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" It may appear intrusive in me to address this splendid assembly, met to celebrate the bardic festival, as I am no bard myself; but I assume the liberty, as being present when this Eisteddfod was first thought of, being on its com. mittee and as being a hearty well wisher to the order of bards. I shall endeavour to give a brief outline of the history of the institution, occupying as little as possible of your tinie; and on that account I shall omit all that bears upon the subject before the time of Edward the First. From the period of the conquest of Wales by that great monarch, till the accession of the House of Tudor to the throne of England, a dismal cloud hung over the bards and minstrels of the Principality. We bave a tradition that Edward massacred the bards in this very place, where their successors this day hold their festival. But this is a point supported by such a slender testimony, that it is not cre. dited at the present time, though it furnished an occasion for one of the sublimest odes in the English or any other language. The bards were inimical to the government of Edward; and, as the press now, were powerful agents in forming and directing public opinion. With the insurrection of Owen Glyndwr-must I call it rebellion ?—the bardic spirit seemed to rekindle a little, but it was soon suppressed by the vigilance and prompt measures of Henry IV. In the time of his grandson, however, Henry VI., a very great Eisteddfod was held at Caermarthen, under the presidency of Gruffydd, grandfather to the great Sir Rice ap Thomas, so well known for assisting and placing Henry VII.on the throne, and ancestor to the present Lord Dynevor. This Eisteddfod was attended by all the bards and miustrels of Wales, and under the conduct of the well known Llawdden. Two silver badges were provided; a silver chair, and a silver harp. Both these badges were triumphantly carried away by a bard from Flintshire, and a minstrel from the same little county. The silver chair, after being honourably borne by Tudur Alde, passed back into South Wales, and was lost. The silver harp never revisited our southern brethren, and is now in the possession of the Hon. Edward L. Mostyn, of Mostyn. Some half a century after this Eisteddfod, brighter days shone upon the bards and minstrels. A Prince of the House of Tudor was on the throne. Henry VIII. distinguished himself for his great literary attainments and love for music, for he was a composer in that noble science; he summoned, in the fifteenth year of his reign, an Eisteddfod, which was accordingly held at Caerwys, in 1526. This was under the presidency of Richard ap Howal Vychan, Esq., of Mostyn. Of this meeting we know but little, for, in those days, there were no reporters to cook up an account of it. But his daughter, Queen Elizabeth, called, by a royal commission, now extant, a meeting to be held at the same town of Caerwys, which was accordingly held there in May, 1568. This commission is directed to Sir R. Bulkeley, to Thomas Mostyn, and to Peers Mostyn, Esquires; and it is singular, that the represeniatives of those gentlemen are now here, possessing the same ardour for promoting Welsh literature as their ancestors in the reign of the virgin queen. We are acquainted with every thing that was done at the Eis. teddfod; for a contemporary author, the learued Dr. J. David Rees, a native of Llanfaethlu, in this island, has given us a full account of it. From this era to the latter part of the eighteenth century, the Eisteddfodau were entirely dropped. But they were partially revived by the exertions of the Cywmrodorian Society in London, in the end of the eighteenth century. Then the nobility and gentry of Wales caught the fame, and Eisteddfodau have been ever since held, every third or fourth year, in different provinces of the Principality. As the encouragement increased, the productions of the bards and minstrels also improved. The Royal Eisteddfod, held four years ago at Denbigh, under the presidency of Sir Edward Mostyn, left all others far hehind But what shall we say of this, under the presidency of Sir R. Bulkeley, in ancient Mona, “ Món Mam Gymmru;" the land that gave birth to Owen Tudor, the founder
of the house of Tudor , that gave birth to Lewis Morris and Goronwy Owen; from which sprung Sir William Jones, and the brave warrior now holding the vice-regal sceptre on the other side of the water, and who derives his title from this beloved islavd. The bards were always loyal, and they often suffered for their loyalty. For their attachment to their natire princes, Edward I. discouraged and repressed them; for their attachment to their legiti. mate sovereign, Richard II. when he was deposed, Henry IV. took severe measures, and enacted cruel laws against them; and, on account of their supporting the falling cause of monarchy in the time of the first Charles, Cromwell, when he obtained the supreme power, visited them with his severest vengeance. But now their prospects are splendid.” There was much cheering during the time that the reverend gentleman addressed the meeting.
The Rev. E. Evans, of Chester, stated that the prize for the best composition on Adam and Eve in Paradise,” wliich had not been awarded yesterday on account of the absence of the judges, was declared in favour of the writer using the appellation “ Eryon Gwyllt Walia.” The author, Robert Owen, not being present, Lady Bulkeley invested Mr. John Parry as his representative.
Prize I.-A medal to the author of the best six Welch Englynion on “the honour conferred by the presence of their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Kent and the Princess Victoria at our National Festival.”
The Secretary stated that on this subject eighteen compositions had beeu received, from which the judges selected two as the best. They could not determine to which of these two the palm of superior merit ought to be given, and had therefore called in a third friend, who had pronounced in favour of the composition signed “ Owen Tudor."
