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Bishop M'Ilvaine to a mutual friend in England. to approximate towards that spirit and method of

Nero York, Sept. 15th, 1835. teaching of which their Lord was a perfect examples “MY DEAR Friend, I have purposely delayed may their hearers remember that it is possible, writing to you since my return to my field of labour mechanically to acknowledge the truths presented to and anxious care, that I might communicate the re them in these gospels, without any serious ensult of the proceedings of the General Convention of deavour to view them in their genuine force and the church in regard to Bishop Chase. That council bearings ; nay, that they may become intellectually has recently terminated its session, and I have the masters of the whole subject without allowing it to happiness of stating that, Bishop Chase having been have a vital influence upon their consciences, their called to take the oversight of the new diocese of Illi-hearts, and their lives. Unless that view of scripnois, the diocese and its Bishop have been unani- ture be sought from above, which sanctifies the will mously received into union with the whole church of while it enlightens the understanding, the philoso. this country. May the Lord be ever with my venera- phical examination of its evidences, or the critical ble brother in the episcopacy in his vast and unculti- survey of its literary character, will rather be of vated diocese, and grant him in his declining years a disservice to our real welfare. Without that spring time of fruitfulness in his work and labour of safeguard, such inquiries, by multiplying facts and love, “ Faithfully yours,

notions of slight and secondary moment, will distract “C. P. M'ILVAINE. and deter us from the simple reception of the word

Bishop of Ohio.” of God, as the direct communication between our From the Rt. Rev. Benjamin Onderdonk, Bishop of souls and that Power who implanted, and will again New York.

require them.--Light Shining out of Darkness.

THE CHRISTIAN.—The Christian is a man, and “I regard the recent organization of the diocese of

more-an earthly saint-an angel clothed in fleshIllinois under the episcopal superintendance of the Rt.

the only awful image of his Maker and RedeemerRev. Bishop Chase, as an event highly auspicious to

the abatract of God's church on earth-a model of our church in the immense western region of this re

heaven, made up in clay—the living temple of the public. The exertions however of the few and feeble Holy Ghost.— Bishop Hall. congregations in that diocese need to be furthered, and the hands of its diocesan strengthened by the aid of more favoured portions of the Church. . Whatever

Poetry. application may be made by Bishop Chase or in his name and under his authority, will I hope be favour

LAYS OF PALESTINE. ably and liberally responded to by the members of the members of the diocese of New York.

No. VI.

BY T. G. NICHOLAS.
The Cabinet.

( For the Church of England Magazine) THE SAVIOUR.-The discourses of Jesus have a

" Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit

be in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields spirit and tendency which distinguishes them from shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, all others, and especially from the method or

and there shall be no herd in the stalls: yet I will rejoice in the instruction prevalent in his owo age. We discover Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation.”—Hab. iii., 17. in them none of the trifling glosses upon scripture, Though on each sun-lit hill no more por the "old wives' fables" in which the scribes Spread the rich tendrils of the vine, delighted; none of the affected obscurity or the

And though the fig-tree's bloom be o'er sophistical distinctions common in the Grecian schools of philosophy. No particular stress is laid

Through the glad vales of Palestine; upon the explanation of doctrinal points, or the

A higher, nobler joy be mine, interpretration of difficult passages of the Old Testa

A ray of that celestial glow ment. We remark everywhere a tranquil familiarity Which centres at the throne divine, with the highest subjects; a disposition rather to

Whence pure unnumber'd pleasures flow. assume and authoritatively .to enforce, than to demonstrate the truths he taught. Yet is his man Though Heaven no kindly influence yield, ner in the highest degree affectionate. A "spirit Nor genial showers their moisture lend, of love" no less than a sound mind animates his

Nor the full increase of the field exhortations as well as his actions; a love which, while directed towards his heavenly Father as its

In Autumn, 'neath the sickle bend; supreme object, embraced all his creatures within itz There is a great unchanging Friend bands. If his first object was to glorify God by

