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its course.

the war-cry of the nobles, the groans of the Few readers, we apprehend, will read paspeople, have in turn mingled with the echo of sages like these without being charmed with their

The bigot fury of the Huguenots, natural sentiment, their graceful eloquence, and the vain conspiracies of the League, the idle

felicitous style. war of the Fronde, — the poor glory of a Louis XIV., the infamy of a Louis XV., and crown

In the second edition, to which we trust his ing all, the tremendous scenes of the Revolu. work will arrive, we recommend Mr. Warburton tion. Tbis the silent witness has beheld that to erase a nouvellette, in which an old legend with glides beneath our boat and smiling bears it on. a De Courcy for its hero is dressed up as a mod“But it may be that ils smile is for other his

ern love story; - to revise his note on the tatories than these. Rich and prosperous towns, pestry of Bayeux (the French authority he verdant meads, and fertile fields, fringe its course to the sea, and on its ample bosom are

quotes is a sad blunderer - let him consult Mr. borne the products of the artizan's skill, the toils Gurney's paper on this celebrated stitchwork in of the laborer, the freights of the merchant,

the Archæologia); – and especially to omit the and shall I speak of softer tales than it could fabulous portrait of Rollo now prefixed to his tell ? Those four tremendous letters before work, in which the whole costume is one anawhich the old world trembled — SPQR chronism. have been reflected in its waters, and passed away; but the influence of four other letters tail, with much debateable matter in doctrine,

In conclusion, with some inaccuracies in delingers yet, and will, while those waters flow – shall I speak of — LOVE? Of the village

Mr. Warburton bas done ample credit to a name dances on the banks, -- the moonlight fétes upon already so distinguished by the literary talent the summer waves, the vows that have been of his brothers, and has produced a book always sworn, the hearts that have been plighted by the animated by eloquence, and attractive by genuold river-side ?

ine feeling and lively enthusiasm. And in trac“ There is but one epithet – as is proper, a ing the monuments of a race, so emphatically French one that can correctly describe the character of the Seine from Havre to Rouen. the fathers of gentlemen, a gentleman's refinIt is not savage, it is not soft, it is not grand, ed taste and nature heighten every excellence, neither is it highly picturesque; but it is beyond and extenuate many faults. — Examiner. all others that I know — riante."

COLLECTANEA.

NATIONAL PREJUDICES.

MAXIMS ON MONEY.

and benevolence; but the phrases were emFrom the moment in which the exercise of ployed solely to justify wrong, if that wrong certain expressions of good will is exclusively

were perpetrated by the land or government directed to the body, the class, or nation to which which we call our own. Suppose a man were to we belong, and is denied to others from the give as a toast, in serious earnest, “ Myself, right mornent in which they break out into words and

or wrong!" Yet the above assumptions of false deeds of antipathy – from the moment in which patriotism, both in America and England, are the fact that a fellow man speaks a different lan-founded on no better principle. — Bentham. guage, or lives under a different government, constitutes him an object of contempt, abhorrence, or misdoings — from that moment it is maleficent. A toast, for example, in America The art of living easily as to money, is to pitch has been given, “Our country, right or wrong!” | your scale of living one degree below your which is in itself a proclamation of malefiance; means. Comfort and enjoyment are more deand if brought into operation, might lead to pendent upon easiness in the detail of expendicrimes and follies on the widest conceivable field ture than upon one degree's difference in the

— to p!under, murder, and all the consequences scale. Guard against false associations of pleasof unjust wars. Not less blameworthy was the ure with expenditure -- the notion that because declaration of a prime minister of this country pleasure can be purchased with money, there" That England-nothing but England--formed fore money cannot be spent without enjoyment. any portion of his care or concern." An en- What a thing costs a man is no true measure of larged philanthropy indeed might have given to what it is worth to him; and yet how often is his both expressions a Deontological meaning, since appreciation governed by no other standard, as the true interests of nations, as the true interests if there were a pleasure in expenditure per se. of individuals, are equally those of prudence | Let yourself feel a want before you provide

