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not Greek, not Roman, and certainly not Gothic. His knowledge of what was requisite in the habitation of a person of high degree was doubtless one of the reasons of the king's partiality to him. His edifices, which still remain, are eminently superior, notwithstanding their antiquity, to all others of their kind, in design and magnificence, and his name is familiarly used to denote the highly enriched manner of building then, and afterwards used during the reigns of the Tudors, by the appellation of “The Wolsey Architecture." As an instance I shall mention Hampton Court, one of the superb edifices of the Cardinal, which may be truly said to offer an unobjectionable model for a palace, one that, if erected, would not only establish the fame of the architect, or clerk of the works, but would confer celebrity on the reign in which such a noble design was carried into execution. The peculiar style or order of architecture, adopted in every one of the mansions and colleges, erected by the munificence of the Cardinal, is uniform, and original, perfectly suited to the purpose of display. It is completely distinct from the ecclesiastical style, and includes a variety of elegant combinations admirably calculated for the use of the painter in historical con position, as marking the precise period of the subject throughout the Tudor reigns, as well as harmonizing with the extremely gorgeous costume then prevalent, and otherwise employing the fancy of the artist. In Wolsey's buildings the imposing simplicity of the graceful pointed architecture, that had for ages retained its sway, was united with arabesque ornaments skilfully introduced, together with a redundance of quaint device, and heraldic enrichment of every kind. On the inner walls, gilding and colour were profusely lavished, so as to give a mosaic appearance to the spacious rooms which on state occasions were decorated with tapestry, as described by Wolsey's biographer in the preparation for a banquet. “ The yeomen and the grooms of the wardrobes were busied in hanging of the chambers with costly bangings, and furnishing the same with beds of silk and other furniture, apt for the same, in every degree.” This practice was carried to greater excess in the reign of Elizabeth. In the “ Fairy Queene," Spenser describes the hangings used.
“For round about the walls y'clothed were
With goodly arras, of great majesty,
Like to a discoloured snake, whose hidden snares, Thro' the greene gras, his long bright burnish'd back declares.” Our painters do not yet appear to be sensible what a fund of variety an attention to the peculiar style of our early architecture, characteristic of each individual period, will afford in illustration of historical subjects. I am led to this remark by a picture now in exhibition, where Wolsey appears as a conspicuous actor, and in which the omission of the Tudor character in the architectural back-ground is an oversight, the less pardonable as the halls of Hampton Court and Christ Church remain in their pristine splendour. I allude to a representation of the banquet scene, with the introduction of King Henry the VIII. to Anne Boleyn, as described by Shakspeare, painted by J. Stephanoff, at the command of his majesty. This event happened at York Place, (now Whitehall,) the very mansion Wolsey had just built in that style, which afterwards became the common fashion. Fuller the historian, alluding to this period, says, “ Now began
beautiful buildings in England, as to the generality thereof, homes were but homely before, but now many most regular pieces of architecture were erected.” This very subject has been previously treated by Hogarth, but in his picture no notice is taken of the gorgeous assemblage of visitors at the banquet. On such occasions, the very sight of them was deemed, to use a common expression,“ fit for a prince." Archbishop Parker, in the reign of Elizabeth, on giving a banquet at Lambeth Palace, thus writes, “Ither Highness will give me leave, I will kepe my bigger hall that day for the nobles and the rest of her traine; and if it please her majesty, she may come in through my gallery, and see the disposition of the hall, at a window opening thereinto."
I shall now take the liberty of mentioning some particulars (though perfectly familiar to the antiquary) in explanation of the enrichments which are usually found at the upper end of our great halls. This room was in every manor-house a necessary appendagefor holding the court," the services belonging to which are equally denominated “ the bomage,” with those of the king's palace. The dais or raised part of the upper end of the hall, was so called, from the administration of justice. A dais man is still a popular term for an arbitrator in the north, and Domesday Book (with the name of which every one is familiar) is known to be a list of manor houses. Here also is the oriel window filled with the arms and badges of the various alliances connected with the family of the lord of the manor.
In another picture, in the same exhibition, by A. Chisholm, the subject is Shakspeare before Justice Shallow, to be engraved for a work enuitled the Gallery of the Society of Painters in Water Colours. In this picture, the artist's idea of the hall window which is introduced must have been taken from some one in the chancel of a parish church; to speak in the mildest terms of criticism. At Charlecote itself, where the scene is laid, (but which there is a possibility never actually occurred.) the greatest attention has been paid to propriety in the decoration of the hall; and a numerous series of ancient coats of arms, coeval with Shakspeare, in characteristic compartments, fill the bays of the window. When this subject, therefore, is again taken up, I would recommend the painter to give it his attention, as the subordinate parts of a picture ought to partake of the character, at least, of the period represented, -although it is not recommended to restrict his pencil to a servile copy.
