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principles and habits, so well calculat- rience of age, or to the sober dictates ed to elevate the female character, and of wise and prudent piety. We add to enlarge the sum of human happiness. with pleasure the following resolution, In a word, our plans of co-operation, passed unanimously, as we understand, for carrying on this holy work, must by the convention. embrace every class and every age. "On motion of Mr. Meredith, ResoloLet old and young, male and female, ed, That this convention feel it to be rich, and poor, unite their exertions; their duty, the performance of which and like the pious Jews of old, say, We accords with their sentiments of deep will arise and build the walls of Jeru- veneration and affection towards their salem, that we be no more a reproach. bishop—to record on their minutes
Finally, to all our efforts to ad- their testimony to the distinguished servance the prosperity of the church, and vices, which in her councils, as well as promote the influence of the religion of in his pastoral and episcopal offices, be Christ, let us join fervent, and united bas rendered in establishing and mainprayer. All Zion's blessings come down taining the church in the United States, from her King and Head. He will be and especially in this diocese—to the inquired of, by his people, to do for wisdom and inoderation which have them that which they need and desire. uniformly characterized bis course of Has not the great Head of the church conduct, and were particularly display. promised, that if any two of his people ed in bis address to this convention, in shall agree, on earth, as touching any inculcating opinions, and recommendthing which they shall desire, he will ing rules of conduct, which cannot fail grant their request ?
to advance her prosperity, by mainWhat blessings, then, may we not taining her principles in purity, and at hope will be shed down upon the the same time tend to the cultivation church, when the thousands of our of charity and good will with all ber Israel are found bowing together upon Christian brethren.”] their knees before the throne of grace ; and “ saying for Zion's sake we will “ There is a subject on which your not hold our peace, and for Jerusalem's bishop wishes to record his opinion, sake we will not rest, until the righ- matured by the long experience of his teousness thereof go forth as brightness, ministry, and acted on by him, as he and the salvation thereof, as a lamp that thinks, to the advantage of the church. burneth."
It is the conduct becoining us towards those of our fellow Christians who are
severed from us by diversity of wor[We have received the journal of the ship or of discipline ; and in some inthirty-eighth annual convention of the stances, by material contrariety on church in Pennsylvania, a summary of points of doctrine. wbich our readers will find under the " The conduct to be recommended, head of religious intelligence. We is, to treat every denomination, in their think it proper to present to them in a character as a body, with respect ; and more prominent manner the following the individuals composing it with deextract from the address delivered by grees of respect, or of esteem, or of the bishop at the opening of the con. affection, in proportion to the ideas envention, both on account of the impor: tertained of their respective merits ; tance of the subject, and also the value and to avoid all intermixture of admiwhich must be attached to the sen- nistrations in what conceins the faith, tiinents of this venerable father of or the worship, or the discipline of the the church, by every one who
church. any deference to the long tried expe “ On the conduct to be observed to.
ward every denomination, it is not in- vour of the point sustained, the dantended to recommend silence concern- ger of exciting and increasing unfriend. ing any religious truth, from the mis- ly feeling between differing denomina: taken delicacy of avoiding offence to tions. It is on this principle, although opposing errour; nor to censure the ex- there are other considerations tending posing of the errour, if it be done in a to the same effect, that your bishop Christian spirit, and in accommodation has resisted all endeavours for an inter to time and place. To take offence at mixture of administrations, in what con this, is to manifest the spirit of persecu- cerns the faith, or the worship, or the tion, under circumstances which have discipline of the church. In every happily disarmed it of power. But known instance, in which it has prowhen, instead of argument, or in de. ceeded from the usurpation of authorisigned aid of it, there is resort to mis- ty by individuals, it has been producrepresentation and abuse ; or, when tive of conflicting opinion, and of needthe supposed consequences of an opi. less controversy. On some occasions, nion are cbarged as the admitted senti. our institutions have been treated with ments of the maintainer of it; these disrespect, and doctrines unknown in are weapons as much at the service of them have been taught, within our errour, as at that of truth; are the often- walls. There have even been advanced est resorted to by the former; and are claims of rights, to what was granted calculated to act on intelligent and in as temporary indulgence; and thus our genuous minds, as reason of distrust of property in religious houses has been any cause in which they may be em- rendered insecure: all under the notion ployed.
