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mankind, and more of the detail of ful. The call upon our church to entheir office, than by any other means. gage zealously in this cause is, at the What though the reward be small--be present time, peculiarly urgent. From nothing! do they forget that future almost every quarter, both in our own kingdom of which they are the he country and abroad, the cry reaches ralds; and those future glories which our ears, “Come over and help us.” they themselves announce ? Or are they The recent application from the diounmindful what lustre there is in that cese of Ohio, furnishes a specimen of crown, which shall encircle bis head, the assistance that is greatly needed in who saves a soul from death ? O let not many a desolate portion of the church. then the mixture of worldly motives or In this instance, some help has been interested views, either detract from its afforded. Some contributions have been value, or dim its brilliancy.
made towards the relief of those who But let me conclude with the words hunger and thirst for the bread and the of a prelate,* whose works I hope are waters of life. But, we may still ask, much studied by those to whom my what are these among so many wants remarks are addressed.
as are to be supplied ? More, much " There is no greater charity in the more, remains to be doney or many, world than to save a soul: nothing whom it is in our power to furnish with that pleases God better, nothing that the means of salvation, must continue can be in our hands greater or more destitute of those means. It is not noble, nothing that can be a more last enough, that we make one or two coning and delightful honour, than that a tributions for this object. There must perishing soul, snatched from the flames he a regular system of operations, so of an intolerable hell, and borne to that the wants of different places may heaven on the wings of piety and mer: be searched out, and those that are the cy by the ministry of angels, and the most pressing, supplied. graces of the Holy Spirit, shall to eter It is not in Ohio alone, that portions nal ages
bless God and bless thee: of the church are suffering for the want Him, for the Author and Finisher of of assistance. In our very neighboursalvation ; and thee for the minister hood, there are churches that have long and charitable instrument. That bright languished, and are alınost ready to star must needs look pleasantly upon expire, but which might be revived by thy face for ever, which was by thy a little missionary'aid. Very recently, hand placed there, and, had it not an application was made from a neighbeen for thy ministry, might have ever bouring state, for assistance in a case been a sooty coal in the regions of which promised''peculiar benefits. And sorrow."
to show that there was nothing sectarian in the objects of the application,
it may be stated, that it was made To the Editor of the Gospel Advocato. by a person who is not himself a meinTHE NECESSITY OF MISSIONARY EXER ber of the episcopal church. Some
assistance was“rëndered ; and it was I have been highly pleased to observe received in such a manner as to be that exertions are making in the Gos- peculiarly gratifying to those who pel Advocate, to excite the members were concerned in it, and to show of our church to do something in the that much good might be done, could cause of missions ; and I earnestly more extensive aid be afforded. How hope that these efforts will be success.
long must such applications be turned
aside, because we have no means of • Taylor.
How long must the
destitute look to other denominations Were every member of our church to for aid, because we have nothing to give a sum, which would be regarded give them ? Surely, “it is high time as a trifle if it were expended on the for us to awake out of our sleep,” and pleasures or vanities of the world, it come up to the help of the Lord. would supply the ineans that should
Besides the wants of our own coun- make glad many a desolate portion of trymen, those of the heathen world the vineyard of the Lord. And is it ought never to be forgotten. Are we by giving such a pittance, that the want never to take our stand among the of it is not even felt by us, that we are Christians of the old world and the new, to show our readiness to forsake houses who are engaged in the glorious work and lands, for the sake of that Saviour of spreading the knowledge of that who died for our redemption ? Is this
good news of great joy which shall the sacrifice that we are prompted to be to all people ?" li seems to me, make, by our love to him who laid that we have no right to expect, either down his life a ransom for us all ? the growth of religion in our hearts, or We are told of the Christians in the the prosperity of the church about us, days of the apostles, that “neither until we do something towards carry. said any of them that aught of the things ing the benefits of that religion to that he possessed was his own." We others. Shall we daily pray, "Thy are not indeed required, in the present kingdom come,” in words which have age of the world, and the present state come from the mouth of every Chris- . of society, to have a community of .tian, from the days of our Saviour goods. But surely something of that until the present time, and not lift a spirit and disposition of mind, which finger to aid in the extension of that prompted them to lay down all at the kingdom? Why then shall we not fear, apostles' feet, ought to be found among that we shall be among the number us. We expect of the missionary wbo of those, to whom the address is made, goes abroad among the heathen, that "Why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do he should partake largely of this spirit. not the things that I say
He is called upon to leave, not only I shall be told that the church is still houses and lands, but kindred, and feeble in our land, and its members friends, and country, for the sake of exhausted by frequent demands upon Christ and his gospel. Why then them. Some have expended much in should not we, who remain at home, building churches; others are oppressed surrounded by friends, and by the comwith the difficulty of furnishing a sup- . forts and luxuries of life, why should not port to their own minister. I do not we iinpart freely of our substance, even undervalue the exertions of those who although we were to be obliged, by so have thus laboured to build up the doing, to fare less sumptuously every church among us. I rejoice in seeing, day, or to make some sacrifice of vanity these fruits of their labours. But let, or ostentation ? Our divine Master, me exhort them not to stay their hands, when on earth, had not where to lay
