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because he makes use of the faculties There remains then no other test, by which God has given him, and God will which we can determine the sense of not require him to believe what ap- the scriptures, but that of enlightened pears to him unintelligible.
reason; the reason of man enlightened The ultimate difference then is, that by the Spirit of God, and by all the the unitarians make the reason of eve. aids of human learning. And, if the ry man a pope, while the Romanists reasoning powers of every man were confine this privilege to the bishop of perfect, and his will were pure ; if they Rome.
were neither disturbed by passion, nor We ought to mention, that there is limited by ignorance, there would be a class of protestants, who as much ar no dispute on this point, between us rogate to themselves the title of “spi- and the unitarians. But since there is ritual Christians,” as Dr. B. and his as. a vast inequality in the native powers sociates do that of “ rational.” These of men's minds, since there is a great
spiritual Christians” maintain, with deal of obliquity in the human will, by the church of Rome, that the Holy Spi- which belief is greatly regulated ; since rit being the author of the scriptures, the various pursuits and avocations of he alone can properly determine their mankind, forbid their attaining to the sense ; whence they infer that human same degree of knowledge; and since in reason or learning are of no use ; that consequence there have been endless the teaching of the Spirit enables each disputes raised upon almost every point favoured individual to determine the of Christian faith and practice ; the true sense of the scriptures; and that question still remains, who has this en• all to whom he does not vouchsafe this lightened reason? We maintain that teaching, must walk on still in dark- it does not exist in any one individual, ness, under a positive inability to do or in any small number of men, but in any thing by which the seals of this the great body of professing Christians, mystick volume may be opened. the church catholick or universal, as it
All these extravagances of senti- has existed from its foundation. We ment were avoided by our enlightened think that sense of the scriptures the reformers. They disclaimed infallibi- most likely to be true which we find to lity in any man or in any body of men. have been the oldest and the most geneThe high pretentions of the church of rally received. As an example to illusRome were met by the unanswerable trate this position, we extract the followargument that both popes, and councils ing passage from Dr. B's fourth sermon. calling themselves general, have contra “ In respect to that class of texts which dicted one another. But as the Holy are adduced as divine authority for the Spirit cannot dictate opposite conclu doctrine of the supreme divinity of our sions to the mind, the parties pretend- Saviour, the real question is not whether ing to inspiration must agree among these will bear, in accordance with themselves before we can be required the general principles of language, the to admit their claims. The same an- construction trinitarians put on them ; swer guards against the enthusiasm of but whether they will not bear the conthose private Christians who lay claim struction of unitarians !” (p. 60.) We to inspiration, and discard the use of are by no means disposed to admit this reason and the assistance of human ambiguity ; but, supposing it to exist
, learning. The pretenders to this ex- and supposing that the general princitraordinary illumination have differed ples of language will admit of both in their interpretation ; consequently constructions, we say that the sense they are bound to prove their high pre which has on its side antiquity, univer. tensions before it becomes our duty to sality, and consent is to be received admit them.
as the dictate of enlightened reason.
It is on this principle that our church a very trite similitude ; yet will afford refuses to permit any of her clergy to us no unapt illustration of the sufficienbecome solitary interpreters of the cy of the scriptures and the right of scriptures. She considers the interests private judgment; and with it we shall of the laity as too dear, and the cor- at present take leave of our readers. rectness of their principles as too im. The traveller bas in bis hands an accuportant, to place them at the disposal rate description of the road which he of any individual, how exalted soever is to travel, written by the direction of may be his talents, or extensive his the holy Sovereign himself, who has learning. She therefore demands from also appointed guides to explain it and every man a promise “ so lo minister to conduct bim on bis journey. But the doctrine and sacraments, and the there are some points of this road in discipline of Christ, as the Lord bath which there are several paths ; and commanded, and as this church hath re there have been different constructions ceived the same ;" she does not say as put on the sense of this description, so this church hath decreed, but as she batb that he is uncertain which of these received the same ; that is, according paths be ought to take. He applies to to the sense admitted by the catholick one set of these guides, who tell him or universal church, in its most ancient, that as he may mistake the description, pure, and primitive state. The ques. and, it'he trusts to his own examination, tion, then, for the laity to decide is, may lose his way, he had better give whether Dr. B. and his associates shall up the book to them ; and submit also have the liberty of thinking, and to be blindfolded, because he might preaching, and praying for them in otherwise dispute about the way, which publick worship, according to the dic. would only retard his journey and would tates of their solitary reason, without moreover imply a distrust of his guides. any one to restrain or call them to an There is another set of guides who account, or whether they shall be oblig- tell him to keep the description in his ed to pay respect and deference to own hands, and read it with continual the enlightened reason of the universal attention, comparing with it every part church. We think there will not be a of the road to which he comes. When, doubt in which way the liberties of the notwithstanding this careful reading, laity will be best preserved ; and all he is still in perplexity, these guides this idle clamour about creeds, and ar tell him which is the oldest and best ticles, and confessions of faith, will be trodden path, and that in wbich the found to terminate in that restless spirit most careful and intelligent persons of insubordination which proceeds from have trodden from the time in which the corrupt workings of the human heart. the path was opened. They do not
“ As to make a confession of faith," pretend to infallibility, but they consisays the famous Boston minister, Coto der that as the safest and best path, to ton Mather, " is a duty wherein all which the most ancient and general Christians are to be made confessors; preference has been given, and thereand multitudes of them have been made fore they advise him to pursue it. martyrs ; thus to write a confession of
There is another set of persons who, faith, is a work, which the faithful, in all without any authority froin the Soveages, have approved and practised, as reign, take upon themselves to tell him most singularly profitable.” Magnalia, thal the description is very doubtful, b. v. p. i. s. 2.
