Obrazy na stronie

lycus. Next to Theophilus is Clemens, of Alexandria, | Abrahain learned divine truth from the Logos, or who was originally a philosopher, and is said to have Word of God.” He flourished in the year 178. been converter to the Christian faith about the year Athenagoras says “the mind and the Word of God 194, and so to have flourished 25 years later than is the Son of God; we who preach Gou, preach God Theophilus. He introduces the word trinity in the the Father, God the Son, and Holy Ghost; and the third book of his Stromata.

Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, are one." He Tertullian, bishop (?) of Carthage, who was converted flourished in the year 178. to Christianity about the year 200, follows Clemens in Clemens of Alexandria says, “The Logos is the the use of the word. He had occasion to introduce it universal Architect,” that is, the Maker of all things. in his work against Praxeas, in which he defended the The Logos is Creator of men, and of the world; and in fundamental doctrines of Christianity against the prayer he addresses both the Son and the Father, sayheartless attacks of that noted heretic.

ing, “Son and Fatlicr, both one Lord, grant that Origen, who had been the scholar of Clemens of we may praise the Son and the Father with the Alexandria, flourished about the year 230, and used | Holy Ghost, all in onc.” He fourished in the similar language with his master, in reference to the year 194. Trinity. He is accused of having been the first to mix

Tertullian says,

the name of Christ is everywhere up the reveries of the Platonists with the solemn truths believed, and everywhere worshipped. He reigns of Christianity, but this charge cannot apply to the everywhere, and is everywhere adored. He is alike introduction of the word Trinity, as that word was in to all a King, and to all a Judge, and to all a God and use in the Christian church nearly a hundred years a Lord.” He flourished in the year 200. before his time, if not much longer.

Origen states, that the Christians were accustomed To furnish any more examples of the use of the to say, “ The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are word Trinity in the primitive church, would be super one God,” and speaks of this as a difficult and perfluous; but to bring forward a few testimonies to shew plexing doctrine to such as hear not with faith.” that the doctrine, intended by that word, was held and Again he observes: “When we come to the grace of tanght in the earliest ages of the Christian era, can of baptism we acknowledge one God only, the Father, not be unimportant; for, though this doctrine is a mat the Son, and the Holy Ghost.” He flourished in the ter of pure revelation, and must, consequently, derive year 230. its proofs exclusively from scripture, yet the Christian Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, says,

Christ is our feels a degree of satisfaction to learn that the view he God; that is, not of all, but of the faithful and be takes of the doctrine was that of the church of Christ lieving." He flourished in the year 248. from the beginning.

The council of Antioch, in its epistle states : “In the A proof of the divinity of Christ has been always whole church Christ is believed to be God, and man of considered decisive in establishing the doctrine of the the seed of David, according to the flesh.” This counTrinity, because all who have admitted the foriner have cil sat in 264. also adınitted the latter. We premise this remark be The council of Arles expressed its opinion on the cause some of the testimonies which we shall adduce subject of the Trinity, by declaring the baptism of bear more fully on that part of the subject as the such as refused to own that doctrine, to be void. In turning point of the doctrine.

a canon drawn up concerning the proper mode of Polycarp, a disciple of St. John, when at the stake, dealing with heretics on their return to the bosom of addressed a prayer to God, which he concluded in this the church, the council put forth the general sense of manner, “ For all things I praise thee, I bless thee, I the church, in words to this effect :-" That if any reglorify thee, together with the eternal and heavenly linquished their heresy, and came back to the church, Jesus Christ; with whom, unto thee and the Holy they should ask them the creed ; and if they found Spirit, be glory, both now, and for ever, world without that they were (had been) baptised in the name of the end, Amen.” Polycarp was a contemporary of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, they should only reapostle.

ceive imposition of hands, but if they did not confess Justin Martyr declares, “that Christ the first-born the Trinity, their baptism was declared null and void." Word of God, exists as God; that he is Lord and God, This council was held in the year 314. We next come being the Son of God; and that he was the God of to the council of Nice, which, on account of its preIsrael.” Again he says, “ Him (the Father) and that eminence, is entitled the first general council of the Son who hath proceeded from him, and the propheti-Christian church. It was held at Nicæa, the metrocal Spirit, we worship and adore.” He flourished in polis of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, in the year 325. the year 140.