against it. You are more assured that it is real | hope and joy every mind that has been anxiouswant; and it is worth while to feel it a little, in ly awaiting the dawn of an era promising someorder to feel the relief from it. When you are thing like justice to the many. It comes also undecided as to which of two courses you would with double effect, now that the theory is being like best, choose the cheapest. This rule will tested; now that the opening of the prophecy is not only save money, but save also a good deal being so magnificently fulfilled. We read with of trifling indecision. Too much leisure leads to the same sort of gratified but awful sensation, as expense; because when a man is in want of ob- when, having calculated an eclipse, we see the jects, it occurs to him that they are to be had for great machinery of the heavens realizing to the money, and he invents expenditures in order to eye the calculations of the brain. pass the time. - Taylor's Notes from Life. The form of the book, even by some of those

who kindle to the principles, may be objected to. SHORT REVIEWS AND NOTICES.

It may be thought that the frippery of fiction

was not needed to set forth such serious and FRANCE AND ENGLAND: A Vision of the high matter. But it must be recollected that the Future. By M. DE LAMARTINE. Translated work was written five years since, when there from the French. New Edition, 24mo. H. G. Clarke and Co.

was but little prospect, even to the sagacious

mind of its author, of any part of the vision beThis book will be received and recognised in ing so rapidly realized. For one man who was a very different manner by different classes of then sufficiently elevated to perceive the coming readers. The high Conservative who believes, events, a hundred thousand may now be reckor asserts that he believes, that all things are ar- oned, who are convinced, by the fulfilment of a ranged for the best, and that it is human nature portion of the theory. The prophet is seldom itself that prevents any further improvement in confided in, though he is deified when the result human affairs, will cast away the book as the far- is perceived. rago of an insane, if not an evil-disposed man. All classes, however, are interested in the “ The practical politician,” as he styles himself, work, as it may be taken as an indication of M. who has mastered, as he thinks, the formula of De Lamartine's opinion on many points of social public affairs; whose text-book is Adam Smith, legislation. It is, indeed, an index to the course and his guides the successive political economists of his political studies, if not of his present opinwho have amended or garbled the original work; ions. It treats, in his ever masculine and elewho has no faith in philosophy or human nature; vated style, of all that can affect the social orwho endeavours to condense the principles that ganization of the state ; and, though of wider govern human society into arithmetical state- meaning and larger scope, must be placed in the ments; and whose only remedy for the appalling category of political allegories. It is of the same evils that consume millions of human beings class as “ Gulliver's Travels,” “ The Adventures within our .. happy land,” is some petty legisla- of an Atom," “ Erskine's Armata,” and “Disration to be wrung from Parliament by threadbare eli's Captain Popanilla;” and all the numerous debates; will pronounce this book the insane volumes that have sprung from the Utopia and dream of a dangerous enthusiast. Far different, the Gargantua. The exceeding interest of the however, will be the decision of the thousands of political disquisitions, bearing so instantly as they laboring, toiling, suffering men — men who have do on impending circumstances, prevents any intelligence to understand the unequal position disquisition on it as a merely literary production. in which class legislation has placed them. This Perhaps it may be justly said that the allegorical country now teems with many such. To them machinery is not so cleverly constructed as in the game of politics that has been playing for so the works we have referred to; but then the elmany hundred years bas but little significance. oquence of the style in which the political prinThey find that they toil more and reap less; that ciples are developed, and the remarkable foretheir energies are being over-taxed; the natural knowledge of political events since realized, far constitution of their class is degenerating under outweigh any such trivial deficiencies. it; and they have no political means of bettering The work is so short and so cheap that we themselves. To such, and to those more culti- shall not seek to make our article a substitute, vated minds whose sympathies are not bounded but, heartily recommending it to the perusal of by class, and whose studies and tastes have led every one interested in the great public events them to the consideration of a more equitable of the day, conclude with a few samples of its system of legislation, this little book will be most style and its tone: welcome. Its lofty views; its pure and noble sentiments; its enlarged and penetrating principles; will expand their feelings, and fill with “But the fight is not fought yet, for the injus

THE LABORER.