• In a third picture, of the same gallery, is King James I. and bis jeweller, George Heriot, which has in the foreground a superb vase, designed in the style termed by our goldsmiths, “ the Louis Quatorze," almost a century later, in point of bistorical property, than could possibly have come into King James's possession. This introduction was unnecessary, as the finest specimens of workmanship are to be found, executed previously to the time here alluded to, and which are now so much in request, that any price may be obtained for them.— These hints, from an antiquary, will, it is hoped, be taken as kindly as they are meant, and I have not presumed to speak of the general composition of the pictures mentioned, that part being most admi. rably treated, particularly in the last piece.
This article, which we have given entire, is certainly a clever piece of writing respecting a very interesting portion of historic research. Nothing can conduce to a general knowledge of the progress of any particular branch of art better than a paper of this kind; because in the history of a country, dissertations upon individual sciences must be neglected, in bringing forward more general matter : with these remarks we take leave of "the Gra. phick and Historical Illustrator."
LITERARY NOTICES. “ Efangylydd :" History of the Churchthe Times—Life of William Penn -Autiquity of the Bible-History of Japan—Explanation of Genesis, chap.i.
“ Gwyliedydd ( Watchmun).” The numbers since our last contains Memoirs of the late Bishop of Calcutta-Descriptiou of Shipwreck-List of Welsh Books by the Rev. Moses Williams continued-History of BangorHistory of Llanarmon yn Ial.
“Seren Gomer,” since our last, contains a Lecture, before the Cymreigyddion Society in London, by T. GEORGE, on America-Address to the Electors of Wales-Lecture on Cultivation of the Welsh Language-- the Bardic Dictionary-Reform Bill-Address of the Cymreigyddion Society, London, to the Electors of Wales.
We are glad to hear that the Secretary of the Beaumaris Eisteddfod has a second edition of his “ Elements of the Welsh Lunguage elucidated,” in the press. His “Comparative View of Ancient Laws” is also ready for the press, and will be printed when a sufficient number of Subscribers can be obtained.
A Poem, entitled “ The Natural Son,” in the metre of “ Don Juan,” and embellished with two copper-plates by SIMMONDS, is in the press. It is intended to be published in Cavtos, each adorned with one or two plates. Canto II. will be published in October.
Nearly ready, embellished with an appropriate Frontispiece, containing a distant View of Ewood-Hall, near Halifax, Reflections and Admonitory Hints of the Principal of a Seminary, on retiring from the duties of his station.” By Joun FawceIT.
Nearly ready for publication, “ An Argument, a priori, for the Being and Attributes of God," by WILLIAM GILLEspie.
An Historical Account of the Plague and other Pestilential Distempers, which have appeared in Europe, more especially in England, from the earliest Period. To which is added, an account of the Cholera Morbus, from its first appearance in India; including its ravages in Asia, Europe, and America, down to the present time. Ornamented with a neatly engraved Emblematic Title-page.
Just published, “ The Pronouncing Guelic Dictionary;" to which is prefixed, a concise but most comprehensive Gaelic Grammar. By NEIL M'ALPINE, Student of Divinity, Island of Islay, Argyleshire.
A new edition of “ A Welsh and English Dictionary,” to which is prefixed, a grammar of the Welsh Language. By W. 0. PuchE, LL.D. F.A.S., in 2 vols. royal 8vo.
We strongly recommend the two preceding works to the Celtic literati;
and, strange as it may appear, every Welsh scholar studying the roots of his own tongue, should possess a copy of the Gaelic Dictionary, in which he will find many words once in use in the old British but
now obsolete. A new edition of “ Beaumuris Bay," intended as a Guide to direct strangers to the various places and objects worthy of attention, and hitherto little known on the shores of the Menai, and the interior of Snowdonia; exhibiting their former antiquities and modern improvements. By Richard LLWYD, esq. of Chester,
LONDON AND PROVINCIAL NEWS.
The Rev. H. Burn, S. C. L. has been collated to the prebendal stall of Llangunllo, in the Collegiate Church of Brecon, void by the death of the Rev. D. B. Alan,- Patron, Lord Bishop of St. David's.
The Rev. John Griffith, M. A. late of Llangelynin, has been licensed by the Lord Bishop of Bangor to the curacy of Llanerchy medd, Anglesey, vacant by the death of the Rev. Mr. Richards.
The Lord Bishop of Bangor has been pleased to institute the Rev. Hugh Thomas, M. A. to the perpetual curacy of Llanfachreth, with Llanelltyd annexed, in this diocese, vacant by the resi» nation of the Rev. Henry W. White, M. A. Patron, of the former, Sir Robert W. Vaughan, bart. M. P.: of the latter, G. H. Vaughan, esq. of Rug.
The Earl of Orkney has appointed the Rev. Hugh Wynne Jones, jun., curate of Llansaintffraid, Montgomeryshire, to be one of his lordship's domestic chaplains.
