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their deeds, have illustrated, whether for good riorates from the strength of his stanzas, by imor for evil, the world's progress from the re- posing upon himself the unnecessary burden of motest ages.
In pursuance of this design, the making the second and fourth lines of both anthor first presents us with the series of Scrip- quatrains rhyme together. The four consoture characters from Cain and Moses to So- nances of the Spencerian and Childe Harold lomon and Daniel. He then summons the stanza impart to it great majesty; but in the stanza troop of military heroes, distinguishing, as is chosen by our author they are labour thrown fitting, between those, on the one hand, whom away, adding nothing to the effect, but often reckless ambition, sanguinary temper, or insa- materially damaging it by platitudes and forced tiable thirst for glory, impelled to war, as expressions. Beyond this defect we have no Xerxes, Alexander, Alaric, Charles XII., and exception to take to Mr. Michell as a poet. Napoleon; and those who, on the other, fully Among his other merits, he has an eye for the sensible of, and lamenting, the miseries and picturesque, as the following stanza will shew. horror inseparable from warfare, engaged in it It is a description of the Lake of Thrasymene, solely from the highest motives of patriotism, or à propos of Hannibal's descent into Italy. in vindication of some great moral principle, The sweetest time that silver lake to see as Leonidas, Scipio Africanus, Washington, Is just when sunset casts its hallowing glow, and Wolfe. But how is it that, among these
And the deep purple tints, before they flee
The circling heights, are richly sped below; latter, our author refers only in a single line to
When steals the skiff across the wave's soft gold, him, the most illustrious hero of them all? The
Floats on the green hill's side the cattle's low; cannon of Waterloo resounds, but the name of And in the convent's evening's bell is tolled, Wellington is heard not above it. Notwith- Echo o'er mount and valley swinging slow ;
When flowers, ere fairies come to close their eyes, standing, then, the testimony of the title-page,
Breathe all their odours to the sleepy skies. which bears date 1853, we conclude that at the time of the composition of this poem England
The marring of this placid scene by the cardid not mourn over the greatest of warriors and nage of the battle of Thrasymene is thus destatesmen as one of the “Spirits of the Past." pictedIn delineating the leading features of the Scrip
But sweetest scenes man's passions oft have made
Their theatre, and turned them to a hell. ture characters and the military heroes,our author
'Twas here his prey rejoicing Death surveyed, shews himself to be at once a poet and a philo- When victory bade awhile pale Rome farewell : sopher, and to be well-versed in the historical 'Twas here, for wave's low whisper, bird's soft song, knowledge requisite for vivid painting, as the Rang the loud trumpet, rose the maddening yell;
Trampling the flowers, the war-steeds foamed along; notes to the poem also evince. In the third
For rills of crystal, blood in torrents fell. part he assumes a wholly different tone.
Why didst thou, Havoc! stalk to scene so fair, There, in his portraitures of “celebrated And, mocking beauty, loose thy demons there? women," enthusiasm breaks forth. The beauty and feminine fascinations of some of his heroines, The Violin. By G. DUBOURG. Cocks and Co. and the lofty spirit of others, fill him with a We are right glad to welcome a fourth edition fervour worthy of the subject. He throws of this very interesting and amusing work, down the gauntlet for, and gracefully defends, devoted to the prince of instruments, for such the peerless Helen, and sees more to admire in is the violin admitted to be; and we congratuthe intellectual strength of Aspasia, which drew late the ever-increasing tribe of violinists on around her, in her Attic feasts, the sages and possessing so clever a chronicler of the history, the statesmen of Greece, than to condemn in character, capabilities, and eminent professors the errors which envy, rather than justice, of il violino. After a general sketch of the imputed to her. The lament over the body of “ fiddle family," we are introduced to the Pericles, and that of Polla over Lucan, are Italian, the German, the French, and the equally characterized by genuine pathos; nor English schools, the characteristics of each of less impressive is the picture of the devoted which are treated con amore, and in the true Paulina, resolutely bleeding to death with cognoscente spirit, and illustrated by notices of Seneca. The same power prevails in Agrippi- those who have obtained most celebrity in each. Da's bold denunciation of Piso, as the murderer By way of addendum, we are indulged with a of her husband Germanicus, and her constancy highly entertaining and edifying chapter on under the pangs of starvation decreed against female violinists, and amateurs in general. her by Nero. We would also instance Lucretia, Dante, Beatrice, Petrarch, Laura, and The School of Musical Composition, Practical Lady Jane Grey, as highly-wrought and touch- and Theoretical. By DR. ADOLPH Berning pictures. Upon the whole, Mr. Michell