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"with the Lord*." "But now, with an "open voice, he says, that he is God, and "was always with God, laying open the *' mystery of Gods."

A very particular and copious account of the pre-eminence of John, in consequence of his teaching the doctrines of the preexistence and divinity of Christ, which had been omitted by the other evangelists, may likewise be seen in the epistle of Paulinus, which I put in the notes

* Cæteri quippe ev^ngelistae, qui temporalem Christi nativitatem et temporalia ejus facta, quæ geflit in homine, • sufficienter exponunt, et de divinitate pauca dixerunt, quasi animalia greslibilia cum domino ambulant in terra: hie autem pauca de temporalibus ejus gesti's edisserens, fed divinitalis potentiam sublimius contemplans, cum domind ad cœlum volat. In John Pref. Opera, vol. 9. p.

5- 275

+ Nunc autem aperta voce dicit eum esse deum et semper fuisse apud deum, sacramentum patefaciens dei. Queftiones Mixtæ, vol. 4. p. 858.

% Idem ultra omnium tempora apostolorum ætate producta postremus evangelii scriptor fuisse memoratur, ut sicut de ipfo vas electionis ait, quasi columna iirmamentum adjiceret fundamentis ecclesiæ, prioris evangelii feriptores consona auctoritate consirmans, ultimus auctor, in libri ,\ tempore,

Cyril of Alexandria says, that " John "was the first who taught more sublime '* things*." Marius Mercator fays, that the three former evangelists, having spoken of Christ as a man, John shewed him to be God f."

tempore, fed primus in capite sacramenti, quippe qui solus e quatuor fluminibus ex ipso summo divini capitis fonte decurrens, de nube sublimi tonat: in principio erat verbum, et verbum erat apud deum, et deus erat verbum: transcendit Moyscn, qui usque ad caputmundi et visibilium creaturarum exordia scientiæ terminos, et faciem mentis extendit. Iste et evangelistis cæteris^ vel ab humano salvatoris ortu, vel a typico legis sacrisicio, vel a prophetico praecursoris baptistæ præconio, resurrectionis evangelium exorsis, altius volans penetravit et coelos. Neque in angelis stetit, fed archangelos quoque et omneS defuper creaturas, virtutes, principatus, dominationes, thronos, supergressus, in ipsum se creatorem ardua mente direxit, et ab ilia int-ffabili generatione ordiens, et coeternum et consubstantialem, et co-omnipotcntem, et co-opificem patri fiHum nunciavit. Ad Amandum, p. 213.

* Joannes theologus, tonitrui filius, cui divina dignatione concessum, ut supra dominicum pectus recubuerit, indeque nobis sublimiora ac divina hauserit dogmata: cum excellentem erga nos dei benignitatem commendare vellet, primumque quæ diviniorasunt dixisset, utpote ista,. in principio erat verbum. Horn. Opera, vol. 2. p- 75

f Post quam præfationem subdescendens, ut ostenderet quem illi tres evangelistæ hominem fcripferant, esse etiam deum. Opera, p. 165.

Vol, III. L Cosmas

Cosmas Indicopleustes, describing John as theologus, and the chief of the evangelists, fays, that "he wrote to supply the .«« defects of the former evangelists, and "especially in preaching clearly the divi"nity of Christ, making that the founda"tion of his work, all which had been "omitted by the others. Wherefore, be

ginning at his divinity, he immediately "passed to his humanity*."

"John," fays Nicephorus, " did not give "an account of the carnal generation of "Jesus, but ht first taught his divinity; "this being reserved for him, as the most "worthy, by the Holy Spirit f."

"Wherefore, John," fays Theophylact, "began with the divinity of Christ. For "whereas others had made no mention of "his existence before the ages, he taught

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^paTomra Uvth. De Mundo, lib. 5. Montfaucon's Collectio, vol. 2. p. 248.

f T»{ cTfc dlohoyiitf KttTAf^tTeu, 01a Tirot Kftlrlovot -afit <rs Sax wiVfictTos TctpiivSims aura. Hist. lib. 2. cap. 45.vol. 1. p. 214.

"that be seen in the orations of Nicetas the PaphlagOnian *."

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the late introduction of the doctrine of the divinity of Christ is observed by the emperor Julian. He says, that ** none of "Christ's disciples, except John, said that «« he made the heavens and the earth, and

that not clearly and plainly

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