Obrazy na stronie

tures, that St. Peter, or any of the should be glad to know, when, and by apostles, were commissioned to depose what pope, “ the power of dispensing kings and rulers of nations, or to ab- with oaths,” was officially and publicksolve their subjects from their oalhs of ly relinquished ? The popes of old, no allegiance. On the contrary, I find doubt, deemed the exercise of this disSt. Peter saying; “submit yourselves pensing power a right appertaining to to every ordinance of man for the the Roman see ; but if any pope, subLord's sake ; whether it be to the sequent to those mentioned, has relinking, as supreme; or unto governours, quished it, what becomes of the papal as unto them that are sent by him for infallibility in the reign of those popes, the punishinent of evil-doers, and for and of the vaunted unity of principles the praise of them that do well.'** and action in the Rounan church? As the dispensing power is not to be They cannot, surely, under these cir. found in the bible, it must be looked cumstances, be the same now, as they for among

the traditions of the Romish were at the reformation. If they are, church, which the Roman catholicks then according to the doctrine of the say, are of the same authority as the Romnish church, the


bas the power written word of God. If these tradi. of turning Mr. Monroe out of the pretions have ever been committed to sidential chair, as a heretick, and of paper, like the Mishna, I should like placing a creature of his own in his to see something, which would give place! Is this the opinion of Roman even a semblance of authority to the catholicks ? It certainly is not the bishop of Rome, for the exercise of the opinion of protestants. dispensing power. Pope Innocent IV. In the holy warfare against bere. declared that, he held the place of Je- ticks, every protestant is a heretick sus Christ on earth.I shudder while in their opinion, every Roman Catho. I

copy this blasphemy. Pope Pius V. lick prelate is bound by his consecradeclared, as we have seen, that he was tion oath, to aid and support the pope. “ constituted prince over all nations and in this cath is the following passage : all kingdoms, that he might pluck up, Hæreticos, schismaticos et rebelles eidem destroy, dissipate, ruinale, plant, and domino nostro vel successoribus prædicbuild." The bull of Paul III. con tis pro esse persequar et impugnabo

. tains the same declaration, and quotes “Hereticks, schismaticks, and rebels to the prophet Jeremiah, for his authority. our said Lord [the pope) or his aforeIn looking at this authority, we find it said successors, I will to my power is JEHOVAH, speaking to the house of persecute and oppose."* Israel!!! Is America included in The oath at length, in the original this sweeping power of destruction ? Latin, as well as a translation, will be America was known when these bulls found in Barrow. I will copy the were issued. Does the pope, then, latter, for the information of those wbo arrogate this authority over the United have not an opportunity of consulting States? Can be change our rulers the works of that author. who have been freely elected by a “I, N. elect of the church of N. majority of our citizens? Can be dis- from henceforward will be faithful, and solve our allegiance to the government obedient to St. Peter the apostle, and of our choice? Ridiculous! If Ro- to the holy Roman church, and to our man catholicks think so, American lord, the lord N. pope N. and to his protestants do not. And as we do not successors canonically coming in. I choose to have our civil rights invaded, will neither advise, consent, or do any by any power, secular or spiritual, we

* Pontif. Rom. Antwerp, Apno 1626, p. * 1 Peter, i. 13, 14.

59, and p. 86. Apud Barrow's Works, † Jerem. xvii. 7-1 li.

p. 553.

