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as to run parallel with the Revelation of St. John, and extend to the end of the world. In the following Prophecy we shall find the exact time of the manifestation of the Meffiah clearly determinedo
Seventy weeks are determined upon thy peos ple, and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to rea flore and to build Jerufalem, unto the Messiaki the Prince, Mall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street Mall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Meffiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come hall destroy the city and the fan&tuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war defoa lations are determined. And he mall confirni the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the facrifice
and the oblation to cease, and for the overa · Spreading of abominations he fall make it defo
late, even until the consummation, and that determined fall be poured upon the desolate'.
The leading circumstances to be Y. W.
considered in examining the accomB. Ć. plishment of this prediction, are, the 537 completion of the time specified, and the events connected with it. All agree that these 70 weeks are weeks of years, that is, every day in the week is' reckoned as a year, which makes the whole number amount to 490 years. This computation is not unexampled in profane authors b, and is used elsewhere in Scripture. It is used in reckoning the years of the Jubilee - the time of foo journing in the wilderness", and in the Prophecy of Ezekiel . These 70 weeks commence in the Jewish month Nifan, or March, in the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes Longimanus, King of Persia, in the year of the world 3547, as is clearly shown by many accurate Chronologists, and proved at large by the learned Prideaux, in his Connexion of the History of the Old and New Testament
a Daniel ix. 24, 25, 26, 27. :b See Apthorpe's Dissertationş. & Levit. xxv. 8.
Numb. xiv. 34.'
• Ezek. iv. 5, 6.
with Profane History. This was the distinguilhed year and month in which Ezra, the Leader of the Jews, obtained a commission for his return to Jerusalem, in order to restore the government of that city and the service of the Temple. And the 70 weeks were completed in the month Nisan in the year of the world 4037. This was the ever memorable year and month, when Jesus Christ, the Messiah, closed his Divine miffion, and suffered death upon the cross.
It is evident that various events are predicted by Daniel in this remarkable Prophecy. The Messiah mall be cut off - The people of the Prince that fall come, Mall destroy the city and the sanctuary ---Desolations are determined, and the facrifice and the oblation shall cease for the overspreading of abominations.
Now there are no occurrences in the Jewish history, to which these circumstances can be at all applied, except to the crucifixion of
* Prideaux, vol. i. p. 208. Bossuet, p: 228. Smith's Summary View, p. 165. Uffer Annales, tom. i. p. 195. tom. ii. p. 568. Josephi Antiq. Jud. I. xi. c. 5. Gray's Key to the Old Testament, p. 414. Mede's Works, p. 857. Calmet's Dict. vol. i. p. 398.
Christ -- the final destruction of the City and Temple of Jerusalem, and the desolation of Judea by the Romans. But to those great events the words of the Prophecy apply with such singular exactnefs, that they give a very energetic and lively description of them. And it may be farther observed, that this Prophecy very plainly delineates the spiritual purposes of the Gospel: for, at the completion of this great epoch of the 70 weeks, it is determined to make reconciliation for iniquity- to bring in everlasting righteousness—and to seal up the vision and the prophecy — Thus pointing out Christ, the Messiah, who died as the propitiatory facrifice for the sins of the world rose again to certify that he had made atonement for sin, and had established the promised “ kingdom of everlasting righteousness and life” -- and sealed up the vision and the prophecy by his final revelation of the Divine will to his beloved diseiple St. John, the last of the Prophets.
Three different periods of time are in-. cluded within the go weeks, and each of them is connected with an important eventThe seven weeks to restore and rebuild Jerufalem--the threescore and two weeks in addition to these feyen weeks, after which the Messiah
was to be cut off:- and the midft of the week, in which he should cause the facrifice and oblation to cease. The first series of seven weeks, being 49 years, relates to the restoration of the Jews, and the rebuilding Jerusalem, begun by Ezra, and completed by Nehemiah. The opposition which the Jews, when returned from captivity, met with from the Samaritans, prolonged this sacred work exactly for that period of time; and the ob. stacles with which they had to contend, fully confirmed the words of the prophet, that the wall should be built in troublous times. The threescore and two weeks that succeeded added to the foregoing feven, or in other words 483 years, bring the calculation of time down to the year 4739 of the Julian period, which was the exact year in which the Gospel began to be announced to the world - John the Baptist having been sent to prepare the Jews for its reception by his public ministry, which continued for the space of three years and a half. Its commencement at this period is accurately marked by the words of Christ, who said expressly, “ the Law and the Prophets were until John, since that time the kingdom of God is preached 8."