Obrazy na stronie

and her brother looked in, and summoned them to this earnest of their redemption, of a life eternal with church.

him, in heaven.-Serle's Hora Solitarie. It is a pleasing sight to watch a village congregation as they assemble together by different paths, all

The HARMONY OF SCRIPTURE.-- Taking the Old and

New Testaments as a whole, the wonderful harmony converging at the house of God. The school-children in their neat and orderly array, descending in regular and convincing proof of its Divine inspiration. For

which pervades the sacred volume affords a sufficient gradation from the tall boy of fourteen carrying his let it be considered - 1. That this volume is evidently prize Bible, down to the little girls of five or six hold. ing each other by the hand-the village youths and

not the production of one author, but of many. The maidens in their best attire-the farmers' well-doing is so marked as to be evident, even through the me

different and characteristic style of each book, which families—and the aged men and women leaning on their staves. Many an old friend did Ridley recog

dium of a translation, is a sufficient proof of this. But nise about the church-porch: and he spoke kindly

to one who understands the original languages, this and familiarly with them, feeling that, on consecrated possibility of doubt, that these books were written, as

sort of argument has tenfold weight; and it leaves no ground, they stood on close equality; rank, station, they profess to be, by between thirty and forty difintellect, are brought to one common level within those

ferent authors. 2. These authors did not live in the sacred precincts, where all must one day mingle with

same age, but at different intervals, through a period the dust. The groups which lingered in the churchyard had

of at least fifteen hundred years. Here, also, what is now passed into the interior of God's house, and it powerful and conclusive argument also, even if lan

known of the progress of language would supply a might well be said of most amongst them, that they guages entirely different were not used in the former “ entered into his gates with thankfulness, and into his courts with praise.” And very few indeed were

and latter portions of this volume. They had, therethey who missed even the opening of the solemn

fore, no means or possibility of communication and service.

mutual agreement. They were, besides, placed under every possible variety of circumstances: some of them were kings and priests, others simple shepherds and

fishermen. As widely as men could be distinguished The Cabinet.

by natural character, and by the circumstances of eduTHE INFINITE Love of God to Sinners.— Im- cation and external condition - by riches, nobility, and manuel, God with us, is tantamount to “ Christ in us, learning, on the one hand, and by poverty, low estate, the hope of glory.". And if Christ be in us, and with and want of mental cultivation, on the other, - so far us, in this world, it is an infallible earnest, and an every circumstance tended to produce all manner of invaluable pledge, of our being “ with Christ in God" differences in their habits and opinione, modes of thinkfor ever in the world to come. Thus (to use the ing and feeling: not to mention how widely men differ excellent words of another), “ The highest heavens whenever they come upon speculative subjects, even are the habitation of his glory, and the lumble heart when, to human appearance, all external circumstances hath the next honour- to be the habitation of his have been the same. 3. Let all this be duly weigbed, grace." What ground, then, for rejoicing is here ! and we shall see, that it was utterly impossible that Believer, if thou hast the pledge, thou shalt have the

the productions of such, and so different authors - of portion. The faithfulness, the love, the omnipotence, so many scattered, diversified, and uncommunicating of thine Immanuel, are engaged to bestow it upon nious and consistent whole; unless each and all of

individuals,-could have combined to form an harmothee, and to bring thee to its eternal possession. What condescension, what infinite and unsearchable them had written (as they profess) by inspiration of kindness, is here! It would be thought a point of

one and the same all-wise, all knowing, and unchanging vast humility and beneficence, if an earthly king-a God, who sees the end from the beginning, and who, feeble frame, like all others, of dying clay-were to

in the development of a wonderful and eternal plan, descend from his throne, and lift up a filthy beggar,

has been pleased at different periods, and by different to make him the partner of his crown. But the con

instruments, to make kuown the various portions of descension of God is infinitely greater. The Lord of a system of religion to men, till the whole was comheaven and earth, the everlasting King of kings, not pleted. And, setting aside for the time all external only quitted his glorious throne, but became a man evidences, any reasonable man must receive the Bible like thyself—a man of sorrows-a man despised and as given by the inspiration of God, upon the internal rejected—a man, who, in his own created world," had evidence of its own perfect self-consistency alone. In not where to lay his head"--and, finally, a man to

order to see the force and truth of this argument, we bleed and groan and die, not for the safety of his

must, however, keep constantly in view the great, friends, but for the salvation of rebels, of apostates, of fundamental, and essential principles of religion, and enemies. He died for those who could never so much give them always their due and paramount importas have thanked him for dying, did not he add to that

