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In Greenfield, there is a parish library, scriptions were opened, from which a con principally founded by the pious benevolence siderable sum has already been obtained ; of the late Shubael Bell, Esq. consisting of and more it is expected will be received. about 320 volumes.

The sum of 565 dollars has been subscribed in In Ashfield, a library has been begud,and a this town, to be paid annually, and more than small number of books collected.

300 dollars have been given in donations to We regret that the returns to the conven- the society.* tion were not made by all the parishes, and “At the same meeting, a committee was that among those presented so many are de- appointed to correspond with all the Episcofective. It is of importance to have an ac- pal churches in the commonwealth, for the curate statistick account of the church every purpose of procuring the establishment of an year; and we cannot but hope that more atauxiliary society in each church. A circu tention will be paid to this subject, not only lar letter has accordingly been addressed to in this state but throughout the whole Union, each church, stating the objects of the socie

The following gentlemen were nominated ty, with a request for assistance. It is not and chosen the standing committee for the yet time to expect a full return from all the ensuing year: Clergy-Rev. J, S. J. Gardi- churches; but very encouraging accounts ner, D. 'D. Rev. S. F. Jarvis, D. D. Rev. have been received from several, of the exIsaac Boyle. Laity-G. Brinley, S. Cod. ertions which are making in behalf of this man, and T. Clark, Esquires.

society. Delegates to the diocesan convention; “ The objects of the society are to assist the Clergy-Rev. Dr. Gardiner, · Rev. Mr. destitute churches in our own state, in proMorss, Rev. Dr. Jarvis, Rev. Mr. Boyle. viding themselves with the means of religion, Laity-D. A. Tyng, Stephen Codman, Joseph Head, and William Woart, Esquires. * 4 A statement of the situation of the Mas.

Delegates to the general convention ; sachusetts Episcopal missionary society, Clergy-Rev. Dr. Gardiner, Rev. Dr. Jar- and trustees of the Massachusetts Episcopal vis, Rev. Mr. Eaton, Rev. Mr. Morss. Lai- prayer-book and tract society, Boston, June ty-Gardiner Greene, Joseph Head, William 17, 1822. Appleton and George Sullivan, Esquires. The standing committee were empowered

Since the commencement of the preto fill vacancies in the abovementioned dele.

sent year, about 70 subscribers gation to the general convention.

have been obtained, who have
agreed to pay annually

$565 00 The following representation respecting the Donations have been received from Massachusetts protestant Episcopal missiona individuals, &c.

72 00 ry society, and trustees of the bible, prayer Received

from the scholars belonging book and tract society, was read.

to the Salem street Sunday school,

being the fruits of a missionary " To the convention of the protestant Epis

box, kept in said school

10 71 copal church in Massachusetts.

Received, through the exertions of a 66 The directors of the Massachusetts Epis

female member of St. Paul's church, copal missionary society ask leave respect.

profits arising from the sale of fully to represent to the convention, the ob

Bishop Wilson's Treatise on the

55 00 jects, condition, and prospects of this society; and to solicit their countenance and co-ope- Donations, which are promised by ration.

two individuals of this city, of “ This society was incorporated by an act

$100 each

200 00 of the legislature in 1815, by the name of • the Massachusetts Episcopal missionary

Making the sum total ...... society, and trustees of the Massachusetts “ A large proportion of this sum has been Episcopal prayer-book and tract society.' already received by the treasurer, say beIt was soon after organized, and has since tween 5 and 600 dollars, of which about 50 been continued in existence by an annual dollars has been invested in prayer-books. election of officers on Easter Tuesday. But " It will be observed that all the above sublittle else has been done until the present scriptions and donations have been obtained year. On the fourth of February last, a this year, excepting about 25 dollars included meeting of the friends of the church, called in the donations from individuals,' &c. which at the request of the society, was held in this was the avails of a collection taken at Christ town, at which, and at an adjourned meet- church some years since. There is little ing, the subject was fully discussed ; and doubt that the society will realize the sum of measures were adopted to provide means to 1000 dollars or more, before the close of the enable the society to go into operation. Sub- year.

