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the teachings of the Spirit, and of the anointing that is from above, to make fouls artists in failing heaven-ward. The ingenious author of the Christian's: Compass, or the Mariner's Companion, makes three parts of this art (as the schoolmen do of divinity) viz. speculative, practical, and affectionate. The principal things neceffary to be known by a fpiritual feaman, in order to the
steering rightly and safely to the port of happiness, he reduceth to four heads, answerable to the four general points of the compass; making God our nortb; Chris our eaft: holinefs our fouth; and death our west points. Concerning God, we must know, (1.) That he is, Heb. xi. 6. and that there is but one God, 1 Cor. viii. 5) 6.(2.) That this God is that fupreme good, in the enjoyment of whom all true happiness lies, Pfal. iv. 6, 7. Mat. v. 8.----xviii. 20. (3.) That (life eternal lying in God, and he being incomprehensible and unconceivable in efsence, as being a Spirit) our best way to eye him is in his attributes, Exod. xxxiv. 55 6, 7. and works, Rom. i. 20. and especially in his Son, 2 Cor. iv. 6. (4.) That as God is a Spirit, foour chiefelt; yea, only way of knowing, enjoying, serving, and walking with him, is in the Spirit likewise, Job iv. 24. Concern ing Christ, we must know, (1.) That he is the true Sun which arifeth upon the world, by which all ate enlightened, John i.9. Mal. iij. 2. Luke i. 78, 79. (2.) That God alone is in him, reconciling himself to the world, 2 Cor.v. 19. 1 Cor. í.
30. John xiv. 6. (3.) That Jesus Christ is only made ours by the union and indwelling of himself in us through the Spirit, i Cor. ii. 9, -101 and vi, 17. John xvi. 8, 9. 1 Cor. xii. 3, 13. (4.) That the way of the Spirie's uniting us to Christ, is by an act of power on tis part, and by an act of faith on our parts, John iii. 16, 36. and v. 29. Eph. iii. 17. Concerning holiness, we must know, (1.) That whoever is in Christ is a new creature, 2 Cor. v. 17.
Cor. vi. 11. (2.) Holiness is the foul's highest lustre, Exod. xv. 18. when we come to perfection in holiness, then is our fun at the height in us. (3.) Holiness, is Christ filling the soul; Christ our Sun is at the highest in our hearts, when they are most holy. (4.) This holiness is that which is directly opposite to fin; sin eclipses holiness, and holiness scatters fin, Heb. vii.
Phil. ii. 15. 2 Pet. iii. 11. Concerning death, we must know, (1.) Death is certain ; the fun of our life will set in death; when our days come about to this western point, it will be night, Heb. ix. 27. Pfal. xlix. 7, 9. (2.) If we die in our fins out of Christ, we are undone for ever, Job viii. 24. Phil. i. 21.
(3.) Itis our benighting to die, but it is not our annihilating, Vol. VI.
234 An Epifle to Seamen Jailing Heaven-ward. 1 Cor. xv. Rev. xx. 12. (4.) After death comes judgment; alf that die shall arise to be judged, either for life or death, the se.cond time, Heb. ix. 27. Mat. xxv. Heb. vi. 2. These fous heads, and the particulars under them, are as necefsary to be known in spiritual navigation, as the four points of the compass are in natural. navigation. The things which we ought to do in order to our arrival to our happinefs, our author makes as many as there be points in the compass.' And for an help to memory, we may begin every particular with initial known letters, on the points of the compass. (1.) N. Never ftir or fteer any course, but by ligát from God, Psalm cxix. 105. Ha. viii. 10.(2.) N. and by E. Never enter upon any design, but fuch as tends towards Christ, Aets x. 43. (3.) N. N. E. Nete nothing envioufly, which thrives without God, Psalm lxxiii. 12, F3, (4.) N. E. and by N. Never entérprize not-warrantable courses, to procure any of the most prized or conceited advantages, 1 Tim. vi. 9, 10. (5.) N. E. Now entertain the facred commands of God, if hereafter thou expect the sovereign consolations of God, Pfal. exix. 48. (6.) N. E. and by E. Never efteem Egypt's treasures fo much, as for them to forfake the people of God, Heb. xi. 26. (7) E. N. E. Err not; especially in soul-affairs, Jam. i 16. 1 Tim. ii. 19, 20. 2 Tim. ii. 18. (8.) E. and by N. Efelew nothing but fin, r Pet. iii. 11. Job i. 7, 8,--31, 34. (9.) E. Eftablish thy heart with grace, Heb. xiii. 9. (10.) E. and by S. Eye fandtity in every action, 1 Pet. i. 15.
