Obrazy na stronie

is, of course, at the bottom of the revolt, and teenth Century," of which, judging from the finds a ready instrument for his purpose in the spirited character of the opening, we enterperson of one Hayur-el-Gezzar (Anglice “the tain favourable anticipations. In the present butcher"), a noted pirate, who is abiding at version of the far-famed legend of St. George Valetta under the gentler name of Baptista and the Dragon the latter ishorrescimus reZotti, an Italian merchant. This personage ferentes—the terrible Romish monster which out-Satans Satan, by imprisoning in a dark and lately frighted the Isle from its propriety, and noisome dungeon, for a long series of years, and St. George is none other than the redoubtable without any assignable cause, a fair lady taken inditer of the ever-memorable Durham letter. in one of his buccaneering expeditions, who ulti. The dragon springs from the head of the learned mately proves to be the wife of the Grand Master! Doctor Faustus a “ Newe Manne” at Oxforde, He is therefore a man after Ombo's own heart-- the result of swallowing for supper a “batte," if the devil may be supposed to possess one and emblem, we suppose, of night and darkness. a perfect understanding is established between The Doctor, P-sie, presides at the gestation, the two worthies. While Ombo thus, on the but will have nothing more to do with the monone hand, turns to the worst advantage vice ster when he observes what sort of production which he finds ready-formed to his hands, he, it is. The author thus recounts his danger and on the other, diligently seeks out its latent seeds, escapeand fosters them into rapid growth, Nay, the

The Dragone about threw itte's tayle, softest affections are, by his craft, perverted

And withe itte's eye began to leere, into means of evil ; the tender-hearted Zule

And itte's pipes set up a waille,

That made poor Pussee quaille, mah being persuaded that the surest method of

And look very queere. testifying her love for the gallant Huberto di

The Dragone itte bouncede,Brindisi, and the best service she can render

And would have pouncede him, is publicly to accuse him, by the produc

On Pussee ; tion of forged documents and pretended revela.

But Pussee flewe out of the windowe. tions from himself, of a design to betray the The dragon sheds tears bitter at his disapisland to the Turks. These, and similar plots pointment, and, to indemnify himself, seeks fairer and devices of the evil one, form the ground, game. He flys away with a lady of the royal work of a series of vigorous scenes, among household, and is on the point of devouring her, which may be cited, for its characteristic tone, when she suggests that Queen Gloriana would Brindisi's spirited defence of himself before the be a worthier morsel for him. While the dragon Council of Knights; and, for its pathos, the is considering this suggestion the lady slips away, meeting of Cobedo, the Grand Master, with and takes refuge in the olde oake tree, which we his long-lost Agata, and of the latter with her take here to represent the principles of the Redaughter Clara. The author also displays oc- formation. The dragon, not baulked by these casionally his powers of quaint humour in the failures, proceeds in his career, but thinks it ex. characters of Paulo Pozzo, the Grand Master's pedient to invoke the assistance of an enormous spy, and mine host of the Golden Stag; but we Bull from Rome. This voracious animal quickly must protest against the unwarrantable extra. shews a disposition to consume all the pastures vagancies imagined in the scene of the cata- of the land, and the two set to work spreading combs, as quite at variance with his usually consternation throughout the country. Queen sound judgment. His descriptions of the City Gloriana summons a council, whereat St. George of Valetta, with the romantic scenery of the appears, armed cap-d-pie, and followed by his island and its historical memorabilia, set forth Squire, Sir Charles, with his budget, who, par in the introduction and the notes, contribute parenthese, is dubbed Sir Dandie Lione, in hotheir part to the interest of the volume. We nour of his supposed love of chicory St. ought not to omit specifying, that though George is preparing undauntedly for a conflict the Prince of darkness plays the most promi- with his duplex foe, the dragon and the bull, nent part in the drama, the true moral iş when an unexpected adversary presents himself steadily kept in view ;-those who receive him in the person of King Duncan. They run a tilt, favourably suffering the appropriate conse- in which St. George is overthrown, left for dead quences, while the declaration of the apostle, on the field, and carried off to bedde. If by * Resist the devil, and he will fly from you," is King Duncan we are, as it appears, to underillustrated by others of the dramatis personæ, stand Mr. Locke King, and his motion for the Finally, Ombo may be regarded as a creation extension of the county franchise, the poet comper se, acknowledging an affinity with, but no mits an anachronism, the bull business having resemblance to, either the Mephistophiles of been of prior date. St. George shortly afterGoethe, or the Lucifer of Byron or Longfellow. wards revives, and is incited to fresh deeds