That council drew up and established a creed in deMelito, bishop of Sardis says, “We are worshippers fence and explanation of the doctrine of the Trinity, of one God who is before all, and in all, in his Christ which has ever since been received in the Christian who is truly God, the eternal Word.” He flourished in church. It is that creed with which the morning serthe year 177.

vice of the church of England closes every sabbathIrenæus, bishop of Lyons, declares that “ Christ, as day. There is no controversy as to the opinions of God, was adored by the prophets; was the God of the the Christian church on the subject of the Trinity, from living, and the living God; that he spake to Moses in that council downwards. Hence the testimonies we the bush; and that the saine Person afterwards re have given have been selected from what are called futed the doctrine of the Sadolucees concerning the the ante-Nicene fathers—the fathers who lived preresurrection of the dead. He farther says, that vious to the council of Nice-with the view of shewing


the opinion of the church respecting the Trinity, from Having arrived at the place, he said to Peter and the days of the apostles down to that council. the two sons of Zebedee, “ My soul is exceeding sor

Whoever will be at the pains of investigating the rowful, even unto death, tarry ye here, and watch subject with any degree of candour, must come to this with me;" then he left them, and withdrew into conclusion,—that the doctrine of three divine Persons another, and, it would seem, a more secluded part of in one God, as now held by the church of England, the garden, and, having reached it, fell on his face was the doctrine of the church of Christ during the and prayed. And what was his prayer ? Listen, tirst three centuries; and that those who attempted to 0! my soul, to the words of this patient sufferersubvert this doctrine, either by denying the proper “0! my Father! if it be possible, let this cup pass deity of the Son, or by asserting that Father, Son, from me!" There was the expression of humanityand Holy Ghost were but one Person under three dif- the language of that nature which he had voluntarily ferent names or characters, were looked upon and taken upon himself, and which shrunk from the treated by the Christian church as heretics. Such is dreadful prospect of suffering which the accumulated the opinion the learned bishops Bull and Stillingtleet guilt of a whole world was about to lay upon him as have left on record as the result of their researches their surety and Redeemer; and therefore in full view into the writings of the ante-Nicene fathers ; and we of this immense load of anguish, this overflowing eup are glad to be able to add the concurrence, in part, of of God's wrath against sin, which he, as the sinner's Dr. Priestley: he admits that all the early writers that substitute, was appointed to drink, he exclaims—“ If have come down to us, from Justin Martyr to Athana- it be possible, let this cup pass from me.” But mark sius, froin the middle of the second century to the his subinission to his Father's pleasure: he addsmiddle of the fourth, were trinitarians, with the soli- “ Nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt.” How tary exception of the author of the “Clementine homi- resigned to the appointments of his father on the lies and recognitions.” The rev. Joseph Milner sums subject of man's redemption! Ilow he acts in acup the result of his inquiries into the subject in the cordance with the language he uttered in the farfollowing words :-“I cannot but farther conclude, back counsels of eternity—“Lo, I come to do thy that the doctrine usually called trinitarian, was uni- will, O my God;" and with the words wherewith he versal in the church in those times (middle of the third addressed the stubborn Jews—_“I came down from century). Dionysius, Firmilian, Gregory, Theotecnes, heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him seventy bishops, the whole christian world, were unani- that sent me.” Having used these words of submous on this head; and this unanimity may satisface mission and resignation, he cometh to the disciples, torily be traced up to the apostles.”

and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter,

What! could not watch with me one hour ?" He THOUGHTS IN SOLITUDE.

addressed Peter-not James, nor John, but he spoke

to Simon the son of Jonas, who but a short time BY JOSEPH FEARX.

before had boldly and too confidently, alas! declared No. IV.

his staunch adherence to his Lord, under the most

afflictive and trying circumstances, and whose denial No language ean be more applicable than that of of him thrice ere cock-crowing he had predicted. the prophet Isaiah, when he described the Messiah, He then gives them the injunction “ Watch and pray, whose death he was predicting, as

a man of sor that ye enter not into temptation ;” and then, kindly rows and acquainted with grief;" for verily his whole making an allowance for the poor disciples, he saidcourse on this earth was one continuous scene of suf “ The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak;" fering, and he died at length the lingering and ex -thus proving the aptness of St. Paul's language to cruciating death of the cross.

the Hebrews_“We have not an high-priest who Soon after our divine Saviour had partaken of the cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities.” passover with his disciples, we are told by St. “He went away again the second time and prayed, Matthew that "he cometh with them unto a place saying—“O my Father, if this cup may not pass called Gethsemane ;" here it was that he was to away from me except I drink it, thy will be done.” endure that unparalleled agony which was

0! what profound submission to the will of God! cede the ignominious death of the tree.