B. Howard, Treasurer."

8902 71


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and, as we shall be able, to extend the same portance to the welfare of the church, and assistance to other destitute portions of our one which deserves, in the accomplishment of country, and hereafter, if sufficient funds the object intended, the co-operation of all should be provided, to other countries. It is her members. also a prominent object, to provide prayer 66 Therefore, voted, That it be recommend. books for the poor, either to be sold to them ed to the Episcopal parishes in Massachusetts at a very low rate, or, in some instances to to establish auxiliary societies, and to adopt be distributed gratuitously. The funds now all such means as their respective circumin hand will enable us to begin the prosecu

stances may warrant for the purpose of giving tion of these objects, although on a very limit- constant and vigorous effect to the exertions ed scale.

which have been so happily commenced by "At the last annual meeting, in Easter an association whose labours are to extend, week, the by-laws of the society were revised, to the needy and forsaken, the bread of everand provision was made that each of the seve- lasting life,'' ral objects of the society should receive their

It was then moved by the Rev. Mr. Eaton, due share of attention. The directors ap- seconded by the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, that the pointed a standing committee on the subject of missions, and another for the purchase and thanks of this convention be,

and they heredistribution of prayer-books and tracts. The by are returned to the Rev. Calvin Wolcott, committee for prayer-books have procured convention, and that

for his sermon preached this day before the

be a supply for immediate use, and will proba

a committee to request a copy to be insertbly be always prepared to furnish them as

ed in the Gospel Advocate. they may be needed.

On motion to fill up the blank, the names "The committee for missions have not as yet been able to do more in the prosecution of the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, and the Rev. Mr. of the designs entrusted to them, than to col. drew for a short time, and returned with their

Eaton were inserted. The committee withlect some information as to the portions of our church, which stand in the most urgent need of report, informing the convention, that the aid from the society. They have been pre

Rev. Mr. Wolcott would comply with their vented from doing more by the want of cler. request. gymen to act as missionaries. They do not The Rev. Isaac Boyle was appointed to find that there is a clergyman of our church in preach before the next annual convention; this diocese, who is so disengaged as to permit after which, it was adjourned for one month, bis being employed in the service of the so to meet at St. Peter's church, Salem, the ciety. We trust, however, that this obsta- third Wednesday in July. cle will soon be removed, by an application to the bishops of some of the other dioceses.

“ Under these circumstances, the directors look with confidence to the convention for The annual convention of the protestant their support and assistance. To build up Episcopal church of the diocese of Connecthe waste places of our church, and to ex. ticut, was held at Stratford, June 5 and tend the blessings of our holy religion to those 6; the bishop having met the clergy in who are destitute of its privileges, are objects convocation on the preceding evening. A so important, that they cannot be regarded very appropriate sermon, on the origin, nawith indifference. We trust that what we ture, and benefit of the Christian ministry, have done will meet with the approbation of

was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Noble, of the convention; and that they will concur Middletown, on Wednesday morning; after with us in the hope, that the subscription which, the Right Rev. bishop Brownell adwhich has been begun in this town will prove mitted the Rev. Beardsley Northrop,deacon, but the commencement of a system of Chris- of Oxford, to the holy order of priests, and tian liberality, which shall extend through Palmer Dyer, A. B. to the holy order of all our churches.

deacons. In the evening an ingenious and inFor the directors,

teresting sermon on the object of missions, John T. Winthrop, Secretary."

was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Baldwin, of Boston, June 17, 1822."

Guillord, and a collection made for the

benefit of the society for the promotion of Whereupon, on motion of the Rev. Titus Christian knowledge. The convention was Strong, seconded by the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, it well attended, both by clergy and laity; and

it must be gratifying to the friends of the - Resolved, as the sense of this convention, church, to be informed, that the returns of That the organization of a missionary society, contributions from the various parishes in the with a view to the necessities of destitute diocese, for the support of missions, have parishes in our own commonwealth, and in much increased, and that a growing zeal for distant places, is an event of the greatest im- the general cause of religion, and for the par




ticular interest of our Zion, was uniformly ing the expenses incurred, and of providing manifested on this occasion.

for the establishment a permanent support.