UNIVERSAL EXFRANCHISEMENT.

tice is not yet quite repaired; the operative has of Natural History ; and there are few objects succeeded the serf and the slave; his labor is so in the animal kingdom which have been collected excessive and so ill paid, that it is adverse to the with greater diligence or preserved with more complete and regular maturity of his body, bis intellect

, and his morals; however long his work, care. Such has been sometimes the solicitude to it does not bring in enough to satisfy bis common

procure rare specimens, that hundreds of pounds wants, and à fortiori to provide for his wife and have been spent on their purchase; and collectchildren; he is therefore exposed, he and his, to ors have been known to destroy their duplicates penury and brutishness, that is, to all infirmities, for the sake of increasing the value of single physical, intellectual, and moral. In a word, the examples. Although the spirit which has actupoor man is used up by the rich; labor is ated the shell-collector has not always been a ground down by the cupidity of capitalists in an unjust, inhuman manner; because there is vio love of science, there can be little doubt that lation of the rights and interests of the one to

the zoologist of the present day is deeply inthe exclusive profit of the other. Now, where- debted for his knowledge of the species of soever the relationship between capital and labor Molluscá to those who have collected them simare not based in justice, that is, on reciprocal ad- ply for the sake of their beautiful forms and vantage, there is ever a struggle; the greater colors. At first sight it might be supposed that the injustice the more violent the strife.”

a knowledge of the forms of the various species of shell-fish was of comparatively little impor

tance; but when it is recollected how abundant “In the beginning, as always happens when they are in the ocean, – that various species of experience is deficient, some temporary embar-them inhabit different depths of water, - that rassment, some abuses of detail, resulted from this enfranchisement; but the false steps served they were not less abundant in previous periods, as practical lessons. Men in power are only to

- and that they form the most characteristic be formed by the management of affairs : the animal remains of the various strata of the most capable men need to acquire habit, and earth — it will be seen that an acquaintance the most ignorant soon learn to select those with their forms is capable of important practical most conversant with their interests. Discussion applications, as well as of throwing light on the speedily enlightens the masses, and common- difficult problems of the science of geology. It sense must prevail. The more we engage in is in this point of view that a collection of shells every thing useful to a common end, the more attached we become to it, and desire its success

is to be regarded not as a show for children, but and conservation. This direct or indirect share as a means of instruction in a valuable branch in local administration ought then to be as gen- of science. eral as possible; and the freer the decisions, the It is not perhaps generally known that one of more their importance is felt. It is that com

the most splendid collections of shells in the mon activity, intelligent and impassioned, which world is at this moment in the possession of a constitutes the inner life of localities, which inculcates in each man the love of his natal soil, private individual in London. The gentleman and devotion to the country of which he feels who has made and possesses it, is Mr. Hugh himself an integral portion : it is that inner life Cuming: and it consists of upwards of 19,000 of all the parts which confers on the body social species or-well-marked varieties, from all parts its vigor, its power of resistance against the ex- of the world. Of many of the species and ternal causes of destruction.”

varieties, there are several specimens ;-making

in all about 60,000 shells. Not only is every THE GREATER AND THE LESSER EVIL.

specimen of this vast collection entire, but in “I lament these calamities as much as your every other respect — such as form, color, texself. We must deplore private misfortunes, and ture, and other characters — the shells are most endeavour to diminish them as much as possible ; but we ought never to lose sight of the general perfect. We have the authority of Prof. Owen result. There can be no progress without many for stating “ that no public collection in Europe interests being injured. It is doubtless a hard possesses one half the number of species of destiny; but it is found every where inevitable, shells that are now in the Cumingian collection,” and inflexible like the laws which govern matter, - and that probably “one third the number and in the end great advantage to the greatest would be the correct statement as regards the number always results from it.”

national museums in Paris and Vienna."

This vast museum has been entirely collected LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

by the energy and perseverance of its possessor.