If these are lost sight of, I cannot suppose that wonderful love the additional gift of his Spirit and

the harmony and consistency of which I speak should grace. Almost every one would think himself bound

be discerned or acknowledged. For it requires much in gratitude to pay a particular respect to a person longer study, more frequent perusal of, and thorough who might have saved an carthly life ; but how low is the acquaintance with, the contents of so large a volume thankfulness, how poor a return of love, is the most a more patient comparison of one part with another, ardent affection of the children of God, to him, who

- to discover the agreement upon points less importnot only hath saved them to a life of grace, and to the ant, more abstruse, and which ought only to be viewed possession of a thousand comforts, which the world in their subservience to the grand principles which cannot know, on earth, but hath also assured them, by pervade the whole. But let any man begin and con

duct his inquiry with a special reference to those, and • Let me observe in passing, how great a help it is to the

I will boldly put the challenge : Find me elsewhere, clergyman, when any of the educated persons amongst his in the whole compass of theological or philosophical parishioners will relieve him from the mechanical part of the writings -not thirty or forty, but ten or five (or, might Sunday-school instruction. Except he be a inan of robust health, two full services in the church are as much as one

I not say, even iwo?) authors, whose works, diliminister can well accomplish. And if, in addition to this, he

gently compared, will exhibit the same harmony and luas to lecture or catechise children for a couple of hours before consistency which pervades the Scriptures,—and then the service, it is probable that, by the time of the sermon, his I will acknowledge that this argument is weak and invoice and energy will be much exhausted. Let me add, that the aid given by well-disposed churchmen or church women in

conclusive. In the mean time, I must be allowed, while the Sunday-school must be regular, or it will be valueless. I behold and admire this divine consistency, and feel



the force of the unanswerable argument which it sup the creed received in all ages of the Church; and to plies to the believer, to observe, that those who assume this I refer you, as it leads you to the Scriptures, from ihe title of philosophical unbelievers, and pretend that, whence it was at tirst deduced; that while" those which upon consideration and inquiry they believe the Bible are unskilful and unstable wrest” the words of God to be a mere fiction, and the work of man, are open, himself “ unto their own damnation," ye may receive not only to the charge of ignorance, inattention, and so much instruction as may set you beyond the impuunfairness, but of blind credulity: Add to this, the tation of unskilfulness, and so much of confirmation proud and bitter spirit in which they oppose that as may place you out of the danger of instability.which, if true, is so unspeakably important; and we Bishop Pearson. have in their conduct one of the most awful and lamentable proofs and illustrations of that deep moral depravity, which is charged upon all mankind by the sacred

NATIONAL BALLADS.-No. XI. writers. ... Do not unbelievers themselves thus afford the strongest confirmation of one fundamental doctrine of that religion which they reject and deny, and become,

(For the Church of England Magazine.) in more than one respect, living evidences of the truth of the Bible?-From " The Essentials of Religion briefly


Hie to the battle-field! AM I A CHRISTIAN?– The important inquiry which

And mark the soldier who hath stood the foe, I propose is this: “What marks do I bear, which may But who at last hath reel'd, satisfy, and not deceive my conscience, that I am a Drag his faint limbs where cooling waters flow: Christian indeed, a child of God, and an inheritor of everlasting life?" Here we tread on ground where no Mark him, in torturing pain footsteps are to be found, save those of the followers And feverish haste his parched lips to raise, of the Lamb. No evidences can be admitted, but Then bid his toil be vain, “the marks of the Lord Jesus.” It will not do to

And cast him far, in hopeless thirst to gaze. say, “ I am temperate, prudent, chaste; I love my neighbours, friends, and kinsmen; I am a good hus Haste to the sinking ship! band, father, and friend.” To all this, it may be an

Listen the crashing planks, the rushing wave, swered, “ What do ye more than others ?" To be a Christian is to be what none but a Christian can be.

While from a neighbouring steep It is, being justified by faith, to feel ourselves at peace One rope descends a drowning man to save : with God, and calmly to repose in the blood of Jesus : it is to be partakers of a divine nature, cleansed and

But as with eager speed sanctified by the Spirit of our God: it is to be cru His hand is stretch'd that friendly rope to clasp, cified to the world, dead to pride, to sensuality, and to Then--shrink not from the deed self; and, at the same time, to be “not slothful in

Sever, mid yawning waves, his death-like grasp. business,” active in every duty, alive to every sympathy, rejoicing with them that rejoice, and weeping Turn to the prisoner's cell, with them that weep. To be a Christian is, in a word,

And see " a sunbeam, that hath lost its way,to be a new creature, with whom old things are passed

Fall where thick vapours dwell, away, and all things become new; whose life is hid with Christ in God, and whose citizenship is in heaven.