thing that

may lose life or member, or And if I be detained by a lawful imthat their persons may be seized, or pediment, I will perform all the things hands anywise laid upon them, or any aforesaid by a certain messenger hereinjuries offered to them under any pre- to specially empowered, a member of tence whatever. The counsel which my chapter, or some other in ecclesithey shall entrust me withal, by them- astical dignity, or else having a parselves, their messengers, or letters, I sonage ; or in default of these, by a will not knowingly reveal to any, to priest of the diocese ; or in default of their prejudice. I will help them to one of the clergy [of the diocese) by defend and keep the Roman pa- some other secular or regular priest of pacy, and the royalties of St. Peter, approved integrity and religion, fully saving my order, against all men. instructed in a things abovementionThe legate of the apostolick see, going ed. And such impediment I will and coming, I will honourably treat and make out by lawful proofs, lo be transhelp in his necessities. The rights, mitted by the aforesaid messenger to honours, privileges, and authority of the cardinal proponent of the holy Rothe holy Roman church, of our lord the inan church, in the congregation of the pope, and his aforesaid successors, 1 sacred council. The possessions be. will endeavour to preserve, defend, in- longing to my table I will neither sell crease, and advance. I will not be in nor give away, nor mortgage, nor grant any council, action, or treaty, in which anew in fee, nor any wise alienate, no, shall be plotted against our said lord, not even with the consent of the chapand the said Roman church, any thing ter of my church, without consultto the hurt or prejudice of their persons, ing the Roman pontiff. And if I shall right, honour, state, or power ; and if make any alienation, I will thereby I shall know any such thing to be treated incur the penalties contained in a cer. or agitated by any whatsoever, I will tain constitution put forth about this hinder it to my power ; and as soon as matter. So help me God, and the holy I can, will signify it to our said lord, gospels of God.” or to some other by whom it may come In conclusion, I would ask the juto his knowledge. The rules of the holy rists this question, merely for inforfathers, the apostolick decrees, ordinances mation, without deciding upon it myor disposals, reservations, provisions self : Whether a citizen of the United and mandates, I will observe svith all States can take this oath, and promise my might, and cause them to be observed this obedience, to the pope, be being by others. Hereticks, schismaticks, and foreign temporal prince, consistently rebels to our said lord, or his aforesaid with the allegiance he owes to the successors, I will to my power persecute government of his own country? and oppose.

I will come to a council when I am called, unless I be bindered by a canonical impediment. I will by myself in person visit the threshold

REVIEW of the apostles every three years; and

OF DR. BANCROFT'S SERMONS. give an account to our lord and his aforesaid successors, of all my pastoral

(Continued from page 289.) office, and of all things any wise be. Having in our last number considerlonging to the state of my church, to ed the account which Dr. Bancroft the discipline of my clergy and people, gives of the primitive church, we proand lastly to the salvation of souls ceed in the present to offer some recommitted to my trust; and will in marks to our readers on a subject of like manner humbly receive and dili- much greater difficulty, the questions gently execute the apostolick commands. relative to the sufficiency of the scrip


tures as our rule of life, and the right requisite. By divine traditions are of private judgment in matters of meant certain instructions given by religion.

Christ to his apostles, but no where " The reformers," says Dr. B.,“ in found in the new testament ; by apostheir dispute with the Romish cburch, tolick traditions, whatever was insti. took the most tenable ground, which tuted by the apostles, under the directhey maintained with all the force of tion of the Holy Spirit, but not recorded argument, and all the power of truth, in their epistles.” Bellarm de verbo Dei viz. •tbe sufficiency of scripture as a non scripto, lib. iv. cap. 2, 3. The rule of faith and practice, and the Romanists therefore, while they assentright of private judgment.' But no ed to the general proposition that the sooner had they separated a large por- word of God is the only rule of faith tion of the Christian community from and morals, comprehended under this the catholick communion, than they, term, certain oral instructions given in direct violation of their own princi, by our Saviour to his apostles on mat. ples, assumed the spiritual domination ters of faith necessary to salvation, and over their protestant brethren from which are not expressly declared in which they themselves revolted, under the scriptures. In opposition to this, the Roman pontiff. By their own au- the English reformers maintained that thority they established formularies as "holy scripture containeth all things the test of orthodoxy, and they denied necessary to salvation : so that whatsothe Christianity of all who dissented ever is not read therein, nor may be from them.” Sermon xiii. p. 193.– proved thereby, is not to be required To this charge of inconsistency, the of any man, that it should be believed reformers, were they able to answer as an article of the faith, or be thought for themselves, would plead, we think, requisite or necessary to salvation.” not guilty. Dr. B. assumes as usual, Article vi. entitled “ of the sufficiency that his definition of terins is the only of the holy scriptures for salvation.”one of which they are susceptible, and The same sentiment is expressed in the consequently the same which was first homily entitled “a fruitful exadopted by the reformers. We think hortation to the reading and knowledge they understood the terms " suffi- of holy scripture.” “ Unto a Chrisciency of the scriptures and right of tian man there can be nothing either private judgment," in a very different more necessary or profitable, than the sense from that in which they are un. knowledge of holy scripture, forasderstood by those who now assume the much as in it is contained God's true title of “liberal Christians.”