“ He came and found them asleep again, for their It would appear that this garden of Gethsemane eyes were heavy.” “And he left them, and went was situated not far from the mount of Olives, which away again, and prayed the third time, saying the is the chief of a group of hills beyond the valley of same words;"—thus reiterating to his divine Father Jehoshaphat, through which lies the course of the tor his perfect resignation to his sovereign will, and his rent Kedron. St. John inforins us, that“ Jesus went desire to finish the work which had been given him forth with his disciples over the brook Kedron, where

to do. was a garden, into which he entered,” which garden Now all this time he was in an agony. St. Luke was Gethsemane.

tells us, “ that being in an agony, he prayed more But it is not conducive to our purpose that we earnestly; and his sweat was, as it were, great drops ascertain the precise locality of that memorable spot of blood falling down to the ground.” I have sai where my thoughts are now leading me; let it suffice that this was the Saviour's severest anguish; I judge that Gethsemane was the scene of my Redeemer's that we must not imagine that the agony here spoken severest anguish, and may I and all my readers derive of was corporeal, but that it was mental : bodily pains much improvement from a brief review of this narra he was subsequently to endure, even the anguish tion of the Mediator's sufferings!

of crucifixion; but I apprehend we must look upon


to pre

this as the agony of the mind, pressed down by the was the supreme work of hypocrisy. All its leaders consideration of his “ bearing the world's sins in his were low and licentious villains, slaves of the basest own body on the tree.” That it was mental pain propensities nurtured by the most criminal habits. which he endured in the garden, we gather from his We can detect nothing in them, to this hour, that own words,-“ My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even belongs even to the higher failings of our natureunto death.” And was not the thought of the situa not even a generous self-delusion, not even a wandertion in which, as a surety, he stood for the human ing enthusiasm for the good of man, not even the race of fallen Adam, enough to cause this “ agony erroneous ardour which might have rashly tasted of and bloody sweat ?" Was not the thought that “he the tree of knowleilge, and thoughtlessly incurred must bear the iniquities of us all” enough to create death. They were the tempters, not the tempted; this exudation from every pore of his sacred boily, as stern, subtle, and vindictive destroyers, for the sake he lay mid the lonely shades of Gethsemane's garden? of selfish possession, and selfish revenge. The faction I ween it was. He had a baptism to be baptised were not glowing zealots, whose political wisdom was with ; and how was he straitened till it were accom obscured by the blaze of their own imaginations. plished; and therefore no marvel that he suffered the Zealots undoubtedly they were, but it was by a frenzy anguish of spirit recorded by the inspired evangelist. of power and possession which incapacitated them

Now I am anxious that two thoughts may close from seeing the abyss into which they were plunging this paper, which I would for myself strive to cherish, themselves. They saw clearly the ruin into which and would implore my readers to make their own; they were plunging their fellow-men.

There they they are very simple and practical, but they are were cool calculators. The death of hundreds of worthy to be entertained. The first is—the enormity thousands was the grand essential; and the calof sin ; and the second is—the love of Christ. How culation was carried into effect, with the most ungreat must be the enormity of that sin which had swerving adherence to the great Jacobin law of masbrought such a curse upon the children of the apos sacre. But hypocrisy itself had its day. As the revotate, as that it was absolutely necessary for the eternal lution advanced, its doctrines grew more undisguised; Son of God to be born into the world, to agonize, to

the rapidity of its speed swept back its robe, and bleed, and even to die, that it may be removed, and showed the naked dagger hanging to its bosom. and that man may be saved! Every pang the Saviour Every additional step in this furious chase, which felt was caused by some one sin of Adam's family, hunted down the hope and the honour of France, and every blood-drop was the result of man's trans cast away some remnant of the covering in which it gression. But oh! what love prompted Jesus to en had performed its early mockeries of public virtue ; dure all this! “Be astonished, 0 heavens! at this :" until, at last, it held on its career, the open despiser of the everlasting Son, bleeding, and groaning, and dy- all attempts at palliation, in gigantic iniquity-the ing, for the vile tenantry of a small section of his own assertor of government by tyranny, of finance by uniunbounded empire. Truly it was a great love where-versal plunder, and of public regeneration by the with he hath loved us. " Greater love hath no man grapeshot and the guillotine. * The men made than this.” If these two impressions, caused in my for public ruin are the professed abhorrers of all vioown mind by this subject, should have been formed in lence. They are the mere solicitors for a small porthe mind of every one of the readers of this essay,

tion” of that general justice which is due to all beings I trust I shall have reason to be thankful, that my bearing the shape of mankind. They limit their thoughts led me to visit the margin of Kedron, and to pleadings, too, rather by what they can hope to obtain direct my attention to the garden of Gethsemane. from the compassion of the higher ranks, than by any

reference to the natural claims of members of the

same common fainily of freemen. Having thus made HORRORS OF REVOLUTION.

