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this first vision, it will, I think, seem pro bable; that in this general description, the left of the forms it was to assume would be the most particularly noticed, if any were partit cularized above the rest. We shall find, think, upon examination, that this was really the case. It has already been stated that these ten kingdoms do not neceffarily appear to belong to the western division of the em. pire; and it seems clear that this broken form is to remain till "the judgment is set.” We are therefore at liberty to suppose, that this little horn, which is Antichrist, represents both the Mahometan, power in the Eaft, and the Papal power in the West; which were in fact raised up nearly together: and if the de fcription of this horn be found fairly applie cable to another power which was to arift afterwards, within the bounds of the antient Roman Empire (as we gather from the confte
• Whether the ten horns of the beast are literally ten kingdoms, or whether the number ten signifies only thất the Roman Empire was to be broken into many parts, and that during the existence of these numerous kingdoms the little horn should arise, is a question not easy to decide. 4 The supposition of the indefinite number would remove a difficulty generally felt by all Expositors; but, as Archbishop Secker obferves, “ it doth not appear that any of the numbers in Daniel mean uncertaintý;" and therefore it must be admitted with caution,
deration of other Prophecies), we may aś ñaturally conclude that it was designed to represent that power also. If this be granted, and furely it can hardly be denied, the different opinions of Commentators respecting this little horn, fo far from being discordant, will be found in unison; and more loudly found the harmony of Prophetic truth....
: Those who see the Mahometan power in “ the little horn,” which arose from the fourth beast, generally suppose Egypt, Alia, and Greece, to be “ the three horns plucked up by the roots before it.” Bishop Newton P, in his application of this Prophecy to the Papal power, considers them to be the exarchate of Ravenna, the kingdom of Lombardy, and the state of Rome; and observes 9, that “ the Pope hath in a manner pointed himself out for the person described; by wearing the 'triple crown”- We can at present form no opinion concerning the three horns which are to be eradicated by the Infidel power; whether absolutely kingdoms be meant, or whether independent states may be confidered as a sufficient explanation - but pof
Note, Diff. 14.
terity may be enabled to decide upon this fub. ject perhaps more clearly than the partial ful. filment of this Prophecy has hitherto enabled us to do, respecting the conquests of the Ma. hometan and Papal powers."
- In order to shew that the application of this Prophecy to the Infidel power of Antichrist, so far from doing any violence to received interpretation, does in fact more fullý exemplify, more accurately accord with it ; in all such circumstances as the short time that has elapsed since its developement will allow us to discern, I shall shortly state Bishop Newton's explanation, though he refers the description to the Papal power". -" And behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things"-" The eyes of a man denote his cunning and foresight, his looking out and watching all opportunities to promote his own interest” — the perspicacity and cunning of this power, who is penetrating in mysterious crafts.—“ He had a mouth speaking very great things”_" thundering out his bulls and anathemas-excommunicating princes,
· Newton, vol. i. p. 487.'
and absolving subjects from their obedience." *". His look was more stout than his fellows”—" bis: assumed superiority over his fellow Bishops, and Kings, and Emperors” “ And he shall speak great words against the most High” (or, as Symmachus renders it, " as the most High,” which is as appropriate to the Papacy, as against is to Infidelity) –“ fetting up himself above all lares divine and human; arrogating to himself godlike attributes, and titles of holiness and infallibility, exacting obedience to his ordinances and decrees, in preference to, and in open vialation of reason, and Scripture, infulting men, and blafpheming God.”-“ And he shall wear out the faints of the most High”-“ by wars and masacres, and inquisitions ; perfecuting and destroying the faithful servants of Jesus, and the true worshippers of God, who protest against his innovations, and refuse to comply with the idolatry practised in the Church of Rome" -- And he shall think to change times and laws—“ appointing fasts and feasts, canonizing faints, granting pardons for fins, instituting new modes of worship, imposing new articles of faith, enjoining new rules of practice, and reversing at pleasure the laws both of God and man,”
And now let the unbiassed Reader judge, whether this descripton of the little horn of the fourth beast be not more strikingly applicable to the Infidel power, which we have seen arise in France, than even to the Papacy of Romet. - If St. Paul's description of “ the man of Sin” be found equally applicable (and that it is, has been satisfactorily shewn by Mr. Jones a) — if the second beast in the Revelation, which has hitherto baffled enquiry, appears from examination to be the exałt, and as it were the appropriate type of this same recently-risen Power—a Power which the antient Prophets and the Apostles of our Lord repeatedly declare was to arise “ in the LĄTTER TIME of the time appointed for indignation *" -in the latter times, in the last day's -we cannot surely require more evidence of the juftness of the application. - We shall be no longer “ shaken in mind” at the progress
• This subject will be more fully examined in the Chapter upon Infidelity.
* In two Sermons printed in 1994, and 1795, at the desire of numbers who were struck with the truth of the application.
* Even if we date the beginning of these days of ven. geance from the destruction of Jerusalem, the Papal and Mahometan powers, which arose together about the year 600, or 750, cannot be confidered as completely fulfilling this Prophetic intimation.