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Matters wherein the Bishop of Winchester varied from other Papists.

OTHER say, that the body of Christ is made of bread. He saith, that the body of Christ is not made of bread, nor was never so taught, but is made present of bread, p. 72. 1. 14. and p. 178. 1. 10. [vol. iii. p. 145. 303.]

He saith, that Christ made the demonstration of the bread, and called it his body, when he said: This is my body, p. 257. 1. 27. [vol. iii. p. 369.] And in the Devil's Sophistry, fol. 27. Other say contrary. And Smith, fol. 53.

He saith, that, This is my body, is as much to say as This is made my body; and so he taketh "est" for "fit." p. 295. 1. 35. [vol. iii. p. 425.] Other say, that "est" is taken there substantively, that is to say, only for "is,” and not for "is made,” Marcus Antonius, fol. 171. fac. 2.

He saith, that Christ is present in the sacrament after the same manner that he is in heaven, p. 141. l. 6. [vol. iii. p. 213.] Other say contrary, that he is in heaven after the manner of quantity, and that he is not so in the sacra


He saith, that where the body of Christ is, there is whole Christ, God and man, and that when we speak of Christ's body, we must understand a true body, which hath both form and quantity, p. 71. l. 37. [vol. iii. p. 132.] Smith saith, that Christ's body in the sacrament hath not his proper form and quantity, fol. 106.

He saith, we believe simply that Christ's body is natu


[The following Collection of extracts is taken from the edition of Cranmer's Answer published in 1580, where it is thus described in the title page: "In the end is added certaine Notes, wherein Gardiner va"ried both from himselfe and other Papistes, gathered by the sayd Arch"byshop." And it would appear from a passage in the Answer, p. 221 of this volume, that something of the kind was designed by Cranmer. Foxe, however, who has printed great part of these Notes in his Acts and Monuments, attributes them to Ridley. See Foxe, Acts, &c. vol. iii. p. 533.]

rally and corporally in the sacrament, without drawing away his accidents or adding, p. 353. 1. 1. [vol. iii. p. 502.] Smith saith, we say that Christ's body is in the sacrament against nature with all his qualities and accidents, fol. 105.

He saith, that God's works be all seemliness without confusion, although he cannot locally distinct Christ's head from his foot, nor his legs from his arms, p. 70. 1. 27. [vol. iii. p. 115.] Other say, that Christ's head and foot and other parts be not indeed locally distinct in the sacrament, but be so confounded, that wheresoever one is, there be all the rest.

He saith, that Christ's body is in the sacrament sensibly, naturally, carnally, and corporally, p. 159. l. 9. [vol. iii. p. 240.] Other say contrary. Smith, fol. 39.

Other say, that Christ's feet in the sacrament be there where his head is. He saith, that whosoever say so may be called mad, p. 61. 1. 34. [vol. iii. p. 115.]

Other say, that corporally Christ goeth into the mouth or stomach, and no farther. He saith contrary, p. 52.

1. 36. [vol. iii. p. 99.]

He saith, that Christ dwelleth corporally in him that receiveth the sacrament worthily, so long as he remaineth a member of Christ, p. 53. 1. 1. p. 56. 1. 31. [vol. iii. p. 106.] Other say contrary, but that Christ flieth up into heaven so soon as the bread is chawed in the mouth or changed in the stomach. Smith, fol. 64.

He saith, that no creature can eat the body of Christ, but only man, p. 66. 1. 30. [vol. iii. p. 123.] Other say clean contrary.

He saith, that an unrepentant sinner receiving the sacrament hath not Christ's body nor spirit within him, p. 225. l. 36. [vol. iii. p. 328.] Smith saith, that he hath Christ's body and Spirit within him, fol. 136.

He saith, that of the figure it may not be said, adore it, worship it, and that is not to be adored which the bodily eye seeth, p. 178. 1. 40. p. 239. 1. 32. [vol. iii. p. 269.] Marcus Antonius, fol. 136. fac. 2. trary, fol. 145. fac. 2.

Smith saith con

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He saith, that reason will agree with the doctrine of transubstantiation well enough, p. 264. 1. 47. [vol. iii. p. 382.] Smith saith, that transubstantiation is against

reason and natural operation, fol. 60.

Other say, that worms in the sacrament be gendered of accidents. He saith, that they be wrong borne in hand

to say so, p. 355. l. 3. [vol. iii. p. 505.]

He saith, that the accidents of bread and wine do mould, sour, and wax vinegar, p. 265. l. 11. and 355. l. 8. [vol. iii. p. 382.] and Marcus, fol. 168. fac. 1. Smith saith thus: I say that the consecrated wine turneth not into vinegar, nor the consecrated bread mouldeth nor engendereth worms, nor is burned, nor receiveth into it any poison, as long as Christ's body and blood are under the forms of them, which do abide there, so long as the natural qualities and properties of bread and wine tarry there in their natural disposition and condition, (that the bread and wine might be naturally there if they had not been changed into Christ's body and blood,) and also as long as the host and consecrated wine are apt to be received of man, and no longer, but go and depart thence by God's power as it pleaseth him; and then a new substance is made of God, which turneth into vinegar, engendereth worms, mouldeth, is turned, feedeth men and mice, receiveth poison, &c. fol. 64 and 105.