And o'er the captive's forehead cheering play: Reader, does this description suit thy case ? Art thou a Christian? If not, go to Him who can make thee

With joy long time unknown, one-who can foi thy sins, nge thy nature, and

Sunshine and youth beam with that sparkling light; impress his own image and superscription on thine

Heed not the lonely moan, heart.--Rev. H. Woodward.

But shroud him once again in darkest night. ANCIENT TESTIMONY.--I shall speak to you but

Thence to the poor man's cotwhat St. Jude hath already spoken to the whole

Hear famish'd babes on weeping parents call, Church. “ Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was need

And parents curse their lot, ful for me to write unto you, that we should earnestly As one by one they see their children fall: contend for the faith which was once delivered to the saints.” If it were so needful for him then to write, And stand thou by the while, and for them to whom he wrote to contend for the And grasp unflinchingly thy loaf of bread, first faith, it will appear as needful for me to follow And count with joyous smile, his writing, and for you to imitate their earnestness,

As one by one the victims bow the lead. because the reason which he renders, as the cause of that necessity, is now more prevalent than it was at Shrinkest thou from the task ? that time, or ever since. “For," says he," there are These are as tender mercies, heartless Rome! certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation ; ungodly men, turning

We rend away the mask, the grace of God into lasciviousness, denying the only

We view thy workings in our sea-girt home, Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ." The princi

From the pure living word ples of Christianity are now as freely questioned as the most doubtful and controverted points: the

'Tis thine to turn away the thirsting soul ; grounds of faith are as safely denied as the most 'Tis thine to snap the cord, unnecessary superstructions: that religion hath the When troubling waters o'er the spirit roll. greatest advantage which appeareth in the newest dress, as if we looked for another faith to be delivered to the

• It is but just to acknowledge that Dante's description of the saints. Whereas in Christianity there can be no con death of Count Ugolino's children by famine was in the writer's cerning truth which is not ancient; and whatsoever is mind while penning the seventh and eighth stanzas. One line truly new, is certainly false. Look, then, for purity in has been directly borrowed ;the fountain, and strive to embrace the first faith, to which you cannot have a more probable guide than

Vid' io cascar li tre ad uno ad uno."

"Come tu mi vedi

'Tis thine heaven's precious light

With thy false mists to darken and becloud, And-fearful, devilish sight

From souls of babes withhold their daily food. From thee with hate we turn,

And count thee, Rome, as our most deadly foe; Thoughts, feelings, in us burn, Though faintly in our words those thoughts and feel

ings glow.

STANZAS. 'Tis grace alone which lifts the mind

From meaner views the Lord to please; And prompts the soul in him to find

All that the soul can taste of ease. How blest such hours serenely glide,

Midst wrecks and horrors all around ! Nor shall death's rough and rushing tide

That placid sense of life confound. Pleas'd with his Father's sovereign will,

Who best can clioose and best decree ; His word he trusts him to fulfil,

With patient eye and waiting knee.
He sails o'er time's tumultuous main,

Dependent on eternal care;
And cannot oubt the port to gain,

For God hath sworn to bring him there.

degree to weaken those feelings of interest with which the stated seasons of visitation were anciently regarded. If the original purposes of this solemn meeting were more strictly kept in view; if all the parties concerned in its duties were more intent on converting it into a season of ministerial improvement and friendly conference,-much that is now merely formal might become instructive-much that is deemed repulsive might be rendered interesting ; what is at present tolerated in compliance with custom or in deference to authority, might be welcomed with delight, and regarded as a privilege. Visitations were designed, not more for the convenience of the bishop than for that of the clergy. The Church doubtless expects that he to whom a certain portion of ecclesiastical authority is delegated, for the due administration of her important interests, should avail himself of these occasional meetings to inquire into the actual state of his charge; to provide that all things be done decently and in order; in a spirit of purity as to doctrine, of unity as to external forms, of conscientious and unfeigned zeal as to the general functions of the ministry. But, on the other hand, the Church expects from her clergy, not a mere passive attendance, not a bodily appearance only, at a stated time and place, but intelligent participation in the business of the day, and a readiness to promote its useful objects; she requires them to meet, not as men having no calling or pursuit in common, but as brethren of one large Christian family, conferring with each other, and with their diocesan, respecting the state of their parishes, and taking sweet counsel together in whatever concerns the fulfilment of their pastoral office.-Bp. C. R. Sumner's Charge to Clergy of Llandaff.

