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The sooth, the truth.
Audience, permission to be heard ; also means an assembly of hearers.
Security, being sure,
And, would the noble Duchess deign
70 The pitying Duchess praised its chime,*
him heart,* and gave him time,
Churl, an ill-bred,
Ecstasy, very great
ODE ON A DISTANT PROSPECT OF ETON COLLEGE. *
Gray. THOMAS GRAY (1716–1771) was born in London. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge, where he became Professor of Modern History. Gray left few works, but these are of the most perfect finish. Chief poems: The Elegy, Ode to Eton College, The Bard, and the Ode to Adversity. YE distant spires, ye antique * towers,
Glade, an open space.
Henry's, Henry VI.
was founder of the 5 And ye that from the stately brow
college. Of Windsor's * heights th' expanse below Windsor Castle, one Of grove, of lawn, of mead survey,
of the royal residWhose turf, whose shade, whose flowers among, Wanders the hoary * Thames * along,
Hoary, being of a IO
whitish colour. His silver-winding way.
Thames, the chiet
river in England, Ah, happy hills, ah, pleasing shade,
rises in the Cotswold Ah, fields beloved in vain,
Hills, and flows into
the German Ocean, Where once my careless childhood strayed,
A stranger yet to pain ! 15 I feel the gales that from you blow A momentary bliss * bestow,
Momentary bliss, As waving fresh their gladsome wing,
great happiness last
ing for a very short My weary soul they seem to soothe,
Redolent, full of.
Full many a sprightly race,
Margent, the border
or edge; here it means
the banks of the river. 25 Who foremost now delight to cleave,
With pliant arm thy glassy wave ?
Enthral, to enslave.
Progeny, race. To chase the rolling circle's speed, 30
urge the flying ball ?
Their murm'ring labours ply,
ment. To sweeten liberty ;
• Eton College on the Thames, near Windsor, is a preparatory college for the Universities
Keen, sharp, cutting Remorse, the gnawing pain of guilt, Moody, gloomy, angry.
That mocks the tear it forced to flow;
Amidst severest woe.
A grisly troop are seen,
More hideous than their queen :
Those in the deeper vitals rage ;
And slow-consuming * age.
Condemned alike to groan ;
Th’unfeeling for his own.
And happiness too swiftly flies;
'Tis folly to be wise.
Consuming, wasting away.
THE DESERTED VILLAGE. -Goldsmith. OLIVER GOLDSMITH (1728–1774) was born in Ireland, and attended Trinity College, Dublin. After a roving life, for some time spent on the Continent, he settled in London, living at one time as usher in a school. He died in distress and debt. The union of perfect refinement with perfect simplicity is the chief characteristic of his works. Chief works: The Traveller, and The Deserted Village, among his poems; and The Citizen of the World, and The Vicar of Wakefield, among his prose writings.
SWEET Auburn ! * loveliest village of the plain, Auburn, the
proswain ; *
bably is Lissoy, Where smiling Spring its earliest visit paid, in West Meath,
And parting Summer's lingering blooms delayed ; the poet spent his 5 · Dear lovely bowers * of innocence and ease, boyhood.
Seats of my youth, when every sport could please ; Swain, a peasant,
Bower, a garded
in the summer, Decent,
How often have I paused on every charm ; Cot, a small The sheltered cot,* the cultivated farm, single house, The never failing brook,* the busy mill, such as
poor people in
The decent * church that topped the neighbouring country live in.
hill; Never-failing brook, there was
The hawthorn bush, with seats beneath the shade, water in it even For talking age and whispering lovers made ! hottest How often have I blessed the coming day,
15 pretty, When toil, remitting, lent its turn to play ; simple in struc- And all the village train,* from labour free, ture, becoming. Village train, a
Led up their sports beneath the spreading tree; number of people While many a pastime circled in the shade, straggling
one The young contending,* as the old surveyed ;* Contending,
And many a gambol frolicked o'er the ground, striring. And sleights * of art and feats of strength went Surveyed, looked
Succeeding sports the mirthful band inspired :-
By holding out to tire each other down;
1 here as I passed, with careless steps and slow, 35 many distant The mingling notes came softened from below :
The swain, responsive * as the milk-maid sung ; Responsive, swering.
The sober * herd, that lowed to meet their young ;
And filled each pause the nightingale had made.
And still where many a garden flower grows wild, point out. There, where a few torn shrubs the place disclose, Mansion, house. The village preacher's modest mansion *
lookers - on
tinuous sound of
mind was free