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Delaware and Mohegan Indians, from courage as a warrior, his talents in its commencement in the year 1740, council, and his unequalled manner of to the close of the year 1808.” By delivering himself as a national orator, the Rev. John Heckewelder. Mr. or speaker: he at that time being first Heckewelder has become advanta- counsellor to the chief of the Wolf geously known to the publick by his tribe, Pakanke, at Cascaski, (Cusheush“Account of the History, Manners, key) on the Big Beaver. This man, and Customs of the Indian Nations, with the approbation of his chief and who once inhabited Pennsylvania and the council, had undertaken to go the neighbouring states." Perhaps purposely to Lawunakhannek, there to there is no man living who has a more dispute with, and confound the misintimate knowledge of the Indians, sionary Zeisberger, on the doctrine be than this venerable missionary; for he was preaching to the Indians. Alresided among them more than 40 though he had thought himself armed years, became intimately acquainted at all points, sufficiently to withstand with the Lenni Lenape language and any white preacher's doctrine, he had its dialects, and enjoyed the confi- the good sense not to begin the condence and friendship of those among test, but suffer the missionary to preach whom he laboured. I scarcely need as usual, until he should be able to to add that his integrity is unimpeacha- detect doctrinal errours. Having atble, and that implicit reliance may be tended the preachings of Zeisberger, placed upon what he relates from his for that purpose, he was so struck with own knowledge. I have thought it conviction of the truth of what he necessary to connect the extracts, by a heard, and feeling the power of the concise statement of such intervening precious word, that he, wherever be events as require to be known, in order went, and on his return to Cusheushke, to render the narrative conspicuous. reported favourably of the missionary
The Christian Indians, under the and his converts ; which was the rea. missionary Zeisberger, in the spring of son that, in the year following, they 1760 removed from Goshgoshink,(Eng. were invited to come and settle in that place of hogs,) on the Alleghany riv. country. er, to Lawunakhannek, (Eng. middle “ The declaration of this much ad. branch or stream,) distant about fif- mired man, effected also a change in teen, miles S. W.
the minds and conduct of the chief “At Goshgoshink, the Indian preach- and council of Goshgoshink; who now, er, Wangomend, had gained a great instead of forbidding their people to ascendancy over his hearers, after the go to hear the missionary preach, enChristian Indians had left that place; couraged them to go, the consequence yet it sometimes happened, that, in the of which was, that many went, heard, midst of his joy, he had the mortifica- and believed, and joined the congretion to see some of his people leave gation at Lawunakhannek; wbile Wanhim and join the Christian Indians. gomend, the Indian preacher, finding
“Among the numerous visitors which himself deserted by those who had had come to see the new Christian In- hitherto supported him, now sought to dian congregation at Lawunakhannek, gain the good will of those he had
a most distinguished character, hitherto persecuted. named Glickhican, (in English, the In consequence of hostilities, among stud, or foremost sight on a gun bar- some of the neighbouring heathen Inrel.) This extraordinary man was, by dians, the Christians in 1770 again reall who knew him, both admired and moved and formed under the same dreaded, on account of his superiour missionary, a new settlement on the
Bigbeaver about 20 miles from its 6. No one that attendeth dances, mouth, which they called Langundowi sacrifices, or heathenish festivals, can oteey or peace village ; and here they live among us. were met by Glickbican.
“ 7. No one using Trchappich (or “On the arrival of these Christian witchcraft) in hunting, shall be suffered Indians, the neighbouring Indians were among us. astonished to see people of their na- “8. We will renounce all juggles, tion, differing so much in their man- lies, and deceits of satan. ners and behaviour from themselves, “9. We will be obedient to our and to hear a doctrine preached, they teachers, and to the helpers, (national never before had heard. The chief assistants,) who are appointed to see came from Cusheushke to welcome that good order be kept, both in and
but the scene was soon changed, out of the town. when he saw that his first counsellor, “ 10. We will not be idle and lazy, Glickhican, left him and joined the nor tell lies of one another, nor strike Christian Indians. Indeed, the loss each other: we will live peaceably toof this man was considered a partial gether. loss to the whole nation."
“11. Whosoever does any harm to While they were at this place, they, another's cattle, goods, or effects, &c. in common with the other Christian sball pay the damage. Indians, received an invitation from “ 12. A man shall have only one the great council of the nation, to wife, love her and provide for her, settle on the Muskingum, where they and the children. Likewise, a woman would be received as friends, and shall have but one husband, and be have the choice of land, on which obedient unto him ; she shall also take they might live in peace and safety. care of the children, and be cleanly in This emigration was completed during all things. the year 1772, and the new settle- * 13. We will not permit any rum, ment was called Shonbrun (Eng. fine or spirituous liquor, to be brought into spring.)
our towns. If strangers or traders Here the following rules, after having happen to bring any, the helpers (nabeen approved by the national assist- tional assistants) are to take it into ants, i. e. those Indians who assisted their possession, and take care not to the missionaries in their labours, were deliver it to them until they set off read and accepted by the whole con- again. gregation.