Zech. xiv. 29. (11.) E. S: E. Ever ftrine earnestly to live under, and to improve the means ofigraee. (12.) S. E. and by E. Suffer every evil of punishment of forrowrather than leave the ways of Christ and grace. (13-) S: E. Sigh earnestdy for more enjoyments of Chrift. (14.) S. E. and by S. Seek evermore some evidences of Christ in you the hope of glory. (15.) S. S. E. Still set eternity before you, in regarde of enjoying Jesus Christ, John xvii. 24. (16.) S. and by E.. Settle it ever in your foul, as a principle which you will never depart from, That holiness, and true happiness are in Christ, and by Christy (17.).S. Set thyself always as before the Lord, Pfal. xvi. 8. Acts ii.-25(18.) S. and by W. See weakness hastning tkee to death,even when thou art at the highest pitch or point. (19.) S. S. W. See fin which is the sting of death, as taken away by Christ, 1 Cor. XV. 55, 56. (20.) S. W. and by S. Store up wisely some provisions every day for your dying day. (21.) S. W. Set worldly things under your feet, before death come to look you in the face. (22.) S. W. and by W. Still weigh and watch with Joins girded, and -lamps trimmed, Luke xii. 35, 36, 37• (23.)
W. S. W. Weigh foul-works, and all in the balance of the fanctuary. (24.) W. and by S. Walk in fweet communion with Christ here, and so thou mayest die in peace, Luke ii. 29. (25.) W. Whatsoever thy condition be in this world, eye God as the disposer of it, and therein be contented, Phil. iv. 11.26.) W. and by N. Walk not according to the course of the most, but after the example of the best. (27.) W. N. W. Weigh not what men (peakor think of thee, fo God approve thee, 2 Chron. X. 18. Rom. ii. 28, 29. (28.) N. W. and by W. Never wink at, but watch against small fins, nor neglect little duties, Eph. v. 15. (29.) N. W. Never with.rafhly for death, nor love life too in. ordinately, Jobiii. 4. (30.) N. W. and by N. Now work nimbly ere night come, Job xii. 35, 36. Ecclef. ix. 10. (31.) N. N. W. Name nothing when thou pleadeft with God for thy soul, but Christ and free-grace, Dan. ix. 17. (32.) N. and by W. Now welcome Chrift, if at death thou wouldpt be welcomed by Christ. A tender, quick, enlivened and enlightened conscience, is the only point upon which wemust erect these practical rules of our Christian compafs, Heb. xiv. 1. 2 Cor. i. 12. Our memory, that is the box in which this compass muft be kept, in which these rules must be treafured, that we may be as ready and expert in them, as the mariner is in his fea-compass. So much for the speculative and practical parts of the art of soulspiritual-navigation. The:affectionate part doth principally lie in the secret motions or movings of the foul towards God in the affections, which are raised and warmed, and especially appear active in meditationiz meditation being, as it were, the limbec, or still, in which the affections heat and melt, and, as it were, drop sweet spiritual waters. The affectionate author of the Christian's Compass doth indeed, in the third and last part of his undertaking, hint at several meditations which the spiritual seaman is to be acquainted-with,unto which thou haft an exceltent supplement in this New Compass for Seamen. This collec-: : tion is prefixed, that at once thou mayest view all the compasses (both speculative, practical, and affectionate) by which thou must steer heaven-ward. What further shall be added by way of preface, is not to commend this new compass, which indeed 12 Cor. iii. 1.) needs no OUSHT IKAN ST150MW, letters of commendation, or any panegyrick to usher it into any honest heart; but to stir up al!, especially seamen, to make conscience of using such choice helps for the promoting the fanctification and sale vation of their souls, for the making of them as dexterous in
236 An Epistle to Seamen failing Heaven-ward. the art of spiritual navigation, as any of them are in the art of natural navigation. Consider therefore,
1. What rich merchandize thy soul is. Christ assures us, one foul is more worth than all the world. The Lord Jesus doth, as it were, put the whole world into one scale, and one foul in the other, and the world is found too light, Matth. xvi. 26. Shouldīt thou by skill in natural navigation carry fafe ali the treasures of the Indies into thine own port, yea, gain the whole world, and for want of skill in spiritual navigation lofe thy foul, thou wouldeft be the greatest loser in the world. So far wilt thou be from profiting by any of thy fea-voyages. There is a plain lewoks in those words of Christ, “What is a “ man profited if he shall gain the wbole world, and lose his