of liberality and Christian union. It " It is no small aggravation of the evil, would be painful to have it supposed, that it tends to retard the time, which that any reference is here had to the we trust will at last be brought about many respectable ministers of other deby the providence of God; when, in nominations whose characters are in consequence of friendly communica- contrariety to the offences stated. Of tions, arising out of the ordinary inter- the intrusion of such men, there is no courses and charities of life, there will apprehension entertained at present; be such an approximation of religious and if the door should hereafter be societies in whatever can be thought thrown open, the most forward to enter essential to communion, as that they it would be persons of the most modeshall with one heart and one mouth rate pretensions in talent and in acglorify God.' For, to those who have quirement. attended to the first workings of what “ It is confidently believed, that has ended in the divisions and subdi- what is now said would not be offenpisions among Christian people, it must sive to the more respectable and prohave been evident, at least in the minent persons, whether clerical or lay, greater number of instances, that with in the concerns of other religious socidiversity of sentiment, there might have ties; who would probably concur in continued the unity of the Spirit in the declaration, that the contrary asthe bond of peace,' had it not been for sumption, when carried into effect, in the intrusion of personal injury, or opposition to the governing authority provocation, the effects of passion or of in any religious denomination, is the interfering interests, which have some intolerance, which, in former ages, purtimes insensibly induced the persuasion sued its designs by penal laws; but is
service done to the cause of God, now reduced to the necessity of making when in fact, buman views had a domi- hollow professions of fraternity : the hant share in determining the conduct. object being the same, with difference
“There has been referred to, in fa. only in the means. By any among
ourselves favouring such designs, for such views, it is contrary to what we what they may conceive to be a righ- owe to the edification of the people, teous end, it should be considered, were we to give way to the introducthat, however commendable the being tion of the latter species of devotion. zealously affected,' there is the qua
66 Once more.
That our church lification of a good thing;' and that teaches the doctrines of grace, and there can be no goodness in what is holds them to be of parainount imporcontrary to modesty, and tends to un- tance, is obvious to all. Man's utter necessary controversy and division : want of righteousness by nature; his for, if the attempted intermixture should absolute incapacity of merit, whether in be accomplished, there must be the the state of nature, or in that of grace; severance of those who would seek bis being under the government of pas. the old paths,' not without sensibility sions impelling to sin, any further than to the hindrances opposed to the as counteracted by principles derived walking in them.' Thus, there from grace; the agency of the Holy would be an increase of division, grow. Spirit in this, going before, that he may ing out of what had been professedly have a good will, and working with undertaken for the healing of it. him in the exercise of it; and finally,
“ It is difficult to be on the present the meritorious ground of all benefit, in subject, without giving occasion to the the propitiatory offering of the Reinjurious charge of bigoted attachment deemer; are not only affirmed in our to our communion : to guard against institutions, but pervade them. We which, consistently with the acknow- rejoice, so far as any of our fellowledgment of decided preference, it may Christians consent with us in acknowbe expedient to be more particular. ledging the said essential truths of
"Our church calls herself Episcopal. scripture. But in some publick conShe affirms Episcopacy to rest on scrip- fessions, we think we find embodied tural institution, and to have subsisted with those truths, dogmas neither refrom the beginning. On the varying vealed in scripture, nor deducible from governments of other societies, she pro- its contents; and, in some instances, nounces no judgment. The question contradicting what our church explicitly is, not whether we think correctly, but teaches. The introducing of such matwhether we are to be tolerated in what ter among ourselves, is what we cannot we think. If this be determined in countenance: and introduced it would the affirmative, we must, to be consis- be, under the intermixture here objecttent, interdist all other than an Episco. ed to. Of this we bave had instances, pal ministry, within our bounds. where an alien agency bas been ob
Again ; our church is decidedly truded : and, if it should be countein favour of a form of prayer, believing nanced, the consequences would be in it to be sanctioned by divine ordain- the greatest degree injurious. ment under the law; by the attendance “ If, after all, there should be a leanof our Saviour and of his apostles, on ing in any mind to the plausible plea composed forms in the synagogues and of liberality, let there be an appeal to in the temple; and by indications of the fact, which will bear a strict investheir being in use in the primitive tigation, that every proposal to the purchurch. We do not judge harshly of pose, when explained, amounts to the the publick prayers of our fellow-Chris- surendering of one, or of another of tians; but we allege, that among our our institutions, without conformity to selves, the people are not to be depend- them in any instance. ant on the occasioral feelings, or the
“ Brethren, discretion, or the degree of cultiva “ It is fit, that there should be explition, of an officiating minister. With citly declared, the motive for the pre