“ 14. None of the inhabitants shall "1. We will know of no other God, run in debt with traders, nor receive nor worship any other but him who goods on commission for traders, withhas created us, and redeemed us with out the consent of the national assis. his most precious blood.
tants. 56 2. We will rest from all labour • 15. No one is to go on a journey on Sundays, and attend the usual or long hunt, without informing the meetings on that day for divine service. minister or stewards of it.
13. We will honour father and moth- “ 16. Young people are not to marry er, and support them in age and dis- without the consent of their parents, tress.
and taking their advice. “4. No one shall be permitted to
• 17. if the stewards or helpers apdwell with us, without the consent of ply to the inhabitants for assistance, our teachers.
in doing work for the benefit of the “5. No thieves, murderers, drunk- place, such as building meetings and ards, adulterers, and whoremongers, school houses, clearing and fencing shall be suffered among us.
lands, &c. they are to be obedient. 31
ADVOCATE, VOL, II.
“ 18. All necessary contributions for at upper Sandusky, formed a design to the publick, ought cheerfully to be at- take the missionaries, and send them as tended to.
prisoners to Detroit, and to compel “ The above rules were made, and the Christian Indians to remove, and adopted at a time when there was a settle at upper Sandusky with their profound peace; when, however, six heathen relatives. They had the imyears afterwards, (during the revolu. pression, that if the missionaries were tionary war,) individuals of the Dela. removed, the Indians might be brought ware nation took up the hatchet to to renounce their religion, and take join in the conflict, the national assist. part in the war. This design was ants proposed, and insisted on having accomplished the 4th of September, the following additional rules added : 1781. A body of three hundred warnamely,
riors surrounded the settlements, took “ 19. No man inclining to go to the missionaries prisoners, plundered war, which is the shedding of blood, and laid waste the three towns of can remain among us.
Gnadenhutten, Salem, and Shonbron, “ 20. Whosoever purchases goods and compelled all the Christian Indians or articles of warriors, knowing at to remove with them. the time that such have been stolen or The following account of the conplundered, must leave us. We look duct of Isaac Glickhican, the chief upon this as giving encouragement to abovementioned, on this trying occamurder and theft.
sion, will show what a complete revolu“ According to custom, these rules tion had been effected in his character, were, at the commencement of every by the influence of the Christian reyear, read in publick meeting; and no ligion. new member, or applicant, could be A
Indian woman having pripermitted to live in the congregation, vately absconded, captain Pipe and without making a solemn promise, that his party imagined that she had gone be or she would strictly conform to to Pittsburg to give notice of their them.”
designs; and suspicion fell on Isaac At the commencement of the strug- Glickhican, her uncle, that he had sent gle, between Great Britain and her her off privately: colonies, the congress sent commis- They were rejoiced, to get a hold sioners to the Indian nations to pero of this man, whom they both hated and suade them to remain neutral. A di- dreaded. Hating him, on account of vision, however, took place among the bis conversion ; and dreading him as Delawares; some taking side with the a man, who, prior to his joining the British, and declaring for war, others Christian Indians, had been, both in desiring to remain at peace, according council and in the field, superiour to to the advice given them by con- many of their ablest characters. gress. The war party were headed Sixteen of the bravest Delawares by a noted chief called captain were ordered on an expedition, to Pipe; the peace party, by a chief take this (single) man, if possible, still more conspicuous, called captain alive; if otherwise, to bring his scalp : Whiteeyes. Unhappily this chief took these with shrieks and yells, all mountthe small pox, and died in the year ed on horseback, galloped off for Salem; 1778, in consequence of which, the and in a few hours brought him, with war party gained the preponderance his hands tied on his back, to the half in the national councils; and the Chris. king; when, after a strict examination tian Indians were greatly harassed on being made, and his innocence fully account of their determination to live proved, be was acquitted, although
The war party, under cap- loaded with reproaches by his enemies, tain Pipe, having removed and settled and the rabble.
“On the arrival of the party at Sa- a good thing to be always zealously lem, they surrounded the house, at affected in a good cause. Success in such a distance as they thought would any undertaking is not the reward of prevent his escaping them; but, fearing idle wishes, vain imaginations, or deto enter, they watched for his coming sultory efforts. Nothing valuable can out. Isaac seeing them from the in- be attained, without diligent application side, stepped out, and addressed them and persevering industry. This maxim thus: 'Friends, by your maneuvres, is generally acknowledged by men I conclude you are come for me ; if so, pursuing temporal good. In order to why do you hesitate ? Obey your or- acquire earthly riches, honours, and ders; I am ready to submit. You ap- pleasures, men will cheerfully encount pear to dread Glickhican, as formerly er hardship, fatigue, and danger; and known to you. Yes, there was a time, endure the greatest exertion both of body when I would have scorned to have and mind. For the meat that perishes, been assailed in the manner you medi- they labour with unremitting zeal and tate; but I am no more Glickhican !* persevering effort. To obtain the ob. I am Isaac now, a believer in the true ject of their wishes, they feel that and living God; and for whose sake I they cannot do too much. Now if am willing to suffer any thing, even this line of conduct may be deemed death! Then stepping up to them, wise, in seeking the transitory objects with his hands placed on his back, he of time and sense, how much more in said, “ you want to tie me, and take me the pursuit of eternal joys! “For what along, do so.' With trembling hands is a man profited if he shall gain the they tied him, and took him off. In whole world, and lose his own soul, or passing by our camp at Gnadenhutten, what shall a man give in exchange for while they were taking him to the his soul ?" half king, he addressed us : a good
The character of Nehemiah, as remorning, my brethren !' to which we corded in the bible, appears highly replied: good morning, fellow prison. interesting, and worthy of imitation. er, be of good cheer!' Yes, yes, He was probably a descendant of the (said he in reply) I am so.'”