own foul ? Or what shall a man give in exchange for his ¢ soul ?”. More is meant than is spoken. The smallest pore is a leak
2. What a leaking veffel thy bowide enough to let in dy is, in which this unspeakable, in
conceivable rich treasure, thy soul, is death, and sink thy velfel embarked !- the many diseafes and distempers in the humours and paffions that thy body is subject to ! It is above 2000 years ago, that there have been reckoned up zoo names of diseases; and there be many under one name, and many nameless, which pose the physicians not only how to cure them, but how to call them. And for the affections and paffions of the mind, the distempers of them are no lefs deadly to some, than the diseases of the body; but besides thefe internal causes, there are many external causes of leaks in this veffel, as + poisonous malignities, wrathful hoftilities, and ca sual mishaps; very small matters may be of great moment to, the sinking of this vessel. The leaft gnat in the air may choak one, as it did Adrian, a pope of Rome; a little hair in milk may strangle one, as it did a counsellor in Rome; a little ftone of a railin may stop one's breath, as it did the poetical poet A. nacreon. Thus you see what a leaking vesfel you fail in. Now the more leaky any thip is, the more need there is of skill to Ateer wisely.
3. Consider what a dangerous fea the world is, in which thy foul is to fail in the leaking ship of thy body. As there are not more changes in the sea, than are in the world, the world be
Erasmi chiliado p. 229. + In Ethiopia there is a certain poifon whereof the tentha part of one grain will kill a man, and for one grain ten men. Dan. Sen: mert. Hypom. Phys. cap. 2. P. 47.
ing only constant in inconftancy, “The fashion of this world " pafseth away,” 1 Cor..vii. 31. So there are not more dangers in the sea for ships, than there are in the world for fouls. In this world fouls meet with rocks and sands, fyrens and pyrates's worldly temptations, worldly lusts, and worldly company-cause many to “ drown themselves in perdition,” 1. Tim. vi. 9. The .very things of this world endanger your souls. By worldly obra jects we foon grow worldly. It is hard to touch pitch, and not be defiled. The lufts of this world stain all our glory, and the men of this world pollute all they converse with. A man that keeps company with the men of this world, is like him that walketh in the sun, tanned insensibly. Thus I have hinted to you, the dangeroufness of the sea wherein you are to fail. Now the more dangerous the sea is, the more requifite it is the failor be an artist.
-4. Consider, what if through want of Ikill in the heavenly art of spiritual navigation, thou shouldst not steer thy cou se au right! I will instance only in two consequents thereof. t. Thou wilt never arrive at the haven of happiness. 2. Thou thalt be drowned in the ocean of God's wrath. As true as the pord of God is true, as sure as the heavens are over thy head, and the earth under thy feet; as sure as thou yet liveft, and breatheft in this air , so true and certain it is, thou shalt never enter into heaven, but fink into the deep of the bottomless pits Am I not herein a messenger of the saddest tidings that ever yet thy ears did hear? Poffibly now thou makest a light mat: ter of these things, because thou dost not know what it is to miss of heaven, what it is for ever to lie under the wrath of God; but hereafter thou wilt know fully what it is to have thy soul loft eternally, fo loft, as that God's mercies, and all the good there is in Christ, shall never save it; and as God hath fet and ordered things, caii never save it. Hereafter thou wilt be perfectly fenfible of the good that thou mightest have had, and of the evil that shall be upon thee (this is God's peculiar prerogative, to make a creature as sensible of misery as he pleaseth) then thou wilt have other thoughts of these things than thou now haft. Then the thoughts of thy mind shall be bufied about thy lost condition, both as to the pain of loss, and the pain of sense *, so that thou shalt not be able to take any ease one moment; then, that thy torments may be increased, they acknowledge the truth of thy apprehensions, yea, the Arength of them shall be increased' thou shalt have the true
* Tbe flames of hell fhall shine about the damned, to let them free how they are tormented. Insid, on the chief good. book.-2.