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Dele&tus Disertationum Medicarum Argentoratensiun : collegit et edi

dit, Philipp. Ludou. Wittwer, M.D. Vol. I. 8vo. Nurenberg.

This first volume contains the following eight valuable disertations. 1. Jac. Reinh. Spielmann, M. D. et Prof. Diff. Inaug. de Principio Salino. 2. Ejusd. et Bernh. Henr. Rang, de optimo Infantis recens nati Alimento. 3. Jo. Fred. Ignal. Probst, de Sale volatili Cantbaridum. 4. Jo. Kesselmaier, de quorundam Vegetabilium principio nutriente. 5. Phil. Jac. Imlin, de Soda et inde obtinendo peculiari Sale. 6. J. R. Spielman, et Jo. Fr. Ehrmann, de Hydrargyri præparatorum internorum in Sanguinem effectibus. 7. Ej. et Jo. Hermann Cardamomi Historia et Vindiciæ. 8. Ej. et Jo. Mich. Roederer, Experimenta circa naturam Bilis. Disertatione Idrofiatica, sopra il concorso de' Fiumi, del Signor Abate

D. Gaetano Sertor. 8vo. In Fiorenza. Containing several curious, instructive, and useful observations on the concourse of rivers. Fundamenta Politica Medicæ, cum annexo Catalogo commoda Pharmace

poliorum viftationi inserviente,-a D. Joh. Wilh. Baumer, Med. Prof. Giessensi. 8vo. Francof. & Liplic.

Dr. Baumer justly distinguishes judicial physic, medicina forensis, from the police of physic; and treats here, in nine chapters, of the respective duties of magistrates, physicians, surgeons, male and female midwives, colleges of health, professors, and students of pbyfic, apothecaries, druggists, &c. with respect to aliments, epidemics, burials, capital punishments, &c. Pharmacopæa Edinburgenfis. Additamentis aucta ab Ern. Gottfr.

J. Baldinger, Prof. Geotting 8vo. Bremæ. The intended and allowed merits of the Edinburgh Pharmacopæa are fimplicity and conciseness. Prof. Baldinger thinks, however, that many useful remedies have been omitted, and many indifferent, and even some hurtful materials inserted among the best. He has therefore republished this Pharmacopæa with three appendices; in the first he points out the omissions of useful drugs, &c. in the fecond, the adinisfion of hurtful ones; and in the third he prefents his pupils with a number of remedies used by himself in the course of his practice. Pharmacopea Suecica, ad exemplar Holzniense 1775, recufa. 8vo.

Lipfiæ & Altonæ. Another excellent Pharmacopza rendered more extensively useful by republication. Moralne Pisma ad linc. Pana C. F. Gellerta, Slawnego Akademii

Lipskieij Professora, po Niemiecku Wydane, teraz zas na Polski Jezyk przelozone, Tomik 1. II. ( A Polith Translation of the late Prof. Gelleri's Moral Lectures.) 2 Vois. 8v0. W. Wroclawiu, (alias Bretlaw.)

Few modern writers have ever obtained a more general applause among their countrymen than the excellent author of these Moral Lectures. We conlider this book, and his hymns, as the best of his works, and as patterns in their kind, they were evidently dictated by his beart and have confessedly and greatly contributed to the improvement of his very numerous auditors and readers. This Polish translation of the former of these works is said to be faithful ; and must be a very interesting and valuable acquisition for Polish readers.

Defcrip

Description d'une Machine universellement utile et avantageuse, propre

à détruire entiérement d'une Manière infaillible, aisée, et à peu de fraix les Fourmis, ainsi que d'autres Injectes nuisibles, inventée par M. le Baron de Hüpfch, 8vo. Cologne, Francfort, & Leipzig. (French and German.)

Some years ago the inhabitants of Martinico were so much plagued by swarms of ants, that they offered a very great premium, together with the grant of nobility, to the person who should discover an ef. fectual method of destroying ants. Had the present pamphlet been published at that time, it would certainly have entitled its author to one part of the premium, as, being already a nobleman, he had no occasion for the other ; for his invention has been tried, and ftood the test of experience.

The whole apparatus for the proceeding consists in an iron bell, under which a piece of brimstone is to be kindled, and the bell then immediately to be set on the ant-hill. A bell made of clay, or a flower-pot, or an old small cask, or barrel, may be applied to the fame purpose, and with the same effect. Thus all the ant-bills in a district may be be successively destroyed in a short time, and at a small expence.

MONTHLY CATALOGU E.