THE MIGRATION OF Birds. “ The crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming" (Jer. viii. 7).—The migration and periodical flight of birds, instinctive as they must certainly be considered, are yet peculiarly demonstrative of the providential superintendence of the Creator. The natural history of the crane furnishes striking evidence of this assertion. Immediately after landing, we were surprised and delighted with a fight of birds, which we discerned at first like a thick dark speck in the heavens, which gradually enlarged as it approached, and discovered at length the array and order of their flight. They wheeled along their airy movements in the form of a semicircle, enclosing within itself numbers of smaller circles; the component parts of which were constantly shifting their relative positions, advancing to the front as if by a sudden impulse; then falling back to the rear, alternately cccupying and giving place to others. The lively competition was constantly maintained; each of them every instant passing or passed by his fellow. All was grace and harmony, not one discordant movement throughout the whole array; every thing appeared as if regulated by a preconcerted plan, in which every member understood and performed his part with freedom and precision, alike the subordinates and the superiors. They were too high in the air for us to hear any noise from the steerage of their wings, or to know what species of birds they were; but we judged them to be cranes. They held on their steady flight from north to south, following the course of the river, as far as the eye could accompany them.-Richardson's Travels.

Miscellancous. Mozart. — When Mozart was at Rome, at the age of thirteen, Ganganelli, who then filled the pontifical chair, invited him to the Quirinal Palace, where he had the honour of performing privately before his holiness. This was just before Easter. In the course of the conversation, the approaching performances in the Sistine Chapel were spoken of, particularly the famous Miserere of Allegri. Mozart, with the naïveté of his age, requested a copy from the pope, which he declined giving, explaining, in kind terms, that compliance was out of his power, because the piece was forbidden to be copied under pain of excommunication. The young musician, however, obtained permission to attend the single rehearsal which preceded the public performance. He listened with the most earnest attention; and on quitting the chapel, hastened home, and wrote down the notes. At the public performance he had the manuscript concealed in his hat; and having filled up some omissions, and corrected some errors in the inner parts, he had the satisfaction to know that he possessed the treasure so jealously watched. The next time he was invited to play before the pope, he ventured to mention what he had done, and produced the manuscript. The pope listened with amazement; but said, with a smile, “The prohibition cannot extend to the memory; and I think you may escape the penalty of excommunication." This composition, afterwards published from a copy sent as a present from Pope Pius the Sixth to the Emperor of Gerinany, was compared with the manuscript of Mozart, and it was found that there was not the difference of a single note. llogarth's Musical History, fc.

Visitations. -The relaxation of discipline into which our Church has gradually fallen, tends in some

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, st. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.


• From “ Serle's Horæ Solitariæ."

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proclaimed, that “God will have all men to THE POOR IN THE LAND.

be saved, and is not willing that any should BY THE Rev. ROBERT ARMITAGE, M.A.

perish.” But in every nation the vast multi

tude of men, women, and children, are poor; The poor seem to be highly exalted in Scrip- and, moreover, they must always be poor. ture; and against the words of Scripture who Poor men sometimes become rich, but then would contend? When it pleased God to rich men also become poor, and no man can send his dear Son into the world, what was point out the nation in which the rich are not the state to which he appointed him ? It was as a handful compared with the multitude of that of a poor man, who had not where to lay the poor. And it shall always be so; for his head, far poorer and more distressed God' has said, that "the poor shall never than the vast body of the working classes in cease out of the land :" and our Saviour said, this country. Does not this at once exalt “the poor ye have always with you;” shewthe state of the poor? The Saviour said, ing that, after he was gone, the poor would "Blessed are ye poor :" from among


still remain. he chose his disciples ; they were poor and “ The poor shall never cease out of the miserable on the earth, although they had land.” Can we prove this to be true from heaven in view. St. Peter said, “Silver and our common view of common life? To be gold have I none;" and the poorest man now sure we can, if we use but common sense. may possess virtues inferior to St. Peter, but And we prove it in this way,--people must far superior to all the silver and gold of the have food and clothing. But these cannot be whole world. The tribe of Levi had no por obtained without labour; and the weaver,

the tion allotted them in Israel, but they were tailor, the butcher, the baker, the cook, &c. honoured of the Lord. What is a high- must be employed. But would these trades-, sounding title or a large estate to a man who men work, unless they needed wages in ex. must soon fade away like the grass ? What change for their work? And what makes the whole of this world, and none of the next? them need wages? Why, their poverty. So And we are assured by One who cannot lie, that, unless these good tradesmen were poor that the poor man may be in Abraham's and needed money, the rich would be combosom, when the rich man shall be laid in the pelled to work for themselves. flames of hell; and that the poor man shall But, besides the articles of food and clothbe welcomed and comforted, when the rich ing, much domestic service is necessary. man shall “weep and howl" for the misery There is much hard and dirty work to be that shall come upon him.

done, which nobody would do, if they could Now is there not one very sufficient reason avoid it; and everyone will avoid it who needs at least, why God should speak so kindly of not to be paid for it: how then could it be the poor ; and cannot we easily discover it? done, unless there were poor persons to do It is this : the Gospel-invitation is sent to all it? Unless there are a vast multitude of men, and to every man of every nation it is poor persons, sufficient to meet the great deVOL. VIII. NO, CCIV.