is HARD Marz. Cocks and Co. entitled to take high rank among the poets of In an age when music is in so much vogue, the day; but, since we are nothing if not criti- when musical taste has made such rapid strides cal, we must observe that he frequently dete- among us, and not to be musically disposed is reckoned about the same thing as not to be employed in the Arts, Manufactures, Comcivilized, a work so comprehensive as the pre- merce, &c. sent, devoted to the study of music, cannot Having tested the value of the Dictionary but be hailed with hearty satisfaction by mul- before us, by reference to some of the principal titudes. As no man of ordinary intellectual as well the less important headings, we are ambition is content to be carried at the rate of enabled to affirm, that in every case we found thirty miles an hour on a railway without the explanations given sufficiently copious and making himself acquainted with the reason intelligible for the general reader, --comprehenwhy, so we may fairly suppose that a conside- sive, and, indeed, far more copious than we rable proportion of those who crowd our concert- could have anticipated from the external dirooms and musical-festivals are desirous of mensions of the volume. ascertaining something at least of those scienti- As a book of reference, no one should be fic principles, by the application of which their without it. ears are delighted. To all such, this elaborate yet lucid work of Dr. Marz will prove a real
What am I? Where am I? What ought I treasure. The German mind is peculiarly to do? London : Smith, Elder, and Co. qualified for diving deeply into the profundities These are not, as some might be tempted to of any science to which it applies itself, and suppose, the terrified ejaculations of the unprosuch is the characteristic of the work before tected “ female homo--that screaming, partuus; but let not the would-be learner be thereby rient, interjectional animal”-on finding heralarmed, since the rules laid down, and the self abandoned by the world on the platform of principles - upon which they proceed, are of a a foreign railway-station, but they constitute a clearness and definite character, which will en- portion of the title of a shilling pamphlet, the able the least, as well as the most ambitious to production of an anonymous author, who has profit by them. A diligent student of these in view the benevolent object of elevating and carefully-digested instructions will, after a short ameliorating the condition of his fellow-men. time, be surprised to find himself, unawares, He desires the increased and wider diffusion and, and as it were, per saltum, capable of im- of knowledge through all classes; and cerparting that pleasure which tasteful and cor- tainly the startling fact, which he adduces from rect compositions have hitherto conveyed to the l'hirteenth Annual Report of the Registrarhim. The very elegant musical types by which General, furnishes very strong evidence of the the instructions are profusely illustrated, give need of the energetic exertions of “the schoolto this volume a very attractive appearance; master” throughout the length and breadth of nor must we forget to award to Mr. Augustus the land. Wehrman the credit due to him as the transla- That report discloses that, in the of tor; nor to Messrs. Cocks that of having ren- grace 1850, there were 152,738 marriages in dered good service to the musical world by England and Wales; and that the register was undertaking its publication.
signed with marks by 47,570 men, and by
70,601 women! Let our fair readers contemPoems. By B. R. PARKES. Chapman. plate for a moment the position and prospects We have here a series of fugitive pieces
, which of these 70,000 brides, all unable to sign their allow scope for the plaintive and the playful. We prefer our author in the latter mood.
This little work is written in an earnest spirit, a not ungraceful ease in his lyrics, which shew by one who is zealously desirous of urging that this is the natural form into which his
others to exert themselves in the noble cause of thoughts resolve themselves, and half an hour suffering humanity. may be pleasantly spent in running through Viola, or, 'Tis an old Tale, and often told. them.
By Miss ISABEL GOLDSMID, Authoress of A Dictionary of Scientific Terms. By Rich- “ Shadows and Sunshine.” Routledge. ARD D. HOBLYN, A.M., Oxon: 8vo. Whit
We observe with satisfaction a reprint of this taker & Co., Ave Maria Lane.
favourite little story, which has now assumed a Of this work, it is only necessary to say, that new form, and has found its way into the in a compendious form, it gives a lucid interpre- “ Railway Library." Notwithstanding the tation of all the principal scientific terms per- extensive circulation it must already have retaining to Geology, Mineralogy, Chemistry, ceived, it is conceived with so much power, Natural Philosophy, Natural History, Botany, and penned with so much grace, that, however Logic, &c. The plan is precisely the same as old the tale, no one, we think, will object to its that adopted in Mr. Hoblyn's previous work, being told once more. We only hope soon to the “ Dictionary of Medical Terms;" and we meet “Shadows and Sunshine” wearing the are promised a third, to comprise the terms same verdant mantle.
