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only British manufacture. An order was at the same time sent to her dress-makers, &c., not to introduce any thing foreign into articles prepared for her Royal Highness, on pain of incurring her displeasure, and of being no longer employed.

It is well known, that the servants of the higher classes are the chief supporters of the smugglers in all foreign articles of dress; from whose hands they at length find their way into the wardrobe of their mistress. The Princess Charlotte was well aware of this system of traffic which was carried on; and one day an Indian shawl was handed to her Royal Highness, of the most exquisite workmanship, the value of which was estimated at 3,000 guineas. Her Royal Highness informed herself of the clandestine manner in which the shawl had been brought into the country, and after giving a severe rebuke to the person who had tendered it to her,--she said, “ In the first place, I cannot afford to give 3,000 guineas for a shawl ; and in the second, a Norwich shawl of the value of halfa-crown, and manufactured by a native of England, would become me better than the costliest article which the loom of India ever produced.”

This circumstance gave rise to an order which the Princess Charlotte immediately issued, that an immediate dismissal from her establishment would be the consequence of the purchase of any foreign articles of dress from the itinerant venders, who infest the royal palaces and the residences of the nobility. 5. In all her actions, the Princess Charlotte appeared to be deeply impressed with the dignity and import


ance of the female character, in connexion with the administration of regal affairs; and it was her constant study to form her character according to the bright and excellent models which ancient and modern history presented to her contemplation. She was not one of those common-place characters, who take their opinion of men and things from the judgment of others; and who, before they decide on a particular line of conduct, ask themselves, how such and such an individual would have acted under similar circumstances. Her mode of action was original ; it did not arise from the hasty decision of the moment, nor from the immediate impulse of an enthusiastic temperament; but it was the result of close and mature deliberation, in which the effects were viewed in all their bearings, maintaining at the same time a due relation to public and private interests.

In the perusal of the ancient and modern historians, her Royal Highness took particular pleasure in collecting, as in one focus, the character of the most eminent females, who by their actions excited the admiration and gratitude of their cotemporaries; and she considered it as by no means a matter of mere speculation, that the character of a perfect monarch might be formed by a union and adoption of their respective virtues.

Her Royal Highness was accustomed to say, that she could enumerate ten females, who had ruled over the destinies of their respective nations, whose virtues she could wish to combine in herself, and she would then appear to the world as the perfect inodel of a queen.

The first was Isis, placed by the Egyptians in the rank of the divinities, in grateful remembrance of the great benefits which she had conferred upon them.

The second was Zarine, queen of the Scythians, who, after her death, had military honors paid to her on account of the political institutions which she established, and the patronage which she bestowed on the arts and sciences.

The third was Lucretia, provoking, by the sacrifice of her life, the abolition of the tyranny under which her country groaned.

The fourth was Semiramis, obtaining by her valor for the arms of Ninus, that success of which he himself despaired, and occupying at last the throne of Assyria with the greatest splendor and renown.

The fifth was Zenobia, weighing for a time in her hands in Palmyra, the fortune of the Romans, and exhibiting herself, after her defeat, even greater than during her defence.

The sixth was queen Blanche, governing peaceably a great kingdom, during a period when religious fanaticism had seized the minds of the people, and in consequence of which the greatest crimes were 'committed.

The seventh was Berengere, the sister of Blanche, queen of Castile, who was besieged by the Moors in the castle of Oxexa, and triumphed over their whole army by a single trait of her genius.

The eighth was Elizabeth of England.
The ninth was Maria Theresa of Austria,
And the tenth was Catherine of Russia.

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The mind and heart of the Princess Charlotte may now be said to have assumed that vigorous tone, and that fixed and settled bias, which so eminently distinguished her during her short sojourn upon the earth. Her character was bold and distinguished, not marked by puerilities, nor partaking of those eccentricities which are in general the result of a disordered imagination. A happy combination of modesty and humility characterized all her deportment, and in a very conspicuous manner influenced her private con duct, and her public transactions. She considered no time mispent, and no pains ill bestowed in the search after truth, and she was incessantly employed in examiming for lierself, and divesting herself of an unlimited confidence in the mere ipse dixit of another. Sophistry and every species of evasion in argument excited her just abhorrence, seldom or never could it escape her penetrating eye; and, whenever she did detect it, no considerations could deter her from expressing the most marked disapprobation. Her own conceptions were clear, her language perspicuous, and her intentions upright. There was such a transparency in the whole stream of her discourse, that it was easy to see to the very bottom of her motives and principles.

In the most exalted stations, there is one certain order of obligations and of difficulties; the duties of a general, of a minister, and eyen of a king, are marked and distinguished by the very place which they occupy; those of the heir-apparent to the throne, appear less distinct, but are in reality not less enlarged andi ex

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tensive. Being at that time only the first of subjects;
but born at a future period to be the monarch, it
became the heir-apparent, in giving an example of
submission, to render herself worthy of the throne,
and by constantly obeying, to learn the art of
governing Great and sublime as this situation
appears, it is nevertheless one of the most painful and
delicate nature ; the glory which it promises is bereft
of splendor; the obligations which it imposes,
appear to be in mutual opposition to each other;
it disdains the common virtues as insufficient, the
extraordinary talents which it requires, may in them-
selves become dangerous, and its repose or inaction
possesses in an equal manner their inconveniences and
their dangers. It is, therefore, in the midst of perils
and on the brink of a precipice, that Providence has
placed the heir to a crown. If he possess not the
virtues of a subject, he will be wanting as a king; if
he possess not the virtues of a king, he will be want-
ing towards his people.

These were the principles on which the Princess
Charlotte modelled her political life; she never lost
sight of the high station to which she was born, and
her sole study appeared to be, to make herself fully
acquainted with its important duties, and so to cul-
tivate her heart and mind, that the performance of
them might become natural and easy to her. She
regarded the great political events of the times with a
keen and steady eye; she penetrated into the designs
of the contending parties, and the deep veil in which

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