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LECTURE I.-INTRODUCTORY LECTURE.
LUKE XX. 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38.-Then came to him certain of the Saddu-
cees (which deny that there is any resurrection) and they asked him, saying, Master, Moses wrote
unto us, if any man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should
take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. There were therefore seven brethren : and the
first took a wife, and died without children. And the second took her to wife, and he died childless.
And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also. And they left no children, and died.
Last of all the woman died also. Therefore in the resurrection, whose wife of them is she? for
seven had her to wife. And Jesus answering, said unto themi, The children of this world marry,
and are given in marriage : but they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and
the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage. Neither can they die
any more; for they are equal unto the angels, and are the children of God, being the children of
the resurrection. Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth
the Lord, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not a
God of the dead, but of the living : for all live unto him.
LECTURE II.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Heb. XI. 24, 25, 26, 27.-By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son
of Pharaoh's daughter ; choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy
the pleasures of sin for a season ; estreming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treas-
ures of Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of the reward. By faith he forsook Egypt,
not fearing the wrath of the king : for he endured as seeing him who is invisible.
LECTURE III.-History of Moses.
Exod. UI. 13, 14.-And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and
shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me,
What is his name? What shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I
AM: And he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
LECTURE IV.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exod. VI. 9.–And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel; but they hearkened not unto Moses,
for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
LECTURE V.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exop. VI. 1.–Then the Lord said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do unto Pharaoh ;
for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his
LECTURE VI.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exod. X. 7.-And Pharaoh's servants said unto him, How long shall this man be a snare unto us?
Let the men go, that they may serve the Lord their God : knowest thou not yet, that Egypt is de-
LECTURE VII.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exop. XII. 1, 2, 3.-And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This
month shall be unto you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year 10 you.
Speak unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to
them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house.
LECTURE VIII.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exop. XII. 26, 27.-And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean
you by this service ? That ye shall say, it is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover, who passed over
The houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our
houses. And the people howed the head and worshipped.
Psalm XCI. 5, 6, 7, 8.--Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night, nor for the arrow that flieth
hy day; nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at
noonday. A Thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not
come nigh thee. Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold, and see the reward of the wicked.
LECTURE IX.-HISTORY of Moses.
Esop. XIII, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.-And it came to pass when Pharaoh had let the people go, that
God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near;
said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt. But God
led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red Sca. And the children of
Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt. And Moses took the bones of Joseph with
him : for he had straitlv sworn the children of Israel, saying. God will surely visit you; and ye
sball carry up my bones away henre with you. And they took their journey from Succoth, and
encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. And the Lord went before them, by day in a
pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go
hy day and night. He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night
from before the people.
LECTURE X.-History of Moses.
Esop. XIV. 21, 22.-And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord caused the sea to
go back by a strong east wind all that night. and made the sea dry land, and the waters were di-
vided. And the hildren of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground; and the
watcrs were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
LECTURE XI.-HISTORY OP Moses. Page 69
Exod. XV. 1, 2.–Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the Lord, and spake,
saying, I will sing unto the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider bath he
thrown into the sea. The Lord is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation : he is my
God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my Father's God, and I will exalt him.
LECTURE XII.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exop. XV. 23, 24, 25, 26, 27.–And when ther came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters
of Marah ; for they were bitter : therefore the name of it was called Marah. And the people mur-
mured against Moses, saying, what shall we drink? And he cried unto the Lord; and the Lord
shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet : there he
made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, and said, If thou wilt dili-
gently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and will do that which is right in his sight, and
wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes; I will put none of these diseases
upon thee which I have brought upon the Egyptians : for I am the Lord that healeth thee. And
they caine to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm-trees; and
they encamped there by the waters.
LECTURE XIII.-History of Moses.
Exop. XVI. 11. 12, 13, 14, 15.-And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, I have heard the murmur-
ings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morn-
ing ye shall be filled with bread, and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God. And it cane
to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay
round about the host. And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wil-
derness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar-frost on the ground. And when the
children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna : for they wist not what it was.
And Moses said unto them, I'his is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat.
LECTURE XIV.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exod. XVII. 1, 2, 5, 6.–And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wil-
derness of Sia, asier their journies, according to the commandment of the Lord, and pitched in
Rephidim; and there was no water for the people to drink. Wherefore the people did chide with
Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide you
with me? Wherefore do ye tempi the Lord ? And the Lord said unto Moses, Go on before the
people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river,
iake in thine hand, and go. Behold I will stand before ihee there upon the rock in Horeb: and
thou shall smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And
Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.
LECTURE XV.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exop. XVII, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13.—Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. And
Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek : 10-morrow I will stand
on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand. So Joshua did as Moses bad said to him,
and fought with Amalek. And Moses, Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill. And it came
to pass when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed : and when he let down his hand, Amar
lek' prevailed. But Moses's hands were heavy; and they took a stone and put it under him, and
he sat thereon : and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on
the other side ; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun. And Joshua discom-
fitea Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.
LECTURE XVI.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exod. XVIII. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.–And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance,
and kissed him: and they asked each other of their welfare ; and they came into the tent. And
Moses told his father-in-law all that the Lord had done unto Pharaoh, and 10 the Egyptians for
Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the Lord delivered
them. And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the Lord had done 10 Israel : whom he had
delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. And Jethro said, Blessed be the Lord, who hath de-
livered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered
the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. Now I know that the Lord is greater than all
gods : for, in the thing wherein they deali proudly, he was above them. And Jethro, Moses's
father-in-law, took a burnt-offering and sacrifices for God. And Aaron came, and all the elders of
Israel to eat bread with Moses's father-in-law before God.