that nobody can be his guide, and that To compare the Christian to a tra- every man ought to be so independent veller passing onward in the journey as to pursue that path which seems to of life, toward the heavenly country of bim best, even though he be purblind. which he is a citizen, may appear to be Though they do not pretend to be 41
ADVOCATE, VOL. II:
guides, they kindly offer to aid his in We, thy creatures evanescent,
Comfort with thy saving grace.
And for pardon here we pray, the country whither he wishes to tra
Father have compassion on us,
Hopeless send us not away;
But on all, before thee kneeling,
Like Bethesda's waters, healing
To the aching heart of wo. The following hymn was sung at the con Whatsoever ills beset us, secration of the monumental church, which Pious confidence to wound, was erected on the spot where the Richmond In the strength of Jesus let us theatre was burnt. It deserves to be pre
More than conquerors be found. served,
By his infinite affection,
Holy birth, and life divine, Thou, to whom all worlds are present, By his death and resurrection, Countless ages as a day,
God almighty-make us thine.
"two or three met together,' and to be at The convention of the clergy and lay del- the present time but small, presents few inegates of the protestant Episcopal church in teresting objects worthy of detail in an anthis state, was held at Claremont, on the 22d nual report. It is however satisfactory to be of August.
able to say that her sun has not yet passed its Reverend James B. Howe, president; and meridian; and we may reasonably anticipate Albe Cady, Esq. secretary.
the time when her excellences may be more The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rev. James extensively known, and when her members B. Howe, Rev. John L. Blake, Hon. John will be inspired with a more ardent zeal in Harris, and Nathaniel Adanıs, Esq. were diffusing the influence of her doctrines and elected to compose the standing committee her worship. of the church for the ensuing year.
6 From St. John's church, Portsmouth, The Rev. Charles Burroughs, Rev. Robert Rev. Mr. Burroughs reports, 27 baptisms, Fowle, Rev. James B. Howe, Rev. John viz. 8 adults and 19 children ; deaths, 15 L. Blake, Maj. Ezra Jones, Hon. Samuel adults and 3 children; number of families Green, Nathaniel Adams, Esq. and Hop. about 100; communicants about 90 ; that a James Sheafe, were chosen delegates to the Sunday school of about 100 is attached to diocesan convention, to be bolden at Ports. the society. mouth in said state, on the last Wednesday Union church, at Claremont, continues of September next.
still flourishing, and reports 120 families, 112 The same clergymen, with Enoch G. Par: taxable persons, 620 souls, and 120 commu. rott, Esq. Dr. James F. Dana, Hon. James Dicants; and since the last convention, 25 Sheafe, and Samuel Fiske, Esq. were chosen baptisms, 5 marriages, and 18 deaths. This delegates to the general convention.
church has received as donations, a pair of The committee, to whom were referred the silver cups from widow Alice Dustin, a silver parochial returns, reported,
flagon from Sanford Kingsbury, Esq. and “ That the church in this state, well known also an elegant altar piece from William W. by her friends to have commenced as the Clapp, Esq. of Boston.