The Dragone ofe Oxforde is announced as against the dragon by having his attention dithe first of a series of “Legendes of the Nine- rected to a passage in Tom Jones, wherein the



Man of the Hill expresses his indignation that as changing the church into a ball-room brilcertain Protestants and members of the Church liantly lighted and decorated, where countless of England should prove such apostates as to waltzers are intensely whirling. Among them seek to replace the exiled Stuarts on the throne. is a youth of fascinating aspect, who engages This memento, however, leads to no result; nor in succession a variety of partners, each of do we see its drift, but, with it, conclude the whom, in her turn, mysteriously disappears Legende, which, though we meet with a pla- At length he approaches Mrs. T. R., and detitude here and there, exhibits in general, as mands her waist for the next. An inclination we have said, considerable smartness, and ar- she cannot control wars with the terror his pregues decided aptitude for this style of writing. vious performances have inspired. She resists,

In the “ Thomas a Becket” of Mr. Scott yet fain would yield; a terrible conflict goes on we have a strikingly-drawn portraiture of the within her, till, at the height of her excitement troublous times in which that haughty prelate and agitation, she awakes, and has the happilived. The almost superstitious reverence paid ness of finding herself free from danger in her to him on the one side, and the bitter feelings comfortable pew. displayed against him, are each in their turn

“ Thank heaven, 't is past !" I faintly sighed; illustrated by the several characters intro And some one seated near me cried, duced. In treating the murder of the Archbi In feeling tone, “ Yes, Madam, yes! shop, full justice is done to the magnanimity,

A tedious sermon, I confess," self-devotedness, and contempt of death, by “Christmas at the Hall” opens with a charmwhich the illustrious victim was distinguished; ing scene of rural economy and bucolic bliss : but in the details the author sacrifices history the landowner all devotion to his tenantry, and to dramatic effect. He represents three of the studying nothing but their happiness; the teknights only-Fitzurse, De Morville, and Brito nantry all love, contentment, and guilelessness. -as making the first murderous demonstra- So poetically and picturesquely does the author tion against Becket in the archiepiscopal palace. describe the beauty of the country, and the inAwed by his dignified demeanour, they are un- nocence and happiness of its inhabitants, that able to execute their purpose, but are subse- we almost persuade ourselves he has actually quently incited by De Tracy to take part in the witnessed such an Utopia, though we confess deed of blood in the cathedral, this latter hay. we know not where we should seek it. The ing a private pique against Becket, who has actual “Christmas at the Hall” is, however, seduced from him the affections of his ladye- confined to the family circle, each member of love, and not after a spiritual manner either, if which recites a poem of his or her own compowe rightly understand the inuendos. Such a sition-papa, mama, sons and daughters. We calumny might have been spared on a man cannot profess concurrence in the eulogies whose unblemished moral purity was ever ac. pronounced by the happy family upon each knowledged, even by his greatest enemies. The other in regard to their poetic abilities, and poem takes the form of a drama, whereby addi- much prefer the general to the domestic pictional point is given to the action. The lan- tures. The occasional pieces that follow posguage, too, is appropriate to the subject, though, sess a certain merit, but are mostly in quatrains, either aiming at ultra-magniloquence, or from of which the second and fourth lines only mere carelessness, many lines here and there rhyme, leaving the non-rhyming of the first “ leave wondering comprehension far behind." and third a perpetually-recurring disappointThe lyrical pieces appended to the leading poem ment to the ear, thus marring what might are of a remarkably pleasing character; most otherwise be effective. of them founded on some pretty little conceit or I n setting himself to review a work such as other, among which we would particularly spe- “The Parish,” the critic unconsciously lets fall cify “Lady Audrey Leigh” and “Iva.” “Mrs. his weapons of offence, and stands disarmed T. E. Ri's dream” we would gladly transcribe before his author. If“ one touch of nature entire, for its whimsicality, did space permit, but makes the whole-world kin,” then assuredly must content ourselves with the first lines and touches of purest nature recurring at every the last, and supply the interval as briefly as turn, identify the reader with the writer, and we may. Mrs. T. R., loquitur

