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Sale by Auction.
Miscellaneous Books, MSS., Parchment Deeds, &c.
& CO. will SELL
AUCTION, at their Rooms, 115, Chancery Lane, W.C., on WEDNESDAY, January 13, and Following Day, at 1 o'clock, MINCELLANEOUS BOOKS, including the Library of the late W. T. BROWNE (of Chetham's Library, Manchester), sold by order of the Executor, comprising a Collection of Books on Calligraphy, Penmanship, Secret Writing, and Shorthand-Hasted's History of Kent, 12 vols., with the Plates to the Folio Edition-Books with Coloured Plates-First Editions - Coloured Caricatures and Books on the Caricaturists-Scrap Books, &c.; also an EXTENSIVE COLLECTION OF SIXTEENTH, SEVENTEENTH, AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURY DEEDS on Parchment, relating to Property in various English Counties-MSS. of Antiquarian and Genealogical InterestLetters and Documents relating to America.
Catalogues on application.
Established 1890. ISSUED SATURDAYS.
"OUT OF PRINT." When your bookseller gives you that reply, or you want a SCARCE BOOK, tell him to advertise in THE CLIQUE (the ONLY organ of the Antiquarian Book-Trade) and he is SURE TO GET IT.
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THE CLIQUE: GAWTHORP & SONS,
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16, LONG ACRE, LONDON, W.C.
AUTHORIZED TO BE USED BY BRITISH SUBJECTS.
JOHN O. FRANCIS and J. EDWARD FRANCIS,
"CULN" BRASS AND BRONZE, MARBLE AND ALABASTER.
NOTES AND QUERIES FOR JUNE 30, 1900.
Containing an Account of the Flag,
With Coloured Illustration according to scale.
JOHN C. FRANCIS and J. EDWARD FRANCIS,
Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C.
LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1915.
NOTES:-An Analogy to Sir Thomas Browne, 1-The
Literary Frauds of Henry Walker the Ironmonger, 2-
Holcroft Bibliography, 4-The Prologue to Eastward
Hoe,' 5-Printing at Pontypool-"From China to Peru,"
6-Poem attributed to Dr. Johnson-The Founder of the
Hulme Trust-"The Day Cousamah," 7
QUERIES:-Name of Play Wanted, 7-William Thompson,
d. 1775-Botolph Lane-Nathaniel Cooke-Sir Everard
Digby's Letters-Saluting the Quarter-deck - Bishop
Douglas's Virgil: The Sibyl, 8-Oliver Cromwell of
Piræus mistaken for a man East Anglian Families:
Elizabeth Stainton-Newnham Family-Luke Robinson,
It is at this point that I bring in my
"Spiritual members"-"Sound as a roach "-"Madame
"We'll go to Kew in lilac time"-Kentish
NOTES ON BOOKS:-Whitaker's Almanack and Peerage
-Papers of the Hampshire Field Club- The Library
Journal'-' Winter's Pie'-'The Cornhill.'
REPLIES:-Lieut. Col. Thomas Carteret Hardy, 10-The
Kingdom of Fife-Beszant Family-Detectives in Fiction,
11-Fielding's 'Tom Jones' its Geography - Medallic jecture."
Legends-The Titled Nobility of Europe'-Heraldry of
Lichfield Cathedral - Fire and New-Birth, 12-Author
Wanted - Borstal-The Height of St. Paul's-Shake- peculiar coincidence. While on a visit to
speariana: "Hallooing "-Alphabetical Nonsense, 13- New Orleans, Louisiana, some four years ago,
"Holy Thursday "-Modern Advocate of Druidism-De
Tassis, the Spanish Ambassador temp. James I.-Regent the one custom that appeared to me very
Circus, 14-Scots Guards: Regimental Histories-Wild strange was the method of burial there
Early Steam Engines, 15- George IV.'s
Natural Children-Timothy Skottowe, 16- Quotations practised. Instead of interring the dead
Wanted - Moyle Wills-"Thirmuthis," 17-O'Neill below the surface of the ground, as has been
the custom of the majority of Christian
peoples throughout modern times, they bury
their dead in a wall built around the outside
of the cemetery. This wall is about six feet
in width, and, besides encompassing the
burial-ground, also crosses the cemetery
through the centre. It is divided into
sections, each section being about two feet
square at the mouth, and about as deep as
the wall itself. When a person dies they
place the corpse in a copper casket, tapering
at both ends, with a top that can be opened.