Who views his own with pitying eyes, “bearing witness to the truth,” his second was to While to his ear their vows ascend render that truth acceptable to bis hearers, to convince them that it came from one who perfectly

A pure, accepted, sacrifice. loved them, and was willing and able to do more for And though the flocks at even-tide their present and eternal welfare than man had ever Obey their Shepherd's call no more, undertaken. His whole soul appears so possessed

Though drought, and strife, and fear abide with these high purposes as to become insensible to his own glory ; prepared in this cause to endure,

Where peace and plenty smil'd before; even to court every extremity of shame and indig

Though ev'ry earthly joy be o'er, nity. Our Lord's teaching is also represented as

My heart shall still in God rejoice, practical ; not so much calculated to win admiration, His mercy now and evermore to gratify the intellect and excite the fancy, but Shall gladly swell my raptur'd voice ! directly effectual to supply the actual necessities of man-of man as he exists in every age and in every clime; to make a way for the doctrines he enforced

IS ALL WELL? to the hearts as well as to the understandings of his hearers ; to represent them vividly to their eyes

Yes, all is well, my God, that thou hast done, and ears; to connect them with their domestic

From the first lour my pilgrimage begun usages and daily duties. May the ministers and Thy love has never changed, nor succours fail'd stewards of his mysteries be enabled more and more When foes without and fears within assail'd.

When my heart rested on some fancied good, send provisions from his own kitchen, all the time If thou the favourite object hast withstood,

he sat Bishop in Edinburgh, to the prisoners. In 'Twas all in love, that future days might tell,

particular, he nearly killed the west-land Whigs,

taken at Pentland, with over-repletion. Burnet Thou in denying hast done all things well.

himself adınits that the prisoners were in greater

danger from full feeding than they had been during Now memory glances at the changeful past, their short ca.npaign. He wrote the history of the Surveying how and where my lot was cast; war in Scotland under the great Montrose, a book In each, in all events thy grace I see,

to which all historians are indebted for the true his. And I must justify thy ways to me.

tory of that period.—Stephen's Life of Archbishop Sharp (of St. Andrews)

RELIGION IN AMERICA.-In the United States, the CHRIST A SURE REFUGE.

variety of sects, the continual splitting and breaking ( For the Church of England Magazine.)

up of those sects, and their occasional violent alter

cations, have all proved most injurious to society, and “I am.” Exodus, 3, 14.

to the cause of religion itself. Indeed, religion in Art thou weak, afflicted soul ?

the States may be said to have been a source of conI am strong to make thee whole.

tinual discord, and the unhinging of society, instead Art thou sick and hast no cure ?

of that peace and good-will inculcated by our Divine

Legislator. It is the division of the Protestant Church I am thy physician sure.

which has occasioned its weakness in this country, Art thou fainting on thy road ?

and will probably eventually occasion, if not its total I am near to bear thy load.

subversion, at all events its subversion in the Art thou hungry, thirsty, poor?

western hemisphere of America. At present Mas.

sachusetts, and the smaller eastern States, are the I am rich to bless thy store. Art thou much with grief opprest ?

strong-hold of religion and morality; as you proceed

from them farther south or west, so does the inI am come to give the rest.

fluence of the clergy decrease, until it is totally Art thou weary of thy sin ?

lost in the wild states of Missouri and Arkansas. I am peace to thee within.

With the exception of certain cases to be found in I am ready at thy side

western Virginia, Kentucky, and Ohio, the whole

of the States to the westward of the Alleghany Moun. I am right and left to guide,

tains, comprising more than two-thirds of America, I am Life, and Love, and peace

may be said to be either in a state of neglect or darkI am Joy, which ne'er shall cease!

ness, or professing the Catholic religion. If the A. G.

