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nary ; also Messrs. Irving and Ives, in conse- support missionaries among the heathen, will quence of their expectations shortly to take not, I trust, be questioned by true Christians. orders, and Mr. Nash, in consequence of the It is certain, however, that a missionary, illoess of his father. Messrs. Marks and who possesses the spirit of his work, will be Yvonnet aré absent.

the last man to complain for want of tempoAll which is respectfully submitted. Sign- ral comforts. If he reads the history of ed by order of the faculty of the theologi- Christ, of the primitive disciples, and of the cal school, J. H. HOBART, President. martyrs, he will think all his sacrifices and

sufferings are nothing. If missionaries pos

sess any other spirit than this, there will be, Though we do not think it necessary to I fear, but little reason to hope, that success

make copious extracts from a work so will attend their labours. The head of the generally circulated as the Missionary church knows how far pecuniary aid would Herald, we think our readers will be gra. render them more extensively useful; and so tified with the perusal of the following ex- far, I trust, he will cause it to be afforded. tracts from a letter of Rev. Pliny Fisk, For missionaries themselves to speak on the

dated “ Alexandria, Feb. 4, 1822. subject of contributions for their own sup"In respect to brother Parsons's health, 1 port, is a delicate thing. I have, more than can say but little in addition to what you once, resolved never to mention the subject will find in the letters we forwarded to in my communications to you or others. If Smyrna about ten days ago. His symptoms I know myself, I would never do it for my are in many respects more favourable ; but own support or comfort. I would sooner, he continues extremely weak, and his con- in case the provision now made for my sup“ stitution is evidently very much impaired, port should fail, devote one half my time to if not completely broken down. We have labour, and thus support myself. But when a skilful physician, who says, without hesi- I read the journals of our brethren in other tation, that he will, in some good degree at missions; and when I look at Smyrna, and Jeast, recover; at the same time, he gives Armenia, and then see how difficult, how the opinion, that he will not be likely ever next to impossible it is, for the board to send to enjoy good health again, certainly not in additional labourers into any of these fields, this climate, referring to Egypt and Judea. though there are young men ready to go, There will always be a tendency to a dis- who ask for nothing but their food and ordered state of the bowels and of the liver. clothing, I cannot but wish that I were able He says that, for the winter, the chi ate of to say something, which would rouse Chris. this place is favourable; for the summer, no tians to greater liberality. When a taberplace would be so favourable as mount Le- nacle was to be built, the people of Israel, banon. Were we both in health, we should of every condition, age, and sex, came forwish to spend the summer on that mountain. ward, voluntarily, with their offerings, till We shall probably remain in Egypt until the priests were obliged to say, Slop. spring, and then, if Providence permit, go to There is enough and too much. When a mount Lebanon. We have entertained the temple was to be built, David offered, wilhope, that one or both of us might be at Je- Jingly, gold to the value of 18 or 20 millions rusalem at Easter, but we begin to fear that sterling, beside a large amount of silver and we shall not be able to accomplish this part other things, and his chief men then offered of our plan. We regret this, though we re- a much larger amount; and David's prayer 'gret it less than we should do, if the state shows that, instead of feeling any reluctance, of the country were such as to allow pil- be offered all this from choice, and felt ungrims to go, as usual, to the holy city. We worthy of the privilege of doing it. Thanks apprehend very few, if any pilgrims will go be to God for the grace bestowed on his this year.