By the possession of a large number of dupliTHE CUMING COLLECTION OF SHELLS.

cates of rare specimens, he has had the comThe study of the shells which are inhabited mand, by exchange to a greater or less extent, by the various forms of molluscous animals is of all the conchological cabinets at present in not the least interesting and attractive branch I existence; and — as Prof. Owen, in a letter

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published in “ The Annals of Natural History,” Nor is this collection less interesting to the phyon Mr. Cuming's museum, bas justly observed siologist; most of the specimens being not mere

he is better known, and his lators are more duplicates of a particular stage of growth or age truly and generally appreciated in any city or of a species — but parts of a series representing town in Europe having a public natural history the condition of the shell at various stages of its museum and its zoological professor than in busy development. Varieties also have been carefully London.” The labors of Mr. Cuming, however, collected — and the circumstance noted under have not been confined to exchanging specimens which their difference from the typical forms of with European and American naturalists. It the species has been acquired. In the study of was necessary that he should himself possess a the laws of morphology, as well as in the classificollection of specimens of the greatest rarity cation of the animal kingdom, such illustrative before he could place in his cabinets, by ex- specimens are of the highest value and interest ; change, the rarities of other collectors. This and they m:ly be made to tell upon some of the he has done by devoting a life of excessive ac most ditficult problems of Natural History. tivity to travelling in almost every part of the In another point of view the specimens in this known world. • Not restricting,” says Prof. museum possess great value. Almost ever since Owen, his pursuit to the stores and shops of the return of Mr. Cuming from his first voyage the curiosity-njongers of our sea-ports, or depend with his conchological treasures, they have been ing on casual opportunities of obtaining rarities the source from whence naturalists have derived by purchase, be has devoted more than thirty their specimens for the purposes of description — of the best years of his life in arduous and haz- and many thousands of species thus described ardous personal exertions, — dredging, diving, are to be found here only. On any future occawading, wandering, — under the equator, and sion, should these descriptions be doubted or through the temperate zones, both north and their accuracy rendered suspicious, the only south, in the Atlantic, in the Pacific, in the In means of correction will be found in the specidian Ocean and the islands of its rich archipel- mens themselves. Just what the museum of ago in the labor of collecting from their na Linnæus — now in the possession of the Linnean tive seas, shores, lakes, rivers, and forests, the Society of London — is to the descriptions of marine, fluviatile, and terrestrial mollusks;- 60,- Linnæus, will be the Cuming museum to the 000 of whose shelly skeletons, external and in- descriptions of Broderip, Sowerby, Gray, and ternal, are accumulated in orderly series in the other eminent conchologists. cabinets with which the floors of his house now We have drawn attention to this extraordigroan."

nary collection for the purpose of announcing The result of these exertions has been not that Mr. Cuming has come to the determinamerely the accumulation of this large number tion of parting with it. Such a cabinet ought of shells, but Mr. Cuming has been able to not, in fact, to be in the hands of a private inrecord of each both the country where it was dividual. The getting it together would be found and the exact circumstances in which it worthy the ambition of a nation, and it ought to has lived and been developed. He has noted be made national property. It has been of the rocks, trees, or herbs from which he has ferred by Mr. Cuming to the British Musetaken the land shells of his collection, — and of um at what we understand is an exceedingly his aquatic mollusca, the kind of water whether low sum - very small compared with what it marine or fresh, the nature of the sea-bottom, would fetch were it broken up for sale. We the rocks which they bored, and the animal or trust that such will not be its fate. Should it be vegetable on which they fed. These particulars, allowed to be sold in parts, it would be an irwith many others, give a rare value to Mr. reparable loss to science: should it be sold to Cuming's museum, and one not possessed to the any other nation than our own it would be a same extent by any other. Such information is national disgrace. The Trustees of the British of the utmost importance to the geologist and Museum have already recommended the Governpalæontologist; enabling them, through the ment to purchase for the sum of 6,000l.; and a structural affinities of the fossil with these recent memorial to the same effect, signed by the prinshells, to indicate those particulars of function cipal men of science in London has also been and habit that alone can lead to a knowledge of presented to her Majesty's Ministers. the circumstances under which particular rocks We hope that no mistaken economy

will

prehave been formed. The amount of credit which vent the Government from embracing the offer. is to be attached to any theory in geology | If they decline they will repent when too late. founded on fossil shells must be just in propor- The fact of the Swedish government having retion to the facility which we possess of comparing fused the offer of the executors of Linnæus to them with recent ones.

purchase his museum will be fresh in the minds

of most naturalists. They repented when too ing a handle the machinery throws the window late; and though they sent a ship in pursuit of wide open, and presents a ready means of dethe lost treasure, it reached the shores of Eng- scent a slope or kind of staircase of strong land — having been purchased by a private sacking, projecting from the exterior wall at an English gentleman. It is now looked upon as angle sufficient to prevent its ignition; besides one of the scientific glories of our metropolis. that, it may be fireproof. One very great advanLet us hope that the English naturalist may not tage of this plan is, that it is altogether self-acting, have to cross the channel - or perhaps the sea and therefore the want of presence of mind is

to verify the descriptions of his countrymen, no obstacle to its use. We understand that it as has been the case with the too economical has been tried, and successfully: Swedes.

