Ancient Jomon of Japan

Przednia okładka
Cambridge University Press, 29.07.2004 - 332
1 recenzji
In this 2004 book, Junko Habu illustrates recent developments in the archaeology of the Jomon period (circa 14,500–300 BC) of Japan and presents new analyses. Unlike most prehistoric pottery using peoples, the Jomon people are thought to have been hunter-gatherers. Evidence of plant cultivation does exist, but none of the cultigens recovered from Jomon sites seems to have been used as a staple food resource. High site density, food storage, and long distance trade also characterize this Jomon period. Using ecological models of hunter-gatherer culture and behavior, Habu examines various aspects of Jamon culture including subsistence, settlement, rituals, crafts and trade, and presents a model of long-term change in hunter-gatherer cultural complexity. In this comprehensive analysis, Junko Habu helps to bridge the gap between largely Japanese discourse on this 10,000 year period of Japanese prehistory and the modern scientific debate on later hunter-gatherer societies. It will prove invaluable to students and researchers alike.
 

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Spis treści

Introduction
3
Theoretical approaches
7
Summary
25
Background to the study overview of the Jomon period
26
Chronological framework
37
Environment and c1imate
42
Population estimates
46
Physical anthropological studies
50
Rituals crafts and trade
135
Mortuary and ceremonial practices
137
History of the study of Jomon mortuary and ceremonial practices
138
Types of ritual artifacts
142
Types of burial
159
Burials and social inequality
176
Mortuary practices and cultural landscapes
179
Construction of ceremonial and monumental features
182

Subsistence and settlement
55
Subsistence strategies
57
Salmon hypothesis and plant cultivation hypothesis
60
The Jomon calendar
61
Jomon collectors
62
Food storage and nut collecting
64
Other plant foods as possibIe stapIes
70
Maritime adaptation and development of shel1middens
72
Regional variability and changes through time
77
Settlement archaeology
79
Questions about Jomon settlement size and the degree of sedentism
85
Analysis of Ear1y Jomon settlement data from central Japan
87
The Sannai Maruyama site and its place in regional settlement systems
108
Discussion
132
Discussion
195
Crafts and exchange networks
200
Studies of Jomon pottery
201
woodworking lacquerware basketry and textiles
214
Exchange networks of exotic and nonexotic goods
221
Transportation
236
Discussion
237
Discussion and conclusion
241
Discussion and conclusion
243
Development of Jomon cultural complexity
245
References
263
Index
318
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Informacje o autorze (2004)

Junko Habu is Associate Professor at the Department of Anthropology, University of California at Berkeley. She has conducted fieldwork both in Japan and in North America. Her publications include Subsistence-Settlement Systems and Intersite Variability in the Moroiso Phase of the Early Jomon Period of Japan, International Monographs in Prehistory (2001).

Informacje bibliograficzne