Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

A.D.

A D. St. Vitalian - - 658–672 | Stephen VIII. - - 929—931 Adeodatus - - 672-676 | John XI. - - - - 931—936 Domnus I. - - 676—679 Leo VII. - - - - 936–939 St. Agatho - - - - 679–682 Stephen IX.

939—943 St. Leo II. - - - 682—683 Martin III.

943—946 St. Benedict II. 684-685 Agapetus II.

946–956 John V. - - - 685_686 John XII. - .

956–964 Conon - - . 686-687 Benedict V.

964-965 St. Sergius I. - 687-701 Leo VIII.

964-965 John VI. - - - - - 701—705 John XIII.

965–972 John VII. - - - 705–707 Benedict VI. .

972–974 Sisinnius - - 708 Domnus II.

974–975 Constantine - - - - 708—715 Benedict VII.

975—983 St. Gregory II. - . . 715—731 John XIV. .

984–985 St. Gregory III. . - 731–741 John XV.

986—996 St. Zachary - - - - 741—752 John XVI.

996 Stephen II. - . 752 Gregory V.

996—999 Stephen III. - 752_757 St. Sylvester II. - . 999—1003 St. Paul I. - - 757767 John XVII. - - - 1003 Theophylact 767 John XVIII.

1003-1009 Stephen IV. - - 768–772 Sergius IV.

1009—1012 Adrian I.- - . 772–795 Benedict VIII. - a 1012-1024 St. Leo III. 795-816

- 1024-1033 Stephen V. - - 816817 Benedict IX. - • 1033—1044 St. Paschal I. - - - 817_827 Sylvester III. - - 1044 Eugenius II. .. - 824-827 Gregory VI. - - - 1044-1046 Valentine -

827 Clement II. - - - 1046—1048 Gregory IV.- - 828–844 Damasus II. - - - 1048 Sergius II. - - - - 844-847 St. Leo IX. - - . 1049—1054 St. Leo IV. - - - - 847-8 Victor II. - - - - 1054—1057 Benedict III. - - - 855–858

Stephen - - - - 1057-1058 St. Nicholas I. -

858–867 Benedict X. - - - 1058 Adrian II. - - - - 867_872 Nicholas II. - . - 1058_1061 John VIII. - - - - 872–882 Alexander II. - - 1061-1073 Martin II.

882-884 St. Gregory VII. - 1073—1035 Adrian III. . - - 884-885

The see vacant one year. Stephen VI. - - - 885–891 Victor III. - - - 1086--1087 Sergius - - - - 891 Urban II. - - - 1088—1099 Formosus - - - - 891–896 Paschal II. - . - 1099_1018 Boniface VI.

896 Gelasius II. - - - 1118—1119 Stephen VII.*

896–897 Calixtus II. - - 1119_1124 Romanus - . 897—898 Honorius IV.

1124—1130 Theodore II. 898 . Innocent II.

1130-1143 John IX. -

- 898—900 Anacletus - - - - 1130—1138 Benedict IV.- . 900-903 Victor - - - - - 1138 Leo V. -

-
- -
-

- - 903 Celestine II. - - - 1143_1144 Christopher -- 903—904 Lucius II. - - - 1144_1145 Sergius III. - - - 904–911 Eugenius III. - - 1145—1153 Anastasius III. - - - 911—914 Anastasius IV. - - 1153-1154 Laude .

- 914 | Adrian IV. - - - 1154-1159 John X. - - - - - 914—928 Alexander III. - - 1159–1181 Leo VI. - - - - - 928–929 Victor IV. - - - 1159–1164

5

[ocr errors]

* Expelled for his immoralities, imprisoned, and strangled. Baronius says, he entered like a thief, and died, as he deserved, by the rope.

+ He was a boy of ten or eleven years old when he assumed the popedom, and disgraced himself by every vice.