from the work, while so much remains , his head ; and cannot we, who repose to be done. Where is the man wboon beds of down, spare something for has done so much, that he cannot do his service, when he calls upon us to something more, without feeling it as a aid in extending to others those heavenburden upon himself or his family? ly blessings which he has imparted so Where is the man who has diminished freely, to us ? It was enough for his aught, I will not say from his comforts, disciples to say to the owner of the but from his luxuries, that he might, ass, though a stranger, " the Lord hath cast it into the treasury of the Lord ?, need of bius" and straightway he sent
him. Shall those who profess to be the direction of the society, or by comfollowers of Christ be less willing to bining with other societies. But it has surrender their property at his call ? no sunds, and such has been tbe luke
After all, it is but returning to the warmness of the members of the church Lord a small portion of the abundance on this subject, that six years and a with which he has blessed us. “Of half have been suffered to pass away, thine own have we given thee,” will be since the incorporation of the society, the language of every Christian, as he with scarcely an effort to raise them. contributes to the spreading of the gos. There is now a prospect that a small pel. Our property, as well as our lives sum will soon be obtained, from a le. and our talents, is but lent us, that it gacy which was left for missionary purmay be employed in the service of him poses. But unless this is increased by from whom we receive it; and to him the contributions of others, nothing efmust an account be rendered of the sectual can be accomplished. manner in which it is employed. Ah ! There is little doubt that in regard to what will that account be, if we spend foreign missions, at least, this society it only in contributing to the gratifica. will be disposed to become auxiliary tion of worldly pleasures, or in procur. to that recently established by the ing worldly honours ?
general convention of the protestant Connected with the subject of mis. episcopal church of the United States. sions is the duty of furnishing religious We have, therefore, a reasonable prostracts and prayer books, and where pect, that whatever sums any persons they are not already supplied, bibles, shall give, particularly for-foreign misto those who are unable to procure them sions, will be appropriated for that obfor themselves. These supplies and ject within a short period of time. In missions should always go hand in hand. the same manner, it will be in the powReligious tracts have often had a pow• er of any one who shall prefer either of erful influence in calling the attention the other objects of the society, to of the thoughtless to the important con- specify to which of these several purcerns of religion; and in places where poses his donations shall be applied ; the inhabitants are not provided with while those sums wbich are not particuthe regular administration of the word larly appropriated by the donors, will and ordinances of the gospel, the book be applied by the officers of the society of common prayer is peculiarly needed to such purposes as they shall think as a help to their publick and private most conducive to the general prospedevotions. All these objects will, there- rity of the church. fore, naturally engage the attention of I doubt not there are many wbo the friends of missions.
would be ready to do something in It seems hardly to be known, that an this cause, if they were fully aware of episcopal missionary society has been the urgency of the case, and of the fafor several years incorporated and or- cility of doing good, when proper meaganized in this state, with ample pow. sures were adopted. With your leave, ers for the accomplishment of the objects therefore, I will suggest a plan for of which we have spoken, provided the bringing this subject more directly befriends of the church will furnish the fore the publick. requisite funds. This society can appro I would propose that a meeting be priate its funds, in distributing tracts and called, in this town, of all who may be prayer books, or in supplying mission supposed to feel any interest in the aries to the destitute in our own country, cause, and let the whole subject be as either shall be found most likely to laid before them. And since as “iron be useful ; or it may contribute to the sharpeneth iron, so a man sharpeneth support of foreign missions, either under the countenance of his friend," let
there be a free discussion of the subject. he has thereby departed from the usage Then let a subscription be opened, in of bis author. such a manner as to leave it at the op “He muste of necessitie be enforced tion of every subscriber to give to either to allowe us one byshop in every ciof the objects that have been mentioned, lie, shifte afterwarde as well as we or for the general purposes of the so- may for laying out a dioces." White ciety. At the same time let a com- gifte. Defense of the Ecclesiasticall mittee be appointed to obtain farther Regimen in Englande. Lond. 1574. p. subscriptions, both in this vicinity, and 70. by correspondence with the friends of “And this in mine opinion is as large missions in other parts of the diocese. a dioces as any bishop dothe at this day I cannot but hope, that by some such challenge. Yet by the waye needes means as these, sometbing effectual muste I wonder at this peevishe or may be done in this important cause. rather childishe spight, dryvyng us to
S. prove that dioceses were governed by
bishoppes in the apostles' tyme, when
not onely whole shyres, but scante one [The observations on the orthography citie was generally faythfull.” . Ibid. of the word “ diocese,” in the strictures on our work, inserted in the number for
66 The direction of a dioces"4" for November, have induced us to reprint, government of dioceses.” Ibid. p. 73. from the Episcopal Magazine, the fol “But some man will say, perhaps, a lowing communication from the injured diocesse is to large a province for one letter E, which we understand was sent man to governe." Ibid. p. 77. to the editor of that work by one of " And thus much concerning dioour own correspondents.]
ceses." Ibid. p. 84.