After defraying the expenses of building,

whatever money shall remain in hand, shall, We are happy to learn, from a communi- upon the congregation being organized aceation in a Philadelphia paper, that the mis- cording to law, be conveyed to the vestry in sionary society of the protestant Episcopal legal form, conditioned that the establishchurch has resolved to establish a mission ment shall for ever remain sacred to the school on the coast of Africa. At a late purposes for which it was commenced, that meeting of the board of managers of that so- is, a free Episcopal church. It shall also be ciety, held in Philadelphia, Mr. Ephraim Ba- a condition, that after the expenses of buildcon was appointed a catechist and schoolmas- ing and endowment are obtained, on the first ter, and Mrs. Bacon a schoolmistress, for Sunday in every quarter, commencing with that coast. Mr. and Mrs. Bacon have both the new year, or, in case of necessity, on been in Africa, and are so sensible of the some other day to be appointed, the entire necessities of the natives, that they have de collections shall be appropriated to the purtermined to go forth as labourers for their pose of establishing a fund for raising other benefit. They go in the strength of the establishments on the same plan, in succesLord of hosts, to open the sacred page to the sion; that is, the sums collected at such benighted heathen. All who desire the good times shall be vested in the savings bank, or of their fellow-creatures must wish them God some other similar institution, to accumulate, speed.

and afford funds, from time to time, for buildIt is expected that Mr. and Mrs. Bacon 'ing and endowing additional free charches

. will sail early in the fall. In the meantime The above plan has received the approba. the necessary collections are to be made for tion of the Right Rev. bishop and most of an outfit.

the clergy of New York. New York.



SEVERAL Episcopalians residing in the vi- On the festival of St. Philip and St. James cinity of Corlaer's hook, taking into conside- the apostles, Wednesday, May 1, the Right ration the neglected situation of the neigh- Rev. bishop Hobart held an ordination in bourhood, in respect especially of Episcopal Trinity church, New York, and admitted places of Worship, or rather the entire desti- Mr. Alonzo P. Potter, tutor in Union College, tution of the eastern part of the city, have Schenectady, to the holy order of deacons. resolved to endeavour to supply the want on On Wednesday, May 8, at the opening the following plan.

of the convention of the diocese of Pennsyl. The object is to build and endow a church, vanja, in St. Peter's church, Philadelphia, of which none of the pews shall be either the Rev. William Thompson, deacon, minis. sold or rented, but shall without reserve, be ter of Trinity church, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvafree for all who shall be induced to attend. nia, was admitted, by the Right Rev. bi

It shall be Episcopal in its organization, shop White, to the holy order of priests ; and ministry, and worship.

Mr. Richard U. Morgan to that of deacons. The mode proposed for effecting the ob On Ascension-day, May 16, the Right ject is the following:- A certain number of Rev. bishop Hobart consecrated St. Luke's individuals will procure the ground, com- church, in New York, to the service of almence and carry on the building, on their mighty God, the Right Rev. bishop Brow, own responsibility, at least until it be enclos- nell

, of Connecticut, being also present, and ed. When the work is thus commenced, taking a part in the consecrating ceremonies

. and the publick convinced of their determina On the following day, Friday, May 17, tion to proceed, agents, to be appointed, bishop Hobart held an ordination in St. will solicit contributions from their fellow John's chapel, New York, and admitted Mr. citizens and fellow Christians, for the double Manton Eastburn to the holy order of deaobject of completing the work and defray- cons.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. The communications of M. and thore of our correspondent S. will be inserted, as speedily as our limits will permit. The extracte communicated by E. J. though valeable, are not of so high a character as to induce us to exclude (as

we should be obliged to do) what we deem more important articles to insert them. The criticism of " A student of theology” is approved.



“ Knowing that I am set for the defence of the Gospel.” Phil. i. 17.

No. 20.]

AUGUST, 1822.

[No. 8. Vol. II.




For the Gospel Advocate.

is by no means a difficult matter. Let us, however, hear Dr. Campbell a minute, on this subject. “To translate,"