[ocr errors]

1 187

A.D. Paschal III. - - 1164—1168 Calixtus III. - - 1168_1178 Innocent III. - - 1178–1180 Lucius III. - -

1181—1185 Urban III. - - - 1185-1187 Gregory VIII. - Clement III. - - - 1187—1191 Celestine III, - - - 1191—1198 Innocent III.- - - 1198—1216 Honorius III. - - 1216—1227 Gregory IX - - - 1227—1241 Celestine IV. - - - 1241

The see vacant nearly two years. Innocent IV. - - - 1243–1254 Alexander IV. - - 1254—1261 Urban IV.. - - - 1261—1264 Clement IV. - - - 1265—1268

The see vacant nearly three years. Gregory X. - - - 1271—1276

nocent V. - - - 1276 Adrian V, - - - - 1276 John XX. - - - - 1276—1277 Nicholas III. - - - 1277—1280 Martin IV. - - - 1281—1285 Honorius IV. - - - 1285—1287 Nicholas IV. - - - 1288—1292

The see vacant two years. St. Celestine V. - - 1294 Boniface VIII. - . 1294—1303 Benedict XI. - - - 1303—1304

The see vacant nearly a year. Clement V. - - - 1305-1314

The see vacant two years. John XXI. - - - 1316—1334 Benedict XII. - - 1334—1342 Clement VI. - - - 1342—1352 Innocent VI. - - - 1352_1362 Urban V. - - - 1362—1370 Gregory XI. - - - 1370—1378 Urban VI. - - - 1378_1389 Clement VII. - - 1378—1394 Boniface IX.*. - - 1389-1404 Benedict XIII. - - 1394—1424 Innocent VII. - - 1404—1406 Gregory XII.A - - 1406—1409 Alexander V.. - 1409—1410 John XXII.I - - - 1410—1415 Martin V. - - - - 1417-1431 Clement VIII. - - 1424--1429

A.D. Eugenius IV. - 1431—1447 Nicholas V. . - 1447_1455 Calixtus III. - - - 1455–1458 Pius II. - - - - - 1458--1464 Paul II. - - - - 1464-1471 Sixtus IV. - - - 1471-1484 Innocent VIII. - - 1484-1492 Alexander VI. - - 1492–1502 Pius III. - - - 1503-1506 Julius II. - - - 1503---1513 Leo X. - - - . 1513-1521 Adrian VI. - - - 1522—1523 Clement VII. - - 1523-1534 Paul III, - - - - 1534-1549 Julius III. . - - 1550—1555 Marcellus II.-

1555 Paul IV. -

1555—1559 St. Pius IV. - - - 1559—1565 Pius V. - - - - 1566-1572 Gregory XIII. - . 1572—1585 Sixtus V. - - - - 1585—1590 Urban VII. - - - 1590 Gregory XIV. - - 1590—1591 Innocent IX. - - - 1591 Clement VIII. - - 1592—1605 Leo XI. - - - - 1605 Paul V. - - - - 1605—1621 Gregory XV. - - - 1621-1623 Urban VIII. - - - 1623--1644 Innocent X. - - - 1644–1655 Alexander VII. . . 1655—1667 Clement IX. - - - 1667–1669 Clement X. - - - 1670–1676 Innocent XI. - - - 1676–1689 Alexander VIII.- - 1689-1691 Innocent XII. - .. 1691-1700 Clement XI. - - , 1700—1721 Innocent XIII. - - 1721-1724 Benedict XIII. - - 1724-1730 Clement XII. - - 1730-1740 Benedict XIV. - - 1740-1758 Clement XIII. - - 1758–1769 Clement XIV. - - 1769-1774 Pius VI.

1775-1799 Pius VII. - - - .. 1800—1823 Leo XII. - - - - 1823–1829 Pius VIII. - - - 1829–1830 Gregory XVI. 1831. The reigning

Pontiff.

* See pp. 2,3. This was the time of the great western schism, which lasted from A.D. 1378 to A.D. 1429. The anti-popes were acknowledged by about one-half of the European states.

+ Deposed by the Council of Pisa, A.D. 1409 ; but persevered in retaining his office till his death.

| Deposed by the Council of Constance.

No. IV.

THE THIRD CANON OF THE FOURTH COUNCIL OF

LATERAN, A.D. 1215.

De hæreticis. Excommunicamus et anathematizamus omnem hæresim extollentem se adversus hanc sanctam, orthodoxam, catholicam fidem, quam superius exposuimus : condemnantes universos hæreticos quibuscunque nominibus censeantur; facies quidem habentes diversas, sed caudas ad invicem colligatas, quia de vanitate (al. varietate) conveniunt in idipsum.

“ Dampati vero, sæcularibus potestatibus præsentibus, aut eorum bailivis, relinquantur animadversione debita puniendi, clericis prius a suis ordinibus degradatis ; ita quod bona hujusmodi damnatorum, si laici fuerint, confis. centur : si vero clerici, applicentur ecclesiis a quibus stipendia perceperunt.

