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Of the Homilies. I De Homiliis. THE second Book of TOMUS secundus HomiliHomilies, the several titles arum, quarum singulos titulos whereof we have joined un- huic articulo subjunximus, der this Article, doth con- continet piam et salutarem tain a godly and wholesume doctrinam, et his temporibus Doctrine, and necessary for necessariam, non minus quam these times, as doth the for-prior Tomus Homiliarum, mer Book of Homilies, which quæ editæ sunt tempo
e Edwere set forth in the time of vardi Sexti: itaque eas in Edward the Sixth: and Ecclesiis per ministros dilitherefore we judge them to genter et clare, ut a populo be read in Churches by the intelligi possint, recitandas Ministers, diligently and dis- esse judicavimus. tinctly, that they may be understood of the people.
Of the Names of the Homilies. 1. Of the right use of the 11. Of Alms-doing. Church
12. Of the Nativity of 2. Against peril of Idol Christ. atry.
13. Of the Passion of 3. Of repairing and keep
ing clean of Churches. 14. Of the Resurrection of 4. Of good Works : first of Christ. Fasting.
15. Of the worthy receiving 5. Against "Gluttony and of the Sacrament of Drunkenness.
the Body and Blood 6. Against E.ccess of Ap
of Christ. 7. Of Prayer.
16. Of the Gifts of the 8. Of the Place and Time
Holy Ghost. of Prayer.
17. For the Rogation-days. 9. That Common Prayers 18. Of the state of Matri
and Sacraments ought mony.
20. Against Idleness. tion of God's Word. | 21. Against Rebellion.
1. What, and whence derived, is the meaning of the word Homily?
The Greek word ouidia, from which Homily is taken, signifies properly social intercourse, and also familiar conversation. Hence the early ecclesiastical writers employed it to signify a plain diseourse or sermon, very much in the sense of the Latin concio. It may be observed, however, that Xenophon also has used the word in the sense of oral or conversational instruction (Mem. I. 2. 6.).
2. Of what do the two Books of Homilies consist; and what were the respective dates of their publication ?
The two Books of Homilies are a collection of discourses, written in plain and earnest language, on doctrinal and practical subjects, principally with reference to prevailing errors of the times in which they were published. The first book was prepared in the reign of Edward VI., and published in the year 1547, with instructions to the Clergy to read them in their Churches on any Sunday or holyday, ' when there is no Sermon ;' and the second followed in the year 1560, in the reign of Elizabeth.
What were the peculiar circumstances of the times, which rendered such a publication necessary ?
At the period of the Reformation, opinions on the contested points of doctrine and of discipline were carried to extremes both by the friends and enemies of the Protestant cause ; and not only were many of the Clergy exceedingly illiterate, but suspected also of a secret attachment to the errors of the Church of Rome. So incompetent indeed, as well from their intemperate zeal as their want of learning, were a larger proportion of the priesthood to the office of public teachers, that a prohibition was laid upon preaching, during the four successive reigns of Henry VIII., Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth. It seemed advisable therefore, to set forth by authority a series of popular sermons, calculated to possess the nation with a sense of the purity of the Gospel, to point out the dangers of those errors from which it had been recently emancipated, and especially to shew the worthlessness of masses and indulgences in procuri the Salvation of souls.
4. Does this Article give the Titles of the Homilies correctly; and, if imperfectly, can you complete the List ?
It is observable that the titles of the second Book of Homilies, as enumerated in this Article, do not exactly correspond with those given in the Book itself; and those of the first Book are not enumerated at all. They are as follow :-1. A fruitful exhortation to the reading of Holy Scripture. 2. Of the Misery of all Mankind. 3. Of the Salvation of all Mankind. 4. Of the true and lively Faith. 5. Of Good works. 6. Of Christian love and charity. 7. Against swearing and Perjury. 8. Of the declining from God. 9. An exhortation against the fear of Death. 10. An exhortation to obedience. 11. Against Whoredom and Adultery. 12. Against Strife and Contention.
5. Is not one of the Articles confirmed by a reference to the Homilies; and which is the Homily cited ?
See on Art. XI. qu. 11.