Àustria in 1848-49: being a History of the late Political Movements in Vienna, Milan, Venice,
and Prague; with details of the Campaigns of Lombardy and Novara ; a full account of the Revolution in Hungary; and Historical Sketches of the Austrian Government and the Provinces of the Empire. By William H. Stiles, late Chargé d'Affaires of the United
States at the Court of Vienna. 2 vols. 1852. Such an ample title leaves nothing to be added Austrian history; the second being occupied by way of further indicating the subjects treated with the revolution itself. From the condensed of in this work. As representative of the nature of the first part of the work, it is more American government at Vienna, the author instructive than interesting. It is of great witnessed the rise, progress, and final catastro- value, however, to those who wish to form an phe of the revolution. He embraced the means intelligent estimate of the circumstances of which his official residence in the Austrian Austria as it was, and as it is. The reader will capital afforded, to collect materials from all learn how the empire grew, and how its affairs sources to illustrate the general history of the were administered. He will be initiated into times. He has had access to official documents, the Austrian system of education, which was some of which were only to be found in the intended, not to educate, but to inducate-not imperial archives; he has conversed with several to develope the mind, but to drill soul and of the principal actors in the events recorded, body into docile subjection to the will of a as well as with public authorities well informed tyrant. He will pick up, also, some amusing on the subject, and has, in addition, made facts connected with the system of espionage diligent use of the ample opportunities of per- and censorship of the press, under which Aussonal observation which fell in his way. In- trian liberty and Austrian literature have deed, Mr. Stiles was an actor, to some extent, flourished so admirably. The function of the himself in the crisis of the revolution. At M, censorship was partly expurgational and partly Kossuth's request, he made an attempt to medi- hermeneutical-suppressing such terms as poate between the Austrian government and the pular opinion” and nationality,” and translatHungarian Diet, but without effect. M. Kos- ing such phrases as “heroic champions” into suth's letter was conveyed to him by a heroic “ brave soldiers,” and “a band of youthful lady, who had passed, in the disguise of a peasant, heroes” into “a considerable number of young through the midst of the Austrian army on her men.” This was both the ante-revolutionary way to Vienna. _This intrepid female was the and anti-revolutionary policy of Austria ; but Baroness Von Beck, whose mysterious fate the revolution burst forth notwithstanding. lately excited so much interest in this country. Into the second part of his work we cannot
There can be no doubt, then, of the author's follow our author, though on many transactions, qualifications for writing a full and faithful about which conflicting opinions have been enhistory of a series of events, which, though of tertained, his views, had we room for them, recent occurrence, are involved in sufficient per- would have been an interesting subject for a plexity to render it exceedingly desirable to résumé.
résumé. We must restrict ourselves to one or have them investigated in a calm, candid, and two sketches, or rather estimates, of the followimpartial spirit, such as that displayed in the ing contemporary characters :present work. It is divided into two books;
METTERNICB. the first containing an Historical Introduction, Prince Metternich in person is rather below the ordiembracing the ante-revolutionary period of nary size, has a well-formed head, nose large and aristo
cratic, eyes blue and expressive, and mouth well shaped, and with a smile ever at command.
His whole person, "We have been reluctantly, though unavoidably, countenance, and demeanour, are indicative of high stacompelled to defer until our next Number, notices of tion, superior intellect, and finished elegance. several other American works of considerable interest, not remarkable for his native genius or subsequent acreviews of which are indeed already in type ; but we quirements; but his distinguishing traits were his knowcannot give this brief and imperfect critique of recent ledge and perception of character, and the arts by which Transatlantic publications, without making favorable he bent them to his own purpose. He could entertain a mention of a periodical, which appears to be very credi- circle of fifty persons with ease and amiability, without tably conducted at New York.
resorting to ordinary resources. He would participate in That city gave birth, in March last, to a “New the dissipation and the follies of his superiors and equals; Quarterly.” Not designed to be merely a review, it but he would at the same time be searching the means by contains papers discussing wbatever is most interesting which he could turn them to profit. It was impossible to in Science, Politics, and Art, together with "whatever know better than he how to discover the weak sides of is most valuable in facts, as Statistics ; whatever con- those around him, and, what is still more difficult, to duces to human culture, whether it relate to painting, render himself necessary to their frailties. music, or poetry, will be found within its pages.” The The mode of execution which Metternich employs is title-page gives the name of Mr. A. G. Remington as truly singular. To a perfect knowledge of the principal superintending the editorial department.
persons with whom he has transactions, he joins an ad
dress not less astonishing in the choice of his instruments. driven into revolution by the faithlessness and treachery He has formed for himself a gallery of living Metter- of the imperial cabinet. His incessant labours, his nichs, from whence he draws forth his ambassadors and earnest struggles, and his noted sufferings between 1835 agents. With a gigantic mind he spreads his toils over and 1848, entitle him to the esteem and sympathy of the whole continent—had his spies in all the capitals of every admirer of genius and every lover of liberty. It is Europe : in Portugal he was with the Miguels ; in Spain, in 1848, however, that began the more complicated phase France, and in Italy, with the aristocrats and priests ; of his career ; and here the obstacles to an impartial and at Constantinople most intimate with the Sultan. judgment commence.