“Qui autem inventi fuerint sola suspicione notabiles, nisi juxta considerationes suspicionis, qualitatemque personæ, propriam innocentiam congrua purgatione monstraverint, anathematis gladio feriantur, et usque ad satisfactionem condignam ab omnibus evitentur; ita quod si per aduum in excommunicatione perstiterint extunc hæretici condemnentur.

“ Moneantur autem, et inducantur, et, si necesse fuerit, per censuram ecclesiasticam compellantur sæculares potestates, quibuscunque fungantur officiis, ut sicut reputari cupiunt et haberi fideles, ita pro defensione fidei præstent publice juramentum, quod de terris suæ jurisdictioni subjectis universos hæreticos ab ecclesia denotatos bona fide pro viribus exterminare studebunt: ita quod amodo quandocumque quis fuerit in potestalem sive spiritalem, sive temporalem assumptus, hoc teneatur capitulum juramento firmare.

« Si vero dominus temporalis requisitus et monitus ab ecclesia, terram suam purgare neglexerit ab hac hæretica fæditate, per metropolitanum et ceteros comprovinciales episcopos excommunicationis vinculo innodetur. Et, si satisfacere contempserit infra annum, significetur hoc summo pontifici ; ut extunc ipse vassallos ab ejus fidelitate denunciet absolutos, et terram exponat catholicis occupandam, qui eam exterminatis hæreticis sine ulla contradictione possideant, et, in fidei puritate conservent : salvo jure domini principalis, dummodo super hoc ipse nullum præstet obstaculum, nec aliquod impedimentum opponat : eadem nihilo minus lege servata circa eos qui non habent dominos principales.

« Catholici vero qui crucis assumpto charactere ad hæreticorum exterminium se accinxerint, illa gaudeant indulgentia, illoque sancto privilegio sint muniti quod accedentibus in terræ sanctæ subsidium conceditur.

“ Credentes vero, præterea receptores, defensores et fautores hæreticorum, excommunicationi decernimus subjacere : firmiter statuentes ut post quam quis talium fuerit excommunicatione notatus, si satisfacere contempserit infra annum, extunc ipso jure sit factus infamis, nec ad publica officia seu consilia, nec ad eligendos aliquos ad hujusmodi, nec ad testimonium admittatur. Sit etiam intestabilis, ut nec testandi liberam

habeat facultatem, nec ad hæreditatis successionem accedat. Nullus præterea ipsi super quocumque negotio, [respondeat,] sed ipse aliis respondere cogatur. Quod si forte judex extiterit, ejus sententia nullam obtineat firmitatem, nec causæ aliquæ ad ejus audientiam perferantur. Si fuerit advocatus, ejus patrocinium nullatenus admittatur. Si tabellio, ejus instrumenta confecta per ipsum nullius penitus sint momenti, sed cum authore damnato damnentur. Et in similibus idem præcipimus observari. Si vero clericus fuerit, ab omni officio et beneficio deponatur: ut in quo major est culpa, gravior exerceatur vindicta.

“Si qui autem tales, postquam ab ecclesia denotati fuerint, evitare contempserint excommunicationis sententia usque ad satisfactionem idoneam percellantur. Sane clerici non exhibeant hujusmodi pestilentibus ecclesiastica sacramenta, nec eos Christianæ præsumant sepulturæ tradere, nec eleemosynas, aut oblationes eorum accipiant: alioquin suo priventur officio, ad quod nunquam restituantur absque indulto sedis apostolicæ speciali. Similiter quilibet regulares, quibus hoc etiam infligatur, ut eorum privilegia in illa diæcesi non serventur, in qua tales excessus præsumpserint perpetrare.

“Quia vero nonnulli sub specie pietatis, virtutem ejus, juxta quod ait apostolus, abnegantes, authoritatem sibi vendicant prædicandi, cum idem apostolus dicat, Quomodo prædicabunt, nisi mittantur ? omnes qui prohibiti, vel non missi, præter authoritatem ab apostolica sede, vel catholico episcopo loci susceptam, publice vel privatim prædicationis officium usurpare præsumpserint, excommunicationis vinculo innodentur; et, nisi quantocius resipuerint, alia competenti pana plectantur.