With regard to the amount for which this col " THE IDENTIFIED WORKS OF LORD EYROX." lection has been offered to the public, Prof.

Many of the periodicals of the day announce Owen remarks — " That ten times that sum

under the above title the intended publication would not bring together such a series as Mr. of a “Work containing his Lordship’s Letters Cuming has offered to the British Museum, I do and Journals, and other MSS. in the possession firmly believe; from a knowledge of the peculiar of his Son, Geo. Gordon Byron, Esq.” The tact in discovering and collecting, the hardy en

editor states in his advertisement that he has durance of the attendant fatigue under deadly been permitted to have the free use of all the climes and influences, and the undaunted cour: poet's own MSS. in the possession of his sister, age in encountering the adverse elements and the Hon. Mrs. Leigh,” and : bat “ the most valubraving the opposition of the savage inhabitants able of all his documents bave been confided to of seldom visited isles, which have conduced and him by members of the poet's own family.” For concurred to crown the labors of Mr. Cuming the purpose, it is presumed, of promoting a more with a success of which his unrivalled collection extensive circulation of the work, and, as it is a fitting monument -- and of which science, were, of giving some color to the supposition and let us hope its cultivators in his native coun

that it may be a continued series of the standard try more particularly, will long continue to reap edition of his lordship's works, he advertises that the benefits.” — We join heartily with the Pro- it is to be printed - uniform with Mr. Murray's fessor ; and trust that the next time we shall edition of Lord Byron's works.” In reference have occasion to allude to the subject it will be

to these statements, we have authority to say, to announce that this splendid collection has be- and have evidence to prove, that Lord Byron's come the property of the nation.

Athenæum.

family never heard of his lordship having any REDGRAVE'S SELF-ACTING

such son ; that he never had any access whatever to any MSS. in the possession of his sister,

the Hon. Mrs. Leigh; and that no documents Fire may be called a danger lurking under

have been confided to him by any of the poet's every man's roof, for aught he knows to the con

fainily. Mr. Murray has, moreover, given us his trary, and it is remarkable that a people not professing fatalism should take so few precautions

, with the publication in question. — Eraminer.

assurance that he has no connection whatever either in their corporate or individual capacities, to provide against it. Engines and fire-brigades are very excellent things, but often enough the interior of a house is half-consumed and retreat

RECENT PUBLICATIONS. cut off before an alarm can be given and responded to. Mr. Redgrave's “ Escape" can hardly be made available to the crowded dwellings Andersen's (II. C.) Rambles in the Hartz

Mountains, 10s. 60. of the poor on account of its cost (unless through

Bojesen's (Dr. E. F.) Hand-book of Roman the landlorıls), but building societies or indeed

Antiquities, 3s. 6a. any builders, might make their houses all the

Broad Stone of Ilonor (The) - Morus - by more sought after by introducing the appara- R. H. Digby, 8s. tus. It seems to us, moreover, remarkably well Cowdell (C.) on Pestilentia! Cholera, 6s. 6d. adapted for hotels, and all places where there Considerations, or Modern Christianity, 2s. 60. are many sleeping apartments, more especially

Garratt's (S.) Scripture Symbolism, 3s. 6d. as in hotels, where there are independent suites

Mackenzie's (W. B.) Justified Believer, 3s. 6d.

Manual for the Study of Monastie Brasses, of apartments. The apparatus is fitted to the

10s. 6d. foot of the window-frame, and its top may be M'Culloch (J. R.) on Taxation, 10s. cl. used in the day-time as a toilet-table ; it

presents

Peasant and his Landlord, from the Swedish, merely the appearance of a cheffonier. On turn- by Mary Howitt, 21s.

PATENT FIRE

ESCAPE.

EXGLAND,

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