sent expression of opinion. It has been ly recognised it in your number for confidently acted on by the deliverer May. I feel it a duty, as his answer of it, in alliance with esteem for worth, has been published, to request that in whatever individual or body of men the communication which gave rise to it was discerned to reside. It cannot it may be also admitted into your be expected, that he will continue much columns. Similar letters were adlonger to sustain any of his opinions, dressed to other members of our either by argument, or by example. church, and answers received, ex. He hopes, that they who may be ex- pressive of their approbation of the pected to survive him, entertain similar paper, and requesting that their names views of what the exigences, and even might be set down as subscribers. I the existence of our church require. hope I may add with propriety and But, lest an effort to the contrary should without offence, that my own sentihereafter be made by any, he wishes ments were perfectly in accordance to oppose to it, and to leave behind with theirs, and equally so are those him, his premonition; and to attach to of other respectable members of the it wbatever weight, if there should be Episcopal church, who have read the any, may be thought due to his long letter of P. C. While, therefore, I experience and observation. Under thank him for the pains he took with this impression, he has made it a part that elaborate composition, I feel it to of his official address, to appear, for the be an act of naked justice to declare, purpose stated, on your journal. that, as I became one of its earliest
“Although, during the administra- subscribers, I shall feel myself bound tion of the episcopacy, I have had the to continue such, whilst I shall be as encouragement of seeing the growth of well satisfied with the editor as I have the church in this state from very small been up to the twenty-sixth number. beginnings, yet it is certain that the Bear with me a few moments longer. sphere of usefulness is extending be If there be a difference between yond proportion to our present means the essentials and non-essentials of of providing for the exercise of the mi- Christianity, we must not class the nistry and of administration of the or doctrines of the trinity, of the atonedinances. This is mentioned, as an ment, and of justification by faith, with excitement to the endeavours of all the the questions respecting orders and active members of our communion, and forms of worship; we must not rank of my reverend brethren in particular; the evangelical protestant churches in which it is my purpose, that, by the with such societies as deny, or have grace of God, there shall not be want. corrupted the doctrines abovemening, so long as ability of mind and of tioned: we may not pray for the body may be continued, the best ser- prosperity and diffusion of these; but vices of the remainder of my days. may we not ask a blessing on those, " WILLIAM WHITE." as fellow-labourers in the Lord's vine
yard ! In fine, if the churchman is [It is not our design to enter into worldly goods, in the service of his
liberal of bis time, his talents, his controversy ; but since we have pub- own denomination, may be not, is he lished the letter of P.C. we regard it not indeed bound, to spare a portion of as an act of justice, to insert the fol- these earthly blessings, to those who lowing, in reply.]
agree with him in the main doctrines
of the bible?” Are we prepared to Charleston, (S.C.) July 3, 1822. say, that God will be well pleased, if The letter of P. c. having been our all is devoted to our own "comoriginally addressed to myself, I readi- partment of the great fold."
To the Editor of the Gospel Advocate.
heart, my conscience, my understand. philosophy, of enlightened charity, and ing, tell me that he will not.
of useful literature.
This letter is accompanied by the first Letter to P. C.
number of the S. I. and by the report
upon Charleston, (s. C.) Jan. 19, 1822. From these proofs of the merit, and
which the undertaking is founded. DEAR SIR,-Having had the pleasure of corresponding with you, on the inobjects, and promise of the work, I terests of the community, within the in
will be disposed to favour it. fluence of our society, permit me to sentiments of the editor, and of some
From the knowledge I possess of the avail myself of this introduction, to in. of the principal persons concerned in vite your attention to another subject of
the establishment of the paper,
say deep concern to our state at large, in a religious point of view. Experience tions of our clergy on the subjects
with confidence that the communica. has shown, that the Episcopal church in within the plan of the paper, will be South Carolina cannot support a periodical paper peculiar to itself. But the very gladly received. It will not esmaintenance of some publication in this cape your notice, that all questions state, recurring at short but regular
between those denominations, who intervals, and devoted to the great bible, are wisely excluded, as it is a
agree in the main doctrines of the common interests of all the protestant sects, who agree in the main doctrines great object of duty, as well as of inof the bible, is extremely desirable, terest, to conciliate the good-will and not to say indispensable. If then engage the efforts of all such, in the we cannot by ourselves uphold a week prosperity of the paper. If well suply journal, appropriated to our exclu. ported, it must be eminently serviceable sive benefit, shall we not (rather than
to the cause of Christianity, and will be destitute of any at home) freely certainly contribute largely to raise the and anxiously unite with those, who
literary character of South Carolina. hold the same fundamental truths, in
I need scarcely add that your subthe effort to narrow the limits and
scription will of itself be a service counteract the influence of the un
beyond what every person indiscrimi. believer, the heretick, and the hea
nately could render, and I trust you will then? We are indeed better guarded fied of the religious and literary merits
feel yourself bound, after being satisthan other reformed churches against those who keep not the faith once de: of the paper, to promote its circulation livered to the saints.
by recommending it to others. security from the materials which coin. pose it, keeps us much apart from those who agree with us in the essentials of [The following well written comChristianity, and of course we are less munication we take from the Churchknown to the people of other denomi. man's Magazine. As it is very impor, nations, than it is desirable we should tant to the peace and harmony and be. An opportunity is now therefore prosperity of our parishes, that on the offered, of diffusing a knowledge of the side of the clergy there should be interests and progress of the Episcopal diligence and industry, so is it equally church, without giving offence or ex. important, that on the part of their citing jealousy. Shall we not, then, parishioners there should be a proper gladly embrace it, when at the same consideration of their manifold labours, time we have the rich satisfaction of
and a disposition to lighten, rather knowing that we promote the great than to aggravate, their burdens. We cause of genuine religion, of sound trust, therefore, that the perusal of this
But this very