make their tendencies and feelings one. Well'T was very long and very flat

devised fiction, clad in the poetical garb, is The sermon that I heard,

ever a pleasing contemplation, but truth simiAnd o'er the pew in which I sat

larly arrayed is so in a far greater degree. Sleep hover'd like a bird.

Though Goldsmith's “Sweet Auburn” may Each ancient phrase upon my ear,

have been the “ loveliest village of the plain," In its dull dropping fell less clear; And desk, book, preacher, one by one,

stern experience teaches us that “ health and Died like the light of setting sun.

plenty cheered the labouring swain " only in The lady then proceeds to describe the dream the poet's fancy. Thus a sort of disappoint


ment mingles itself with our pleasure. In the tian era. Little is known of him, further than
busy scene of “The Parish,” joys and sorrows, that he was the author of “Sakontala,” the
smiles and frowns, good and evil, each bear “Hero and the Nymph,” the “Cloud Mes-
their part, and pass in succession before us. The senger,” and other poems, and was, moreover,
picture presented to us is that of a pastor whose one of the “ Nine precious stones” that
deep appreciation of the duties of his office, and adorned the Court of Vikramaditya, King of
of the responsibility he has taken upon himself, Oujein, just 1900 years ago.
leads him to devote all his mental and bodily Only seven, of the twenty-two Cantos, in
energies to the adequate fulfilment of them. which the poem originally appeared, have
The basis he deems the surest on which to survived the ravages of time. The latest inci-
build the parochial edifice is the imparting to dent detailed in these is the bridal of Uma,
the congregated multitude committed to his the mother of the War-God.
care the character of one united family, per- No doubt can any longer be entertained as
vaded, as far as possible, by common sympa. to the value of the poetic treasures contained
thies; and in this main object, with the excep- in the Sanskrit language, after the enthu-
tions and restrictions inseparable from every siastic encomiums bestowed upon them by such
human work, he succeeds. As the father of scholars as Professor Wilson, Sir William
the parochial family he seeks to make himself Jones, Goethe, Humboldt, Schlegel, Milman,
intimately acquainted with every member of it. and others. Among the epics and dramatic
The happiness, the griefs, the aspirations, the pieces are poems which would lose nothing by
despondencies, the hopes, the doubts, the dis- comparison with the choicest effusions of the
tresses or perplexities of each and all, he makes classic age of Greece. Witness the “ Spe-
his own, and treats them with paternal solici- cimens of the Hindu Theatre,” translated by
tude. The rejoicings of a marriage or the Wilson ; the “Gíta Govinda,(or the Song
lamentations of a funeral are not confined to of the Divine Herdsman) “Sakontala," “ Sa-
the individuals immediately interested, but are vitri” (or the Faithful Wife), translated by
partaken by the community, as if of family Mr. Griffith,* and many others. It is not
concern; and so with every other incident. probable, however, that Sanskrit poetry can
This peculiar feature gives its characteristic ever be generally popular in this country, on
colour to the numerous and ever-varied little account of the continual allusions it contains to
histories recorded by the Pastor as coming an involved and complex mythology, the con-
under his cognizance in the course of his un- stant introduction of oriental metaphors, which,
wearied ministrations, and which are told with however beautiful in themselves, and however
an appropriate simplicity that cannot fail to appropriate in their own glorious clime, sound
impress the heart of every reader. His keen extravagant and absurd to the dull ear of a
sensibility also of the beauties of nature is in common-place, matter-of-fact Hyperborean.
accordance with the feeling he manifests for the It is only those of refined taste and culti-
living objects of his contemplation. All bears vated mind who can appreciate the charms of
equally the stamp of reality, and is, in effect, these writings; and even they must not be sur-
real. The author witholds his name from the prised if here and there they meet with pas.
public, but there is no difficulty in ascertaining sages they are not able to interpret satisfactorily.
it: and, having learnt it, we are enabled to say The vivid descriptions and dazzling imagery of
that “ The Parish ” is a true and vivid picture, the ancient Hindús generally is peculiarly re-
both in its general character and its details, of markable; but few, in these respects at least,
one in the neighbourhood of London of which have ever equalled the fanciful creations of the
he has the charge. The principles and system sweet singer of Oujein.
set forth in a volume published by him some The following brief specimens will serve to
time ago, entitled “ Parochial Work,”. consti- convey some idea of his power:-
tute the theory he has carried into practice, and On came the Archer-God, and at his side
its results are depicted in the present poem