. The labours of Kossuth durIt was by these means that he held for so long a time ing this period, were doubtless of the highest order of the destines of Europe in his hands.
merit. His voice, his pen, his indefatigable industry, GÖRGEY.
his mastership of detail, his vivid imagination, his lofty
aspirations all were employed. A highly sensitive and Görgey was neither patriot nor traitor, but a mere pro- poetic temperament, a peculiarly active and laborious fessional soldier : he was possessed in a remarkable de
mind, exhibited themselves in his efforts in rare and gree both of skill and courage, but not one spark of striking union. He aroused and armed the people, and, nationality glowed within his bosom. His own illustra
thus aroused and armed, his spirit led them into conflict. tion, his own success, was evidently his first thought, and It is absurd to deny, as it is impossible to underrate, his his country's safety or freedom a secondary consideration. efforts during this period;
and those who criticise and Not to be beaten, or, when beaten, to take a speedy revenge ; to keep his army together, not as constituting the decry him would find it difficult to shew higher instances defence and security of the country, but as illustrating liberty.
of genius, enthusiasm, and devotion to the cause of the importance of the general; such were Gorgey's aims.
Nor does there seem in this portion of his public life He cared not where he retreated or what he abandoned,
any ground for the attempt of inimical writers to identify provided he yielded not a flag and lost not a gun. And his last celebrated march (if not accomplished through him the motives of an unscrupulous ambition.
his character with that of the demagogue, or fix upon the connivance of the enemy), a bold and martial achieve
If the testimony that history has thus furnished leads ment, seemed directed with infinite skill to the one great
to the conclusion that his highly nervous, sensitive, and aim of surrendering, en masse, with all his guns, troops poetical temperament has led him into conduct that a and arms, so as, even if he thereby lost his country, he
firmer heart and more deliberate judgment would have would gain credit with his enemies for the importance of
avoided ; that his extraordinary powers of expression were his submission, and retain, in the face of the world, the
not combined with a corresponding executive ability; and reputation of a still unconquered general.
that his vivid imagination is better calculated to arouse
the passions and kindle the aspirations of others, than to The early parliamentary labours of Kossuth entitle obtain for himself a dispassionate and practical view of him to an eminent place among the legislators of Eu- events around him ; still there remains more than enough rope. His temper, habits, and education, seem, indeed, of superiority in his character to justify the warm admito have fitted him for parliamentary life ; and, under a ration of every lover of human freedom. His consummore free and enlightened government, he would doubt- mate oratory, his poetical fancy, his capacity for labour, less have acquired the distinction of a great orator and his struggles and his sufferings in the great cause of politician. He seems, indeed, during all the early part civil liberty, will for ever keep his name in the first rank of his career, to have been actuated by no other ideas of those who have magnanimously devoted their lives to than those of a parliamentary and constitutional opposi- extend the blessings of progress and equal rights, which tion to the Austrian government, and only to have been are only the legitimate results of a free government.
Life of Franklin Pierce. By NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE. Boston, 1852. FRANKLIN PIERCe is now President of the about him; he was not a recognised leader United States, having been elected to that even of his own party, but he was a serviceoffice by an overwhelming majority of his able representative of the party; and being fellow-citizens, who, by their votes on that oc- less exposed to the jealousy of contending casion, are supposed to have annihilated the candidates, stood the best chance of securing Whig or Conservative party in the Union, a unanimous vote. Cass was satisfied because and to have inaugurated a new commercial era it kept out Buchanan, and Buchanan was satisin the history of that great and growing re- fied because it kept out Cass. No other reason public. The triumph of the Democrats was can be assigned for his nomination It is a virtually the triumph of Free Trade, which will singular faci, that, under the most favourable now supersede the American system of Protec- conditions for freedom of individual develoption, and have an opportunity of shewing what ment, America has produced few men disit can accomplish on the vast experimental field tinguished for individuality of character or given to its action. The recent Presidental action. Clay and Webster were stout defendelection was clearly a contest of principles, not ers of the constitution, but they were not men of persons. General Pierce is not a man of of intuitive sagacity or prolific genius in stateremarkable ability or distinction. He is, in fact, manship. An absolute democracy seems to just an average specimen of a go-a-head Ame- lead to the same equiponderance of intellect and rican : his warmest admirers estimate him no monotony of social life as an absolute despotisir. higher than this
, and adhere to him just Pierce is doubtless as well qualified for his office because he is this. There is no individuality as any of his rivals, and there are a thousand
others as well qualified as he. The proportion reached the field.” Another chance lost, and of supply and demand in the political market only one more left to him. But fate was admakes Yankee statesmanship a cheap article ; verse. On the day which terminated the Mexiand as they have to seek a foreign market for can war, General Pierce “ became extremely their surplus corn, they have to seek, in their ill, and was unable to leave his bed for the peculiar plan of annexation, a convenient market thirty-six hours next ensuing. In the mean for their surplus stock of politicians.
