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tinuity of narrative they prevent its be- ty, and every power, must be raised from the coming tedious, and afford an opportu- grave of sin, and made to rejoice in the life nity for reflection. We subjoin the of righteousness.

“The selected bishops and divines, enfollowing as a specimen of the author's

gaged in examining, and reforming the offices style and manner.

of the church." pp. 83,84.

" The Lord's ways are not as our ways, " It is useful to contemplate these strug- nor his thoughts as our thoughts. Had the glings toward liberty of conscience-this set- rising church been left to decide, Edward tling down towards a permanence of religious would have continued on the throne of Engorder. Who that beholds the sufferings of land until the reformation was perfectly estàthe reformers, but must feel thankful that he blished, and the rubbish of superstition swept is permitted to sit beneath the spiritual vine, away entirely. Instead of that, we see him with none to molest or make him afraid ; that summoned to the tomb, and in his room, not he is allowed to worship as the bible teaches a protestant, not a friend to pure and undefil. bim, with nope to interpose between his con- ed religion raised up, but a daughter of Rome, science and his God,

a patroness of ignorance and persecution. “ Cranmer was never idle; and all his exer * God is his own interpreter, tions were devoted to forwarding the holy " And he will make it plain.” pp.147,148.

He did not despair because he could 66 We have almost arrived at the end of not effect every thing ; neither was he so rash this career of blood, and we may begin to as to expect all at once. His enemies were perceive a reason why divine Providence powerful; but he knew there was one permitted it. The attachment of the people mightier than they between the cherubim- of England to popery, was of so long continuand in that one he trusted."

pp. 61,62.

ance, and so deeply rooted, that it was, by “ From Henry's tomb there sprung forth a no means, easy to eradicate. The acts of vide, which, though tender in age, was beau- Henry were so contradictory, that he left tiful in promise, and rich in fruit as the clus- the nation much distracted. And though a ters of Eshcol.' The bills were covered with more consistent course was carried on durthe shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were ing the reign of Edward, and more powerful like the goodly cedars. It passed away, but means were brought to operate, still the inits memorial lived, fresh to the view of each fluence of the priests continued great; the succeeding generation, and fragrant even now body of the people had not been well instruct as the odours of sweet incense. Edward, the ed, competent teachers, in sufficient number, Josiah of England, succeeded his father. He could not be obtained ; the magnificence of was only nine years old when he began to the Roman ceremonial was pleasing to the reign, and, by the will of his father, was plac- multitude : so that the reformation was coned under the care of sixteen counsellors, tinually in danger. The reign of Mary was who were to govern the kingdom until the wanting to establish it. She burnt up all at. completion of bis 18th year. Of these coun- tachment to popery, in the fires that consumsellors, Cranmer was, blessed be God, chief ed the martyrs, and thoroughly purged the in influence.” pp. 69,70.

nation of all hankering after the tender mer" It is pleasing to pause amidst these con- cies of Rome. Surely the wrath of man shall templations, and let the mind wander forward praise thee: the remainder of wrath shall thout to that rest, where all who name the name of restrain.” pp. 203, 204. Christ shall depart from iniquity, where all earthly motives shall be destroyed, all errour shall be cast out, and every individual

, soul the excellent tendency of such reflec

We need not point out to our readers and body, shall be thoroughly reformed. “Every man has an empire in his own breast, tions, and especially the great impres. and at the head of that empire is a pope, with sion they would be likely to make upon all bis train of foolishobservances, and tempt. the minds of youth, when connected ing indulgences with all his power of putting with the perusal of the history from darkness for light, and light for darkness with all his pride—with even his arrogating which they originate. It is in this way the place of God. That pope is self. He we are desirous to have the history of must be dethroned, and the humility, and the the Christian church considered ; and constancy, and the prayer, of a Cranmer, en- the important lessons to be derived from gaged in carrying on the work of purification; it pointed out to the view of our cateand the elements of primitive excellence must

chumens. be sought for, and, according to them, the soul must be new modelled, and every facul

Where there is so much to be com. 29 ADVOCATE VOL. II.