The timid Reti, his own darling bride,
While breathing Nature shewed how deep it felt,

'Neath Passion's glowing touch, the senses melt-
The Birth of the War-God. A Poem by Ká. For there in eager love the wild bee dipp'd
lidása. Translated from the Sanskrit into

In the dark flower-cup where his mistress sipp'd;

There with his horn the goat touched lovingly English Verse by RALPH T. H. GRIFFITH, His gentle mate, who closed her melting eye; MĂ. Allen & Co., 7 Leadenhall Street. There from her trunk the elephant had poured 1853.

A lily-scented stream to cool her lord,

While the fond love-bird by the silver flood KÁLIDÁSA, to whom, by general consent, this Gave to his hen the tasted Lotus bud. beautiful poem is attributed, flourished during the Augustan Age, that is to say, during the

* See “Specimens of Old Indian Poetry " translated

by R. T. H. Griffith. Hall, Virtue, & Co., 25, Paternoshalf century immediately preceding the Chris- tér Row, 1853.

Full in his song, the Minstrel stayed to sip

would permit; and, without attempting to give The heavenlier nectar of his darling's lipPure pearls of heat had just distained the dye,

word for word or line for line, to produce upon But flowery wine was sparkling in her eye.

the imagination impressions similar to those How the young creeper's beauty charmed the view, which one who studies the work in Sanskrit Fair as the fairest maid, as playful too!

would experience.” Here some bright blossoms, lovelier than the rest, In full round beauty matched her swelling breast;

Here in a thin bright line, some delicate spray, Red as her lip, ravished the soul away

Old Lamps, or New? A plea for the original And then, how loving, and how close they hung

editions of The Texts of Shakspeare: formTo the tall trees that fondly o'er them hung!

ing an Introductory Notice to The Stratford Bright, heavenly wantons poured the witching strain,

Shakspeare, edited by CHARLES Knight. Quiring for Siva's ear, but all in vainNo charmer's spell may check the firm control,

London. 1853. Won by the Holy, o'er the impassioned soul.

A few Notes on Shakespeare; with Occasional

Remarks on the Emendations of the MS.

Corrector in Mr. Collier's Copy. Bright flowers of Spring, in every lovely hue,

By the Around the Lady's form rare beauty threw,

Rev. ALEXANDER DYCE. 1853. Some clasped her neck, like strings of purest pearls, The Text of Shakespeare, vindicated from the Some shot their glory through her wavy curls.