LECTURE XVII.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Exod. XIX. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.--And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that
there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and ihe voice of the trumpet
exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. And Moses brought forth
the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the nether part of the mount. And
Mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire ; and the smoke
thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. And wben the
voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered
him by a voice. And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the
Lord called Moses up to the top of the mount, and Moses went up. And the Lord said unto Moses,
Go down, charge the people, lest they break ihrough upto the Lord 10 gaze, and many of them
perish. And let the priesis also, which come near io the Lord, sanctify themselves, lest the Lord
break forth upon them.
LECTURE XVIII.-HISTORY OF Moses.
Josh. I. 17.-According as we hearkened unto Moses in all things, so will we bearken unto thee
only the Lord thy God be with thee, as he was with Moses.
JOHN I. 17.–For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ,
LUKE XX, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38.
Then came to him certain of the Sadducees (which deny that there is any resurrection) and they ask
ed bim, saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, if any, man's brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children. And the second took her to wife, and he died childless. And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also. And they left no children, and died. Last of all the woman died also. Therefore in the resurrection, whose wife of them is she ? for seven had her to wife. And Jesus answering, said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage : but they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage. Neither can they die any more; for they are equal unto the angels, and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection. Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living : for all live unto him.
One of the most obvious and natural consolations of reason, under the loss of those whom we dearly loved, and one of the most abundant consolations furnished by religion, is the belief that our departed friends are, at their death, disposed of infinitely to their advantage. We weep and mourn while we reflect upon the deprivation of comfort which we have sustained; but we wipe the tears of sorrow from our eyes, when we consider that our loss is their unspeakable gain. “Rachel weeping for her children,” refuses to be comforted so long as she thinks they are not;" but her soul is tranquillized and comforted when her eyes, in faith, look within the veil, and behold them softly and securely reposing in the bosom of their Father and God. It is an humbling and a mortifying employment to visit churchyards, to step from grave to grave, to recal the memory while we trample upon the ashes of the young, the beautiful, the wise and the good; but we find immediate relief, we rise into joy, we tread among the stars, when aided by religion, we transport ourselves in thought to those blessed regions where all the faithful live, and reign, and rejoice; where “they that be wise shine as the brightness of the firmament, and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars forever and ever."* Distance is then swallowed up and lost, and we mingle in the noble employments and pure delights of the blessed immortals who encircle the throne of God.
It is astonishing to think, that there should have been men disposed willingly to deprive themselves of this glorious source of comfort; men ready to resign the high prerogative of their birthright, and by a species of humility strange and unnatural, spontaneously degrading themselves to the level of the brutes that perish. And yet there have been in truth such men in every ages
But it is no wonder to find those who satisfy themselves with the pursuits and enjoyments of a mere beastly nature while they live, contented to lie down with the beasts in death, to arise no more. They first make it their interest that there should be no hereafter, and then they fondly persuade themselves that there shall be none.
Error of every kind, both in faith and morals, prevailed in the extreme, at the period when, and in the country where, the Saviour of the world appeared for our redemption. The nation of the Jews was divided, in respect of moral and religious sentiment, into two great sects or parties, who both pretended 10 found their opinions upon the authority of the inspired books, which were held in universal estimation among them; and particularly the writings of Moses. But they drew conclusions directly opposite from the same facts and doctrines; and both deviated, in the grossest manner, from the spirit and design of that precious record which they both affected to hold in the highest veneration.
The Pharisees, earnestly contending for the strict observance of the law, confined their attention to its minuter and less important objects, and paid “the tithe of mint, and anise and cummin,” but omitted “the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy and faith:” and, raising oral tradition to the rank and dignity of scripture, found a pretence for dispensing with the plainest and most essential obligations of morality, when these contradicted their interests and opinions. Heinously offended at the neglect of washing of hands previous to eating, they were wicked enough to establish, by a law of their own, neglect of, unkindness and disobedience to parents ; thus, according to the just censure which our Lord passed upon them, “straining out a gnat, and swallowing a camel."
The Sadducees, on the other hand, the strong spirits of the age, disdaining the restraints imposed on mankind by a written law, thought fit to become a law unto themselves. They left the austerities of a strict religion and morality to vulgar minds; and that they might procure peace to themselves in the enjoyment of those sinful pleasures to which they were addicted, they denied the existence of spirit, the immortality of the soul, and a future state of retribution. They alleged that the law was silent on those points, and that this silence was a sufficient reason for rejecting the belief of them. They went farther, and contended, that were such doctrines contained in the law, they ought not to be admitted, because they implied a contradiction, or at least involved such a number of difficulties as it was impossible satisfactorily to solve. The chief of those difficulties they propose to our blessed Saviour in the passage which I have read ; and they do this, not in the spirit of docility and diffidence to have it removed, but in the pride of their hearts, vainly taking for granted that it was insurmountable.
My principal intention in leading your thoughts to this subject at this time is the occasion which it afforded to the great Teacher who came from God, of discoursing on a theme nearly connected with the design of these Lectures ; and of disclosing to us sundry important particulars, respecting the venerable men whose lives we have been studying, and those which we are still to examine; and respecting that world in which we, together with them, have a concern so deeply, because eternally, interesting. To these we shall be led by making a few cursory remarks on the preceding conversation which took place between Christ and the Sadducees. And this shall serve as an Intro-, duction to the farther continuation of a Course of Lectures on the history of the memorable persons and events presented to us in the holy scriptures of both the Old and New Testaments.
The Sadducees insidiously begin their attack by professing the highest respect for the authority of Moses and of his writings : “ Master, Moses wrote