the first step, the advocacy grows bolder; it now dis[A work of Dr. Croly's, exceedingly well written, and enti

covers grievances, harangues on claims, and insists tled "Memoir of the political life of Edmund Burke,"*

upon rights. Still there is nothing more than imporbeen recently published, from which the following abridged extracts are taken, and are urged upon the most serious considera

tunity-no menace-no display of the ruffian visage tion of our readers: They testify the true character of revolu no railing against authority-no visible ebullition of tionary principles, and their demoralizing tendency. The cha that hot malignity which is swelling round the villainracters referred to were well known in the bloody annals of the

heart. Pamphlets, speeches, and sarcasms are the history of France, during the close of the last century.)

light weapons, the feeble missile shower, that cover II YPOCRISY is of all vices the most hateful to man; the march of the main body. The bearers of the pike because it combines the malice of guilt with the mean and the hatchet are not far behind, but they are kept ness of deception. Of all vices, too, it is the most out of riew. At last the signal is made the pleader dangerous; because its whole machinery is constructed has become the threatener--the entreaty for justice on treachery through the means of confidence, on has been raised into a demand for submission-the compounding virtue with vice, on making the noblest equality of privileges is now spurned for the robbery qualities of our nature minister to the most profligate of the higher ranks—the old constitution is no longer purposes of our ruin. It erects a false light where it

to crown all the hopes of patriotism by its reviral, it declares a beacon, and destroys by the very instru

is to be swept away as an incumbrance, for the building ment blazoned as a security. The French revolution of a new-then follows the true history of “ instal• Edinburgh: Blackwood. At the present aspect of affairs the

ments," of " means to an end,” of conciliation lavishet supporters of all that is excellent in religion and government are

till it becomes surrender, and of concession urged, till undirbligations to Dr. Croly.

there is nothing left to concede.


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shouts of the rabble whom he had inflamed, had paneBailly was born in Paris about the middle of the gyrized, and had plunged into a sea of blood, profalast century; an era when France, relieved from the nation, and treason. His last hours were wretchedness wars of Louis XIV., had begun to devote herself to the itself. The weather was dreadfully cold, yet Bailly, arts. His first pursuit was painting, his next poetry, accustomed to luxurious life, and nearly sixty, was his third science. Without possessing the powers that conveyed in an open cart through the streets of the confer originality, he was remarkable for plasticity of metropolis where he had once usurped the authority mind, which qualified him for various and vigorous of his king, and surrounded by the execrations of the attainments. The abstract sciences had become the multitude who had once followed his steps with huzzas. way to fame; and where La Caille had acquired a When, after a long détour, he at length reached the reputation, Bailly might be secure of eminence. He place where he was to die, either some official delay, published a succession of papers on astronomy, fought or some contrivance of official malignity, kept him his way up the national road to distinction, and con- standing on the scaffold for three hours, in the midst summated his career by being chosen, in 1770, a mem of a bitter November tempest of sleet and rain. ber of the academy, the very summit of French literary “ Aha! vous tremblez, Bailly," was the taunt of the ambition. The Brahminical astronomy, childishly circle of ruffians around him, who saw the shuddering overrated by infidelity in France, as an antagonist to of the half-naked old man. « C'est le froid, mon the Mosaic history of the origin and age of the world, ami," was his only answer. But his pain was at last had grown into a popular topic. It was adopted by brought to a conclusion. He was flung under the Bailly; from this point his researches led him to hatchet of the guillotine, and, with the roar of twenty inquire into the nature of astronomical knowledge thousand of his fellow-traitors in his ears, yelling “A among the ancients; and in the ten years from 1775, bas les traitres !” he closed a life of spurious ambition. he produced his three histories, of ancient astronomy, modern astronomy from the time of the school of Egypt, and oriental astronomy. These works made Condorcet was a victim of a higher order, in all him popular with the large class who love amusing senses of the word, a man of noble birtlı, of large atknowledge. He was now chosen a member of the tainments, and of distinguished science. About ten Academy of Belles Lettres. Romantic speculation, years younger than Bailly, his rank had introduced him and showy theory, made Bailly the theme of the more rapidly into the leading circles of Parisian literaParisian salous. And from that hour he began the

lle became the intimate of Voltaire and the career of his ruin.

showy crowd of infidelity. But his own powers subLively, unprincipled, and vain, he saw in the new

stantiated all his claims to scientific distinction ; and politics of France an opening to new distinction.