IS.

POLITICAL. The Church an Engine of the State. A Sermon, not preacbed on the

late General Fasi, '1778. 8vo. Almon.

HE author of this pamphlet is rather more enraged with T

us than becomes a peaceable inditer of sermons, for the opinion we gave of a former performance t of his. If a literary papa be beft acquainted with the merits of his own offspring, we have clearly been wrong, and the fond parent is as clearly right, in the praises with which he loads the lovely babe. The great complaint against our decision seems to be, that we did not give as long extra&s from what appeared to us a contemptible political pamphlet, as from publications of merit and utility and this, when we are told, in the preface to the Sermon now before us, that the doctrine of the pamphlet was proved and illustrated in a manner level to every apprehenfion but that of a prime minifter, or a reviewer :' and that the specific cause of our decaying manufactures, our curtailed trade, our degradation of national character, and the strong appearance of an approaching diffolution of a free ftate, is to be discovered in the fins of members of parliament, bishops, and reviewers.' We thank the gentleman for placing us in such prime and worshipful society, as well as for his cool and dis paffionate reproofs. We gave an opinion of his former performance without any extract; from the present we shall give an extract or two, without a word of opinion.

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• God was not taught politics at St. James's, or Versailles, nor was he ever initiated into the secrets of the inierior cabinets of princes; beside that, he can execute all his measures, independent of military and naval armaments.'

- It is of no importance to know from what cause Britons have fallen short of success; whether from a relaxation of ancestral virtue and valour ; or from the superior wisdom and unanimity, (rendered propitious by almighty God) of their opponents in arms. The fact is, we have failed, and the Americans been prosperous, in the same degree. Shall we then, at this piteous dilemma, apply to OLD WOMEN, drest in surplices, lawn Neeves, and mitres, for a renovation of British spirit, a re-animation of British heroism ? Thele very old women too, wallowing in luxury and the love of this world ! " How are the mighty fallen !"-If bishops would do effettual good to their insulted and injured country, suffering in every nerve, and bleeding in every vein, let them, in the name of Christian magnanimity, together with the inferior clergy, intantly form themselves into regiments, get serjeants to discipline and teach them the military art. This will evince their fincerity, and at the same time, their true greatness and dignity of mind Many of thein are robust able-bodied men, fit to serve his majesty king George. Those among them that have had their cnftitutions broken down with indolence, indulgence, and high living, will find more relief in this active line of life, than from all the doctors, and mineral waters in the world. Since they have adopted the preient vindictive and bloody fyftem, and would exterminate mil. lions of virtnous flumen, for defending their lives and property, let the establithed clergy pass over the Atlantic as one man, and meet the Americans on equal terms in the field. Instead of praying against them, in churches and chapels, with sneaking cowardly de. votion, let the English and Scottish clergy fight them, if they dare. Christianity inspires courage, if their caule is Christianity; and truth insures conqueft, provided their cause will bear the scrutiny of truth.'

- Moreover, it may be likewise considered here, that God knows no treason or rebellion but against himself. Treason and rebellion againft England, norv bellowed from the mouths of mi. nisters, courtiers, sycophants. and bishops, are not tiealon and rebellion againit heaven. Heaven las not, I believe, made a treaty of alliance offensive and defensive with Great Britain; at least, if such a treaty actually exists, lord North must have put the schedule in his pocket, without giving the least hint of it to the houses of parliament. What, prithee, is England to God, more than France, Portugal, or any other state ? The sins and provocations of England, in the impartial eye of heaven, are naleis numerous and rampant than those of any other kingdom we know; her spirit of corruption not less, her spirit of holy hypocrisy not less. Nay, her de merit beyond other nations is not to be concealed or denied. She affects to be the seat of a reformed Protestant church. But let her tell the world (the world has a right to know) in what respect reformed ? By power and grandeur having been transferred from the pope to bishops, and the vanities and fopperies of an absurd ritual, trans. lated from Rome to London. For my part, I know of no other effential jeformation, except the fingle instance of clergymen acknowledging a temporal, for a spiritual head! Therefore, in the fight of God, who hates pretence, deceit, tyranny, and unjuk pri

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vileges, at all times, and in every country, England is doubly culpable, and can have no reasonable hope that the supreme Governor. of all nations, the King of Kings, and the Lords, will particularly prosper ber fleets and armies. Especially when we reflect, that these deets and armies are gone forth against a people that never attacked us, till by the great law of retaliation (a spirited and necessary fpe-. cies of self-defence) we compelled them to it: a people yet in the fimplicity of an empire, consequently disengaged and unsuborned in. struments in the hands of Providence; who have not established fu. perstition into a system, or religion into a trade among its teachers.' Speculum Britannicum : or, a View of the Miferies and Calamities fucceffively brought upon Great Britain by inteline Divifions, in the last and present Centuries. 8vo. 35. 6d. Jewed. Robinson.

