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tenets of popery in too open and undisguised a manner, and thus exhibit it in its own colours, as an anti-scriptural system. This assertion will be justified by comparing the work in question with another Roman-catholic translation, published in Dublin, “ by permission.”* Out of a great number of instances that might be adduced, a few specimens only will be selected, for the sake of brevity. It will be convenient to arrange them under three divisions-omissions, additions, mistranslations.

1. OMISSIONS. Dublin Edition, 1816.

Donovan's Edition, 1829. “By the sacraments only, so that “Sins can be forgiven only through the form of them be kept, sins may the sacraments, duly administered. be forgiven ; but otherwise there is The church has received no power no power of absolving from sin given otherwise to remit sin." p. 110. to the church ; Whence it follows that the priests as well as the sacraments are, as it were, instruments to the forgiveness of sins, by which Christ our Lord, who is the very author and giver of salvation, works in us forgiveness of sins, and righteousness." p. 82.

“ There is no greater punishment “For no crime is there reserved by to be feared from God for any sin God a more terrible vengeance than whatsoever, than if this thing [the for the sacrilegious abuse of this adoreucharist), which is full of all sanctity, able sacrament, which is replete with or rather which contains the author holiness itself.” p. 206. and fountain of sanctity, be not holily and religiously used by the faithful.” p. 163.

“As that holy and learned man “To use the admirable words of Hilarius has written concerning the St. Hilary, a man not less eminent for truth of Christ's flesh und blood,&c. piety than learning.” p. 222. p. 177.

« But there is another point to be « The pastor will also produce explained by the pastors, whence it another passage from scripture in may plainly be known, that the true proof of this sublime truth.Ibid. body and blood of the Lord is contained in the eucharist.” Ibid.

* “ The Catechism composed by the decree of the Council of Trent, and published by command of Pope Pius the Fifth. A new edition, faithfully translated into English, by permission.” Dublin, 1816.

+ The passages omitted are printed in italics.

Dublin Edition, 1816.

Donovan's Edition, 1829. 66 The pastors must explain not « The pastor will also explain to only that the true body of Christ, and the faithful, that in this sacrament whatsoever belongs to the true nature are contained not only the true body of a body, as bones and sinews, but of Christ, and all the constituents of also that whole Christ is contained in a true body, but also Christ whole this sacrament.” p. 181.

and entire.” p. 226. “ Now after this" (the subject is “It is accompanied with a sincere 'inward penance,' or ' penance as a sorrow, which is an agitation and afvirtue,') “ there follows, as the com- fection of the mind, and is called by panion thereof, grief and sorrow, many a passion, and if accompanied which is a disturbance and affliction, with detestation, is, as it were, the and by many is called a passion, companion of sin ; it must, however," joined with the detestation of sin. &c. p. 254.

Therefore according to many of the holy fathers, the definition of this kind of penance is declared in the grief of the soul.p. 206.

“ Virginity is rather highly com- “Virginity is highly exalted and mended and persuaded to every one, strongly recommended in scripture.” and that by sacred scripture.” p. 275. p. 328.

“ Acceptable also to God, and his “ Most pleasing in the sight of saints which are in heaven.” p. 335. God and of his saints.” p. 389.

11. ADDITIONS. * " Yet it is not to be denied, but “It is not, however, to be denied that they (heretics and schismatics] that they are still subject to the jurisare in the power of the church, as diction of the church, inasmuch as those who may he judged by her, they are liable to have judgment

punished, and condemned with an passed on their opinions, to be visited anathema.” p. 71.

with spiritual punishment, and de

nounced with anathema.” p. 96.7 “ Although Christ at his last supper “ It does not follow of necessity.instituted and delivered to the apos- &c. p. 244. tles this most profound sacrament in the species of bread and wine, yet it does not follow from hence that this was made by our Lord and Saviour to be a law,” &c. p. 197.

“ This [the form of absolution) the “This form is not less true when

* The words added are printed in italics.

+ “Ut qui ab eâ in judicium vocentur, puniuntur, et anathemate damnentur.” It will be seen that both the editions are faulty here : the Dublin edition entirely omits the word “punished," while the professor interpolates the word “spiritual,to make us believe that the power of the “secular arm” is not intended !

Dublin Edition, 1816.

Donovan's Edition, 1829. priest may pronounce no less truly, pronounced by the priest over him concerning that man also who, by who, by means of perfect contrition, virtue of a most ardent contrition, has already obtained the pardon of his (yet so as that he has the wish of sins. Perfect contrition, it is true confession,) has obtained from God reconciles the sinner to God, but his the pardon of his sins.” p. 211. justification is not to be ascribed to

perfect contrition, independently of the desire which it includes of receiving the sacrament of penance.” p. 259.

