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according to the Mosaic ritual -- in this faa voured spot was the Gospel first published to the whole world. Here was the one oblation onçe offered of the Lamb llain for the redemption of mankind - and here was the Christian church first established. -----Antiochus took away the “ daily facrifice” for a few years--the Romans put an end to the Temple worship-but the Mahometans have profaned the place of his fanctuary -" have taken away the daily facrifice of praise and thanksgiving" from this distinguished land, for above eleven hundred years. - It was also “ given into their hands by reason of tranfgression;" this was acknowledged by the Jews and by the Romans P in the two former cases; and the deplorable corruption of the eastern churches, when this horn assumed the form of Mahometanism, fufficiently explains why an“ host was given against them." This horn has indeed " cast the truth to the ground”-for nothing can be more miserable than the internal as well as external state of the few churches which remain in the countries under the Mahometan yoke, and the Jews fuffer little less oppression than the Christians. And the artifices by
See p. 226.
which this hypocritical impostor and his fuc=" cessors established the civil and religious power of Mahometanism, and their astonishing success, can scarcely be more strongly marked than by the expression, “ it practised and prospered,” but which expression is not easily made applicable to the Romans.
Thus ends Daniel's account of the vision ;' but he adds, that he heard one faint, or angel, alk another angel, “ How long shall be the vision concerning the daily facrifice, and the transgression of desolation to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot 9?" Or, as Mr. Lowth renders it more clearly, “ For how long a time shall the vision last, the daily sacrifice be taken away, and the transgression of desolation continue to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot ?" And it was answered, “ Unto 2300 days: then shall the fanctuary be cleansed.” Both the question and the answer are distinctly put, and resemble Rev. xi. 2. but there is an uncertainty in the number of years; the Seventy read 2400 ; . and Jerom informs us others read 2200. If the vision be computed from the establish
ment of the Persian Empire, which begins the vision of the ram, the reading of the Seventy will carry it on to the conclusion of the fix thousandth year of the world. However this may be, it is remarkable that this vision breaks off abruptly; the end of this horn is not seen, it is left in prosperity, a circumstance which accurately corresponds with the description of the same power in the ninth chapter of the Revelations. We do not see the end of Abaddon, or Apollyon, the King of the Saracen Locusts, or of the Turkish horfemen from the river Eupbrates- but it is to be remembered we are elsewhere told, that “ the sixth vial shall be poured out upon the river Euphrates, to prepare the way for the kings ;" — about which time it is also faid, “ the sanctuary shall be wholly cleansed," and “ the bride made ready to receive her lord."
When the angel Gabriel was fent to explain this vifion to Daniel, he begins with faying, “ Understand, O Son of Man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision",” which I presume to mean, the train of events defcribed in this vision shall reach to the end of
Daniel viii. 17.
time. And after he had prepared the Prophet to receive the awful information, he further says, “ Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation ; for at the time appointed the end Thall bes" meaning, I again presume, I will not only explain the general meaning of this vision, which is itself a series of punishment, but I will inform thee of other circumstances;:; which shall take place when the time of this vision of indignation, or wrath against the host and the sanctuary, shall draw near its conclu. sion -- for the time is appointed, and the end of all this misery shall certainly come ; and therefore take comfort from this assurance, while I reveal the awful judgments which are to take place in the last days of the vision. " The ram which thou fawest having two horns, are the kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia, ånd the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king. Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.”—The angel barely mentions the kingdoms of Persia and Grecia and the four kingdoms which were to arise after Alex
ander, and then immediately passes to the latter time of their kingdom — as if they were only mentioned to mark the scene of action for the formidable power which is the principal object of the message-- he omits those circumstances described by the vision, which point to its primary and partial accomplishment by Antiochus and the Romans, and which the Prophet probably understood to relate to calamities similar to those which his people were then suffering under the power of Babylon; and goes directly to that distant period which had been before represented as so peculiarly dreadful in the vision of the little horn, which årose from the fourth beast.
We are then, I conceive, authorized to conjecture, that the following description points out not only the Mahometan power, but refers to that other power, which was immediately to precede the time of the end : or, in other words, be the laft form of Antichristian power."-" And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up *;" it is certain that the power of