C. 0.

Protestant cause is growing weaker every day from disunion and indifference, there is one creed which is as rapidly gaining strength-I refer to the Catholic

Church, which is silently bu: surely advancing. Its Miscellaneous.

great field is in the west, where, in some states, al. Bishop Wishart.-George Wishart, Bishop of most all are Catholics, or from neglect and ignorance Edinburgb, was of the family of Logie, in the county altogether indifferent as to religion. The Catholic of Angus. He first was minister of North Leith, but priests are diligent, and make a large number of con: was deposed by the Covenanters in 1638, for refusing verts every year, and the Catholic population is added to take the Covenant. The insurgents who were then to by the number of Irish and German emigrants in possession of the government, discovered that he to the West, who are almost all of them of the Cahad corresponded with the royalists, and in conse tholic persuasion. Athough it is not forty years quence they plundered him of all his goods, and im. since the first Roman Catholic see was created, there prisoned him in Haddo's-hole. Haddo's-hole, or is now in the United States a Catholic population of the thieves' hole, was the nastiest and worst part of 800,000 souls under the government of the Pope, an the common gaol of Edinburgh, and was so de archbishop, 'twelve bishops, and 433 priests. The nominated from the circumstance of Sir John Gor number of churches is 401 ; mass-houses about 300 ; don, of Haddo, having been shut up in it for his colleges, ten ; seminaries for young men nine; theoloyalty to Charles I. Wishart was immured in this logical seminaries five ; noviciates for Jesuits, moloathsome dungeon for seven months, and during all nasteries and convents, with academies attached, that time was only allowed once to change his linen. thirty-one ; seminaries for young ladies, thirty; While in Haddo's-hole he ran some risk of being de- schools of the Sisters of Charity, twenty-nine ; an voured by rats, the marks of whose voracity he bore academy for coloured girls at Baltimore ; a female on his face to the grave. On his discharge from this infant school, and seven Catholic newspapers.abominable place, he went abroad with the Marquis Captain Marryat's Diary in America. of Montrose. After the fall of that illustrious noble RELIGIOUS Desires. -None ever thirst after God man, he became chaplain to the Queen of Bohemia, and righteousness, but those who in some measure sister to Charles I., and in that capacity accom- already enjoy the one, and possess the other. Thomas panied his royal mistress into England in 1660, to à Kempis. visit her nephew after his happy restoration. He was presented to the church and rectory of Newcastle-on-Tyne, where he lived much respected. On

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. the restoration of the Church of Scotland, he was A communication, post-mark Warminster, has been forpreferred to the sec of Edinburgh, as a reward for warded to us by a clergyman near London, to whom, by name, his loyalty and former sufferings. He was conse it had most improperly been addressed. We cannot notice any. crated at St. Andrews, and held the see of Edinburgh thing not directed to the Editors, at the Publishers. till his death in 1671. He was buried in the Chapel Royal, Holyrood, where an elegant monument was erected to his memory. He was a man of true re

London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, ligion and piety; and never forgot his own sufferings Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town

Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. in Haddo's-hole; but felt for those who inhabited that and Country. abode of wretchedness and misery. In pursuance of this charitable sympathy it was his daily practice to JOSEPH ROGERSON, 24 NORFOLK STREET, STRAND, LONDON.

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ON THE CHOICE OF BOOKS, AND THE STUDY | religious subjects, are daily issuing from the OF THE SCRIPTURES.

press, which contain every imaginable vaBY THE REV. ELLIS B. WERE, M.A. riety and shade of doctrine and sentiment. Vicar of Chipping Norton, O.rfordshire.

Some of them are most useful and edifying ;

others are flimsy and superficial. Some conJUDGING from the multitude of books and tain the marrow of ancient standard divinity, readers, that we see on every side, we may some contain the fruits of original thought reasonably conclude, that never were so many and labour: whilst others are nothing more readers to be found, as at present, and never than old works revived, and adapted to the were so many books written and published. tastes and habits of the age ; new editions, The press literally teems with books; it pours in fact, of old works, with the title-page forth volume after volume, with unexampled omitted, and the phraseology pruned and fecundity: and perhaps more works emanate polished according to the present fashion. In from the prolific brains of the present gene- such a theological labyrinth, how desirable ration, in one year, than were conceived by would it be to have a clue, by which to shape our sober forefathers in at least fifty years. our course, so as to arrive by the best and The fact is, every one now seems to write; nearest path, at the great object of pursuitand not content with writing, every one seems the knowledge of divine truth.