tribe of Judah. At an early period of (To be continued.)
life he was employed in the service of
king Artaxerxes. He was soon proSERMON.-No. XVII.
moted to the high office of cup-bearer IN BOSTON, BEFORE THE to the king. This station afforded him
an opportunity of doing much for his EPISCOPAL CHURCH, OF THE STATE distressed countrymen. On a certain
OF MASSACHUSETTS, JUNE 19, 1822. interview with some of the men of NEHEMIAH ii. 17. Then said I unto Judah, they informed him that the
them, Ye see the distress that we are city was in a most wretched con. in, how Jerusalem lieth waste, and dition ; that the walls were broken the gates thereof are burned with down, and its gates burnt, so that the fire: come, and let us build the wall inhabitants were exposed, not only to of Jerusalem, that we be no more a the insults of their enemies, but also reproach.
to the reproach of their neighbours. It is the dictate of wisdom, as well This melancholy intelligence greatly as the voice of inspiration, that it is affected Nehemiah. For many days
he fasted and prayed in behalf of his • « Glickhican,” was his original Indian afflicted brethren; acknowledging their game, the word signifies the stud, or sight on faults, deprecating God's judgments a gun barrel.
and humbly praying, that his design in Although they had a local reference asking the king's permission to go to to the afflicted Jews, exciting them to Jerusalem, might be crowned with strenuous efforts to reinstate themselves success. His long abstinence and pun- in their former civil and religious gent sorrow had made such a visible privileges; yet the call upon
the alteration in his appearance, that it people of God, to do all in their power was soon noticed by the king, who to extend the Redeemer's kingdom, inquired the cause of this sudden al- is no less direct and imperious. To teration. After the first shock of fear build up the walls of Zion, and to prohad subsided, he frankly explained mote the influence of religion on earth, the cause of his grief. Why should is the constant prayer and unceasing not my countenance be sad, when effort of every pious man. This obthe city, the place of my fathers' ject lies near the hearts of all the fol. sepulchres, lieth waste, and the gates lowers of Christ. They esteem it thereof are consumed with fire ?” their greatest happiness to be made the After hearing bis request, the king gave bumble instruments of advancing such him full power to repair the walls of a glorious cause. Jerusalem, to set up the gates, and to In further pursuing this subject, we fortify the city. He likewise gave purpose to consider the text, as a loud him letters to all the governours in and urgent call to all the friends of the his dominions, commanding them to Episcopal church through this country, afford all possible assistance in carry- to arise and build the walls of Zion: ing on the work. To confer a still to make every possible exertion to greater honour, he commanded the build up our decayed and languishing captains of bis army to escort him in churches, and promote a revival of safety to Jerusalein. On his arrival, pure religion among all our people. he was received by the people with The necessity and propriety of this joy and tokens of respect. After must be obvious to every pious and taking a view of the city, he called intelligent person of our communion. together the rulers of the people, and The siinilarity of the afflicted state thus addressed them. " Ye see the of the Jews, and that of the Episcopal distress that we are in, how Jerusalem church in this country is so striking, lieth waste, and the gates thereof are that it must occur to every one who is burned with fire : coine, and let us acquainted with her real condition. build up the wall of Jerusaleın, that The time was, when the church in we be no more a reproach.”
these United States, under the fostering This is a brief view of the circum- care of her pious mother in England, stances connected with the text. All flourished and rapidly increased in scripture is given by inspiration of piety, numbers, and influence. Her God, and is profitable for doctrine, clergy were learned, zealous, and pious; for reproof, for correction, for instruc- they were an ornament to the country, tion in righteousness; that the man of and a blessing to the world. Under their God may be perfect, thoroughly fur faithful ministrations, the people were pished unto all good works. « The fed with the pure milk of the word, things that were written aforetime, and built up in faith and holiness. were written for our learning, that we The order and discipline of the church through faith and patience may in. were strictly observed and held in veneherit the promises."
her fences were all kept up, The words of the text are full of and the beasis of prey were not suffered meaning, and as important to us, as to to enter ber sacred inclosures. those to whom they were first addressed. how has the gold become dim, and the