Robert Davies, of Nant Glyn, a chaired bard, on whom had been conferred many prizes at former Eisteddfodau, was introduced with “all his blushing honours thick upon him," and was invested with the medal by Lady Harriet Mostyn, of Mostyn. After the ceremony, the successful bard, at the particular request of the company, recited his Englynion. The following is a copy:
“ I Dduges Caint, braint i'n bro,-bid mawl mawr,
Bid mil a myrdd croeso,
Hoen ddiwrnod i'n haddurno.
Aeres Prydain goron,
O blanwydd Penmynydd, Môn.
Galon yn wreichion o wres.
Tros Fenai Bont fawrbris,
A'i mawredd dre' Bewmaris.
O'n tir eiu beirdd goran;
Er nawdd i'r awenyddau.
I'w taepu'n ei llwybrau,
The premium for the second best was given to Mr. William Ellis Jones, of Carmarthen.
PRIZE II.-An elegant silver-gilt Medal, presented by their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Kent and the Princess Victoria, for the best four Welsh Englynion on the Marriage of Sir R. B. W. Bulkeley. Ten excellent compositions had been sent in, and the award of the judges was declared in favour of the composition signed “Dewi.” The author being desired to make himself known,
The Rev. J. Blackwell stood forward and was invested with the medal by Lady Robert Grosvenor, amid thunders of applause. Mr. Blackwell then recited the Englynion as follows:
Eto unwyd mewn tyuion—aur rwymau,
Rymus ddwy lîn Brython
Gerddi mawl-nes gwardda Môn.
Rhoes-rvesaw i feirddion:
Iddo-a merch newydd Môn.
Dadtry'n ol gysgodion
Nid tywell mwy mantell Môn.
Agwir hedd yn goron;
The Rev. Mr. Metcalf (private chaplain to Sir Edward Mostyn, Bart.) stated that there were three compositions which possessed extraordinary merit, and of these the judges had decided in favour of “ Amaethon."
Aneurin Owen, Esq. having declared himself the author, was invested with the medal by Lady Mostyn.
The second premium on this subject was adjudged to Mr. William Jones, of Pwllheli.
'The Rev. Mr. Metcalf stated that there was another production on this subject (agriculture), which merited particular notice. The judges had ranked it in the third place; but, impressed with a sense of its very great merits, they recommended that it should be published in addition to the other two. The composition bore the signature of “ Ralph Aricula Robinson.” The author not appearing, the seal was broken, and the name of the Rev. Samuel Roberts, Llaubrynmair, appeared as the author.
Prize IV.—The Medal of the Royal Cambrian Institution, for the best Essay on Welsh Grammar.
There were only two competitors for this prize, and as both Essays were considered of equal merit, the judges proposed that medals should be presented to both of them. The first of them was Mr. Hugh Jones of Chester, for whom Mr. Edward Parry, of Bridge-street, in this city, was invested with the medal. To the Rev. J. H. Williams, of Llancadwaladr, Anglesea, was awarded the other medal; and the Rev. J. Jones, of Holyhead, was invested as his locum tenens.
Prize V.-An elegant Silver Medal, the gift of Sir Edward Mostyn, Bart., for the best poem on David playing the Harp before Saul.
The Rev. Henry Parry said he had the hovour of being one of the judges on this subject. No less than twenty-seven compositions were sent in, six of which were excellent. The palm of superiority was, after careful investigation, awarded to “ Hanesydd.”'
Mr. Robert Davies, the bard of Nantglyn, presented himself amid loud tokens of approbation, and was invested with the medal by Lady Mustyu, of Talacre.
The premium for the second best composition on the same subject, was awarded to Mr. W. E. Jones, (Cawrdaf.)
The President begged to state that the successful candidate for the best History of Anglesea was not present yesterday, he was most happy however to announce that the lady was among the counpauy today. (Cheers ) He then took the opportunity of passing a very warm encomium upon the lady's industry and talents, and observed that the work would, when published, embellish the library of every gentleman throughout the principality of Wales.
Lord Mostyn immediately introduced Miss Angharad Lloyd, who was invested with the prize medal by Sir R. Buckley, the president.
CONTEST FOR THE HARP. The judges iu the contest for the prize were Mr. John Parry, the conductor, and Mr. Aneurin Owen. The candidates came forward in the following order :
1. Miss E. Joues, of Corwen : tune,“ Serch Hudol," (the Allurements of Love).
2. Griffith Jones, Capel Curig : tune, “Bro Gwalia,” (Country of Wales.) 3. William Jones, Beaumaris : tune, “ Pen Rhaw," (Spade's Head.) 4. Richard Pugh, of Corwen : tune, “Black Sir Harry.'
5. John Williams, of Oswestry: tune, the same. His performance elicited much applause.
6. Hugh Pugh, of Dolgelley : tune, “The King's Joy." 7. Rees Jones, of Llanrwst : tuve, “ Sweet Richard." The Silver Harp was awarded by the judges to Mr. John Williamsof Oswestry, formerly a pupil of the celebrated blind harper, Richard Roberts, of Carnarvon.