* The church in Holderness, reports 30 * "Religious instructers are forbidden to families, 150 souls, 20 communicants, and exercise dominion over the faith of their fel one Sunday school, and, since the last conlow-men, but they are directed to be the vention, 1 baptism, 1 marriage, and 3 fu"helpers of their joy.' 9" Serm. i. p. 22.
« Rev. Mr. Leonard, who officiates one he had ordained one deacon and two priests, third of the time in Trinity church, Cornish, and confirmed pinety persons. And after and administers the holy communion at that enumerating the several changes which had place once in two months, reports 40 com- occurred in the residences of clergymen, he municants, and that since advent 1818, when remarks, that “a more awful change than his services commenced in said church, there any of the former, has taken place in this dio. have been 17 baptisms, 3 marriages, 6 fune- cese, during the last year. The reverend rals, and 15 persons have been confirmed. John Weems, for many years a respectable
"From Christ's church, at Hopkinton, clergyman of this diocese, has terminated his there are reported 20 communicants ; and ministry here on earth, and passed into that there is exhibited evidences of growing piety state, where he must yield an account of his and attachment to the church.
stewardship. " No sensible alteration has taken place “ The bishop then congratulates his brethat St. Thomas's chapel, in Concord; but it ren on the present appearances of the church, is mentioned with gratitude from that church, contrasted with its former depressed state, that an elegant service of plate, for the use of and expresses his belief, that, to extend its the altar, bas been presented it by the pious limits, nothing is wanting but a sufficient munificence of individuals in Portsmouth. supply of well-educated, faithful, and pious
“ It is also mentioned as a matter of satis- ministers. He laments that some most valufaction, that through the exertions of the able clergymen have been compelled to leave Rev. Mr. Howe, an Episcopal society has this diocese, for the want of support, 'In so been organized at Charlestown, where there abundant a country as we inhabit, this is a is a sinall permanent fund existing for its most appalling circumstance: and we confisupport.
dently hope, that God, who bestows his * We likewise mention that Mr. George blessings in such profusion upon our happy Richardson, a graduate at Dartmouth col. land, wil inspire the hearts of his people lege, and preceptor of the academy at New with dispositions to grant an adequate porHampton, and who is a candidate for holy tion of his good bounty, to support the minisorders, has colected a respectable congrega- ters of his gospel. The church, by no means, tion at that place, under auspicious circum. wishes to accumulate wealth. All she wants, stances, where he has for sometime officiated and all she looks for, is the comfortable supas a lay reader.
port of those, who have relinquished the pur" It is also understood, though no official suits of this world, and devoted themselves information has been received, that within a to the service of the altar.' After stating few months, a congregation has been collect the scriptural proofs, that this positive duty ed at Colebrook, Coos county, and that the is no less imperious under the gospel, than it service and a sermon are read each Sabbath was under the law, he suggests to the people hy a respectable lay gentlemap."
of the diocese, that they might relieve much The next annual convention to be holden of the inconveniences of their clergy, by ocat Holderness, on the first Wednesday in casionally bestowing upon them a portion of October.
the good things with which a kind providence
has blessed them. Such a practice would Maryland.
not only maintain the most affectionate inter
course between a pastor and his flock, but Instead of giving our readers an abstract
even yield a source of delight to every pious of our own of the proceedings of the conven
heart. While no one can more cordially tion of Maryland, we willingly take that which is made to our hands by the editor of disapprove of beggarly and murmuring clerthe Churchman's Magazine. The sentiments symen than I do, few things could gratify he has expressed with regard to these pro• diocese in ease and comfort, devoting their
me so much, as to see all the clergy of my ceedings are decidedly our own; and to say whole attention to their boly calling.' the truth, we are willing to spare ourselves
* We bave extracted these observations, an employment which could not give satis
not without hope that they may catch the faction to any one concerned in it.
eye, and occupy the thoughts of some of our "An abstract of the journals of the convention readers. The subject is certainly an impor
of the protestant Episcopal church in the tant one, but it rarely meets with that condiocese of Maryland, held at Washington, sideration which it deserves. Aud it is proD. C. 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th of June, 1822. bably owing to a false delicacy, that it is so
"This convention was attended by the unfrequently made a theme of official instrucright reverend James Kemp, D. D.; about tion; and to its not receiving from our congrethirty-five clergymen, and pearly the same gations that liberal regard which is due to it, Bumber of laymen.
that so many clergymen of great promise, “ In his address, the bishop mentions, that have, at different times, removed from the
diocese of Connecticut, seeking that en- lection of annual subscriptions, and other couragement abroad, which we have too funds, for the uses of the missionary society. often withheld from them.
