; with an Essay to fhew, that the Air was the Rival set up against God, and that a great Part of the Bible was to fet Men right in that Point.-Part II. or an Account of the natural Agents, which perform the Operations of Nature, viz. the Air ; or Fire, Light, and Spirit. The meaning of Names and Titles of God. The Confufion of Tongues, and the Trinity of the Gentiles.- Power, essential and mechanical.-Glory, or Gravity.---The Hebrew Writings perfect. -The Religion of Satan, or natural Religion, and the Data in Christianity.-The Agents that circulate the Blood explained,Glory mechanical ; and a Collection of Tracts.

This performance is an index and explanation of all the Hebrew words, cited in the second part of Moses's Principia : 'to which is prefixed Mr. Hutchinson's life. Mr. Spearman, who is likewise the author of an Enquiry after Philosophy and Theo. logy, and Letters on the LXX. was one of the ablést Hutchinfonians.

Lefa Lofons for Children, from Two 10 Tbree Years old. 6d. Yowed.

Johnson. Lellons for Children of three years old. 60. feved. Johnson.

These are excellent books for little children. The chit-chat, of which they consiit, is very properly adapted to their capacities; the sentences are short; and the type large and clear.

kr books of this kind, the second article is a circumstance of great importance. Children should be taught to pronounce their fentences with vivacity and spirit. And this is practicable in fentences of three or four words, or, at most, of five or fix. A long sentence, extending through feveral lines, is not to be com passed by their feeble organs: for instead of fupporting their voice with smartness and energy, they are perplexed by a mula tiplicity of words, and naturally fink into a whining, drawling monotony. The Beauties of Flora displayed: or, Gentleman and Lady's Poco

ket Companion to the Flower and Kirchen Garden : on an entire new Plan. With a Catalogue of Seeds necessary for each of them. By N. Swinden, Gardener and Seedsman, at Brentford-End. Small 8vo. 25. Dodfley.

The author of this litèle work describes upwards of two hundred different kinds of flowers, and gives particular directions for their cultivation and arrangement, that the combination of their several beauties may afford the most conspicuous and picturefque appearance when in bloom : which he introduces by Feven plans (engraved on copper), accompanied with proper descriptions. He next lays down the method of forming the reveral plantations : treats of the ftuation, soil, &c. neceffary for a plealure-garden, and gives directions for fowing and managing annual fowers; which is succeeded by a catalogue of the seeds of eighty nine flowering plants of that kind. The construction of a hot-bed for tender annuals, and directions for sowing and managing them, fucceeds, with a list of eighty-nine tender annuals. The management of More Tender Annual Flowers, is next laid down, accompanied with a list of fourteen plants of this division, He then goes on to treat of biennial and perennial flowers, in the same manner, and presents us with a catalogue of eighteen biennial flowering plants, and thirty perennials; to which he adds nine more that require greater care in the cultivation than the preceding. He then treats of the kitchen-garden ; and gives directions for the culture of the different esculents and pulse which are appropriated to this branch of his work. The catalogues of the flowering plants are given in English, with the Latin generic names onder each, together with their colours.

The author has acquitted himself with credit, particularly in the improvements he proposes, which are ingenious į and his tra&t will be a useful companion to those ladies and gentlemen who amuse themselves in the study of horticulture.

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THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of September, 1778.

A few Remarks on the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman

Empire. Relative chiefly to the two Last Chapters. 8vo. 25. 6d. Robson.

MR.
R. Gibbon, in the two concluding chapters of his History

of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, describes the condition, the numbers, the manners, the sentiments of the first Christians ; points out what he apprehends were the secondary causes of the rapid progress of Christianity ; and gives us an account of the conduct of the Roman government towards the Christians, from the reign of Nero to that of Constantine.

In these disquisitions history affords but an imperfect and ámbiguous light. The pagan historians have given us little or nothing, relative to Christianity, except some few invidious and unjust reflections on the tenets, and the conduct of its profeffors. The ecclefiaftical writers, coming immediately out of heathenism, have blended their own mistakes and pecu. liarities with the doctrines of Christ; and sometimes have condescended to make use of pious frauds. But fupposing their representations of Christianity were always just, the circum. Itances, which ought to be faithfully exhibited, are scattered through a great number of voluminous productions. On this account, it requires a long course of theological study, a critical knowledge of the scriptures, an adequate idea of the nature and genius of our religion, with an uncommon penetration and discernment, to delineate the characters, the manners, the sentiments, of the first Christians, and to represent their religion in its native purity and simplicity. Vol. XLVI. Sept. 1778.

M

The

The ingenious writer above mentioned is supposed to have thrown many false and injurious refle&tions on Christianity, and to have mifrepresented the authors he has had occafion to cite on that subje&.

In a publication, which we have lately reviewed, he is charged with a great number of errors and inaccuracies in his quotations; and in this tract the same accusation is supported by many additional proofs.

Mr. Gibbon having represeoted Paleftine as a territory fearcely fuperior to Wales, either in fertility of extent, our author, in his first note, produces the testimony of Tacitus, Ammianus Marcellinus, and oiher writers, to prove, that in ancient times it was a beautiful and fertile country. Dr. Shaw asferts, that the Holy Land, were it as well peopled and cultivated, as in former times, would be still more fruitful than the very best part of the coaft of Syria and Pheenice ; that the land, is, what Moses calls it, ' a good land,' ftill ca. pable of affording its neighbours the like fupplies of corn and oil, which it is said * to have done in the time of Solomon.'

-On the other hand, it may be observed, in favour of Mr. Gibbon, that Strabo speaks of it with contempt, calling the country about Jerusalem ' a dry and barren region, not worth any one's envy or contention.'

Mr. Gibbon styles Lactantius an obfcure rhetorician, Our author replies, that Lactantius was so far from being an obscure rhetorician, that he taught rhetoric publicly, and with great applause, first in Africa, and then at Nicomedia; and that the reputation, which he established at the latter place, gained him so much esteem - with Constantine, that he took him to his court, and entrusted him with the education of his fon Crispus.

Zofimus, says Mr. Gibbon, tells a very foolish story of Con. ftantine, causing all the post-horses, which he had used, to be hamstrung. Our author observes, that, foolish as the thing may-feem, Aurelius Vior confirms it : “ ad fruftrandos, insequentes, publica jumenta, quaquà iter egerat, interfe

cit.” § 40.

Mr. Gibbon says, Herodotus aflerts, that the inhabitants. of Palestine, i. e. the Jews, had, by their own confeffion, received the rite of circumcision from Egypt. Lib. ii. c. 104.

Our author answers, that Herodotus is not unjustly accused of many inaccuracies and fictions ; that this paffage in Hero. dotus carries evident marks of forgery ; that Herodotus might have gained proper information concerning the origin of cir

* 1 Kings v. .

cumcision

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