people, there are, in the present day, many " It has grieved us, and I am sure it has bright examples of cheerful liberality. But grieved you, and many others, to find the alas ! how often is the opposite true! What funds of the board in such an embarrassed reluctance! What frivolous excuses! What state. That they who profess' lo be the absurd and ridiculous objections! I have been friends of foreign missions, could, with per- an agent for the missionary cause, and shall fect ease, enable the board to enlarge all never cease to remember, with gratitude, their missions, and establish many new ones the kind encouragement, the cordial approwithout delay, is a point which, 1 presume, bation, and the cheerful contributions, of a no one will deny. But how far it may be few, in many places which I had occasion to the will of God that pecuniary contributions visit. But the coldness, the shyness, the shall aid in the diffusion of the gospel, is a studied neglect, the suspicion, the prejudice, question not so easily answered. That it is which the simple name of missionary ageni the duty of the churches to send forth and produced in the minds of many, who profees to be Christians, to have their treasure in America, are there done who will go and do heaven, to prize the gospel above all other likewise ? things, and to pity the perishing heathen, “ There is, however, one incorrect opinion cannot easily be forgotten. How far it may often expressed on this subject; it is, that generally be the fault of the agent, or some missionaries cannot go to the heathen unless defect in the method adopted for raising mo- money is contributed for their support. ney, I pretend not to say; but, unhappily, This is not universally true. They can go, it is too often the fact, that the visit of an in some cases, and to some people, and laagent is considered rather an object of ha- bour for their own support. It is true that, tred or contempt, than of approbation and in this way, they cannot maintain schools, desire. In England, two clergymen of years perform journeys, print books, and give their and of high standing, go out together as whole time and strength to missionary laagents; and, in one instance at least, a rich bour. But they may, in many places, suplayman accompanied them, and voluntarily port themselves, and still have a part of their defrayed all the expenses of the journey. time for their appropriate work. If the laWhether such a plan might not be attended bour and anxiety, attending this course, are with good effects in the United States, per- necessary to prepare us for success, I hope haps deserves consideration.

the Lord will give us grace to do bis will “A missionary ought, unquestionably, to with all cheerfulness and diligence. The labour contentedly, and be grateful

for what- baptist missionaries in India supported themever support the churches may afford him; selves, for a time, by superintending an indiand, I am sure, if the donors could know go factory. The Moravians, in a great with what emotions missionaries sometimes measure, support themselves by their own read over the monthly lists of contributions, labours. In this part of the world, one or they would not think them altogether un. two single men might live by devotiog three grateful. But is it a duty, is it right, while or four hours a day to teaching the children 80 many are living at home in ease and afflu- of Europeans who have settled bere. lo ence, that missionaries should bring them- other parts of the world, they might proselves to an early grave, by cares and la- bably find other means of support. If the bours, which might be relieved by a little means are not provided for outfit and paspecuniary assistance? I know not how it sage, employment for a certain period in may seem to others; but, knowing as I now America, would procure what might suffice. do the various expenses to which a missiona- There are niissionaries who are willing to go, ry is constantly subjected, it seems to me if the churches will support them. Let the hardly possible, that the sum you allow question now be . are ihere missionaries who should appear too great. The sum which will go and support themselves ? Let the we receive, is a mere pittance, compared question be distinctly considered. Can a with what other travellers, who come into young man of true missionary spirit, hesitate this part of the world, expend. It is, in on this question? Dear sir, I beg you will fact, small when compared with what the put the question to those who talk of going Episcopal missionaries in these parts receive. to the heathen, and see whether there are The late Mr. Williamson was appointed any who will go. Let them sit down first, travelling agent for the British and Foreign and count the cost, and then, if, with all their Bible Society, and was to receive a salary hearts, they can say yes,' let them thas of £250 sterling, besides his travelling ex. show that they really feel the command of penses. Still the English societies have, in Christ to be urgent, and the condition of the general, more money than men. You merely heathen deplorable. defray the expenses of your missionaries, “O that God may bestow on us all more and those kept down by the most rigid eco- of his grace, and make us more diligent and nomy; and yet there are generally several faithful in his work." waiting, who cannot be sent abroad, for want of money. An individual in England William Jarvis, and Joha M. Garfield, sometimes sends forth a missionary, and A. B. have been admited to the holy provides liberally for his support. The la- order of deacons, by the Rt. Rev. Bishop mented Burkhardt was thus employed. Mr. Brownell; the first, at Norwalk, on WedWolf is now supported by one or two indie nesday, the 7th, and the latter at Hamden, viduals. Among all the men of affluence in on Sunday, August 18.


TO CORRESPONDENTS. The queries of Amicus Homini are received ; but we doubt the utility of engaging at the present time in the controversy to which his questions might lead.

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" Knowing that I am set for the defence of the Gospel.” Phil. i. 17.

No. 22.]

OCTOBER, 1822.

[No. 10. Vol. II.