t appears, therefore, that archbishop Froin the Episcopal Magazine. An unfortunate letter, which has lately ces," and once or twice “ diocesse,”
Whitgift wrote most commonly been deprived of its rights in the dio- but never as Johnson writes " diucess;": cese by the most crooked of its rela- not having any of Raleigh's works at tions, presumes to lay its case before hand, I am unable to refer to them. As you; being well aware that
to South, the very passage quoted by of truth and justice will incline you to Johnson makes against him as it reacknowledge claims which are sup. gards orthography. ported not only by the united forces
“ St. Paul looks upon Titus as adof analogy and etymology, but also by vanced to the dignity of a prime ruler the authority of almost the whole bench of the church, and intrusted with a of bishops.
large diocese containing many particuNew York, June 7, 1820.
lar churches under the immediate government of their respective elders ;
and those deriving authority from bis Dr. Johnson, in bis dictionary, ordination.” South's Sermons, vol. i. spells this word in the singular " dio- Serm. v. p. 169." cess," and in the plural “ dioceses;": “ He may teach bis diocese who and he quotes Whitgift, Raleigh, and ceases to be able to preach to it.” Ibid. South, as authorities for the accepta- p. 174. tion of the term. This authority, There are some authorities for 66 dio. however, does not extend to the mode cess, but in that case the plural is of spelling ; for though in the exam- formed regularly “diocesses. Thus ples quoted he has introduced his own, In the injunctions by queen Eliza5
ADVOCATE, VOL. II.
beth, 1559. “By the bishop of the of Eng. 4to. Lond. 1587. p. 1239. diocess." Sparrow's Collection, p. 69. black letter.
In the act against the family of Love “ As every bishoppe hath in bis dioby the same. “ In their several dio. ces and in the partitions thereof as diocesses.” Ibid. p. 171,
ceses be now taken.” Ibid. p. 1240. The Convocation A. 1606.
" In the civill lawe—the worde dio. shops over them in every diocess.” cese is now and then taken for a proOverall's Convocation Book. Lond. 4to. vince—but wee understand these terms 1690. p. 262, 264. Ibid. “Within of diocese and province otherwise, for their kingdoms, provinces and dioces. a province
a province to conteyne under it some ses."
number of dioceses." Many of the divines of the time of So bishop Bancroft above quoted : queen Elizabeth and king James I. “Every parish priest with them must write diocesse,” forming the plural bee a bishop; and have as full jurisalso regularly “ diocesses." Thus bi- diction in his parochiall dioces, as it is shop Jewel says, “even into mine own lawful for any bishop in the world either diocesse.” Jewel, ans. to Cole. Fol. to have or to execute." Bancroft's p. 13. “Every diocesse is governed Survey. ut supra. p. 122. by one severall bishop.” Ibid. Defense A writer of the same period, Bilson, of Apology of Church of England. p. afterwards bishop of Winchester, says, ii. p. 87. So Field, the celebrated " where wee have one bishop in a friend of the still more celebrated diocese tied to the lawes of God, the Hooker. "" Because being ministers church and the prince, you would have unto the bishop, they were used by three hundred in a diocese, in some him for the viewing of such parts of more, all of equall power." Bilson his diocess as he could not conveniently Perpetual Gov. of Christ's Church. come unto himselfe.” Field, of the Lond. 4to. 1593. p. 295. black letter. Church.p. 493. Oxford. Fol. ed.3.1635. “ Your quarel indeede is not to the
“If a bishop adventure to doe any length or breadth of their diocesesact of jurisdiction out of his owne dio- you dislike that a bishop should have cesse, &c. Ibid. p. 497.
any diocese at all.” Ibid. p. 320-321. Two words we finde in antiquity As the use of dioceses was ancient, used to expresse the flocks of Christ so the reason that first occasioned them Tapoixou and dixmtis, that is, parish was inevitable.” Ibid. p. 325. and diocesse.” Ibid. p. 501.
Hooker writes thus also: “ The “ There the old diocesse and bishops church where the bishop is set with are in effect not abrogated, but a little his college of presbyters about him, we altered." Bancroft's Survey, 4to. call a see ; the local compass of his Lond. 1593. p. 103.
authority, we term a diocese.” Hooker, Framing new diocesses to bee sub. Eccl. Pol. B. vii. Fol. Lond. 1723. p. ject unto them.” Ibid. p. 104.
357. passim. But the most common mode of spell. Every such part was termed a ing has been “ dioces," or " diocese," diocese - diocese of Asia—diocese of Afin the singular, and “ dioceses" in the rica,” &c. Ibid. p. 358. passim. plural.
Bishop Hall : “ Did ever any of our Thus Bridges, dean of Sarum in the prelates challenge all the world as bis reign of Elizabeth, afterwards bishop diocese?" Hall, apology against Brown. of Oxford, says: “Why should they ists. sect. 29. not first go either to the bishop of the “ The clergy of the several dioceses.” dioces, or further to the archbishop of Episc. by Divine Right. part ii. sec. 1. the province ?" Bridges' Defence of Bingham. “Another division of the Government established in the Church Roman empire was into provinces and