A. T.J. Gwynne, esy. of Monachty, in the county of Cardigan, has, with great liberality, given £20 per annum to the curate of Henfenyw, for the purpose of having an English lecture preached at Aberayron on Sunday evenings. This kind and munificent act of Mr. Gwynne deserves the greatest commendation, for he has by this means enabled many English families and commercial gentlemen staying at the above place to bear divine service in a language they can understand. We are given to understand that it is Mr. Gwynne's intention to build, at bis own expense, a chapel of ease to the parish church.
The Rev. David Hughes, to the perpetual curacy of Penmynydd, on the nomination of the Rev. Henry Majendie, the prebenbary.
We have the pleasure of announcing to our Welsh friends, residing in and near London, wishing to have the marriage ceremony performed in the ancient British, that the Rev. D. Jones, of Union-street, Deptford, binds the indissoluble knot. “ Yn yr hen ivith Gymraeg.” We refer them to our advertiser.
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUCHESS OF KENT, AND THE PRINCESS
VICTORIA. Tue recent tour of Her Royal Highness and the infant Princess through the Northern Principality, we hail as an event of no ordinary importance; accompanied by results most beneficially effective and durable, tending powerfully to direct the best feelings of the Welsh to the royal family, whom themselves had appointed to rule over the destinies of Britain :* and it is a most gratifying occupation we are now engaged in, in observing that Her Royal Highness has interwoven herself with all that is delightful to dwell on in narration; her dignified demeanour, coupled with condescension; the happiness she evinced on viewing the garlands, and bond-fires, and holiday clothes (in compliment to herself,) of an artless and affectionate people; has
* It may be unknown to some, that on the death of Queen Ann, the casting vote of a Welsh member of the House of Commons decided the question of establishing George I. on the throne, in preference to other families of the royal blood.
done more in preserving inviolate our tiny Principality from that progression towards democracy, on the one hand, which is lamentably stalking on in some parts of the empire; and, on the other, from a wretched inclination to an overstrained system of aristocratical intolerance, a sure sign of slavery and helotism.
But delighted are we in recording a far different state of things in connexion with the royal visitants, and “the people” of North Wales : here, we behold all denominations of this “people" pressing forward, with that native gallantry which was to have been expected from the remains of a once great and powerful nation, to congratulate the royal ladies on their first touching Cambrian soil and breathing Cambrian air. Let the revolutionist turn aside his cowering eye, for it cannot withstand in this instance the frank and steadfast gaze of “ the people;” or rather let him view from a distance the mode of reception experienced by the Duchess of Kent and her little daughter, in North Wales; and perhaps even he may feel one repentant pang, knowing that in attempting to establish his impracticable views, he must do nothing short of annihilating thousands of our countrymen; but if he cares not for the flow of human blood, perhaps self may influence him and his cabal, for were every revolutionist in the empire to advance to the subversion of monarchical rule,-overpowered as our mountaineers would be, as often were their fathers of old,--terrific would be their avengement; but, thank God, so unequal a contest cannot occur, for there are good men to be found every where; inen, whose intelligence teach them that every practicable economy in the public expenditure is necessary, and must be effected; but who would not sacrifice, for the theories of experimentalists, all we hold sacred--our own soil, ourselves, our females, and our children.
To some, this digression may appear unreasonable, but we have really been so carried away from the immediate tenor of our subject, that we were compelled to offer an opinion upon that which we feel to be strongly connected with the recent visit of the Duchess of Kent and the young Princess to Wales ; for, if there could have been by possibility, owing to the insidious poison of the destroyer, any prejudicial feeling instilled among a portion, however small, of “the people” of Wales, against the Ilanoverian dynasty, we are assured, that a visit of the widow-mother and her child, the embryo queen, coming among us accompanied by so much pageant as was requisite only for the maintenance of respectability, coming totally unguarded, relying upon our reception of them; dispensing charity in our schools and our receptacles for disease and want, to a magnificent extent; we say, that if by possibility the contagion had reached us, the recent tour must have dashed the distorted vision from our mind's eye, and left not one solitary “ wreck behind."
We now proceed to abridge from the papers, and from private communications the progress of her Royal Highness and the little Princess from Shrewsbury:
The Duchess of Kent and the Princess Victoria arrived at the Talbot Hotel, Shrewsbury, accompanied by Lady Catherine Jenkinson, the Baroness Lutzen, Sir John Conroy, Lady Conroy, &c. Their entrance into the town, and progress through it, was greeted with enthusiastic cheers. At the Talbot they were met by l'iscount Clive and the lion. Robert Clive, who introduced the mayor, archdeacons, butler, and bather, and the other members of the corporation, when the following Address was read by the Deputy Recorder:
"Madam, we, the Mayor, Aljermen, and Assistants, of the town of Shrewsbury, in common council asserubled, humbly beg leave to express