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then communicated, and passed some he continued during the night, appatime in silent contemplation of God. rently at times occupied in boly thoughts, When he had concluded his thanksgiv- and always roused by prayer. In the ing, he desired to have the extreme morning he again received the blessed unction administered to him ; it was sacrament, with the most exemplary accordingly done ; and while he re- piety and devotion, and renewed bis ceived it, his whole soul seemed ab- former declaration of forgiveness; namsorbed in the rite. He then golemnly ing again, very audibly, the prince pardoned all his enemies, publickly and princess of Orange, the princess naming them. Meanwhile the affliction Anne, and the emperor, and said he of the queen was most distressing : wished them to be acquainted that he she sunk down by the side of the bed, for gavethem. The doctors had all along in extreme anguish. This seemed given him the quinquinna, which, greatly to affect the dying mon- though the thing in the world be had arch : he entreated her to resign the greatest aversion to, he never reherself to God, and with the most tender fused. It was neither fear of death nor expressions sought to comfort her. hopes of recovery that made him so Having thus fulfilled his essential du- compliant; but he thought it more perties, the king gave directions respecting fect to obey, and that the patient suf. his funeral, ordering it to be in every fering of those remedies might benefit respect like that of a private gentle bis soul though of no advantage to bis man; his body to be interred in the body. The following day he continuparish church of St. Germains, and his ed in the same lethargick state, and only epitaph, “Here lies king James.' seemed to take little notice of any Thus passed Sunday, the third day of thing, except when prayers were read, his illness. Towards evening he ap- which he was always attentive to, and peared much revived, and had a bet- by the motion of his lips seemed to ter night; every symptom being fa- pray continually himself.” vourable,except the fever,which, though 6. The next day he grew
much not violent, was continual. No mur- weaker, was seized with continual mur of impatience escaped his lips; but convulsions or shaking of the bands, his deportment was invariably gentle, and the day following, being Friday, calm, and resigned. Thus he continu- the 16th of September, about three in ed till the eighth day, when the de- the afternoon, aged sixty-eight years, crease of his fever gave increased rendered his pious soul into the hands hopes ; but on the ninth he fell into a of his Redeemer, the day of the week stupor, his fever increased rapidly, his and hour wherein our Saviour died, and countenance changed, and it was be- on which he always practised a par. Jieved he was about to expire. The ticular devotion to obtain a happy queen attended him dissolved in tears. death, and his prayer was heard ; for • Do not aflict yourself, he said ; 'I as be manifested the most exemplary am going to be happy.' 'It is not you,' resignation, patience, and piety, durshe replied, while she pressed his hand ing his illness, so when he could no to her quivering lips; it is not you longer speak, it was apparent from bis that I bewail : it is myself.' Seeing gestures, looks, and even his silence her near swooning from fatigue and itself, that his mind was fixed upon grief, he entreated her to withdraw; God; and, having his senses to the last and as soon as she had quitted the moment, he seemed, by the motion of apartment, they began the recommen- his lips, to pray, till the soul escaped dation of his soul to God. In this state from ibe bondage of the body.".
To the Editor of the Gospel Advocate. in some instances' not ineffectually, to PLAIN REMARKS BY A PARISH MINISTER, recommend a 'worship consistent with
ON THE OFFICIAL REPLY OF THE the recollection that the Lord is the METHODISTS TO SOUTHEY'S LIFE OF lover of order, and that he has said,
“Be still, and know that I am God.” THERE has recently appeared in
To the Christian world, the inquiry England a reply to Mr. Southey, by a
as to the motives of Wesley is but of methodist ; and its republication in this secondary importance.
If impartial country, and sale at their book-store, posterity should decide that with his would warrant the opinion that it is a
devotedness to the gospel, there was book of authority with that sect of mingled some personal ambition, it Christians of which Wesley was the will only confirm past experience, founder. This work contains little which teaches the imperfection of all additional information respecting Mr. human virtue.