mended, it is painful to be obliged to tally inconsistent with the purity of detect faults. "It is our province, how- good writing. We have been remindever, to censure justly, and this includes ed frequently of the vitiated style of both praise and blame, where each are Dr. Chalmers, and are led to suspect due. We think that the author has in that Mr. Allen is an admirer of that dissome cases sought for reflections which tinguished divine, and that, in the condid not spontaneously arise, in conse- templation of his excellences, he has inquence of which he has been betrayed sensibly adopted his faults. The introinto a quaintness of expression, at vari. duction to the first chapter is quite in ance with good taste. The introduce bis manner. The sun rises from his tion to the eighth chapter appears to us "orient bed” “wakes into being myriads to have these faults.

of songs, and gives to the eye all the

sublime, and beautiful, and busy of the “ Times of trial celebrate many mar- landscape.The whole orb of effula riages. They create a kindly feeling among gence bursts forth upon the world.”. all who are surrounded by the same cloud of The introduction of this pomp and inaffliction, and tie, in the knot of concord, flation into the simplicity of the good hearts, that by nature seem to be separated. They annihilate the distinctions of clime, and old English style, is somewhat analocolour, and kindred; and throw into one gous to the abuses which preceded that temple of union, the learned and the ignorant, reformation of which Mr. Allen is the the rich and the poor, the high and the low historian. Should his work come to a all the discordant opposites of which society second edition, of which it is deserving, is capable; melting away jars at the altar of devotion; consuming differences in the

we hope that he will restore his style, censer of love.

wbich is generally good, to that purity “ The mind, at such seasons, has no leisure which prevailed among the English to brood over trifles, or purse prejudices. It writers in the golden days of queen gives the whole grasp of its attention to things Anne. of the greatest moment, and is not warped to the denial of evidence, by a fear of the de

The publication of a second edition struction of theories. The voice of truth is

will also enable bim to correct some heard with distinctness; all its accents are few errours, into part of which he has allowed their full weight, and no deceiving been led by his author. The chief of echoes are sought for to lessen its effect. “ Hence we see the reformers of the island

these respects the character of archand the continent, of Germany, Geneva, and bishop Cranmer. Bishop Burnet did Britain, forming one council of advice, and not do justice to that great and good bringing their wedded energies to bear on the He has represented Ridley as improvement and prosperity of the church of the master spirit of the reformation, and England;—Cranmer, and Calvin, and Luther, has attributed to him, without sufficient approaching nearer in their views of many principles, than some of their followers have authority, the composition of those been willing to acknowledge.” pp.105,106. standard writings wbich have for three

centuries borne the test of examination We do not object to the sentiments, both by friends and foes. but to the mode of expressing them. good judgment,” says Burnet,“ but no The“ marriages-clouds of affliction- great quickness of apprehension, nor knots of concord-temples of union- closeness of style, which was diffused melting away jars-consuming differ- and unconnected, therefore when any ences in the censer of love-grasp of thing was to be penned that required the mind's attention,” which is at the more nerves, he made use of Ridley." same time

warped to the denial of Our author has retained the same sentievidence the voice of truth, the weight ment, but expressed it better. “He of its accents, and the deceiving echoes had a good judgment, but no great which are sought for," seem to us to quickness of apprehension. His style present a confused mass of images to- was diffuse and unconnected; therefore


6. He had a

6. One

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when any thing was to be penned that muring of the rest, as though they would required much nerve, he made use of have given me the glory of the writing Ridley."

of that book; which yet was said of This insinuation against the capacity some there to contain the most hainous of the archbishop is merely a broad as- heresie that ever was. Master secretary, sertion, unsupported by the slightest quoth I, that book was made of a great proof; yet, on the authority of Burnet, learned man, and him which is able to it has been copied, without examination, do the like again: as for me, I ensure by succeeding writers. In Ridley's you, (be not deceived in me,) I was never last examination, the bishop of Gloces- able to do or write any such-like thing ;

ter, one of his examiners, used this ex• he passeth me no less than the learned eri pression, "For what a weak and feeble master his young scholar."* Fox, Mart.