word, setting forth bis glory, and also And first as to the sufficiency of the man's duty. And there is no truth nor scriptures; to know what the reform- doctrine necessary for our justification ers taught on this point, it is necessary and everlasting salvation, but that is, that we should know the exact state of or may be, drawn out of that fountain the controversy between them and the and well of truth.' So again, “ Let church of Rome. “The controversy us diligently search for the well of life between us and the hereticks," says in the books of the new and old testa. cardinal Bellarmine,“ turns on two ments, and not run to the stinking pudpoints. The first which we assert is dles of men's traditions, devised by that all necessary doctrine whether of men's imagination, for our justification faith or morals is not contained in the and salvation. For in boly scripture scriptures ; and therefore, secondly, is fully contained what we ought to do, that beside the WRITTEN word of God, and what to eschew, what to believe, the UNWRITTEN word of God, ihat is, what to love, and what to look for at the divine and apostolick traditions, are God's hands at length." The cale.

chism ascribed to Nowell, which ap- so exclusive an epithet. But to let pears to have been sanctioned by the this pass as only one instance of that bishops, and set forth by publick author. loose and inaccurate mode of expresity in 1570, has the following question sion which pervades the whole book, and answer. • Q. Dost thou then af- let us proceed to consider the charge firm that all things necessary to godli- itself. “ In direct violation of their ness and salvation are contained in the own principles," says Dr. B., “they written word of God? A. Yea : for it (the reformers) assumed the spiritual were a point of intolerable ungodliness domination over their protestant brethand madness, to think either that God ren, from which they themselves revolthad left an imperfect doctrine, or that ed under the Roman pontiff” To man were able to make that perfect support this broad assertion be ought which God left imperfect.” It will be to have shown that the reformers reevident to our readers that all these quired as articles of faith necessary to expressions were levelled against the salvation what cannot be proved from Romish doctrine of “ an unwritten the scriptures. He assumes this ; but word of God,and that when the re- assumption is one thing and proof formers maintained the sufficiency of another. We shall confine our remarks the scriptures, it was in opposition to at present to the conduct of the English the assertion that “all necessary doc- reformers ; both because they are trine whether of faith or morals is not those with which we are more immediexpressly contained in the written ately concerned, and because we wish word,” 6 in scripturis non contineri ex as much as possible to narrow the presse totam doctrinam necessariam, ground of argument. sive de fide, sive de moribus.” Bellarm. "By their own authority," continues

As all the continental refor. Dr. B.," they established formularies as mers agreed on this point with those the test of orthodoxy.” In the first of England, it is unnecessary to say place what did they establish? The more in order to prove what they creeds for the laity, the thirty-nine armeant when they spoke of the sufi- ticles for the clergy, and the book of ciency of the scriptures.