says he,“ has been thought, by some, Considering ourselves “set for the a very easy matter to one who underdefence of the gospel,” we deem it our stands tolerably the language from duty to take notice of every circum- which, and has made some progress in stance among us, which has a tendency the language into which, the translato exert an influence, favourable or un tion is to be made. To translate well favourable, upon the interests of our is, however, in my opinion, a task of holy religion. It is equally our duty, more difficulty than is commonly imto guard the trust, committed to our agined. That we may be the better care, from effects produced by the able to judge in this question, let us misguided, but well-meaning; and consider what a translator, who would from the daring attacks of licentious do justice to his author, and his subject, innovation. We allude to the prac- has to perform. The first thing, withtice, now become somewbat prevalent out doubt, which claims his attention, among many, of decrying the merit of is to give a just representation of the the translation of the scriptures in com sense of the original. This it must be mon use. This practice has a tendency acknowledged, is the most essential of to diminish the confidence, particu- all. The second thing is, to convey larly of the common people, in the into his version, as much as possible, received version. They are unacquaint- in a consistency with the genius of the ed with the unworthy object of inany, language which he writes, the auwho are calling loudly for a new trans. thor's spirit and manner, and, if I lation. They cannot detect the igno- may so express myself, the very charance of those, who, with a smattering racter of his style. The third and last of the original languages of the scrip- thing is, to take care that the version tures, make grave and imposing asser. have, at least, so far the quality of an tions respecting those languages, and original performance, as of the want of conformity in the trans- natural and easy, such as shall give no lation to them, where they feel in no handle to the critick to charge the transdanger of encountering opposition. If lator with applying words improperly, we judge from what we see and bear, or in a meaning not warranted by use, we shall conclude, that we have many or combining them in a way which among us, who appear, at least to them. renders the sense obscure, and the conselves, perfectly qualified for translat- struction ungrammatical, or even harsh. ing the scriptures. This, in their view, " Now, to adjust matters, so as, in a 30


to appear


considerable degree, to attain all these without doubt, the word xaminhos, i. e. objects, will be found, upon inquiry, camel, at present in the original, was not a little arduous, even to men who altered by mistake of the transcribers are well acquainted with the two lan- from xapestov, i. e. cable ; and the only ? guages, and have great command of reason assigned for this opinion was, words.

that rapidos, cable, was necessary to “ If, then, translation is in general make out the propriety of the figure ! attended with so much difficulty, what we think, this preacher ought to conmust we think of the chance of success tènd, that in this passage,

“ strain at which a translator has, when the sub- [out] a gnat, and swallow a camel, we ject is of so great importance, that an ought to substitute fish for gnat, with a uncommon degree of attention to all view to make out the figure, (risum tethe abovementioned objects will be ex. neatis amici.) acted of him; and when the difference In such cases as we have noticed, selin point of idiom, of the language from dom we presume is there any intentional which, and of that into wbich the ver- injury done to the cause of truth. Such sion is made, is as great, perhaps, as attacks, we believe, arise mostly from we have any example of.” Diss. X. ignorance, vanity, thoughtlessness of

How often do we hear from the sa. consequences, or from an ostentatious cred pulpit, discussions concerning the parade of learning. But they tend, as difference between the translation and has been before suggested, to diminish the original ? as far as we have ob- the confidence of the common people served, this practice prevails most in the authorized version, which is to among those preachers, who are least them the ultimate source of religious acquainted with the original scriptures. truth. This is accounted for from the fact, re. But there is another way of undermarked by shrewd observers of human mining the authority of the common nature, that mankind are generally most translation in operation, by persons,

of solicitous to appear qualified on those whose object we are fully aware. We points which constitute their deficien- refer to the efforts which bave been cies. We are of opinion, that in nine making for several years, to introduce cases out of ten, in which our transla. among us, translations of the scriptures tion is attacked from the pulpit, the utterly destitute of faithfulness, and preacher is entirely in the wrong. One covering, under the appearance of zeal would think, from the course taken by for the reformation of religion, the de. some preachers, that our translators sign of subverting the fundamental were the merest novices in the learned principles of the Christian faith. The languages, and in the business of trans. last attempt of this kind, was, the publation.

lication of Wakefield's version of the We not only hear the received new testament, and the recommentranslation attacked from the pulpit, dation of that work, contained in the but we have sometimes even heard, prospectus which preceded the pubfrom the same sacred place, conjectural lication. Our opinion of this work, emendations of the original itself. A and the reasons on which it is grounded, notable instance of this, we have known, may be sufficiently collected from Nos. in a preacher not of an inferiour class, 2 and 5, of the last year's “ Advocate.” nor of our order, who in remarking on The only other attempt, which we the passage, (Matt. xix. 24.) “It is think proper to notice at present, is easier for a camel to go through the eye the publication, a few years since, of of a needle than for a rich man to en- what called,

an improved version ter into the kingdom of God;" very of the new testament, upon the basis gravely informed his audience, that, of archbishop Newcome's new transla

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