Indeed, also to print.

without some such clue, we are in danger of Scribimus indocti, doctique poëmata passim. losing our time, and of running into all kinds I have often thought how useful it would of error and contradiction. Now we read a be to the young, to have a kind of bibliogra- book charged with the dogmas of a particular phical Mentor, to guide their devious steps, party, and are convinced by it. By-and-bye, and direct their conflicting choice, amidst we light on another book of opposite tenets; the intricate maze of quartos, octavos, and and between the two we are suspended and duodecimos, which, arrayed in imposing bewildered. garbs, every where meet their eye, and We may be told that this is the price alcourt their attention. For, to say nothing ways to be paid for knowledge ; and that it of foolish, fanciful, or demoralizing works, can be acquired in no other way. how necessary is it to reject multitudes, even I reply, that in the case of adults, who of a good and useful character.

have read and reflected, and whose minds So many works are now written on the are tolerably matured, this kind of promissame subject, with perhaps a slight difference cuous reading may do no harm, though rarely. in the title, or the mode of treatment, that we I think, does it do much good. But, in the may waste pounds and months on a library case of young persons, whose opinions are of books, in acquiring that knowledge, which not yet formed, and who are anxiously seekwe might more speedily and cheaply have ing after truth, it is of great service to put acquired, by the perusal of one well-selected them in the best and plainest way of acquirvolume. This remark is equally applicable to ing it, and, as far as possible, to keep from theological works, as to those of a secular and them every thing perplexing and contradicscientifie kind. Innumerable volumes on tory. We may be told that, without reading VOL. VIII, -NO, CCXIV.

(London: Joseph Rogersou, 24, Norfolk-street, Strand.

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both sides of a question, it is almost impossi- | parable excellence of the scriptures, and the ble to decide upon it. I do not, however, unparalleled guilt and folly of neglecting condemn such reading; I only advocate a them, and yet, sad to say! he feels his judicious selection of books on the subject, heart and affections secretly recoil from holy and recommend that they should be placed communion with them. This feeling has in the hands of the reader at convenient and been a source of inexpressible anguish to fitting seasons.

many a pious Christian. Indeed, to be able For instance, it might be proper for the to perceive the moral worth and beauty of young divine to make himself acquainted the eternal word, and yet to be incapable of with the arguments of infidels, against our loving and embracing it, may possibly be one holy religion ; but it would not be judicious of the keenest punishments to be endured to set him on that task before he had well hereafter, by lost souls. Compared with studied the evidences in favour of Christianity. such, the fate of the fabled Tantalus, were

Moreover, there is reason to apprehend that blest—were enviable ! much time is frequently devoted to the works If the Christian would shun this evil, and of men, which ought to be employed upon the be spared these painful feelings, he must word of God.

habitually search the scriptures; he must And every Christian knows by experience, imbue his mind with their spiritual truths ; that a close and perpetual perusal of secular, he must cherish a pure and sanctified taste, and even of theological works, has the me- and restrain his desires and affections from lancholy effect of producing an alienation and running too freely after the charms and aldistaste to the study of the sacred volume. lurements of mere secular literature. But the bible should be the Christian's text. This latter is a snare, into which persons book, and, in one sense, his library; he of taste and education frequently fall—to the should be comparatively a man « unius melancholy detrimeut of their piety and peace libri," and should jealously guard againt the of mind! If ever it was necessary to guard influence of any literary charms, which may against this temptation, and to exercise pruweaken his affection for the sacred oracles of dence and caution in the selection of books, God. There is a repose, a purity, a bright- it is at the present time, when every day gives ness and sublimity in the holy scriptures, birth to so many attractive volumes, whose which are not congenial with the earthly and merits are infinitely diversified; and when, polluted mind of man; and it flies from them, consequently, it becomes so difficult to sepaas the bird of night from the beams of the rate the wheat from the chaff—the precious noontide sun. For alas! “ men love dark- from the vile. We should ever remember, ness rather than light, because their deeds are that, as we shall have to give account hereevil; and they will not come to the light, lest after of every idle word that we speak, so their deeds should be reproved."