time the castle of Chepultepec was stormed by Hawthorne foolishly attempts to make a the troops under Generals Pillow and Quitman. great man of a merely respectable, common- Pierce's brigade behaved itself gallantly, and place lawyer. To be sure, he was a military suffered severely; and that accomplished offihero in a small way, and a great deal is made cer, Colonel Ransom, leading the ninth regiof his services in the Mexican war. His mili- ment to the attack, was shot through the head, tary journals and despatches are paraded with and fell, with many other brave men, in that a mighty flourish, but they testify neither of last battle of the war.” These quotations are valour nor victory. Like many a raw recruit from Hawthorne's narrative, and they embrace who sighed for glory in the valley of Mexico, all the battles in which Pierce“ distinguished” he intended to do wonders, and unquestionably himself. There can be no doubt that he indid all that was in his power. But, unfor- tended to distinguish himself, and that he would tunately, he was disabled in his first engage- have done so-only he did not; his bad leg ment. His brigade was advancing to meet the prevented him! It was a misfortune ; but in enemy, when the general “ leaped his horse the matter of military glory there is no diffeupon an abrupt eminence, and addressed the rence between misfortune and defeat. After colonels and captains of the regiments as they the campaign Pierce returned to the bar. "All passed, in a few stirring words, reminding them the dreams of his youth were now fulfilled; the of the honour of their country, of the victory military ardour that had struck in hereditary their steady valour would contribute to achieve. root in his breast had enjoyed its scope, and Pressing forward to the head of the column, he was satisfied.” Hawthorne must have been had “ nearly reached the practicable ground hard pressed to make a hero out of such small that lay beyond, when his horse slipped among materials; but the “glory party” had to be the rocks, thrust his foot into a crevice, and fell
, appeased, we presume. But there were other breaking his own leg, and crushing his rider parties to satisfy—the religious folks, for exheavily beneath him." This was very unlucky, ample. A praying President would surely as it consigned him to the care of the doctor suit them. Here then was the man for them. during the fury of the first assault
. He rejoined “General Pierce has naturally a strong endowhis companions before the battle was over, but ment of religious feeling. At no period of his he paid for bis rashness on the following day life, as is well known to his friends, have the at Churubusco, when again leading his troops sacred relations of the human soul been a matforward to that terrible conflict.
“ The ex
ter of indifference with him.” After this, a cerhaustion of his frame," says Hawthorne,“ and tificate of church-membership from his parson, particularly the anguish of his knee-made more or of a moral character from a magistrate, might intolerable" by such free use of it—was greater have been added by way of confirmation. It than any strength of nerve, or any degree of is truly pitiable that a Presidential candidate mental energy, could struggle against. He fell, should require trumpeters of this kind, and that faint and almost insensible, within full range of Nathaniel Hawthorne should lend himself to the enemy's fire.” The next battle was that the work. of Molino del Rey, but it " was won just as he
Essuys and Reviews, chiefly on Theology, Politics, and Socialism. By 0. A. BROWNSON, LL.D.
New York, 1852.
Dr. Brownson is one of the Boston celebri. remarkable for this peculiarity, that he wrote ties , and the present volume consists of articles all the articles himself
. His present journal is which have appeared in “ Brownson's Quar. still characterized by the same feature, and well terly Review," published in that city. The entitled, therefore, to be called “ Brownson's.” author was at first known as a Transcendentalist What degree of influence he enjoys in America of the Emerson school, but has passed through we do not know; but we should suppose
that several “ phases of faith,” and is now a Catho- he is more notorious for his changes of opinion lic of the “straitest sect.” In his former ca- than for his ability and power. He is not a pacity he started a Quarterly Review, which was fascinating writer.' Dr. Brownson admits in