“In my best action, Wesley, and it differs of course with (says a most pious man) I have alMr. Southey on all points touching his ways found some alloy ;" and it may character, and the tendency of his
be added, he who has not detected it
sys. tem. On the doctrine of perfection, it ought to question his humility. As merely observes, that the founder of to the enthusiasm of Mr. Wesley, the methodism had been misunderstood by decision of that depends upon another many ; and on his other distinctive question of much importance in theolodoctrine, “the assurance of personal gy, viz: “ Whether the ordinary influforgiveness," it offers a statement
ences of the Holy Ghost are infallibly which is chiefly remarkable for con- distinguishable from the natural operafounding hope with assurance.* If by tions of the mind.” Archbishop Secker "'assurance" Wesley meant only a
maintains that the presence of the Hostrong expectation, few would object !y Ghost in the heart of any individual to his tenet; but the belief that he neant is discoverable by comparing his in"certain knowledge” and thus contra. clinations with the scriptural standard. dicted several scriptural declarations, Thus, of a good inclination, he may is the ground of the objection which conclude, it was excited by the Holy bas been made to his peculiar views Spirit, for by nature “ the heart is deson this subject.
66 Out of the heart It is gratifying to observe the fea- proceed” that is naturally, “evil tures of his theology thus reduced, (as thoughts." There is another method they evidently are in the present by which a man might ascertain the work) and from the anxiety manifested presence with him of the Holy Ghost : to disprove what Mr. Southey calls ex
it is his being able to work a miracle, travagancies in practice, there is reason
as the apostles were.
Now Mr. Westo hope that methodism is about to be- ley undoubtedly maintained what
may come no longer a misnomer.
But let be called the other side of the ques. it not be thought that the writer would tion. He thought that the suggestions pollute the pages of the Gospel Advo- of the Holy Spirit (without any refercate by uncharitableness.
He will ence to the general principle “every gladly bear testimony to the zeal of good and perfect gift cometh from the followers of Wesley, and to the above," without any comparison becomparative soundness of their theolo- tween them and the truths laid down gy; but he knows that the best inform- in the scriptures) could be instantaed among them have endeavoured, and neously distinguished from the opera. Luther
tions of the mind, so that a man might says,
"I believe in the forgiveness of my own sins." This our author say, At this moment the Holy Spirit quotes, as if “ I believe" was “I am sure." was present with me : at that inoment
he was absent. This thought was ex- mention, in this place, that it is the cited by the Holy Ghost. To this ac- apostle John on whose authority the tion, perhaps some action of an indiffer- doctrine of perfection is asserted, who ent nature, that is, not involving any re- has said, “If we say we bave no sin, ligious or moral motive, I was impelled we deceive ourselves, and the truth is by the power of the Holy Ghost. If he not in us,” and that it is St. Paul to be right, if the operations of the Holy whom is attributed more particularly Ghost are thus infallibly distinguisha. the doctrine of the assurance of personble, then there is no reason to doubt that al forgiveness, who exhorts not merely he was as capable as any other person mankind in general, but the disciples of distinguishing them, that he did fol. at Philippi, “ to work out their salvalow the divine suggestions and not his tion with fear and trembling." No own imagination, and of course must churchman can be readily persuaded be acquitted of the charge of enthusi- to embrace either of these tenets, if he
Zeal, to whatever height it be has entered into the spirit of either of raised, does not constitute an enthusi- the “confessions," and it is remarka. ast, St. Paul being judge, for be says: ble, as if anticipating this objection, " It is good to be zealously affected in the work before us takes occasion to a good thing." The zeal which is not observe that “the services of the according to knowledge, directed not church” were designed not for the by revelation but by the fancy, is the use of true Christians only, but of mix. essential characteristick of the enthusi- ed congregations, and therefore abound ast. It may be said that according to in acts of confession and the expresthis view, Mr. W. was the subject of a sions of fear and spiritual grief. But special revelation, and that he was an the whole force of this remark is done inspired man. The present writer away by the fact, that the communion will not affirm that Mr. Wesley took office, which was designed certainly this high ground, but it would seem not for a mixed congregation, contains that these positions result as a natural expressions not less humiliating, and consequence from the admission that inconsistent with the assurance of for. the influences of the Holy Ghost are dis- giveness and the state of perfection, tinguishable in the manner maintained supposed to belong to the believer, by him and by many others. And if than any other portion of the liturgy.* so, it is a consideration not to be over The discipline established by Weslooked in the inquiry as to the scrip- ley, furnishes to Christians in general tural foundation of that opinion. both warning and instruction.