He saith, every yea containeth a nay in it naturally, so as whosoever saith, This is bread, saith it is no wine; for in the rule of common reason the grant of one substance is the denial of another: and therefore reason hath these conclusions throughly, whatsoever is bread is no wine, whatsoever is wine is no milk, &c. So Christ saying, This is my body, saith it is no bread, p. 256. l. 38. and p. 265. l. 5. (vol. iii. p. 369.] Smith saith, a boy which hath only learned the sophistry will not dispute so fondly, fol. 77.

Other say, that the mass is a sacrifice satisfactory by devotion of the priest, and not by the thing that is offered. He saith otherwise, p. 80. 1. 43. [vol. iii. p. 150.]

He saith, that the only immolation of Christ in himself

upon the altar of the cross is the very satisfactory sacrifice for the reconciliation of mankind to the favour of God, p. 437. 1. 1. [vol. iii. p. 543.] Smith saith, what is it to offer Christ's holy body and blood at mass to purchase thereby everlasting life, if it be not, the mass to be a sacrifice to pacify God's wrath for sin and to obtain his mercy, fol. 24. 148. and 164. Priests do offer for our salvation to get heaven and to avoid hell, fol. eodem.

Matters wherein the Bishop varied from himself.

The body of Christ in the sacrament is not made of bread, but is made present of bread, p. 79. 1. 6. [vol. iii. p. 145. 303.]

Of bread is made the body of Christ, p. 344. l. 8. [vol. iii. p. 488.]

The catholic faith hath from the beginning confessed truly Christ's intent to make bread his body, p. 26. 1. 40. [vol. iii. p. 72.] Christ gave that he made of bread, p. 257. 1. 50. [vol. iii. p. 371.] And of many breads is made one body of Christ, p. 144. 1. 23. [vol. iii. p. 217.] And faith showeth me that bread is the body of Christ, that is to say, made the body of Christ, p. 295. 1. 30. [vol. iii. p. 425.]

Christ spake plainly, This is my body, making demonstration of the bread when he said, This is my body. In the Devil's Sophistry, fol. 27. I will pass over the phantasies of them who wrote the principal chief text, This is my body, from consecration of the sacrament to the demonstration of Christ's body, &c. In the devilish Devil's Sophistry, fol. 70.

The demonstration "this" may be referred to the invisible substance, p. 106. l. 42. [vol. iii. p. 178.] The "is" was of his body and blood, and not of the bread and wine, p. 251. l. 8. [vol. iii. p. 364.]

Illis verbis, Hoc est corpus meum, substantia corporis significatur, nec de pane quicquam intelligitur, quum corpus de

substantia sua, non aliena prædicetur. Marc. Ant. Constant. fol. 24. fac. 2.


When Christ said, This is my body, the truth of the literal sense hath an absurdity in carnal reason, p. 138. l. 19. [vol. iii. p. 210.]

What can be more evidently spoken of the presence of Christ's natural body and blood in the most blessed sacrament of the altar, than is in these words, This is my body? In the Devil's Sophistry, fol. 5.

Where the body of Christ is, there is whole Christ, God and man, and when we speak of Christ's body, we must understand a true body, which hath both form and quantity, p. 71. 1. 47. [vol. iii. p. 132.] And he is present in the sacrament as he is in heaven, p. 141. 1. 6. [vol. iii. p. 213.]

We believe simply the substance of Christ's body to be in the sacrament without drawing away of accidents or adding. p. 353. 1. 1. [vol. iii. p. 502.]

Christ is not present in the sacrament after the manner of quantity, but under the form and quantity of bread and wine, p. 71. 1. 50. p. 90. 1. 43. [vol. iii. p. 132.]

In such as receive the sacrament worthily, Christ dwelleth in them corporally, and naturally, and carnally, p. 166. 1. 19. p. 173. l. 54. p. 191. l. 47. [vol. iii. p. 251. 262. 287.]

The manner of Christ's being in the sacrament is not corporal, not carnal, not natural, not sensible, not perceptible, but only spiritual, p. 159. 1. 17. p. 197. 1. 32. [vol. iii. p. 241. 295.]

We receive Christ in the sacrament of his flesh and blood, if we receive him worthily, p. 167. 1. 9. p. 174. l. 1. [vol. iii. p. 252. 262.]

When an unrepentant sinner receiveth the sacrament, he hath not Christ's body within him, p. 225. l. 43. [vol. iii. p. 328.]

He that eateth verily the flesh of Christ, is by nature in

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