To the Editor of the Gospel Advocate.

of the 'coming of Christ, and the time COMMENT ON 2 PETER iii. 15, 16.

of it, that he intends to say, there are

some things difficult to be understood * And account that the long suffering in the writings of St. Paul. M. of our Lord is salvation ; even as our beloved brother Paul also, according

SERMON.-No. XIX. to the wisdom given unto him, hath written unto you; as also in all his Hebrews xii. 1, 2.Wherefore, seeing epistles, speaking in them of these we also are compassed about with so things; in which are some things hard great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay to be understood, which they that are aside every weight, and the sin which unlearned and unstable, wrest, as they doth so easily beset us, and let us run do also the other scriptures, unto their with patience the race that is set beown destruction." The original of fore us; looking unto Jesus, thé authat part of the passage quoted above, thor and finisher of our faith, who, which is printed in italicks, is, in the for the joy that was set before him, common Greek text, (textus receptus,) endured the cross, despising the shame, εν αις εσι δυσνόητά τινα, , and to this our and is set down at the right hand of translation corresponds. But from the

the throne of God. critical labours of Griesbach, it appears that the greatest weight of manu. In reading the history of the Jews, script authority is in favour of reading we are apt to feel no more interested év ols, instead of év ais, in the Greek in the affairs of their nation, than we clause just transcribed. Schleusner do in reading the histories of the and Rosenmueller adopt this reading. Greeks and Romans. But, upon lookThe common reading fv ais, refers to ing closely into the subject, we shall Saisoncūs, in the preceding part of find tbe Jewish history much more in. the verse, and makes St. Peter say, teresting, not only as it exbibits the exthat in the epistles of St. Paul, gene- traordinary interposition of the Deity, rally, there are some things hard to be but as it is a type and emblem of the understood, while the reading adopted Christian life, and sets before us many by Griesbach makes him mean, that characters intended for our instruction on the subject of which he was speaking, and improvement. The Jewish naSt. Paul's epistles contained some tion, like the Christian in this life, passthings difficult to be understood. St. ed through many trials and vicissiPeter is in this passage speaking of the tudes; and all the ancient saints, from coming of Christ, and of those things the beginning to the end of the old which will precede or take place at testament history, were called' to a that event. "And it is on the subject life of suffering, and by that means 38


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became qualified for their reward. for the kingdom, but that which is Thus also “must we undergo much marked out by the great King. The tribulation in our way to the heavenly race is “set before us,” prescribed, kingdom;" we must pass through the and designated, and appointed by difurnace of affliction, before we enter' vine authority; and to that path we into glory. The apostle, having in must strictly adhere, if we would run the 11th chapter given us a long cata. with success and end with glory. But Jogue of ancient worthies, who had though the course is plain before us, "obtained a good report through faith,” we cannot continue perseveringly in exhorts us in this 12th chapter, to it without constant diligence and exfollow their example, but more espe- ertion. Many difficulties and obstacially the example of our blessed cles lie in the way, that are apt to turn Lord. Seeing we are compassed us aside, or obstruct our progress. The about with so great a cloud of witnesses, heart of Israel in the wilderness was let us lay aside every weight, and the sometimes much grieved because of sin which doth so easily beset us, the way. Sometimes our path is steep and let us run with patience, the and slippery, so that we need conrace that is set before us; looking” stant struggling to get forward, and especially “ unto Jesus, the Author and earnest watchfulness, lest we fall backFinisher of our faith, who, for the joy ward. Sometimes the way is rough that was set before him, endured the and thorny, painful to the flesh, and cross, despising the shame, and is set exposing us to fall from our own steaddown at the right hand of the throne fastness. Such also is the languor and of God.”

sluggishness of our dispositions, and In this passage are contained, first, so opposed is our corrupt nature to an exhortation to run our race ; second- the Christian life, that we are apt to ly, directions how to insure success. become weary and faint in our minds,