we shall have to do the same respecting every And this sad characteristic, or infection, of idle book that we read. It is the interest, our fallen nature remains, like other corrup- therefore, as well as the duty of the Christian, tions, even in the breasts of the regenerate so to employ the time, talents, and opportuweakened and subdued indeed, but still ex-nities which God has given him, that he may isting; it still stirs and breathes, though be able to render that account with joy, and bleeding at every pore; and if the Christian not with grief. And, doubtless, he will not does not vigilantly keep under his prostrate be the least approved of by his divine mas. foe, if he does not pierce him through and ter, who has spent most time in the school of through, with the sword of the Spirit, that foe Christ; who has acquired most of the mind will revive~will recover his former strength, and of the truth that are in him; and who and again struggle with him for the mastery. has been most diligent in the study of that Yes, so strong and deeply rooted is our na sacred book, which alone can make us wise tural aversion to spiritual things, that, though unto salvation. the Christian may, at one time, feel a sacred pleasure in the perusal of the scriptures, and

A SERMON BY A WALDENSIAN PASTOR. be able to exclaim with the psalmist, “Oh! how love I thy law; it is my meditation all The following sermon, by a Waldensian pastor, derives the day;" yet, at another time, if he nego which produced it; and it is hoped that a few intro

considerable interest from the place and circumstances lects the perusal of them, and indulges too ductory observations will serve to correct the erroneous much in promiscuous and secular reading, notions which too often confound the Vaudois

, he will find a gradual decay of his spiritual Waldenses of Piemont, with the Vaudois, or people of taste, and a growing disinclination to spiritual the Pays de Vaud in Switzerland. studies. He may grieve and wonder at the

At this particular crisis, when the Protestants on change, yet so it is; his understanding and the continent, and particularly those of Switzerland, experience may combine to prove the incom- are putting their Churches in jeopardy by the theo

or

logical doctrines which they profess; it is of no small

to hold the convocation under the canopy of heavenimportance to exhibit the little Church of the valleys it was therefore assembled in a large granary. The of Piemont in its true character and locality. It is an solemnity commenced with prayers from the WalItalian, and not a Swiss Protestant community; it has densian liturgy; and never did I witness more devoa liturgy of its own; it is an established Church ; it is tion while the voice of supplication and praise arose not a voluntary, but an endowed Church, although the from the minister's lips, or a more listening congregapoorest of the poor ; and there is yet one more mark tion during the delivery of the sermon. to distinguish it from that of a similar name in Switz The preacher gave me bis sermon, which was in erland. At the last synod held at Lausanne by the French -- the language in which the Vaudois of PieVaudois pastors of the Pays de Vaud, confessions of mont receive all their instruction, because Bibles and faith were declared to be inconsistent with Chris- Protestant books are not permitted to be circulated in tian liberty. At the synod of the Waldensian Church Italian ; and the copy, which is now offered to the of the Vaudois of Piemont, held in April 1839 at La reader, is a literal translation of the original. Tour, the articles of faith, called the Confession

