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And thou shalt be an astonishment, a proverb, and a by-word among all the nations whither the Lord" shall lead thee. This has literally been the case at all times, since their national punishment has been inflicted. The very name of a Jew has been used as a term of peculiar reproach and infamy. Their avarice, usury, and insensibility have long been in a manner proverbial; being considered as more peculiarly marking their character, than that of any other people in the world. '.

Reflexions upon the common course of events would naturally have induced Moses to draw conclusions very different from the fate which we have seen he denounced against the Israelites, in case of disobedience. It was natural to suppose, that, if they were re-. duced to subjection, it would be by some neighbouring power, with whom, and with whose appearance, they were well acquainted; that if they were driven from their country, another people would possess it, and the land itself preserve the same character and descrip- . tion as before; and if they were completely dispersed and carried captives into foreign countries, that they would suffer the common lot of other captive nations, and be blended with their conquerors; and in time entirely


lose their peculiar name and character. The fact, as well as the prediction, has been directly the reverse. According to the Prophetic words of the inspired writers, they have been twice enslaved by distant and unknown nations; their land has become not only desolate, but barren; and they exist at this day dispersed among all nations, but not destroyed; the living, conspicuous, and wellknown witnesses of the truth of Prophecy. The long period of three thousand years has passed since this Prophecy was delivered, which the lapse of ages, and the revolutions of human events, have only served to confirm and to fulfil.



CHAPTER THE FIFTI. The Fulfilment of the Prophecy, that Cyrus was to be the Conqueror of Babylon, and the

Deliverer of the Jews. THÉ Prophecy which is next to be the subject of our attention, is in itself a peculiar one: clear and explicit in its language; important in its reference to the great design for which the Jews were distinguished from the rest of the world; and an epitome of some of the most signal events recorded in antient history. It Isaiah dewas delivered by Isaiah, ac

livered the

Prophecy cording to the fhortest com- . Y. W. putation, more than an hun. . 32920

B. C. dred years a before the birth : 712.

- Josephus places this Prophecy two hundred and ten years before the birth of Cyrus. Critici facri, tom. iv.

p. 5190.

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of the elder Cyrus; and reCyrus was born presents the nimignty as Y. W. ing upon him expressly by his 3405: name as the future deliverer of

599. his people from their allotted captivity; and as the mighty conqueror of nations, led on by the Omnipotent Ruler of the universe, to execute his sovereign will, while unconscious of guidance or assistance in the rapidity and extent of his victories; it minutely describes the fiege of Babylon and the conquest of the Assyrian Empire; and distinctly affirms that Cyrus shall issue a decree for the rebuilding Jerusalem, and publish to the Gentile nations the greatness and the power of the God of Israel - the Lord of the whole earth b.

· Thus faith the Lord thy Redeemer, and be that formed thee from the womb, I am the Lord that maketh all things; that stretchetb forth the heavens alone, that Spreadeth abroad the earth by myself; that frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners, mad; that turneth wife men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish; that confirmeth the word of bis servant, and performeth the counsel of his o faiah xliv. 24, 25, 26, 27, 28. xlv. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

messengers; that faith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof: that saith to the deep; Be dry, and I. will dry up thy rivers: that saith of Cyrus, He is my fhepherd, and Mall perform all my pleasure; even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the Temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.

Thus fuith the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the twoleaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight; I will break in pieces the gates of brafs, and cut in sunder the bars of iron : and I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden 'riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the Lord, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel. For Jacob my servant's fake, and Israel mine eleet, I have even called thee by thy name: I have Jurnamed thee, though thou hafi not known me. I am the Lord, and there is none else, there is no God befide me: I girded thee, though ihou haft not known me: that they may knowa from the rising of the sun, and from the weft,



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