Obrazy na stronie

Lastly, we would gladly see a larger propor- / with colleges in all parts of the country, and for tion of Latin and Greek, with the addition, if their amusement we bave endeavored to sketch possible, of a little French and German. The an academical celebration at Oxford, and to Latin Salutatory Address, was to our mind, by contrast it with that of the oldest similar institufar the most satisfactory part of the exercises; it tion among ourselves. The pomp and magnifiwas well and even elegantly written, and deliv. cence which are quite appropriate in regal and ered with good taste and judgment. The Latin aristocratical Old-England would be entirely poem also, though not so well delivered, was a out of place in republican “ New-England;" it highly creditable performance. It will be said would be unwise to abolish them there; it would that a majority of those present understand only be still more unwise to attempt to introduce their own language; but we will venture to hint them here. If we have criticized, perhaps too that they would derive as much instruction, and severely, some parts of the celebration which probably more pleasure, from. listenining to a we lately witnessed, it is in no captious or faultLatin or Greek poem, well rehearsed, than they finding disposition that we have done so, simply do from some of the English dissertations : because it is the nature of such exhibitions to "Omne ignotum pro magnifico.” Besides, the change with times and circumstances, and it is objection is not entirely well founded, as a large the duty of journalists, where they believe a part of the assembly consists of scholars and reform to be practicable, to throw out hints and former members of the college.

suggestions, which, if they are worth any thing, We trust that in the few remarks which we will be canvassed, discussed, improved, and perhave thrown out we do not appear to speak dis- haps acted upon; and if they turn out to be paragingly of our own universities, or to draw valueless, will not by the reflecting portion of an invidious comparison with those of England. the community be misjudged or attributed to A large proportion of our readers are connected | wrong motives.

Translated for the Daguerreotype.


Let us calmly consider the actual position of returning to their country from all parts of the affairs. Russia in the whole of civilized Europe world, in the hope that now, when the whole of has but a single ally, and that ally is Denmark. Europe is arising to freedom, her hour likewise She will take the side of Denmark in the war must have come. which has already commenced in Schleswig And they will not be deceived. For now they Holstein. Russia makes a twofold hereditary have not merely the sympathies of Germany claim upon that country; the first a just one, as with them, as they had seventeen years since. the last member but one in the order of succes- No, Germany herself is laid under the necessity sion of the families Augustenburg, Glücksburg, of supporting, were it but from motives of policy, Gottorp, Wasa, Oldenburg. But in addition to with all the power at her disposal, the indepenthis Russia claims, at the death of the present dence of Poland. For the determined and heking and of his uncle Ferdinand, both childless, reditary for of Poland's nationality is at the same the immediate succession to certain portions of time the deadly enemy of Germany and her the country. This (unfounded) claim has refer- freedom. The Czar of Russia has long enough ence especially to Kiel and its excellent harbor, ruled German affairs. His ambassadors and in which line-of-battle ships can lie at anchor his spies bad spun a web over the country in within pistol-shot of the town. The part which which they held her bound, and where fear did Russia will take in the approaching contest can not avail, there gold was victorious. He even not therefore admit of a doubt.

aimed at a seat and a voice in the German diet, But the power of Russia, which to many ap- insulting us with the possession of German pears so formidable, will be enfeebled by an event provinces, which at the same time he was seekwhich will happen most opportunely for Ger- ing to un-Germanize. If he or if any number many. Poland is preparing to cast aside its of his family travelled through a German state, shroud, and to arise from its long grave. The every Pole was removed to a distance of many exiled children of that unhappy land, which miles from his route, by the ordinances of Gerince the first fatal partition, has been suffering man police. Long enough have we borne this all the death-throes of a strong constitution, are 1 disgrace.

Between Russia and free Germany no recon- | against barbarism is the only course which they ciliation is possible. Hatred against Germany will have it in their power to pursue. is for Russia, under existing circumstances, the Let us cast a rapid glance over the probable instinct of self-preservation. Between Louis events of this approaching European war. Philippe and Nicholas there arose during the Prussia will be compensated for her sacrifice, last few years a kind of friendship, in spite of — if the liberation of Poland can be tbus the enormous difference in their positions. A termed, — by the annexation of the German similar interest, a similar egoism, were the bond provinces on the Baltic, which are now groaning of union, and no European sovereign has more under Russian despotism. deeply lamented the fall of the Ulysses of poli Austria is similarly situated. The natural tics, than the autocrat of Russia. But between strength of Austria lies in her dominion over the united, free Germany, with one parliament, and country of the Danube and the Black Sea; she one ruler, and unity of interests and of political must turn her whole strength towards the East, institutions, — between this, the land of civiliza- and there find a compensation for that which tion, humanity, and freedom, and Russia, the she will have to abandon in Gallicia and Lomland of the opposites to all these, any alliance is bardy. impossible.