“ The following resolutions, with the pre“ After appointing a committee on the amble, were adopted. "Whereas, the calls state of the church, on the Episcopal fund, of the church, in this section of the country, and on other business, the convention entered for ministers' rightly to divide the word of into a consideration of the expediency of es- truth, are loud and frequent, and are daily tablishing a diocesan missionary society, becoming more urgent and imperious; and auxiliary to the domestick and foreign mis since it is desirable to furnish every facility to sionary society of the protestant Episcopal those, who are solicitous of being duly prechurch of the United States. It was deter- pared for the high and responsible office of mined to organize an auxiliary missionary the gospel ministry, and the experience of society, and a constitution for its government the church has borne the most ample testiwas adopted. The primary object of the mony to the admirable tendency of well-resociety is, to supply the diocese of Maryland gulated theological schools, to promote this with a regular ministry; and by its surplus object: Therefore, funds, to aid the parent society. Two dol Resolved, by the convention of the pro. lars constitute a person a member for one testant Episcopal church in the diocese of year; and twenty dollars, a member for Maryland, That it is now expedient, in relilife. Members, who pay fifty dollars, are ance on the blessing of God for success, to denominated. patrons. A sermon is to be establish a local theological seminary. delivered, and a collection made for the bene “And be it further resolved, That a comfit of the society, during the session of the mittee, consisting of five members, three of annual convention. The board of managers whom shall be of the clergy, and the rest of are to meet semi-annually; and the appro- the laity, be elected by ballot, to report to priation of the funds, and the appointment of this convention a constitution for the governmissionaries are vested in them. We quote ment of said seminary.' the last article of the constitution, on account “ The votes were taken by orders, and the of the excellent spirit which it breathes, and yeas and nays ordered to be inserted on the with a view of suggesting (what we fear is journals. Clergymen, yeas 23, nays 8. Layrarely practised to the full extent which it men, yeas 19, pays 11. ought to be) the duty and importance of "'The constitution of the seminary procommending all our exertions in the cause of vides, that its regulations shall be consistent Christianity, to the protection and blessing of with the canons of the general convention, heaven. It is recommended to every mem. and the laws of the diocese under which it ber of the society, to pray to almighty God is established. The board of trustees are to for his blessing upon its designs, under the be elected triennially, and to consist of eight full conviction, that unless he directs us in clergymen and five laymen; the bishop of all our doings, with his most gracious favour, the diocese is ex officio president of the board. and furthers us with his continual help, we The secretary of the board is required to cannot reasonably hope, either to procure submit the record of their proceedings to the suitable persons to act as missionaries, or annual conventions; to which also, a report expect that their endeavours will be success- of the state of the seminary in all its departful.'
ments, is to be exhibited. None but presby. “ The following persons were appointed ters are eligible to the office of professor.trustees of the general theological seminary: The location of the seminary is to be deterRev. Dr. Wyatt, Rev. J. P. K. Henshaw, mined by the convention, and all the acts of Rev. M. Johns, N. Brice, Esq., J. C. Her- the board of trustees are subject to its revibert, Esq., T. Tilghman, Esq., and J. B. sion. The seminary is to be located in Eccleston, Esq.
Washington county, district of Columbia. “The following gentlemen were elected The following gentlemen were elected memdelegates to the next general convention. bers of the board of trustees : Rev. Dr. DaThe Rev. Mr. Henshaw, the Rev. Mr. vis, Rev. Dr. Wyatt, Rev. Mr. Henshaw, Johns, the Rev. Mr. Weeks, the Rev. Mr. Rev. Mr. Weller, Rev. Mr. Hawley, Rev. Weller, J. C. Herbert, F. S. Key, T. Tilgh- Mr. Johns, Rev. Mr. Mʻllvaine, Rev. Mr. man, and J. Goldsborough, Esquires. Tyng, J. C. Herbert, F. S. Key, J. Golds
“ The convention adopted a resolution ap. borough, T. Henderson, and C. Smith, esproving the efforts now making, by the Ame- quires. rican colonization society, as tending dif 66 We have thus detailed, as summarily as fuse the blessings of Christianity.
possible, the proceedings of the diocese of “A resolution was adopted, earnestly re- Maryland on this interesting subject. But commending to the clergymen and vestries of while we express our gratification at the inthe diocese, to exert themselves in the col- creased exertions which the members of oui