It is It is remarkable that as in the pre- believed the strictures which it bas exsent work, so in some of the later writ- cited will lead to some modification by ings of Wesley himself, and in those of his chief supporters, methodist theolo
* There seems an inconsistency in believing
the doctrine of "the assurance of personal gy, properly so called, has been in a forgiveness," and yet denying the doctrine of great measure explained away. Those the assurance of eternal salvation as held by distinctive tenets respecting perfection the Calvinist. If the Holy Spirit assures one and assurance, it would seem, could man that he is forgiven, why may not he asnot bear the crucible of controversy: ply a man may fall away, and therefore the
sure another that he will be saved. You reMay we not reasonably hope then that Spirit must speak conditionally. You then they will no longer be enforced either test the reality of the Spirit's speaking in this from the pulpit or the press, at least case by the scriptures ; and why not test the without such neutralizing explanations reality of his speaking in every other case as may be considered to be recommend. by the same standard, which is admitting ed by the present official publication.
that the operations of the Spirit are not per
se distinguishable from the operations of the Perhaps it may not be irrelevant to mind.
which it will lose some of its faults, benefited her mother. It is said by and probably some of its spirit also. the friends of Mr. Wesley that when
The successful propagation of meth- he appeared the church of England odism and the comparative harmony in was in a deplorable condition: that its conferences, illustrate the impor- the clergy in general did not preach tance of retaining the spiritual power the doctrines of their own church and in the hands of the clergy, and this ar. of the reformation, that there were rangement shows at least the senti- many who did not adorn their profesment of Wesley on the subject after he sion in their lives, and, in short, that had had full experienee of the advan- disgusted with the excesses of puritantages of lay preaching and indeed of ism, they were gradually approaching the contrary system in several of its to the excesses of libertinism. Reforbranches. Wesley rested the authori- mation in the church was then the dety of his ministers on the presbyterian sign originally of Wesley. The church foundation, in truth he had no other, in heaven is a glorious church, not unless he had resorted to the congre- having spot, or wrinkle, or any such gational system, although it appears thing, but in her militant state, exposthat he anxiously sought consecrationed to the infection of a wicked world, from a Greek bishop, doubtless with she constantly needs, for ber preservathe view of perpetuating his sect in a tion from corruption and her progress regular way. But that which is chief- in holiness, the zeal of her ministers ly remarkable is, that though compelled and the prayers of her friends. Who to originate bis society on the pres- then can disapprove the design of byterian model, be immediately gave Wesley, whether the alleged peculiarto it an Episcopal form of government, ity of his time be admitted or not? as if convinced of the expediency But in pursuit of his good purpose, did thereof without entering into the high- be use proper means? Did he not er consideration of its divine authority. violate his ordination vows, occasion
To what extent methodist has pro- confusion in many parishes, and enter, moted the cause of true religion, is a as the apostle expresses it, into “anothquestion which probably cannot be de- er man's line ?” See 2 Cor. x. 16. cided. The present age is not suffi- Did he not invade the rule which forciently impartial, and posterity inust bids the doing of evil that good may necessarily view it mingled with all come ? If he thought that his breththose effects which have been brought ren in the ministry did not sufficiently about by an over-ruling Providence. feel their office, ought he not to have Who will be competent to determine kindly expostulated with them, and whether the good consequences which endeavoured to persuade them to comay arise are to be ascribed to this in- operate with him in the great undertakstitution as the cause ; or as the occa. ing on which he had entered. If he sion which Providence has turned to thought that there was a prevailing the accomplishment of his beneficent apathy on the subject of religion, could purposes. Besides, who can know he not bave awakened the publick in what would have been the state of some way not inconsistent with his things bad this institution never exist- obligations to the church, and with ed.