6. Under whose care were the two Books of Homilies respectively compiled ; and can the several discourses be referred to the different writers ?
The first book was published under the superintendance of Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer; and the second by Jewel. In the former, the Homilies on Salvation, Faith, and Good Works were probably written by the primate; and that against Adultery, by Thomas Brecon, one of his chaplains : while the quaint and homely expressions and other peculiarities in that against Strife and Contention, seem to fix it to Latimer. Of the rest, as well as of the entire series in the second Book, the authorship is altogether unknown.
7. What is the nature of the assent which those who subscribe the Articles are required to give to the doctrine and utility of the Homilies.
With reference to the motives with which they were drawn up, and the necessity of having some general standard of faith and discipline, there can be little hesitation in admitting that the two Books of Homilies contain • a godly and wholesome doctrine, necessary for the times' in which they were put forth; so that they might then be appropriately read in Churches. Indeed, though from the change which has taken place in the English language, they would now be with difficulty understood of the • people,' the Clergy may still study them with advantage, and obtain from them considerable aid in the composition of their Sermons.
8. To what opinions is the judgment of this Article opposed ?
In asserting that the doctrine of the Homilies is good and wholesome, the Article is directed against the Romanists; and the injunction to read them in Churches contradicted the notion of the Puritans, that nothing ought to be there read except the Word of God.
9. Shew that the Canonical Scriptures were not exclusively read in the congregations of the primitive Christians.
There are still extant Homilies of Chrysostom, Augustine, Gregory, and others; and it appears from the testimony of Eusebius (Hist. Eccl. III. 16.) and Jerome (T. II. pp. 831. 843.) that the Pastor of Hermas, the Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians, and of Clement of Rome to the Corinthians, were publicly read in Churches.
Of Consecration of Bishops | De Episcoporum et Minisand Ministers.
trorum Consecratione. The Book of Consecra LIBELLUS de Consecration of Archbishops and Bi- | tione Archiepiscoporum et shops, and Ordering of Episcoporum, et OrdinaPriests and Deacons, lately tione Presbyterorum et Diaset forth in the time of Ed. | conorum, editus nuper tem
ward the Sixth, and con- | poribus Edvardi VI., et firmed at the same time by auctoritate Parliamenti illis authority of Parliament, doth ipsis temporibus confirmatus, contain all things necessary omnia ad ejusmodi consecrato such Consecration and tionem et ordinationem neOrdering: neither hath it cessaria continet : et nihil any thing, that of itself is habet, quod ex se sit aut susuperstitious and ungodly. perstitiosum aut impium. And therefore whosoever are Itaque quicunque juxta ritus consecrated or ordered ac- | illius Libri consecrati aut orcording to the rites of that dinati sunt, ab anno secundo Book, since the second year prædicti regis Edvardi usque of the forenained King Ed ad hoc tempus, aut in posward unto this time; or terum juxta eosdem ritus hereafter shall be consecrated consecrabuntur aut ordinaor ordered according to the buntur, rite, atque ordine, same rites; we decree all atque legitime statuimus esse such to be rightly, orderly, et `fore consecratos et ordiand lawfully consecrated and natos. ordered.
1. What is necessary to render the ordination of a Christian minister valid and complete ?
In order to render Ordination valid and complete, it is essential that it should be Episcopal, and conferred on one or other of the three appointed orders of the Christian ministry; that the candidate be ‘lawfully called and sent' after due examination into his moral and religious character, as well as literary and theological acquirements; that prayer and the imposition fo hands constitute an indispensable part of the ceremony, as sanctioned by Apostolical usage and the constant practice of the Church; and that in other respects the Ordinal contain nothing that of itself is superstitious or ungodly.'
2. Prove that the Ordinal of our Church corresponds in every respect with these particulars ; and consequently that her ministers are duly and lawfully ordained.
That this book is drawn up in perfect accordance with the stated requisites, is proved at large in the Questions on the Liturgy ; Sect. XVI. Since, therefore, its use is prescribed by proper authority, and embodies all that is known