France was astonished to see a Marquis, at the age With the habitual ingratitude of French philosophy, of twenty-two, producing treatises on some of the he deserted the government which had raised him to sublimest subjects of analysis. The public honours wealth, and threw himself into the full chase of of science naturally followed, and the Marquis of popular applause. His intelligence and activity soon

Condorcet was made a member of the Academy of attracted notice, and, entering the states-general as Sciences at twenty-six. IIis unusual combination of a simple representative of the tiers état, he sat as eloquence with abstract knowledge, added to his dispresident of the national assembly. The fate of the tinctions the Secretaryship of the French Academy, monarchy was already decided, and Bailly made him on the death of D'Alembert. But the profligate prinself conspicuous, by the first insult to the law, in his ciples of French society had prepared every man for resistance to the royal order for the dissolution of the the revolution ; for all virtue begins at the fireside, assembly, in the well-known words of the oath,

and the altar. Condorcet followed the revolution to separate until they had obtained a free constitu- | in its fiery speed over the ruins of the state, and was tion.” He had now achieved the height of democratic consumed by the sparks Aung from its wheels. He renown, and received the fatal proof, in his appoint-published a journal filled with treason; and realized ment to the mayoralty of Paris, on the eventful 14th the treasons of his journal by entering into the Jaof July, 1789, the day of the capture of the Bastile. cobin Club. Too malignant to suffer royalty to perish But he had now entered on a pursuit in which every without a wound from his hand, yet too feeble to step is downward. The champion of democracy must strike the mortal blow himself, he took shelter alteralways either keep in front, or be trampled. The first nately behind the ranks of the Jacobins and the attempt of Bailly to check the riot of the populace Brissotins, and did the work of both without securing was his overthrow. He hall ordered the soldiery to the protection of either. fire on the revolutionary mob in the Champ de Mars. But even this contemptible dexterity could not save The wrath of the multitude was boundless, at this dis- him. He had sat in judgment on his king, and he appointment of robbery and massacre. Bailly, terri was to share in the inevitable retribution of the refied at the aspect of public vengeance, shrank from gicide. Of all the crimes of individuals or public office, retired into his study, and professed himself boilies in history, the death of the unhappy Louis was sick of ambition. But he was not thus to evade the perhaps the most rapidly, the most condignly, and the evil which he and his tribe of traitors had brought most naturally avenged on his destroyers. Of the upon the throne. The blood of his king was on the majority of 361 who voted for regicide, scarcely one diead of every Girondist. Bailly was dragged from escaped the direct punishment of this atrocious crime. lois seclusion by Robespierre, and, in November, 1793, Many were exileil, many died in utter beggary in the regicide philosophier was put to death, amid the France, many died by the same axe which had drank


the royal blood. Scarcely one survived within a few superior was he to the other boys of his class, that a years.

proposal was made to raise a subscription for his apCondorcet had outlived the Brissotins, but he was prenticeship to trade. Before this kind intention was not forgotten by the bolder traitors. In 1793 he was

fulfilled, an assistant poor law commissioner, obsery

ing the high promise of the lad, then fourteen years pursued by the general vengeance that swept the ranks old, transferred him, for further improvement, to the of French faction, in the shape of Robespierre--him- admirably conducted establishment at Norwood, and, self to fill an abhorred grave the moment his task

at the end of a twelvemonth, took him into his emwas done. The wretched ex-noble was hidden in ployment, as a clerk, benevolently engaging to give Paris for nine months, a period of protracted terror and to be his friend and protector, if he persevered in

him the advantage of additional school instruction, much worse than the brief pang of the scaffold. At right behaviour. The first act of the youth in his new length he fled to the country, in the hope of finding station, proved him worthy of the favour, of which he refuge in the house of a friend at Montrouge. had been the object. It was an endeavour to reclain This friend happened to be absent, and the fugitive his mother. He could not be at peace, while she so dreading to discover himself to the neighbourhood, the minister of the parish to leave " the path which