“ Adjicimus insuper, ut quilibet archiepiscopus vel episcopus, per se, aut per archidiaconum suum, vel idoneas personas honestas, bis aut saltem semel in anno propriam parochiam, in qua fama fuerit hæreticos habitare, circumeat : et ibi tres vel plures boni testimonii viros, vel etiam, si expedire videbitur, totam viciniam, jurare compellat; quod si quis ibidem hæreticos sciverit, vel aliquos occulta conventicula celebrantes, seu a communi conversatione fidelium vita et moribus dissidentes, eos episcopo studeat indicare. Ipse autem episcopus ad præsentiam suam convocet accusatos qui nisi se ab o!ojecto reatu purgarerint, vel si post purgationem exhibitam in pristinam fuerint rélapsi perfidiam, canonice puniantur. Si qui vero ex eis juramenti religionem obstinatione damnabili respuentes, jurare forte noluerint; ex hoc ipso tanquam hæretici reputentur.

« Volumus igitur et mandamus, et in virtute obedientiæ districte præcipimus, ut ad hæc efficaciter exequenda episcopi per diæcesas suas diligenter invigilent, si canonicam effugere voluerint ultionem. Si quis enim episcopus super expurgando de sua diæcesi hæreticæ pravitatis fermento negligens fuerit vel remissus; cum id certis indiciis apparuerit, et ab episcopali officio deponatur, et in locum ipsius alter substituatur idoneus, qui velit et possit hæreticam confundere pravitatem.”—Labb. Concil. Ed. Mansi. tom. xxii. p 987—990.

TRANSLATION. Of heretics.-We excommunicate and anathematize every heresy that exalts itself against the holy, orthodox, and catholic faith, which we ha

already set forth, condemning all heretics, by whatsoever name they may be known; for though their faces differ, they are tied together by their tails, agreeing in their vanity.

“Such as are condemned are to be delivered over to the existing secular powers, or their officers, to receive due punishment. If laymen, their effects shall be confiscated. If priests, they shall be first degraded from their respective orders, and their property applied to the use of the churches in which they have officiated.

“ Those who have incurred a public suspicion of heresy shall be punished with anathema, and their company shunned by all men, unless they thoroughly clear themselves from the charge. If they remain under excommunication a year, they shall then be condemned as heretics.

“ Secular powers of all ranks and degrees are to be warned, induced, and, if necessary, compelled by ecclesiastical censures, as they desire to be accounted faithful, publicly to swear that they will exert themselves to the utmost, in defence of the faith, and extirpate all heretics, denounced by the church, who shall be found in their territories. And whenever any person shall assume government, whether it be spiritual or temporal, he shall be bound to swear to abide by this decree.

“If any temporal lord, after having been admonished and required by the church, shall neglect to clear his territory of heretical pravity, the metropolitan and the bishops of the province shall unite in excommunicating him. Should he remain contumacious a whole year, the fact shall be signified to the Supreme Pontiff, who will declare his vassals released from their allegiance from that time, and will bestow his territory on Catholics, to be occupied by them on the condition of extirminating the heretics, and preserving the said territory in the pure faith ; and they shall possess it without molestation, saving the rights of the supreme lord, if he shall have put no obstacle or impediment in the way. The same course shall be taken with those who have no supreme lord.

“ Catholics who shall assume the cross for the extirmination of heretics shall enjoy the same indulgences, and be protected by the same privileges, as are granted to those who go to the help of the Holy Land.

“We decree further, that all who have any dealings with heretics, and especially such as receive, defend, or encourage them, shall be excommunicated ; expressly declaring, that if any person, after his excommunication has been published, shall fail to give satisfaction within a year, he shall be accounted infamous. He shall not be eligible to any public office or commission, nor to vote for the appointment of others to such offices. He shall not be admitted as a witness. He shall neither have power to bequeath his property by will, nor to succeed to any inheritance. He shall not bring an action against any person, but any one may bring an action against him. Should he be a judge, his decisions shall have no force, nor shall any cause be brought before him. Should he be an advocate, he shall not be allowed to plead. Should he be a lawyer, no instruments made by him shall be held valid ; but shall be condemned with their author. And we decree, in like manner, for all similar cases. But should the offending party be a priest, he shall be deprived of every office and benefice he may hold, that, as his fault is greater, his punishment may be proportionate.

« PoprzedniaDalej »