This volume is composed of extracts from the histories of Lord Clarendon, Mr. Hume, fir John Dalrymple, and Mr. Macpherson, relative to party spirit, and the effects which it bas produced in this country. The passages are well chofen for exhibiting the fubje& in the most itriking light; and con. tain a general view of the political transactions in Britain, during the interesting period between 1640 and 1716. An Esay on Liberty. 8vo.

Iso Bew. The author of this Essay takes a general view of the various changes that have happened in the system of English liberty, from the early periods of our constitution; concluding with an encomium on its present fiate, and an exhortation to maintain it. Republican Letters; or an Essay, Mewing the Tendency of the Poo

pular Principle, &c. small 8vo. 15. 6d. Je wed. Coghlan.

This volume consists of ten Letters, in which the author en. deavours to eyince the superiority of a monarchical, over a republican government. Each form is necessarily accompanied with its respective inconveniencies; but, upon the whole, the tranquillity, as well as the liberty of the people, seems to be equally secure, if the former be not more fo, under a limited monarchy, than in a democratical state.

Address to the Rulers of the State, &c. 800. 25. Bew. A descant on the conduct of administration, the principles and abilities of its opponents, and the interest of Great Britain, which, in the opinion of this writer, requires an immediate reconciliation with America, on any terms. Letters in Answer to Dr. Price's Two Pamphlets on Civil Liberty,

&c. with some Remarks on the parliamentary Debates of laft Seffion, as they appeared in the News-papers. Also Copies of Four Letters, concerning the Slavery of the Colliers, Coal-Bearers, and Salters in Scotland. Addressed to the Members of the House of Commons, in the Year 1774. By John Stevenson. 8vo. is, 6d. Burnet.

It appears that Mr. Stevenson, the author of these Letters, was abroad at the time when Dr. Price's pamphlets were pub

L4

lished;

lished ; on which account he had been late in his reply. But notwithstanding the time that elapsed, and even the temporary nature of Dr. Price's two performances, he entertained an opi, nion that an answer, though long protracted, was not become inexpedient.

• Considering, fay's he, Dr. Price as a diffenting minifter, I thought dissenters were in danger of being deemed disaffected to government, through his conduct; and therefore I entered the list with him as a protestant diffènter. That amazing degree to which the doctor had proceeded, in his opposition to legal gevernment, rendered such a severity on my part necessary; which, had he been less daring, I lould not have thought adviseable. When a minister of the gospel contumaciously overleaps the boundary of his province, that deference which is otherwise due to his sacred character becomes forfeited: and he must expect to be treated as an inhabitant of that ground on which he has placed himself. When endeavours are used to destroy all filial af fection ; when doctrines are inculcated which have a tendency to exterminate all legal authority; and when repeated attempts are made to render civil society a scene of rapacity, anarchy, and carnage! It is impostible that language too severe, can be applied to the author of such meditated devastation. Some may probably ask, why I have quoted so many passages of Scripture, in a political controversy ? In answer to fuch, I beg leave to obferve, that, although the subject be of a civil nature, the Scriptures are properly applicable; and, as the author whom I oppose is a clergyman, he is obliged to acquiesce in that authority, which some laymen, from the deitical disposition of tha age, might probably attempt to turn into ridicule.!

Many of these Letters have formerly appeared in the news, papers ; and of most of the fugitive essays that are published in that manner, they are worthy of being preserved in a collection, An Appeal to Reason and Justice, in behalf of the British Confti

tution, and the Subjekts of the British Empire. To which is added, an Appendix, containing Remarks on a Pamphlet intitled,

Pulteney's Thouhis on the present State of Affairs with America.” 8vo. 25. 64. Nicoll,

The long.contested claims of Great Britain and America are treated by this author with much candour, as well as great force of argument. The conftitutional fupremacy of parliament over The colonies, in the manner here ftated, and often before afa ferted, whatever may prove the issue of the controversy, cannot admit of any doubt. The author has added some remarks on Mr. Pulteney's pamphlet, the principal arguments contained in which performance are incidentally conudered in the Ap: peal,

POETRY

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