W. S. GILLY. of 1655, (because it was published in that dreadful

" How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that year of persecution, as the basis of faith on which the

bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth Waldensian Church had rested for ages past,) were

good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith

unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!"-Isaiah, lii. 7. formally recognised as the rule of public instruction and worship. One of its articles is to this effect- | The connexion between the subject of these words, “ That there are two natures in Jesus Christ, viz. is most striking. We are now assembled upon these

and our present circumstances and place of meeting, divine and human, truly united in one and the same mountains, where every thing speaks to us of the person, without confusion, separation, division, or

greatness, the majesty, and the power of the Almighty, alteration; and that Jesus Christ is very God and very

to offer unto him our tribute of adoration and thanks. man.” It was declared also in the synod of April last, giving. On these mountains the ministers of his word that candidates for orders cannot be admitted to the bring good tidings, and publish peace to his people,

and address them in the words of consolation and sacred functions until they have signed that confession, joy—“Thy God reigneth.” This was the prophet's and publicly avowed that they will adhere to it in their announcement; this it was that filled his soul with the preaching and teaching.

most lively emotions, and constrained him to cry out, Such is the Waldensian Church of the mountains of “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of Piemont. During three or four months in the sum- him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace !"

What subject can be more calculated than this to mer, many of the inhabitants of the Alpine villages quicken our devotion and love, and to inspire us with drive their flocks and hierds to the rich pasturages near those religious feelings by which only we can lay hold the summits of the mountains, and dwell for the time on the grand and important truths to which the proin chalets, or log-houses, at a considerable distance phet directs us, and partake of the divine influence by

which he was animated ? from their homes. To these remote spots the Waldensian shepherds and herdsmen are frequently fol- the true meaning of the words of my text; secondly,

In order to attain this end, we will consider, first, lowed by their pastors; and a congregation is col we will endeavour to analyse the feelings of the prolected on the green turf, in the midst of one of phet; and we will conclude by drawing some practical nature's grandest amphitheatres. The preacher places instruction from them. himself under the shade of a rock, upon a platform of whom heaven is the throne, and earth the footstool ;

O sovereign Ruler of the universe ; great Being, of the living granite, and there addresses his hearers thou who fillest all things with thy presence, and upon some sacred topic; to which the scene and the from whom no secrets are hid ; look down from the associations of the present, the past, and the future, throne of thy majesty upon this portion of thy children secure a degree of heart-stirring attention, which is

now assembled to meditate on thine infinite mercies, more easily imagined than described.

and to seek the things that belong unto their peace. I was present at one of these sublime services. The with hands, we now humble ourselves before thee,

Believing that thou dwellest not only in temples made spot selected for the sermon was an Alp on the Col de and publish thy praises amidst the works of thy creala Croix, one of the frontier ridges of France and Italy, tion, in the glorious temple which thou hast formed and very near the pass which leads from Val Lucerne for thyself. Accept, O Lord, our offering of prayer and in Piemont to Val Queiras in Dauphiné. Monte praise ; supply whatsoever is imperfect in us ; be with Viso, and its bright pinnacle of snow, soared above

him who speaks, and with those who hear; that with

one accord we may make the echoes of these mounthe mountain-sanctuary; and the plains of the Po tains to repeat,“ The Lord reigneth; let the inhabitants might be seen from the stupendous rocks which over of the earth rejoice, for he hath redeemed Jacob; he hung it.

will not cast of his people, neither will he forsake his At nine o'clock in the morning, a shepherd blew a

inheritance. Amen." " blast both loud and long” with a large conch-shell ; of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth

“O, how beautiful upon the mountains are the feet others, from the surrounding heights, did the same ; salvation ; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth !" and the summons was repeated at intervals for more It must be evident to every one that the expression, than an hour. It had been announced, for several days “how beautiful are the feet of him that bringeth good previously, that the moderator of the Vaudois Church tidings!" is employed by the prophet in a figurative would preach on this occasion ; and people were seen

sense only, in the glowing style of Oriental writing ; approaching from all directions. Many French Pro

and by it may be understood the messenger himself,

or the tidings which he announced. It must be evitestants crossed the border to hear the Italian pastor. dent also, if we consider the power accompanying But a storm of wind and rain interrupted the pic.these words, the inspired fervour of the prophet, and turesque and holy gathering ; and it was not possible the tenor of the whole chapter from which the text is

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