Scandinavia will also stand by us in this conTherefore, as we have said, political expedien- test; Finnland and Ingermannland belong to cy demands that Germany should raise up Sweden, and have only been wrested from her Poland as a barrier between herself and Russia, by violence; she may recover what she had lost – should raise her into a free and strong Poland, if she will but embrace the opportunity. united with herself by similar constitutional, Russia, thus repulsed from the Baltic and the monarchical institutions, by similar interests, and Danube, will, we repeat, and must, become similar efforts.

again wbat she was, and what in her spirit, ber A war between Germany and Russia is not system, her form of government, she still is, an an idea of yesterday or of to-day. For years Asiatic power. We must no longer suffer barour poets and our thinkers, our wisest politicians barians in Europe. The day may perhaps at have proclaimed it a necessity. For years the some future time dawn upon this people, and the instinct of the German people has been turned serfs become citizens; but until then we do not in this direction. In whatever corner of Ger- want them in Europe. many a man uttered the words war and Russia, And Denmark? Without Holstein and Schleshe was sure of the assent of all who heard him; wig, without the piratical toll levied at the and this arose from the natural instinct of na- Sound, Denmark will disappear, and become tions, which always feel the danger that threat- portion of a great Scandinavian empire. ens them.

But what part will France and England take The moment has now arrived; it has arrived in this war against Russia ? There is but one according to all human calculation, at the time part, which they can take; it is the part of most opportune for us, and for the consolidation European civilization and European modes of of our interests. The internal fermentation, life and action. In France the sympathy of the which is still at work among us, will be diverted entire nation is enlisted in the cause of Poland, to an external object, will be directed against a and England will scarcely make any objection foe in warring against whom true laurels may be to the humiliation and enfeeblement of her most earned. The war against Russia will be a dangerous enemy and rival. national, a holy war; a crusade of freedom But for Germany, for our beloved fatherland, against slavery, of civilization against barbarisın. this contest will be a purifying fire, in which, It will be a European war; that is to say, a war through the night of darkness and of blood, for European civilization against Asiatic barbar- she will press onward to the golden light of freeism; this will be its true character and impor- dom and nationality. — Bremen Gazette. tance.

The object to be attained is one without which European civilization cannot advance in AEROPATHY. — After homeopathy and hyits development; it is, to make Russia that which dropathy, we have now aeropathy, - a new it is destined to be, an Asiatic power; to banish piece of charlatanism, by which Dr. Chaponit, with its Asiatic despotism, its autocracy, its nier introduces all therapeutical agents into the serfdom, and its fearful corruption of public system, through the respiratory organs, in the morality, out of the civilized union of the free form of vapor. The next hoax offered to the European states, for which at some future period, gullible public will perhaps be vinopathy, as an however distant that may be, a community of offset against Priessnitz and Father Mathew. interests among themselves, and an alliance

- Lancet.


1. Voyage en Icarie. Par M. Cabet. Paris, | l'identité absolue, c'est-à-dire, du néant absolu : 1848.

ce n'est rien de moins que le mouvement et la vie 2. Organisation du Travail. Par M. Lou- qu'on veut retrancher du corps social.(Organis Blanc. 1847.

isation du Crédit, p. 4.) Next came Louis 3. Organisation du Crédit et de la Circu- Blanc, the ex-director of national workshops, the

tion, et Solution du Problème Social. patron of the idle and incompetent workman,

Par P. J. Proudhon. Paris, 1848. the advocate for equality of remuneration 4. Letters to the Mob. London, 1848. with certain exceptions of which he made him

It was with some scientific curiosity, even in self the first — Louis Blanc, of whose panacea the midst of our alarms, that we looked to the it is said by the same weighty Proudhon, “quand progress of this new revolution in France for a vous parlez d'organiser le travail, c'est comme si practical solution of various questions which had

vous proposiez de crever les yeux à la liberté." before been only written and talked about. The (Ibid., p. 3.) Lastly there was Barbès, who Provisional Government seemed disposed, like takes a still shorter cut to Communism by means Mr. Ryan at the Polytechnic Institution, to ex