offended God. She had been earnestly exhorted by wandered into the adjoining thickets, where he lay inclineth unto death,” but, deaf to his warning, she for two nights, perishing of cold and hunger. At persisted in giving place to her spiritual enemy. The length, compelled by intolerable suffering, he ventured son addressed a letter to her, in which he pointed out to apply for food at the door of a little inn ; there he the awful consequences of her iniquity, if not immewas recognized as the delinquent named in decree of diately forsaken, and deeply repenteil of. It was a arrest, seized, and thrown into the village dungeon, the strongest call of duty could prevail with him, a

sensible, touching appeal. He stated that nothing but to be conveyed next day to Paris. Next morning he son-and at so early an age to offer counsel to a was found lying on the floor dead. As he continually parent, but that filial affection impelled him to entreat carried poison about him, he was supposed to have her, for her soul's sake, to turn from her evil way. He died by his own hand! Thus miserably perished, in added, that he should be able to make her such a

weekly allowance as would assist her in an honest vigour of life and understanding (for he was but fifty

course, if she would instantly leave the abode of sin one); a man of the most accomplished intellect, and and shame. The woman had a trial to encounter. possessing every advantage of rank, fortune, and fame. Three children had been born since she left the workBut he wanted a higher advantage still—honesty of house. Her partner in guilt was one, probably, for heart. He had sacrificed loyalty to popular applause, whom stie ceased to care the friendship of the wicked

is of short continuance-but from the children she personal honour to ambition, and the force, grandeur

felt it hard to part. This tie she had resolution to and truth of religious principle to the vanity of being break. The admonition of the good son was irresistithe most dexterons scoffer in the halls of infidelity. ble; she read it-it reached her heart, and she Grafting irreligion on personal profligacy, and rebel hastened to a married daughter, prepared to afford lion on both, his death was the natural produce. Liv

her a retreat. The companion from whom she fled

has invited her back in vain. She understands that ing an atheist and a traitor, he consistently finished

she has escaped for her life; she sees the pit of dehis course in despair and suicide.

struction on the brink of which she stood.

What a happy change has this youth effected ! and THE WORKHOUSE BOY.

how glorious the result, if the woman should become

a believing and lasting penitent. I HAVE been so much pleased with an event which

See the benefit of education in religions wisdomhas lately occurred in my parish, that I am induced

see what may be accomplished even in a workhouse. to commit the particulars of it to paper, believing that

The hand of God directed these occurrences. Doubtthe perusal of what I write will cause others to share less “it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that in my feeling.

runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy;" but God A labourer and his wife, of careless and idle habits

is pleased to work in human affairs by huinan instruafter the wretchedness and contention common to ments, and the blessing, which he graciously vouch

safed to the labour of love of this poor boy, he confers such characters, were separated, fourteen years ago,

on the labours of all who live in his faith and fear, by the absconding of the husband. The woman, with and," as the servants of Christ, do his will from the a family, took refuge in the work-house. She remained heart.” under its roof for four years, and, during her stay, the The beauty of this narration is, that it is strict and children were put out to service, with the exception of literal truth. It has no colouring or embellishment, a son, born very soon after the husband deserted her. it is plain matter of fact. The relator tells that which On quitting this shelter, she left her son an inmate of he knows, and testifies that which he has seen. it-the place of his nativity, and went to a neigh

March 3rd.

P. S. D. bouring cottage, rented by a single man, with whom

education afforded in the union work houses, and the ministrashe lived, until within the last fortnight. While she

tions of pious, and pains-taking chaplains, will be productive of followed this miserable course, her son won the regard

incalculable benetit. To the board of guardians of a union, a

most solemn charge is entrusted to see that the young persons of those set over him by his good conduct. Ile was in the workhouse shall be well instructed, and that every proper sent to the parish school, and, when the present poor service, but to private admonition and exhortation. Hard as

attention shall be puid, not only to the due celebration of divine law came into force, was removed to the union house the lot of a pauper child may seem-it is doubtful whether it of the district. There he made great progress under

may not be more advantageous than that of a child nurturd,

as is too often the case, in the filth and vice of a cottage. The a diligent school-master, and derived better know very habits of regularity, cleanliness, and subordination, acledge from the teaching of a faithful chaplain.* So Kindly forwarded to us, is peculiarly interesting; we think, how

quired in a workhouse, must be beneficial. The incident so

ever, it is not the only one, that Inight be recorded, of the audio • Without at all entering on the merits or demerits of th vantages derived by the children for the poor from the regulanew poor law question, there is every reason to hope that the tions of a well conducted " union workhouse." - ED.

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