Interpolations and Corruptions advocated Bending her graceful head as half-oppressed

by John Payne Collier, Esq. By SAMUEL With swelling charms even too richly blest, Fancy might deem that beautiful young maiden

WELLER SINGER. 1853. Some slender tree with its sweet flowers o'erladen. To invest every object of admiration, worthy as From time to time, her gentle hand replaced

well as unworthy, with the attribute of infalliThe flowery girdle slipping from her waist : It seemed that Love could find no place more fair,

bility, is at once one of the foibles and one of So hung his newest, dearest bowstring there.

the virtues of human nature. If, on the one A greedy bee kept hovering round, to sip

hand, this weakness sometimes leads to the unThe fragrant nectar of her blooming lip

due elevation of the False, it, on the other She closed her eyes, in terror of the thief,

hand, kindles into the glow of veneration that And beat him from her with a Lotus leaf.

which, without it, would be but cold respect for The classical reader will probably trace some the TRUE. Mr. Payne Collier and Mr. Charles resemblance, in this myth of Káma and Reti, Knight are examples of the good and evil reto that of Cupid and Psyche; for Káma (the sulting from this incident to Hero Worship. archer-god), be it known, is the God of Love, Conceding to both an equal regard for Shakand the timid Reti is his bride.

speare, we find the former claiming for the unMr. Griffith deserves a high eulogium, for known original owner of the old folio of 1632, the manner in which he has acquitted himself not only all the authority due to a true disciple of his self-imposed task. The idioms of the ori- of a great master, but something more.* Nr. ginal have been throughout carefully preserved, Charles Knight will not admit that this “New and the closeness, with which he has, almost Lamp" has any greater claim to respect, than without exception, adhered in every canto to should be conceded to any annotator or corthe text of his author, shew that he combines, rector at the present day; and this pamphlet is with the rare learning of an accomplished Ori- put forth by him to vindicate the general purity entalist, many of the qualifications that consti- of the previously received version of the text, tute a true poet.

although admitting an occasional emendation It is to the auspices of the “ Oriental Trans- from the new source. We have no hesitation lation Fund” that we are indebted for the pre- in saying, that we think Mr. C. Knight has sent version of Kumára Sambhava. We hope formed a most erroneous estimate of the merits that this, as well as the previous publications of Mr. Collier's volume. After the many of Mr. Griffith, and others who have been ani- examples cited in our last Number, it were almated by the same noble enthusiasm as himself, most superfluous to enumerate here the reasons may tend ere long to disseminate among the upon which this conclusion is based; but we British public a juster appreciation than they may mention one instance at least, sufficient to now evince for the outpourings of the Indian prove that the unknown hand had something Muse.

more than mere fancy to guide him in his corThe translator, in the present instance, rections. The example referred to occurs in might, without at all detracting from the value of the Merry Wives of Windsor ; a play, with the the poem, have expunged several passages, that allusions and local illustrations of which, we may be deemed somewhat tedious or superfluous. But he has judiciously refrained from doing so. #"Notes and Emendations to the Text of Shakspeare's

incheon 1 sove he is to give the Plays, from his aim “having been” says he “ to give the

early Manuscript corrections in a copy of

the Folio, 1632, in the possession of J. Payne Collier, Esq. English reader as faithful a cast of the original

iginal F. S. A., forming a supplemental volume to the works of as my own power, and the nature of the thing, Shakspeare, by the same Editor."

may perhaps claim to be even more familiar what, alas ! scarcely required proof, that, than Mr. Charles Knight himself, notwith- “l'homme est feu pour le mensonge, et glace standing the advantage he claims of having pour la vérité.” It affords curious matter for had Windsor for his birth-place.