stay in religion is this, I pray you? vol. iii. p. 35. in Latimer leaneth to Cranmer, Cranmer The writings of Ridley preserved by E to Ridley, and Ridley to the singularity Fox, afford internal evidence that he det of his own wit! So that if you over was not the author of the work which exthrow the singularity of Ridley's wit, came forth under the name of Cranıner; ex then must needs the religion of Cran- the style of the one being manifestly recu mer and Latimer fall also.” To this different from that of the other. de Ridley replied, “ And whereas he said short specimen,” says Dr. Lawrence,

master Cranmer leaned to him, that was 6 of the manner in which, when he i det most untrue, in that he was but a young pleased, he was capable of expressing

scholar in comparison with master Cran- himself, may be sufficient to disprove Dit mer; for at what time he was a young the censure of Burnet. After noticing, the scholar, master Cranmer was a doctor, with some severity, that the Romish an

so that he confessed master Cranmer tichrist and his ministers, in their docmight have been his schoolmaster these trine of deliverance from purgatory, many years." Ridley's Life of Ridley, “lake upon them to do for us,

that thing ere pp. 626-628. Fos expressly says that which Christ either would not, or could bio: after Cranmer was made archbishop of not do,' he thus exclaims: O haynous Deci Canterbury, his enemies raised mali- blasphemy, and most detestable injury

cious reports against him that he was against Christ! O wicked abomination Bus destitute of learning; and there appears in the temple of God! O pride intole

to have been a constant disposition to rable of antichrist, and most manifest fie counteract his great influence by repre. token of the son of perdition, extolling - senting him as a man of ordinary abili- himself above God, and with lucifer

lies and slender acquirements, who was exalting his seat and power above the

obliged to have recourse to Ridley to throne of God!' Preface to his defence se write what was published in his name. of the true and catholick doctrine of

Cranmer's chief work was his treatise the sacrament. Ought he who was be upon the sacrament; and of this Ridley master of language like this, to bę

gave testimony that he himself was not slighted as incoherent, spiritless and the author. In a conference which he inelegant? But to form a thorough had in the tower, with secretary Bourne and others, the secretary said to him, * No other book was set forth in the arch. as he relates, “ Now, then, and how can bishop's name, than the abovementioned ye make but a figure or a sign of the sa- treatise, and the defence of it against Gardicrament, as that book doth which is set which from its sentiments upon the subject of

ner, except the Lutheran catechism of 1547, lord of Canterbury's name ? the Lord's supper, could not have been the I wiss ye can tell who made it. Did not production alluded to. See Lawrence's Bampa ye make it? And here was much muri ton Lect. p. 206,

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conception of his style, it is necessary The fate of Cranmer, to borrow still to consult his writings themselves, in further the language of this able writer, wbich to use his own expressions, he “ has been peculiarly hard. Living in Aattered himself that he had made'more evil days, and exposed after his deatb clearly appear the light from the dark- to the malice of evil tongues, he has ness, the truth from false sophistical suffered in almost every part of his resubtleties, and the certain word of God putation. Papists bave impeached the from men's dreams and phantastical in- sincerity, while protestants have doubtventions.' Ibid. p. 14. 'He is not in- ed the steadiness of his principles; and deed always nervous, but he is always a too general idea seems to prevail that clear and flowing, eloquent and impres. his opinions were for ever fluctuating, sive.

or at least were so flexible, as to have “ To give an adequate idea of his rendered him little better than a weak diction seems difficult. It has a cer instrument in the hands of those who tain unobtrusive elegance about it which possessed more talent and more consismocks description;

tency. But the fact was far otherwise. Illam

He was in truth the chief promoter, and Componit furtim, subsequiturque decor. the ablest advocate of the reformation, Tibullus, Eleg. ix. 2. 8.

planning it with the discretion of a pru. “ It was neat without affectation, of dent, and the zeal of a good man, and ornament rather frugal than profuse, carrying it on towards perfection with yet in every instance preserving an un a firmness, a wisdom, and a liberality, ostentatious decency and dignity pecu- which obtained him no less credit for liar to itself."--Lawrence's Bampton the endowments of his head, than for Lect. Serm. I. p. 21, and Notes to the impressions of his heart.” Serm. I. p. 209.




