Lake Baikal and Its Life

Przednia okładka
Springer Science & Business Media, 11 lis 2013 - 344
Baikai is the deepest lake on earth and one of the most ancient. The pronounced endemism and specific wealth of its fauna andflora has attracted the keen interest of biologists and biogeographers all over the world. A start on the Baikai studies was made more than 200 years ago, but they have been carried on with the greatest intensity in the last 30 to 40 years, and more than 1,000 scientific works devoted to it have appeared in this period. Hence there is an urgent need for a summary of the main results of more than 200 years' study of one of the most remarkable lakes of our planet, and this the author has endeavoured to provide. A zoologist and hydrobiologist hirnself, he has concentrated on the living world of the lake. The author has for many years worked at Baikai as head of the Biologo-Geographical Institute and the Baikai Biological Station of Irkutsk University. In preparing this book for the press the author has received invaluable assistance from cartographer N.V. TYUMEN TSEV, algologists N.L. ANTIPOVAandO. M. KOZHOVA, hydrobiologists G. L. VASILYEVA, G. J. SHNYAGINA, L. J. PROTASOVA and R. A.
 

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Spis treści

INTRODUCTION a
1
GEOGRAPHY AND HYDROLOGY OF BAIKAL
5
Climate of the Baikal Area
15
Morphology of Baikal
19
Affluents and Drainage
24
Water Circulation and Temperature
28
Chemistry
46
FAUNA AND FLORA
56
Malacostraca
106
Isopoda
107
Amphipoda
109
Arachnoidea
117
Diptera
123
Other Insecta
124
Mollusca
126
Bryozoa
135

Spongia
62
Coelenterata
68
Turbellaria
69
Trematodes
72
Cestoda
75
Nematodes
76
Acanthocephala
77
Rotatoria
78
Polychaeta
81
Oligochaeta
84
Hirudinea
88
Entomostraca
92
Pisces
138
Mammalia
145
General Conclusion on the Composition of the Fauna of Baikal and its Position in the System of Biogeographical Divisions
147
The Flora of Baikal
150
DISTRIBUTION OF FAUNA AND FLORA IN BAIKAL
158
SPREAD OF MODERN BAIKALIAN FAUNA OUTSIDE OF BAIKAL
218
LIFE IN THE MASS OF WATER
228
THE HISTORY OF LAKE BAIKAL AND ITS FAUNA
268
CONCLUSION
303
ORGANISM INDEX
327
SUBJECT INDEX
339
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