of an immediate appropriation of forty millions bibit a series of experiments to an admiring sterling from the rich. We rubbed our hands audience, while civilized Europe was admitted in expectation! We hoped to see a section of into the galleries to look on and be instructed. France devoted to each theory. In one corner, Nor were we disappointed. The superior econ- Phalansterians with their equilateral portions of omy of a mob-appointed government, the security unappropriated soil; in other Icarian towns of property not only for the rich, but even for traversed by gratuitous vehicles, and furnishing the savings of the poor, the inviolability of the

to each citizen, as a right, daily dinners worthy magistracy, nay of justice itself, under mob-rule of our own Reform Club and M. Soyer; in a

these and many other experiments of a like third, work parcelled out, not according to the nature were oculis subjecta fidelibus with a ra

wants and capacities of individuals which can be pidity and a completeness that outdid Mr. Ryan. ascertained and measured by vulgar rules, but Still there was one class belonging more partic- the “ general interests of society,” which would ularly to the domain of political economy, which, require higher expounding — while the rich of while promising wonders, had not yet been fair- yesterday should to-day choose between the ly tested in performance we allude to the forced loans of Barbès, the billets de Banque questions connected with the mutual dependence d'Exchange of Proudhon or the more genial of labor and capital. On such deep and serious and generous expedients of Cabet. One short problems we could never have anticipated ex

hour and all was over. Blanqui - Barbès — press-train velocity; and as to them accordingly

Louis Blanc — where are they all ? And what we for some awaited the consummating enlight- remains for us but to extract what substitute we enment with much the same sort of patience

can for the expected “wisdom teaching by facts” which distinguished the crowds assembled at

from the imaginative masterpiece of the most Brighton for the grand hour of Mr. Warner's eloquent of Communists ? destructive and exploding mysteries. Every

M. Cabet's “ Voyage en Icarie,” though conthing encouraged us. Louis Blanc was estab nected most essentially with this new revolution lished at the Luxembourg; Cabet in correspond in France, is not one of the thousand brochures ence with Lamartine — bis “Voyage en Icarie” called forth by the excitement of the moment, running through innumerable editions; while the but a solemn philosophical romance of some 600 Parisian public showed a marked preference for pages, to which the author, turning aside from Blanqui in “le Club Central" over Lafont at his historical performances, devoted two years the Variétés.

of intense thought and labor. It has already All went on swimmingly till the famous 15th of gone through five editions — there is not a shop May. What could we have desired better than

or stall in Paris where copies are not in readia Provisional Government which represented all

ness for a constant influx of purchasers – hardthe various dogmas of the day — each of these ly a drawing-room table on which it is not to be opposed to every other? Blanqui

, who supports seen; and if it has not equally attracted the atCabet and Communism, took the lead; then tention of all the wise of all countries, the fact followed Proudhon, the inventor of banks with can only furnish another proof of the general out capital, who describes the ideas of his Com- indisposition of mankind munism colleague as

l'absurde système de “ To suck the sweets of sweet philosophy."

Citizen Cabet candidly confesses his obliga- | detailed picture of a state of perfect happiness, tions to Sir Thomas More for the conception of which nothing can prevent the realization Once started, however, we must confess he far except the preposterous folly of not adopting a surpasses his original. Utopia was intended to few simple alterations in policy suggested by show en grand what old Sir Thomas “rather | Citizen Cabet. On reflection, we think it due wished than hoped;” but Icaria is the minutely I to him to exhibit his title-page in full:

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Premser drost,

Premier devoir,

A chacun


De chacun suivant ses besoins.

suivant ses forces. BONHEUR COMMUN.

Dans les Départments et à l'Etranger, chez les Correspondants du PopU LAIRE.


Our author has been most unjustly accused , “ Ni violence ni révolution, par conséquent ni and maligned. He is no self-seeking plunderer conspiration ni attentat! En un mot, il ne faut of the rich. He clearly sees, and manfully pro- plus sacrifier les riches aux pauvres que les pauclaims, that it is impossible suddenly to substitute

vres aux riches; ou bien toute la pitié, tout l'in

térêt, toute la justice se réuniraient contre les communism for the present inequality of prop

nouveaux oppresseurs en faveur des nouveaux erty, and therefore suggests a transitory state, opprimés. Il faut enfin avoir la résolution varying, according to the country, from thirty to d'accomplir tous ses devoirs, en même temps que fifty or even one hundred years. From the le désir et la volonté d'exercer tous ses droits." very commencement, indeed, the principle is to There can, at all events, be no danger for any be admitted; but if the aristocracy of France or of Europe, or of the world generally, in their body, if all will only adopt implicitly the guid

ance of M. Cabet, who solemnly affirms : unhappy blindness, will not accept it, then let them read on and be tranquillized :

