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was the subject of subsequent Prophecies, delivered with progressive clearness, and more circumstantial detail. This, as well as all the series which followed, found its completion when the Son of God appeared " to destroy the works of the Devil,” when " the head of the serpent was bruised” by the conquest of the powers of darkness, and the redemption of the world was effected by the sufferings of Christ; and when He, who was in the most proper and eminent sense “ the seed of the woman,” not only with stood the temptations of Satan, but " cast out his evil spirits, and saw him as lightning fall fore him, might look to this son for the completion of the promise made to Adam, or he might foresee that from him the promised deliverer should proceed; but that a deliverer from the miseries, which fin had brought upon the earth, was expected, appears very evident. It is perfectly confistent with the merciful difpenfations of God's providence, to suppose that these early Patriarchs, who seem to have suffered great hardships from the curse upon the ground, were permitted to indulge the hope of a speedy accomplishment of this promise ; God having been pleased to take Enoch to himself, about fifty-seven years after the death of Adam, to support and comfort mankind in their state of mortality, with the assurance of a better life in another world. And it is therefore probable, that Enoch was translated in fome such visible manner as Elijah afterwards was, by a glorious appearance of the Shechinah, or token of God's special presence, from whence angels were sent to convey him up to heaven. See Patrick's Commentary. E 2
from heaven." Thus, as the guilt of Adam was transmitted to all his race, so was this most ancient of the Prophecies, the harbinger of that atonement, which was to be made for it “ when the fulness of time was come,” and " God sent into the world his Son made of a woman;" that “ as by one man's disobedience many were made finners, so by the obedience of one many were made righteous;" and that " as in Adam all die, fo in Christ all might be made alive."
" That this commonly received interpretation is undoubtedly the true and antient interpretation of the Jewish Church before the coming of Christ, is clear from their commentaries on this part of Scripture. They referred the fulfilment of this promise to Christ and to Satan, as plainly appears by the Targum of Onkelos, and the Targum of Jerusalem. In
:! Targum is a Chaidee word, and signifies a transation. It is in general appropriated by the Jews to the Chaldee paraphrases of the Old Testament. The first Targums. were composed for the use of the common people, after their return from the Babylonish captivity. The Targum of Onkelos on the Pentateuch is the most antient now remaining. It is rather a translation than a paraphrase. It was antiently held in such high repute as to be read alternately in the synagogues with the sacred text. Next
the latter the paraphrase of the words addressed to the serpent is exactly as follows. “ It shall come to pass, when the f ns f the woman shall execute the commands of the Law, then they shall wound thee in the head, and slay thee. But when the fons of the woman shall desert the commands of the Law, thou shalt bite them in the heel, and strike them in their weakness. There shall, however, be a remedy for the fons of the woman; but for thee, the serpent, there shall be none. It shall come to pass that they shall wound each other in the heei, in the last days, in the days of Messiah the
in purity of style and antiquity is the Targum of Jonathan Ben Uzziel. It relates to the works of the Prophets. These Targums are allowed both by Jews and Christians to be as antient, if not more so, than the time of our Saviour. It is probable, that many of the glosses and interpretations of the more antient Versions, that were in use immediately after the Babylonish captivity, are inserted in them. Many other Prophecies, in addition to those above mentioned concerning the Messiah, are explained in these Targums, exactly as they are by Christians. In addition to the service which they render so evidently to the Christian cause, they are of great use, as they contribute to establish the genuineness of the Hebrew text. This subject is treated at large by Prideaux, vol. ii. p. 413, 426, &c. . $ Critici Sacri, tom. i. p. 79.
In the sentence, pronounced by the God of infinite justice and mercy upon our first parents, we see the groundwork and basis of all the Prophecies. It is the foundation of the glorious hope, in the fulfilment of which; every descendant of Adam has the strongest interest. It was the first gracious intimation of peace and deliverance, of redemption and happiness, given to fallen and miserable man -the earliest ray of “ the Sun of righteous
ness” which in the last days illumined a guilty · face, and spread its light over the world,
CHAPTER THE SECOND.
The Promises made to Abraham respecting his
Posterity and the Messiah.
ABRAHAM, it is well known, was the most distinguished of the Patriarchs, the venerable ancestor of the Israelites and Ismaelites, or, as they are now 2087. called, of the Jews and Arabs. His B. Č. name is at this day celebrated through-1941. out the East; and various writings and traditions, carefully preserved through the long lines of his posterity, confirm and illustrate the history, which we find recorded of him in the Old Testament. From this history, every part of which is interefting, and almost every circumstance prophetic, I have selected one of the most striking examples of the truth of prophecy, still open to the eyes of man, and which is also an important link