When the corpse is within, the casket is
hermetically sealed, and placed in the section
of the wall belonging to that particular
family, and then the mouth of the section is
cemented up. When another member of
that family dies the section is broken open,
the casket removed and opened, the bones
of the preceding corpse dumped out on the
floor of the section, and the second corpse
buried in precisely the same manner as was
the first. This continues for years, until
finally the section contains nothing but the
bones and dust of many a victim of death.
When the section is full it is closed up, never
to be opened, and another section is designed
This is done because the Mississippi River
often overflows, as a result of the spring rains
and floods, and submerges the city with
several feet of water. Obviously, if people
were buried sub terra, the cemetery would
become a breeding-ground for diseases of all
FOR those attracted by the works of Sir
Thomas Browne the following coincidence
may prove of interest. In the essay which
forms a sort of supplement to his 'Urn Burial,'
Browne relates that while certain persons
were digging in the vicinity of Brampton,
England, they came upon a curious method
of burial. About three-quarters of a yard
below the surface of the ground was found
a square, about two yards and a half on each
side, surrounded by a brick wall. This wall
measured a foot through, and was coloured
red, although there was no masonry of any
kind visible. The square was of the same
substance as the wall; in fact the square and
wall evidently consisted of one solid piece,
which had been burnt into the correct shape.
On this wall there were thirty-two holes
about 2 in. in diameter, on two of which
were found pots, mouth downwards. In
these pots, however, nothing was discovered
them a deposit-a great lump of an heavy
crusty substance." This substance might
very probably be the remains of the body of
a buried person, which the action of the water
Upon exploring further, it was found that
To my mind the walls discovered in Brampton correspond to the walls at present used in our own country, although I admit this holds true in only a rough way. Should I be assuming too much were I to say that these Brampton walls were once above ground, or at least in some cave or grotto? Their depth in the earth upon discovery might be due to gradual changes that had taken place in the topography and physiography of the neighbourhood. As to any doubt that might arise concerning the survival of the brick walls through so many centuries without wearing away and finally disappearing, I might offer as an example the artificial mounds and walls lately brought to light in North America. These were built during the Pleistocene Age. Or if the Brampton burial walls were constructed in a cave, they very probably were not submerged in earth until recent times, when the
roof of the cave fell in.
Whether the walls were built in a cave or on the surface of the ground, the important fact is that their peculiar construction, in coincidence with the method of burial in New Orleans, brings forth the idea of the topographical changes that have occurred in England. Was the region around Brampton at one time in the vicinity of a large river, or did the sea approach close thereto, making the wall method of burial compulsory? It is for those best fitted in this line of research to determine. KENNETH M. LEWIS. Short Hills, New Jersey, U.S.
THE LITERARY FRAUDS OF HENRY WALKER THE IRONMONGER.
(See 11 S. x. 441, 462, 483, 503.)
10. (a) SEVERALL SPEECHES DELIVERED CONFERENCE A
AT POWER AGAINST MENT.'