Si je tenais une révolution dans ma main,

je la tiendrais fermée quand même je devrais “ For this,” says the Consul, “ you will be inourir en exil.” — p. 565.

able to go about everywhere — always have in

the public carriage les meilleurs places without Icaria is situated somewhere in the antipodes paying a farthing. You will everywhere find an at least at the distance from England of a four !lôtel des Etrangers, where you will have lodg

ing, food, washing, nay even clothes, and all months' journey. We say from England, for

gratis. You will be admitted in the same manM. Cabet's voyageur is an Englishman — Lord ner into all the public establishments and all the William Carisdall; and his Lordship was, we plays and sights. In one word, for these two proudly infer, selected by the author to make hundred guineas the state binds itself to treat the journey, because England, with all her ad- you precisely as one of its own citizens.” (p. 6.) mitted defects, afforded on the whole the high

From these last words it is pleasing to infer est tangible standard by which to rate Icaria. that the average value of the earnings of a husThe steamboats there are “ aussi beaux que nos band and wife with four children, in this counplus beaux bateaux Anglais ” (p. 7); the first try, where there is no such thing as money, and town he enters contains a spot “ même plus joli where the produce of all is equally divided, que le beau quartier de Regent's Park” (p. 11); must amount to 800l. for any period of four he admires the cultivation " quoique habitué à

months, or 2400l. per annum. We reckon two la belle culture et à la campagne d'Angleterre:” children to consume as much as one adult; and

the roads are “ aussi belles et plus belles que as the period of education is prolonged to onenos routes Anglaises” (p. 12):— the beauty of the and-twenty, during which section of human life women and their skill in horsemanship are meas all children are unproductive, the average earnured and exalted by reference to the same scale. ings of the parents by their half day's labor must, Reaching Camiris — the Liverpool of a re

we say, be cons:dered with satisfaction. public allied to Icaria and separated from it only The Camirisian “ Tégar, ou Soigneur,” in due by an arm of the sea — bis lordship quits his time announces that they are off Tyrama : ship and takes a berth in the Icarian steamboat. they enter the harbour of that Icarian town On board this vessel, which (except in being where they land by a chain-pier, suspendue possessed of a piano " et beaucoup d'autres in

sur la mer comme le pont de Brighton.” A strumens de musique") does not appear to have carriage and six is found all ready at the differed much from the “ Garland” or the “Prin- landing, “ me rappelant les beaux stage-coaches cess Alice,” we are informed that every one had et les chevaux de ma chère patrie. Les coursiers his private cabin “contenant un lit commode et ressemblaient à nos plus beaux chevaux Anglais, tout les petis meubles qui peuvent être néces- ardents et dociles à la fois, bien peignés et bien saires” (p. 8); but these movables were perhaps luisants. La voiture aussi jolie que celles d’Anless numerous than one might fancy, since it is gleterre." added, that after a "grand concours parmi les Lord William has a pleasant drive to bara, médecins” upon the subject of sea-sickness, “ on the capital, and is there admitted into the bosom était parvenu à le rendre presque insensible” of a charming family, to whom his great: recom(p. 9). As the steam is getting up the passen- mendation is his sympathy in their fondness for gers are assembled to receive the assurances of flowers, for music, and for children, and by a gentleman called a “tégar” that the boat is whom he is soon made conversant with the pracperfect, that the sailors and engineers are excel-tical conveniences of the region.. lent, and that every precaution has been taken First and foremost, the theatres are to be free to render utterly impossible either shipwreck, to all. How, then it may be asked), when explosion, fire, or any other accident" (p. 8): Icara comes to be visited by Miss Jenny Lind, words which cannot but provoke a cheering is the right of admission to be regulated, since comparison with the hackneyed formula of the all cannot go at once, and the President of the cabin steward, “A beautiful passage, sir; just National Assembly has no more right to a place enough wind to make it pleasant.”

than the musical blacksmith? The solution of Before starting from Camiris, Lord William the difficulty is simple and easy :

Each piece is overhauled by the Icarian Consul, who is is to run sixty nights; fifteen thousand people “ constamment visible pour les étrangers to be admitted each night; lots drawn for the (apparently a slight in limine symptom of in- particular evening on which any family is to equality, inasmuch as all other laborers work have tickets; and in this way chacun connaitra only from 7 A. M. to 1 P. M.) — and by whom d'avance la représentation à laquelle il pourra his lordship is informed that he must deposit two assister” (p. 220). Of course, under this scheme, hundred guineas for his passport. This sum arrangements for a party to the play will be of will, however, frank him for every thing during as distant date as those of a London dinnera four months' stay in Icaria :

party; but this, we allow, will enhance their

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