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120 The Chieftain's gripe his throat compressed,
The stream of life's exhausted tide,
ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY CHURCHYARD.
THE curfew* tolls the knell of parting* day,
Curfew, the evening bell rung in England
during Norman times to warn the people to
put out all fires and lights at eight o'clock. Parting, departing. Lea, grass-land, an
Now fades the glimmering * landscape on the untilled meadow. sight,
And all the air a solemn stillness holds, Save where the beetle wheels his droning* flight,
And drowsy tinklings* lull the distant
Save that from yonder ivy-mantled tower
the sound of bells
of some of the sheep.
The moping owl does to the moon complain Moping, dull, gloomy.
Beneath those rugged* elms, that yew-tree's
Where heaves the turf in many a moulder-
15 Each in his narrow cell for ever laid,
Molest, injure, disturb.
Rugged, rough, of
Hamlet, a small vil
The rude forefathers of the hamlet* sleep. lage.
sweet air of the morn
Breezy call, &c., fresh The breezy call* of incense-breathing morn, The swallow twittering from the straw-built shed,
Clarion, a narrow-
Ply, &c., attend to household duties.
Furrow, the trench made by the plough. Glebe, land for cultivating.
Jocund, cheerful, merry.
Team, two or more horses, or other beasts of burden, harnessed together.
Afield, on towards the field.
Destiny, our state of life.
Annals, the account
The cock's shrill clarion,* or the echoing horn,*
For them no more the blazing hearth shall
Or busy housewife ply* her evening care:
Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield,
Let not Ambition mock their useful toil,
of what takes place The boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,
from year to year.
Inevitable, sure to happen.
Impute, to blame. Anthem, a sacred song.
Storied urn, a vessel
containing the ashes
of a dead person,
with the story of his life written upon it. Bust, a representa
tion of the head and shoulders in some solid substance. Provoke, here means to call forth. Pregnant, full of. Celestial fire, the di
And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er
Await alike the inevitable hour:-
The paths of glory lead but to the grave.
Nor you, ye proud, impute* to these the fault,
The pealing anthem * swells the note of praise. 40
Can storied urn * or animated bust
Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath?
vine spirit of poetry. Perhaps in this neglected spot is laid
Rod of empire, the sceptre, marking the power given to sovereigns to rule govern.
or Hands that the rod of empire* might have
Ecstasy, great joy.
Full many a gem, of purest ray serene,
The dark unfathomed* caves of ocean bear: 55 Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air.
Some village Hampden,* that with dauntless
The little tyrant of his fields withstood;
Some Cromwell,* guiltless of his country's
The applause * of listening senates * to com-
The threats of pain and ruin to despise,
And read their history in a nation's eyes,
65 Their lot forbade : nor circumscribed* alone Their growing virtues, but their crimes confined ;
Forbade to wade through slaughter to
And shut the gates of Mercy on mankind;
The struggling pangs of conscious truth * to
To quench the blushes of ingenuous* shame,
Far from the madding* crowd's ignoble strife,
Yet even these bones from insult to protect,
Spoils, things taken from an enemy, here means knowledge acquired through prede
Penury, poverty. Repressed, stopped, checked.
Genial, gay, cheerful. Full, &c., very many. Unfathomed, unsounded, depth not known.
lived in the reign of Charles I. He would not pay the tax of "ship money," and became one of the leaders of the insur
Milton (John) was one the greatest English poets who ever lived.
Cromwell, the great leader in the rebellion against Charles I.; afterwards became Lord Protector. Applause, praise. Senate, an assembly for managing the affairs of a country.. Lot forbade, denied this privilege from their position in life. Circumscribe, to put boundaries round about a thing, to confine.
Conscious truth, what
one knows and feels to be true.
With uncouth * rhymes and shapeless sculpture Uncouth, rough.
Tribute, something given or paid.
Elegy here praise of the dead.
Moralist, one who tries to learn lessons
from what happens
Their name, their years, spelt by the un-
The place of fame and elegy* supply;
This pleasing, anxious being, e'er resigned;
Parting, departing. Pious, loving, affectionate.
Artless, simple, without harm.
Kindred spirit, one having the same habits and ideas. Haply, perhaps. Swain, a peasant.
Lawn, a smooth piece of grass-land.
Fantastic, odd, curi
Listless, heedless, careless.
Pore, to look at steadily, as a student.
Hard by, close to,
Wan, pale, faint.
Heath, uncultivated land.
On some fond breast the parting * soul relies,
Even in our ashes live their wonted fires.
For thee, who, mindful of the unhonoured
Dost in these lines their artless * tale relate;
Some kindred spirit * shall inquire thy fate,
Haply* some hoary-headed swain * may say,
"There, at the foot of yonder nodding beech,
His listless length at noontide would he
And pore* upon the brook that babbles by.
"Hard by * yon wood, now smiling as in scorn, 105 Muttering his wayward fancies he would
Now drooping, woful, wan,* like one forlorn,* Or crazed with care, or crossed in hopeless love.
"One morn I missed him on the accustomed
Along the heath* and near his favourite 110
Rill, a small running Another came, nor yet beside the rill,*
“The next, with dirges * due, in sad array,*
115 Approach and read (for thou canst read) the
lay Graved thorn."
on the stone beneath yon aged mscription.
Here rests his head upon the lap of Earth,
125 No further seek his merits * to disclose,
Or draw his frailties* from their dread
(There they alike in trembling hope repose),-
Graved, carved on stone.
LOVE OF COUNTRY.-Scott.
BREATHES there the man, with soul so dead,
"This is my own, my native land!"
15 To the vile dust, from whence he sprung,
Foreign strand, countries other than one's own native land.
Concentred, &c., thinking of no one but himself, being selfish.
Renown, respect, honour, fame.