PUBLISHED on 3 Feb., 1648, nearly a whole year before the King was beheaded, and professing (inferentially) to be a report of a conference between the Lords and the Co nmons about taking action against the King, this book is the most important fraud in English history. It is usually catalogued to the esuit Father Robert Persons, or Parsons, who, or Verstegan, wrote the original book, of which this was a piracy. The original is a rare work, owing to the steps taken to suppress it when it was published. The following is the title of the
CONCERNING THE OF PARLIAMENT ΤΟ PROCEED THEIR KING FOR MISGOVERN
The origin and history of this book have been exhaustively treated by the Rev. J. H. Pollen, S.J., in a paper entitled 'The Question of Queen Elizabeth's Successor,' printed in The Month for May, 1903. Father Pollen seemed to incline to the view that its printer, Verstegan, poet and antiquary, was its author, rather than Father Persons, though I understand that he has since somewhat modified his opinion. The work is a learned one, but met, and still meets, with condemnation on all sides, both Catholic and Protestant. What is quite certain is that no controversial work ever had a stranger after-history. The full title of Walker's piracy deserves citation, if only to show how he succeeded in changing the original object of the book :
"Severall Speeches delivered at a Conference concerning the power of Parliament to proceed against their King for misgovernment.
"In which is stated :
"I. That government by blood is not by Law of Nature or divine, but only by human and positive laws of every particular Commonwealth, and may upon just causes be altered.
"II. The particular forme of monarchies and kingdomes, and the different lawes whereby they are to be obtained, holden and governed, in divers countries, according as each Commonwealth hath chosen and established.
kings, and yet how divers of them have been "III. The great reverence and respect due to lawfully chastised by their Parliaments and Commonwealths for their misgovernment, and of the good and prosperous successe that God hath commonly given to the same.
Princes; what interest Princes have in their IV. The lawfulnesse of proceeding against subject's goods or lives; how oathes do binde or may be broken by subjects towards their Princes, and, finally, the difference between a good King and a tyrant.
admitting to their authority & the othes [sic] "V. The coronation of Princes and manner of which they doe make in the same, unto the Commonwealth, for their good government.
Yorkshire and Parliament man, bought Doleman of Corn. Bee at the King's Arms in Little Britain and gave it to Walker.'
"Dr. Barlow's note [in the Bodleian copy] is this, in a spare leaf before the title: This base and treacherous pamphlet is, verbatim, the first part of Francis Doleman [Parsons was the man under that name] touching succession to the Crown. These nine speeches, as here they call them, are the nine chapters in Doleman. And this was printed at the charge of the Parliament, 30 pound being paid to the printer, "in perpetuam eorum infamiam." See the collection of His Majesties gracious messages for peace, p. 125, 120. The messages were collected and printed with observations upon them by Mr. Simons. The said traiterous pamphlet [' Several Speeches '] was put out by. Walker, an ironmonger (from that he came to be a cowherd) [?]. When the King came into London about the five members he threw into his coach a traiterous pamphlet, call'd "To thy tents, O Israel" (vid. Lambert Wood's History). He afterwards writ the Perfect Occurrences, and now  is made a minister by the Presbyterians [?]. Mr. Darby, a
Walker was the last person the Presby. terians would have made a minister. He was preferred to benefices at Uxbridge and at Knightsbridge by the Rump (in the latter place his parishioners petitioned against him), and Cromwell gave him the living of St. Martin's Vintry. "Mr. Darby" is probably a mistake for Henry Darley. Cornelius Bee was a well-known bookseller.
On 6 May, 1648, the following book-of which the press-mark is E. 438. (19.)appeared: The King's most gracious messages for peace and a personal treaty.' The following extract is from pp. 125–7 in it :
They [the Parliament] pretended great enmity unto popish doctrine and tenents, and episcopacy was pull'd down out of zeale against With popery (as if that had been a friend to it). what clamours did they represent to the people Secretary Windebank's intercourse with Jesuits and popish priests. And yet these very men have permitted Mabbot (the allowed broker of all these venomous scribblings) to authorise the printing a book of Parsons the jesuite, full of the most popish and treasonable positions that ever were vented, for very good doctrine. Nay, more then this; have they not contributed 301. when, after its publication, it was told them by towards the charge of printing the same, and some that the said booke had been condemned
by Parliament in the 35 of Queen Elizabeth and that the printer thereof was drawn, hang'd and quarter'd for the same [?], and that it was then enacted that whosoever should have it in their When house should be guilty of High Treason. all this was related to some of the Committee of it? Their own consciences know all this to be Examinations, did they not stop their ears at true, and that we are able to prove it before the world. Yet these be the men, forsooth, that hate Popery.