Pennillion singing followed, when the President stepped forward and stated that the contest of Penuillion singers would take place at the Town Hall, in the evening. Mr. Parry, the conductor, sang in fine taste a stanza of our inspiring national anthem, “God save the King." The whole meeting enthu. siastically joined in the chorus. Sir Richard then called for three times three cheers for the King, which were given, as well as three times three for the president. The company then separated.
In the evening, the pennillion singers met at the Town Hall, and a very interesting contest was carried on for three hours. The medal was awarded to Joseph Williams, of Bagillt; and the premiums were equally divided between all the other competitors. The hall was crowded to excess, and the audience seemed to take the most intense interest in the proceedings. The following gentleinen were appointed judges :-Mr. John Parry, Rev. Evan Evans, a. 0. Pughe, esq. and Bardd Nautglyn. The individual who had gained the silver harp in the morning was appointed to play on the occasion. After au arduous struggle, the judges decided in favour of Mr. Joseph Williams, of Bagillt, who was accordingly invested with the medal.
PROCEEDINGS AT BARON HILL. About the hour of four in the afternoon, a large coucourse of spectators assembled at Baron Hill, the splendid seat of Sir R. Bulkeley, to witness the ceremony of investing the successful candidates with silver medals,
by their Royal Highnesses the Duchess of Kent, and her interesting child. The spot
chosen for investing the bards and other successful candidates with the medals, was the terrace in front of the building, where they were duly invested by the Royal Visitors.
The ball in the evening was honoured by the company of 250 individuals, comprising not ouly a great portion of the nobility and gentry of North Wales, but a galaxy of youth and beauty, which it would be difficult to equal in this or any other part of the King's dominions. We are for want of space constrained to omit notices of the regatta, balls, &c. &c.
Thus has terminated the proceedings of the Royal Eisteddrod at Beaumaris. Before we conclude, we must congratulate the friends of Welsh literature upon a resolution passed by the committee before they left Beaumaris, namely, “that the surplus movey shall not be diverted from the main object of the institution, but be strictly applied to Cambrian literary purposes.”
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
Births. The latter end of June, at Pigeonsford, Cardiganshire, the lady of G. B. L. Price, esq. of a son.—On the 25th of June, at Pengwern, the Lady Harriot Lloyd Mostyn, of a daughter.—-On the 8th of July, at Greenedge, near Bangor, Mrs. J. Hughes, of a daughter.—On the 1st of July, at Llysnewydd house, near Newcastle Emlyn, the lady of John Hammond Spencer, esq. of West Cross, near Swansea, of a son and heir.—At Llechcynfarwy Rectory, the lady of the Rev. James Hughes, curate of Bodedern, of a son and heir.At Llangefni, Mrs. William Wilkins, of a daughter. On the 10th of July, at Llangoedmore-place, near Cardigan, the lady of Major Herbert Vaughan, of a son.—On the 27th of July, at Wrexham, the lady of the Rev. Prebendary Law, of a son.—On the 31st of July, at Aberystwith, Mrs. Davies, of
-On the 10th of August, at Gorphwysfa, the lady of Richard Heywood, esq. of a son.—On the 6th of August, at Nanhoran, Carnarvonshire, the lady of Richard Lloyd Edwards, esq. of a son and heir.-On the 29th of July, the lady of the Rev. John Jones, Holyhead, of a son.—On the 28th of July, at St. David's College, the lady of the Rev. Llewelyn Llewelyn, D. D. Principal, of a son and heir.-On the 4th of August, in Whitehallplace, Lady Hen. Cholmondeley, of a daughter, which survived its birth but a few hours.—On the 23d of August, Mrs. Richards, wife of Captain Richards, of Port Madoc, of a daughter.-On the same day, Mrs. Watkins, wife of Captain Watkins, of the same place, of a son.—On the 18th of August, Mrs. Evans, of the same place, of a daughter.
Marriages. On the 29th of December last, at Patna, Bengal, James Clarke, esq. M. D. to Harriette Anne, youngest daughter of Simeon Boileau, esq. of Carnarvon.—On the 17th of June, at Llanfairpwllgwyngyll, Anglesey, by the Rev. W. Wynne Williams, A. M. rector of Llangeinwen, Mr. John Evans, of Bryn Isa, to Anne, third daughter of Mr. W. Rowlands, of Hen dy. On the 19th of June, at Denbigh, by the Rev. John Jones, Charles Jones, esq. Holywell, to Mary Ann Jones, only daughter of Mr. Edwards, Denbigh.-On the 18th of June, at Wrexham, Thomas Murray, son of James Gladstone, esq. of Liverpool, to Frances, only daughter of the late John Eddowes, esq. of the former place.—On the 26th of June, at Llanelly, Hugh Williams, esq. Carmarthen, to Miss Jones, of Kidwelly, and of Corvus Lodge, Carmarthenshire.--On the 29th of June, at Henllan, by the Rev. W. Williams, M. A. W. York Jones, esq. to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of J. Williams, esq. Abbey, Denbigh. On the 2d of July, at St. Michael's, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, by the Rev. J. Johnson, m. A. Capt. Kyrke