In the afternoon session, the following reTHE Annual Convention of the Protestant ports, ou subjects referred last year to the Episcopal Church in the state of Massachu- clerical members of the standing committee, setts assembled in Trinity church, Boston, were read and accepted. on the 19th of June ; at which were present

66 The clerical members of the standing ten clergymen and seventeen lay delegates, committee having been directed by the last the representatives of eleven parishes. Hop- convention to revise the constitution and cakinton, Greenfield, Ashfield, Springfield, nons of the church in this state, to determine Great Barrington, Lanesborough, Lenox, whether any, and if any, what alterations Quincy and Cambridge were not represent- are necessary therein ; and to report on the ed. The bishop not being present, the Rev. same to the present convention, respectfully James Morss, rector of St. Paul's church, represent, Newburyport, was elected president, and the To That in consequence of a proposition Rev. Titus Ştrong, rector of St. James's made at the last diocesan convention, held at church, Greenfield, secretary pro tem. The Newport, September 27, 1820, to consoliconvention, being organized, proceeded to date the diocese more effectually, by providcelebrate divine service, when morning ing for annual conventions of the same to be prayers were conducted by the Rev. Isaac composed of all the clergy, together with Boyle, rector of St. Paul's church, Dedham; Jay delegates from all the parishes in the the convention sermon was preached by the diocese; which proposition is to be acted Rev. Calvin Wolcott, rector of St. Andrew's upon at the next diocesan convention to be church, Hanover; and the communion was held at Portsmouth, in September; four administered by the Rev. Dr. Gardiner, rec committee have been of opinion that it would tör of Trinity, assisted by the Rev. Dr. Jar- be unadvisable to take any measures on vis, rector of St. Paul's, Boston.

this subject at the present convention; they


beg leave, however, to submit to the consi- churches, and to be placed in their hands, deration of the convention, the following reso- report, Jution.

6. That they have received no money for " Resolved, That the clerical members of that purpose, but have made inquiries of the standing committee appointed by this Messrs. R. P. & C. Williams, booksellers, convention be directed to revise the constitu- from whom they have received the statement tion and canons of this church, and to make herewith presented, which will enable the such alterations therein as may be rendered convention to take order upon the subject. necessary or expedient to render them con

Respectfully submitted. formable with such regulations of the dio

John S. J. Gardiner, cese as may be made at the ensuing diocesan Chairman of the Standing Committee.", convention, and to report thereon at the next

The clergy present gave in their parochial annual convention. John S. J. Gardiner,

reports, of which the following table presents

2 summary. Samuel F. Jarvis,

T, Carlile." 46 The clerical members of the standing committee having been appointed to inquire into the state of the journals of the conyention of the church in this state, and to have all or such of them printed, as they may think proper, respectfully report,

" That they have examined the journals, and find that in many respects they are unsuitable for publication. They are of opinion, however, that an abstract of the state of the church might be profitably published for the purpose of contributing to a more perfect view of the origin and growth of the American branch of the protestant Episcopal church. They beg leave, therefore, to offer the subjoined resolution, to be acted upon by the convention.

“Resolved, That the delegates appointed by this convention to represent the church of Massachusetts in the approaching diocesan convention, be, and they hereby are directed to propose that an abstract from the journals of each state composing the eastern diocese be formed under the direction of the convention of each state ; that the same be entered on the journals of the next diocesan convention; and that the whole be printed for the information of the church in the United States. All which is respectfully submitted.

John S. J. Gardiner,
Samuel F. Jarvis,

6 covo E WAT
T. Carlile."
The following report from the standing
codimittee was read, and on motion of Dudley
A. Tyng, Esq. recommitted to the standing
committee of the present year.

“ The standing committee appointed by the Jast annual convention having been requested to furnish each church in the state with one or more copies of the constitution, canons,

Families in nine Congregations 563

218 and journals of the general convention of the Baptisms in eleven do. protestant Episcopac church in the United Marriages in nine do.

69 States, and of the diocesan convention, and

Funerals in eleven do.

119 that of this state, to be purchased with money

Communicants in twelve do. 661 to be raised by contributions in the several Catechumens in four do. 255

St. Paul's, Dedham
St. Paul's,"
Trinity, Boston
St. Matthew's, S. Boston pot rep.
St. Paul's, Newburyport
St. Andrews', Hanover
St. Peter's, Salem
St. John's, Ashfield
St. James', Greenfield
St. Mary's, Newton




not rep.




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Baptisms. Marriages. Deaths.





not rep.


nicants. Commu


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