III. MISTRANSLATIONS.

“ Received from the apostle.” p. “ Received from apostolical tradi45.

tion." p. 64. - All others, which falsely claim “ All other societies arrogating to to themselves that name, [of the themselves the name of Church, • Church,'] and being also led by the because guided by the spirit of darkspirit of the devil,” &c. p. 76. ness,” &c. p. 102.

" Which words (1 Cor. xi. 26] “ Words which prove to demonshew the true substance of the body stration the real presence of Jesus and blood of Christ our Lord.” p. 177. Christ.” p. 222.

“It was said by the Prince of “The doctrine of St. Peter.p. Apostles.” p. 264.

317. “ Delivered by Peter, the prince “ Peter also has left," &c. p. 319. of apostles.” p. 266.

“They (the apostles] very well “ They well understood the numerknew how great and how many ous and important advantages which advantages might arise to the Chris- must flow to Christian society from a tian society, if the faithful rightly knowledge of the sanctity and an inunderstood the holiness of matrimony, violable observance of the obligations and kept it inviolable ; and, on the of marriage ; while they saw that contrary, it not being understood, or from an ignorance of the former, and neglected, many great calamities and a disregard of the latter, marriage injuries are brought upon the church.” must prove the fertile source of the p. 271.

greatest evils, and the heaviest cala

mities to the church of God." p. 324.* “ We ought, indeed, at all times “We should then pay particular to pay the duties of honour to our attention to what regards their eternal parents ; but especially when they salvation, taking especial care that are dangerously sick, for then we they duly receive the last sacraments.must endeavour that nothing be p. 390.

* The object of the compilers of the Catechism was to shew that great evils and calamities have arisen from neglect of the obligations of marriage ; but the professor has so constructed his translation, that marriage itself is represented as the source of those evils and calamities.

Dublin Edition, 1816.

Donovan's Edition, 1829. omitted which belongs either to the confession of sins or to the other sacraments which are to be received by Christians when death approaches." p. 336.

“ Fortified—with the defence of “Fortified by the sacraments of the religion.” Ibid.

church.Ibid. “ But of them who obeyed not the “But of those who resist the spic priests, it is written,” &c. p. 339. ritual authority of the priest, it is

written : He that will be proud, and refuse to obey the commandment of the priest who ministereth at that time to the Lord thy God, by the decree of the judge that man shall

die,’ (Deut. xvii. 12.)” p. 394. Many more passages might have been adduced. These, however, will suffice to convince the reader that Romancatholic translations ought to be carefully watched. *

* At page 82, an entire paragraph is omitted. In another place, enumerating the incentives to irregular desire, the authors mention “obscene books,” which are as much to be avoided (they say) as indecent images. They add, (referring to the decree on the use of images,) “let the pastor chiefly take care that those things be studiously observed which have been piously and religiously decreed by the holy Council of Trent, concerning those points.”—Dublin edition, p. 356. Professor Donovan bas virtually suppressed this passage, by placing it as a note at the bottom of the page in the original Latin! The reason is obvious; he was unwilling to have it believed that the images adored by Roman Catholics are ever disgraced by anything approaching to indecency. But why was the admonition given ?

384

CHAPTER XVII.

POPE PIUS'S CREED.-CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS.

Decree respecting the Observance of the Enactments of the Council-Bull

of Confirmation-Pope Pius's Creed— Concluding Observations-Popery and Christianity contrasted.

The concluding portion of the last decree of the council evinces the anxiety felt by the fathers for the due observance of their enactments; and the manner in which they decreed such observance to be enforced deserves particular notice, since a claim is openly advanced which some would fain persuade us has been long ago relinquished.

“ So great has been the calamity of these times, and the inveterate malice of the heretics, that no explanations of our faith have been given, however clear, nor any decrees passed, however express, which, influenced by the enemy of mankind, they have not defiled by some error. For which cause the holy council has taken particular care to condemn and anathematize the principal errors of the heretics of our age, and to deliver and teach the true and catholic doctrine: this has been done—the council has condemned, anathematized, and defined. But since so many bishops, called from different provinces of the Christian world, could be no longer absent from their churches without great loss and universal peril to the flock; and no hope remained that the heretics would come hither any more, after having been so often invited and so long waited for, and having received the pledge of safety, according to their desire; and therefore it was necessary to put an end to this holy council; it now remains that all princes be exhorted in the Lord, as they now are, not to permit its decrees to be corrupted or violated by the heretics, but to ensure their devout reception and faithful observance, by them and by all others. But if any difficulty should arise in regard to their 'éception, or any circumstances occur, which indeed are not

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