D [London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.)

mands of labour (and how vast is the demand | drive poverty from the earth. Kings might for most laborious work in this great com combine, religious men unite, and the people mercial and agricultural nation!), and others conspire, and all these work in harmony torich enough to pay them for labour, there gether; and yet they could not succeed in would be little comfort, cleanliness, peace, or establishing a world in which the vast numhappiness in the world. Poverty is the very ber of its inhabitants should not be poor. soul of industry; it is the pendulum that He that sitteth in the heavens would laugh keeps in motion the business of the nation; them to scorn.

The banishment of poverty and the main care should be, that it be duly is beyond the power of man. The Queen, regulated. If the poor ceased out of the and her Houses of Lords and Commons, and land, the whole machinery of the nation all her rich and poor, might enter into a would be stopped, when its workmen were league together to banish poverty from one gone, and what comforts could we have then? town or county of England -and they could Without labour, nations cannot rise, but re not do it. As long as this earth is spread main in a savage state; and if the poor were out under heaven, such must be the case. all gone, we should get no work done; and And just let us look round. We see inequathen, having to make our own clothes, our lity reign in all the works of nature under own shoes, our own guns, and cook our own God; and as one man is ignorant and anvictuals, we should soon be desirous of wear other learned, so is one strong and another ing clothes as easily made as possible, of very weak. And whether we look to the laws of ordinary shoes, &c., until we should get back nature, or the laws of reason, or the laws of to the state of savage life; and instead of religion, to the laws equally of God or man, clothes, we should wear the skins of animals; we we know that one man will be rich, and aninstead of shoes, we should tramp on our other will be poor. So fixed and unchangenaked feet; instead of guns, we should be able is this, that if all, by any contrivance of content to have a spear; and instead of cook- man's ingenuity, were put equal to-morrow, ing victuals, we should rather eat it raw; and some would be unequal again before the thus having gone back to savage life, we night. As long as dispositions and abilities should gain savage dispositions and manners are unequally given, so long the fruits of also--we should kill and plunder—and we these dispositions and abilities must be unshould see England as England was hundreds equal. So that it is plain, that if all were put of years ago : and I do not believe that those equal to-morrow, unless we had the power to who seek to make the poor discontented equalise men's various natures, the equality with their condition would be in love with must soon be undone by the men themselves the change, but rather they would be the first who were equally placed. And it would be to agitate for a change back again the first undone in this way: one man would be to draw up a primitive charter the first to strong and another weak; surely then the acknowledge, that without law there can be no labour done by the one (and some labour liberty; and that in proportion to the strength must always be done) would be greater than of the law is the strength of liberty. And that done by the other, and there would recollect, even in our barbarian state, that be inequality, in some way, at once, -one the poor

would not cease out of the land.” man would be industrious, and another idle ; If a nation was deprived of that poverty one man drunken, and another sober; one which takes common labour off the hands of man more ingenious than another ; different some, we should have no men giving them- trades would arise, and some seek more payselves up to those higher labours of learning ment than others; two men would get fightand science which are so conducive to the ing, while others were working; one would happiness and welfare of the poorest man rob another ; one would have a family, and living, as things at present are constituted ; another not even marry; one would be charitand without our men of learning and genius, able, another a miser; the children must be we must run back, like a broken clock, to poorer than the father:-so that equality is a savage life. Surely, in all this we must see mere dream, an idle vision, a madman's talk, that poverty is a special appointment of al- until that time when the grave shall strip us mighty God?

of all our worldly advantages, and we shall But in addition to the above plain reasons stand, kings and beggars alike, naked, and for the wide existence of poverty, we know poor, and blind, and miserable, as regards all that all the men of all the world, all the earthly power, wealth, and distinction, before kings, and princes, and presidents, and all God. Seeing then that these things are fixed, the armies and navies of the world--in short, that our common sense, equally with the reall the wisdom, and power, and cunning, and vealed word of the Gospel, tells us not only labour of all the men of England, France, “that the poor shall never cease out of the Russia, China, America, &c., could never land," but that the vast multitudes of every

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