1. First, we are exhorted to run our relax our exertions, and give up race; (and to run with patience.) pursuit. There are also at all times Though the original way of happiness many around us, who say, " It is vain was closed up by the fall of man, and to serve God," and who use all their a flaming sword guarded all access to influence to turn us away from the the tree of life ; yet the Lord cast up faith. At times, even our familiar a new and living way, and marked friends, the members of our own houseout a course, where we might run with holds, who ought most to aid and en. success, and obtain the prize. He has courage us, exert themselves to impede opened a way through the waters of our progress. They perhaps tell us, regeneration, through a wilderness of that religion is vain, and the gospel is trials in the Christian life, and through vain, that such a way of salvation, the Jordan of death, to the bright Ca- through regeneration and conversion, naan of eternal rest. And this way is is enthusiastick in its nature, and will so plain, that the way-faring man shall lead to no good in the end. But, my not err therein, if he but duly attends friends, whatever difficulties or disto the directions given him. It is couragements we meet with, we must through Jesus Christ, through repent. "run the race with patience.” With ance, and faith, and persevering holi- a calm and patient endurance of all ness, that we are to enter into the our trials, we must still press

forward. kingdom. In this course we must run, In spite of all external obstacles and or never obtain the crown. We are inward weaknesses, we must hold out not left at liberty to prescribe a path till we reach the goal at the end of for ourselves, nor take any other road our race ; " by, patient continuance in


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well doing, we 'must seek for_glory, endured the same trials; we, like you, honour, and immortality." To run were sometimes discouraged with the well for a season, and then fall back, difficulties of the way, and ready will avail us nothing; our last state to faint under our trials ; but, through will be worse than the first ; none but grace, we beld out and conquered, and " those who endure unto the end, shall at last obtained the prize. Hold ye boally be saved."

on a little longer, and the crown of We ought, my friends, to be stimu. righteousness is yours.

“ Be not lated to this diligent perseverance, by weary in well doing ; for in due seathe consideration of the many witnesses son ye



faint not." that surround us. The saints, who If we, my brethren, will dwell serioushave lived and died in faith, and thus ly upon this thought, we shall be engone before us to glory, are represent. couraged; if ever men engaged in a race ed in our text as witnesses. They were animated by the acclamations are spectators of our trials and conflicts, of surrounding friends, much more shall and evidences to us that our perse- we be animated by a view of that vering efforts shall be crowned with cloud of witnesses, who have finished success. They have showed us what their course in faith, and are now gone it is to conquer; and now, if they are to glory. permitted to behold us, they doubtless il. We proceed now, secondly, to observe with anxiety, whether we consider the directions which the aposmake any progress in the Christian tle gives for running, successfully, the patb. Having run their race, and ar. Christian race. rived at the goal, and received their 1. And first, we must put away reward, they may be considered as every thing that is calculated to oblooking back upon us, pointing us to struct our progress. Those who are the path wbich they bave trodden, warn. undertaking to run a race, have no ing us against dangers, which they need to be informed of the importance have passed, holding up their crowns of casting off every unnecessary into our view, and encouraging us to go cumbrance. But in running the spion and conquer. In this view, the ritual race, we are apt to be forgetful consideration of them is calculated to of this necessary caution.

There are revive our spirits, and quicken our many worldly things about us, and languid exertions. Conceive, my hear- many dispositions within us, which we ers, a cloud of witnesses," a multi- cherish, and are fond of, but which are tude of departed saints ; all the faithe apt to weigh down our spirits, and ful of ancient days, and many of our exhaust our strength. How often do acquaintance, who were engaged in the cares, and pleasures of the world the race when we entered upon it; divide our attention, relax our diliimagine them looking back upon us gence, and prevent our advancement

eager solicitude, desiring to en- in the divine life! In every individual, courage us in our Christian course. there is some sin, which most easily Iinagine them rejoicing, when they be- besets bim, and which, like a long hold us faithful, and advancing rapidly flowing robe, entangles his feet, and in our way; consider them ready to lessens his activity in the service of weep over us, if we relax our dili. God. What sin this is, we should be gence, or in any measure give up the careful to inquire ; what is the en. pursuit. Conceive of them as crying tangling sin, as the word signifies, or out 10 us in the most animating lan- the sin which most easily besets us. guage, Press forward with faithfulness, It is, in general, some sin, to which our in the Christian path. Think of us, constitution is more particularly inwho have gone before you.

We once clined, Or it is some babit, which


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