"This popish booke that we speak of was first published anno 1594, under the name of Dolman,. and intituled A Conference about the succession of the Crowne.' It consists of two partes, whereof the first conteines the discourse of a civill lawyerHow and in what manner propinquity of blood is to be preferred. It is divided into nine chapters, all which this blessed reforming Parliament hath now published under the title of 'Severall Speeches," &c. They were all answered (as they are in the Jesuites book) by Sir John Haward [Hayward], Doctor of the Civil Law, in the year 1603, and dedicated to King James, which answer is common in booksellers' shops, still to be sold. Now there is no difference betwixt this book published by this Parliament and that of the jesuite condemned by that other an. 35 Eliz. but onely this, when the jesuit mentions the apostles he adds the word 'Saint to their names, 'S. John. S. James. S. Peter,' which the author of this new edition leaves out, and saies plain John, James and Peter. And perhaps in some places the word Parliament is put instead of the word Pope' or 'People." Nay the variation is so little that it speaks the
publisher a very weak man, and those that set him on the work none of the wisest in employing so simple an animal in a businesse of so great concernment; we shall instance but in one passage.
“Old Dolman, or Parsons, had said in the year 1594 that many were then living who had seen the severall coronations of King Edw. the 6 Queen Mary, and Queen Eliz. and could witnesse, &c. Now our young Dolman, or Walker, for that is the wiseman's name, supposing that all these people were alive still that were old men 54 years agoe, like a true transcriber affirmeth confidently, without the variation of a letter, in pag 43 of his addition, that many are yet living in England that have seen the severall coronations of King Edw. the 6, Queen Mary and Queen Eliz., to which he also addeth King James and King Charls, because they were crowned since. And this, we confesse, is new in him."
There is a great deal of comment on this book in Prynne's Speech' of 4 Dec., 1648, but I do not set it out because Prynne does not mention Walker's name. The Man in the Moon for 27 June-4 July, 1649, says that Cromwell
"hired that factotum of villainous impostur-
A Treatise concerning the Broken Succession of the Crowne of England, Inculcated about the later end of the Reigne of Queen Elizabeth. Not Impertinent for the better compleating of the information intended. London. Printed Anno Dom. 1655."
There was a postscript to this edition,
and it ran as follows:
the substance of what was written and published by Father Parsons, the Jesuit, under the name of Doleman, for ends best known to themselves, but justly suspected to be no way for the freedom of for the wisdom of later times to prevent those the English nation, may give the greater occasion threaten a second part of that horrid design of commotions towards confusion as might seem to the Gunpowder treason, November 5. 1605."
"This manuscript [sic] treatise of broken successions of the Crown of England, coming from the hands of a Popish priest and comprehending
The motive of this and of his attempt to stigmatize the Royalists as equally guilty with Guy Fawkes is shown by Walker's remark, made apropos of nothing at all, and simply slipped in among his general news in his Perfect Proceedings, No. 293, for 3-10 May, 1655 (last page): 66 'I think we may beg his highnesse to take the Crowne."
Finally, Father Persons's unlucky book was reprinted in 1681, in order to support the enemies of James, Duke of York, afterwards James II. Never was there such an unlucky book for the House of Stuart. J. B. WILLIAMS. (To be continued.)
A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS
11 S. x. 1, 43, 83, 122, 163, 205, 244, 284, 323, 362, 403, 442, 484.)
1798. [Never published.] 'Indian Exiles.' Under this title Holcroft projected, attempted, and completed a translation of Kotzebue's play 'Die Indianer in England (1791). That Holcroft wrote such a play is fairly certain from the evidence of the 'Memoirs,' where there are definite statements concerning the work. On 12 Oct., 1798 (p. 196), he wrote:
Indian in England,' which has employed me five "Finished translating the first act of Kotzebue's or six days; and as I intend essentially to alter the character of Samuel or Balaam, more time will be employed in a revisal. This character has keeping in the original, but not enough of the vis comica."