common prayer and administration of But,” says Dr. Bancroft,“ no sooner the sacraments for both. With regard had they separated a large portion of to the creeds, the reformers indeed the Christian community from the affirmed that they "ought thoroughly catholick communion,” &c. Separated to be received and believed :" Why? from the catholick communion ! God On their own authority ? No: they forbid. Though Dr. B., and his ob- say no such thing. In fact they never sequious committee, who talk of “the had an idea of requiring a belief in liberty of protestants, for the enjoyment them on their own authority. They of which they separated from the catho- expressly disclaim it; for they add as a lick church,"may be willing to concede reason why they ought to be so received, to our Roman brethren that they consti. for they may be proved by most certain tute the church catholick, we are by warrants of holy scripture.”. Art. viii. no means willing to make such a con- So again in the twentieth article. “ It cession. We are members, and we is not lawful for the church to ordain trust sound members, of the catholick any thing that is contrary to God's or universal church, baving been made words written, neither may it so exso when we were born into it by bap- pound one place of scripture, that it be tism; and we are not willing to be repugnant to another. Wherefore, al. deprived of our birthright, because a though the church be a witness and a portion, and a corrupted portion of keeper of holy writ, yet as it ought this catholick church arrogantly claims not to decree any thing against the 40


ut sup:

same; so besides the same ought it not quired in stewards, that a man be found to enforce any thing to be believed for faithful. But with me it is a very small necessity of salvation.” Is there then thing that I should be judged of you no difference between declaring, with or of man's judgment.” We consider the reformers, in what sense they un- ed the office of one who is required derstood the scriptures, and declaring, not to “ handle the word of God dewith the church of Rome, that all ceitfully,” as one which involved a things necessary to salvation are not most awful responsibility, a responsi. contained in the scriptures ? Is there bility to that great Being, who will no difference between presenting to

come to demand of him an account of the laity a summary of the chief arti- bis ministry. But the committee have cles of Christian faith, drawn from the set us right on this subject. The cler. scriptures, and the imposition of articles gyman is no longer an ambassador of of faith which are confessedly no where Christ, proclaiming the terms of salto be found in the scriptures? If there vation to sinful men, but he is a lecturer be a difference, Dr. B.'s charge of in- to a set of criticks, who are constantconsistency is wholly without founda- ly on the watch to detect an imposition ; but if there be no difference, we tion on their understanding, and probeg leave to ask whether he does not claiming to the preacher, " Take care, involve himself in his own charge ? sir, what you advance, for you are Does not Dr. B. every time he goes speaking at the peril of your reputainto the pulpit, attemp to maintain tion, as a divine and a scholar.” But and

prove from the scriptures what he to let this pass, it is sufficiently amuse considers to be Christian doctrine ? and ing to hear of the independent exercise does he not thereby “in direct viola- of their Christian liberty,” and “the tion of his own principles assume the soundest expositions of scripture, and spiritual domination over his protestant the fairest deductions of enlightened brethren ?" No, say the committee of reason." What does all this prove, Dr. B.'s parish who have published his but that Dr. Bancroft is an expert sermons, “ doctrinal discourses from angler, and has caught them upon

his the pulpit are now seldom heard with hook, while they thought they were satisfaction, or even with patience, if the running off with a fly? Dr, Bancroft's preacher proposes to do more than to creed, in all its essential particulars, aid the inquiries of his hearers. They is their creed. And it is so with all will hardly suffer him to prescribe a congregations which have not written creed for their adoption, or to de- formularies. If men are to unite to. nounce them for the independent exer- gether at all, it must be under a cise of their Christian liberty. Every minister who expounds the scriptures man, indeed, who has much reputation in some specifick manner. The laity to preserve as a divine and a scholar, have no liberty in the case, excepting finds it necessary to be cautious in that of retiring from the preaching of a stating opinions to be adopted by minister who does not suit thein; and others, which cannot be defended by even that they have not if the town in the soundest expositions of scripture, which they live is not large enough to and the fairest deductions of enlighten- support two, or if the ministers happen ed reason, Introd. p. iii. iv. We to agree in sentiment. Where then, were of opinion that there was some we should be glad to know, is all this thing more than a regard to reputation, boasted liberty of the laity? As for the which ought to operate upon the mind ministers, they have liberty enough. of a preacher of the gospel. We verily They pray what they please, and they thought with St. Paul, that “it is re. preach what they please; and provid

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