speculation, that no theory so ridiculous, no In the original sketch of the play printed folly so absurd, can be started, that will not (piratically it is conjectured) in 1602, the name immediately acquire its little knot of idolatrous which Ford assumes, and under which he ob- disciples. So, in the present instance, a small tains an interview with Falstaff and deceives but querulous band of quasi-critics has aphim, is “Brooke. In the folio edition of 1623, peared, ready to war to the knife in favour of and for a century afterwards, it is “Broome”. the monstrous interpolations, ridiculous blunThat Shakspeare intended to use the name of ders, and senseless passages, interspersed through. Brooke when he prepared the amended play out all the extant editions of Shakspeare,-rehas been hitherto supposed to be beyond doubt, jecting with scorn and indignation the almost from Falstaff's pun when Ford is announced contemporaneous corrections of an annotator, as Brooke

who, if he had not the best authority for the ma“Call him in. Such Brooks are welcome to me that jority of his emendations, must have possessed o'erflow such liquor.”

far greater genius, discernment, acumen, and On the other hand, the change of name could ability, than all those who have ever since atscarcely be the result of accident. Moreover, tempted to edit the poet's works. the lines in the amended play

Of Mr. Collier himself, we know absolutely “Nay, I'll to him again, in name of Broome. nothing, having never even seen, or been in

He'll tell me all his purpose: Sure he'll come” communication with him. We have not, thereand which do not occur in the original sketch, fore, the slightest personal feeling, in vindicating appear, as Mr. Halliwell suggests, to be in the soundness of the corrections he has given tended to rhyme.

to the world. We stand forth simply as the The difficulty has been at once solved by the champions of plain common sense, against the new commentator. For Broome he has sub- attacks of senile fatuity and imbecility. stituted Bourne, which it is needless to say is It has been suggested to us, that the producthe good old Saxon name for a stream or tions above cited must have been intended to brook. Broome was a misprint, originating, be taken ironically, and that Messrs. Knight, probably, with the compositor, and then, when Singer, & Co. simply meant to perpetrate a Bourne had become obsolete, Brook was intro- little facetious waggery. It is possible that duced as the necessary word to give effect to this may have been the case ; at any rate it is Falstaff's pun. It seems evident that the the only palliation that can be urged. If so, manuscript restoration in the Folio was made, however, the failure is most signal, for there is before the word ' Bourne' had fallen into disuse, an utter absence, throughout the whole of their (and consequently at a period not very far re- dull pages, of the slightest scintillation of wit, moved from that of Shakspeare himself), and the smallest sparkle of humour. One single that the corrector had something of a positive specimen of the absurdity of these men, and we character, on which he founded the majority of have done. his corrections. Admitting this, however, it is Our readers will recollect a passage, quoted not of course requisite to assent implicitly to in our last, from Coriolanus. In the 2d Scene the notion, that every correction was made on of the 3d Act, Volumnia implores him to cede equally high authority. It is doubtless possi- to the wishes of the people, in these words, as ble that tho venerable commentator indulged they have hitherto been universally printedoccasionally in speculative corrections. Mr.

“Pray be counselled! Charles Kiig at should bear in mind, that, in I have a heart as little apt as your's, vindicating the received text to the extent he

But yet a brain, that leads my use of anger does, he is not so much upholding the accuracy

To better 'vantage." of his author, as of the compositors and "readers”

As vapid and as meaningless, surely, as could of the seventeenth century: and yet what rea- be desired

be desired. Our venerable commentator, howson have we for believing them to have been ever, supplies a missing line, and, at the same more accurate, than the much more intelligent

time, restores the lost sense thusand better educated men who perform those

"Pray be counselled! duties now? The answer is found in the truth

I have a heart as little apt as your's

To brook control without the use of anger, we set out with The reluctance to admit the But yet a brain that leads my use of anger incidents of human error in any thing connected To better." with that we blindly venerate as divine!

Will it be believed, that the sapient yet Mr. Samuel Weller Singer's effusion scarcely presumptuous Singer wishes us to reject the deserves a moment's serious consideration. Iine in question, and to return to the old reading, It does little more, at least than demonstrate, substituting, simply on his authority forsooth,

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