those principles of order and subordiTo the members of the Protestant nation, essential not merely to her Episcopal Church, the history of meth- prosperity, but to her peace and exodism is full of instruction. If they istence. What a blessing might such follow the light which by this medium a man have been, had he only adhered bas been afforded, it will soon cease to to those solid maxims of conduct which be a question whether this child has reason and religion alike inculcate.
He was the minister of a church whose found followers, (as other innovators faith and polity he approved, but he have,) who carried his principles farconceived that the spirit of its institu- ther than he wished. This is natural. tions was not sufficiently regarded. When the mind is taken from its an. The proper course then was to address chor and set afloat, it is impossible to those in authority, as St. John did the know in what direction and to what seven angels of the seven churches, limit it will be carried. Let not this and in a regular way exert himself to precedent speak in vain to churchmen. effect the desired reformation. But it The means of grace are of divine apmay be asked, are abuses not to be pointment. Let us use them faithexposed ? The reply is, abuses are fully. They are sufficient. There not to be corrected by any method would be no occasion to institute any calculated to produce other abuses. It new means of grace, even if we bad is not to be admitted that a reforma- authority to do so. tion in the church is impracticable The offices in the church are of without violating those regulations divine institution. Let us pray that which are of divine authority. If that they may be filled by suitable characreformation be necessary, doubtless di- ters. But let us not add to their numvine Providence, as in the case of the ber or change them as if they were not English church separating from the sufficient for all the purposes, which the Roman, will bring it about in a way divine wisdom contemplated. The consistent with the principles which church is a society. In it the advan. he bas bimself prescribed. The press tages of social religious improvement was open to Wesley, and so were ma- and worship may be attained, without ny pulpits ; indeed at first no pulpit creating any other association for ac• was denied to him. These means he complishing the same objects. The might have improved to their full ex. tendency of these modern associations tent. Even if he had confined his la- is to produce an undervaluing of the bours to some parish, the light of a association divinely constituted first in zealous example would have gradually the time of the patriarchs, then among diffused itself over tbe whole kingdom. the Hebrews, and lastly on the founda. In this case he might not have been the tion of the apostles and prophets,Jesus founder of a sect, but he would have Christ being ihe head. Their tendency proinoted,in no small degree, his origi- also is to break down the distinction benal, and it may be added, most worthy tween the clergy and the laity, and object. The course he adopted was such is the admission of the work beto minister within the precincts allot- fore us. “ Long before Mr. W's. ted to other ministers, and to institute death, a great number of the societies -societies in wbich laymen were to ex were anxious to have the sacrament ercise some of the offices belonging to from the hands of their own preachers," the sacred ministry, and there follow- and it will be recollected these preached as consequences, the excitement of ers were laymen, who had not even prejudicies against him and his cause; the semblance of ordination. Mr. W's. much opposition where there might great authority restrained them. “But have been co-operation ; the confound- after his death it was out of the powing of all distinction between the lay- er of the conference to prevent the man and the clergyman in discharging administration of the sacrament to the functions of the priesthood ; and the people by their own preachers." finally the establishment of a separate We have been told by high authorichurch-the rending anew of the body ty in an American church, that prayer of Christ. Wesley undoubtedly did meetings, as generally conducted, usu. not anticipate these effects. But he ally lead to an undervaluing of the li