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yet I am sure my supper shall be more pleasant and sweet," &c.

When they arose from the table, his brother offered him Ridley withto watch all night with him. But he said, “No, no, that his death. you shall not. For I mind (God willing) to go to bed, and to sleep as quietly to-night, as ever I did in my life.” So his brother departed, exhorting him to be of good cheer, and to take his cross quietly, for the reward was great, &c.

The behaviour of DR Ridley and Master LATIMER, at

the time of their death, whch was the 16th of October,
1555.

Upon the north side of the town, in the ditch over against Balliol college, the place of execution was appointed; and for fear of any tumult that might arise, to let the burning of hinder. them, the lord Williams was commanded, by the queen's letters, and the householders of the city, to be there assistant, sufficiently appointed. And when every thing was in a readiness, the prisoners were brought forth by the mayor and the bailiffs.

Master Ridley had a fair black gown furred, and faced with foins, such as he was wont to wear being bishop, and a tippet of velvet furred likewise about his neck, a velvet night-cap upon his head, and a corner cap upon the same, going in a pair of slippers to the stake, and going between the mayor and an alderman, &c.

After him came Master Latimer in a poor Bristol frieze frock all worn, with his buttoned cap, and a kerchief on his head, all ready to the fire, a new long shroud hanging over his hose down to the feet: which at the first sight stirred men's hearts to rue upon them, beholding on the one side the honour they sometime had, and on the other the calamity whereunto they were fallen.

Master doctor Ridley, as he passed toward Bocardo, looked Ridley and up where Master Cranmer did lie, hoping belike to have seen bermette

brought tohim at the glass window, and to have spoken unto him. But stake. then Master Cranmer was busy with friar Soto and his fellows, disputing together, so that he could not see him, through that

[* “ With a tippet of sables.” Edit. 1563. En.]

at the stake.

Dr Smith

occasion. Then Master Ridley, looking back, espied Master

Latimer coming after, unto whom he said, “Oh, be ye there?" Behaviour

“ Yea,” said Master Latimer, “have after as fast as I can of Ridley and Latimer follow.” So he following a pretty way off, at length they

came both to the stake, the one after the other ; where first Dr Ridley entering the place, marvellous earnestly holding up both his hands, looked towards heaven. Then shortly after espying Master Latimer, with a wondrous cheerful look he ran to him, embraced and kissed him; and, as they that stood near reported, comforted him, saying, “Be of good heart, brother, for God will either assuage the fury of the flame, or else strengthen us to abide it.”

With that went he to the stake, kneeled down by it, kissed it, and effectually prayed; and behind him Master Latimer kneeled, as earnestly calling upon God as he. After they arose, the one talked with the other a little while, till they which were appointed to see the execution, removed themselves out of the sun. What they said I can learn of no man.

Then Dr Smith, of whose recantation in king Edward's preaching at the burning time ye heard before, began his sermon to them upon this

text of St Paul, “ If I yield my body to the fire to be burnt, and have not charity, I shall gain nothing thereby'.” Wherein he alleged that the goodness of the cause, and not the order of death, maketh the holiness of the person; which he confirmed by the examples of Judas, and of a woman in Oxford that of late hanged herself, for that they, and such like as he recited, might then be adjudged righteous, which desperately

sundered their lives from their bodies, as he feared that those Dr Smith

men that stood before him would do. But he cried still to the against the people to beware of them, for they were heretics, and died out

of the church. And on the other side, he declared their diversity in opinions, as Lutherans, Ecolampadians, Zuinglians,

of which sect they were, he said, and that was the worst : Christ's but the old church of Christ and the catholic faith believed congrega

far otherwise. At which place they lifted up both their hands; dpiersity of and eyes to heaven, as it were calling God to witness of the

truth : the which countenance they made in many other places

1 “Si corpus meum tradam igni, charitatem autem non habeam, nihil inde utilitatis capio.” 1 Cor. xii.

and Latimer.

raileth

tion burdened with

of his sermon, where they thought he spake amiss. He ended with a very short exhortation to them to recant, and come home again to the church, and save their lives and souls, which else were condemned. His sermon was scant; in all, à quarter of an hour.

Dr Ridley said to Master Latimer, “Will you begin to answer the sermon, or shall I?” Master Latimer said, "Begin you first, I pray you.” “I will,” said Master Ridley.

Then, the wicked sermon being ended, Dr Ridley and Master Latimer kneeled down upon their knees towards my lord Williams of Thame, the vice-chancellor of Oxford, and divers other commissioners appointed for that purpose, who sat upon a form thereby ; unto whom Master Ridley said, "I beseech you, my lord, even for Christ's sake, that I Ridley ready may speak but two or three words.” And whilst my lord Smith's serbent his head to the mayor and vice-chancellor, to know. not suffered. (as it appeared) whether he might give him leave to speak, the bailiffs and Dr Marshall, vice-chancellor, ran hastily unto Marshall, him, and with their hands stopped his mouth, and said, cellor of “ Master Ridley, if you will revoke your erroneous opinions, stoppeth

Ridley. and recant the same, you shall not only have liberty so to do, but also the benefit of a subject; that is, have your life.” “Not otherwise ?” said Master Ridley, “ No," quoth Dr Marshall. “ Therefore if you will not so do, then there is no remedy but you must suffer for your deserts.” “Well," quoth Master Ridley, “so long as the breath is in my body, I will never deny my Lord Christ, and his known truth : God's will be done in me!” And with that he rose up, and said with a loud voice, “ Well then, I commit our Ridley comcause to Almighty God, which shall indifferently judge all.” To whose saying Master Latimer added his old posy, “Well! there is nothing hid but it shall be opened.” And Latimer's he said, he could answer Smith well enough, if he might be cond mot be suffered.

Dr Smith. Incontinently they were commanded to make them ready, which they with all meekness obeyed. Master Ridley took his gown and his tippet, and gave it to his brother-in-law Master Shipside, who all his time of imprisonment, although he might not be suffered to come to him, lay there at his

mitteth his cause to God.

to answer

the stake in

own charges to provide him necessaries, which, from time to time, he sent him by the serjeant that kept him. Some other of his apparel that was little worth, he gave away ;

other the bailiffs took. Ridley giv

He gave away besides divers other small things to gen-. cth away his apparel and tlemen standing by, and divers of them pitifully weeping, as the people. to Sir Henry Lea he gave a new groat; and to divers of

my lord Williams' gentlemen some napkins, some nutmegs, and rases' of ginger ; his dial, and such other things as he had about him, to every one that stood next him. Some plucked the points off his hose. Happy was he that might

get any rag of him. Latimer at Master Latimer gave nothing, but very quietly suffered his shirt. his keeper to pull off his hose and his other array, which

to look unto was very simple: and being stripped unto his shroud, he seemed as comely a person to them that were there present, as one should lightly see; and whereas in his clothes he appeared a withered and crooked silly old man, he. now stood bolt upright, as comely a father as one might lightly behold.

Then Master Ridley, standing as yet in his truss, said to his brother, “It were best for me to go in my truss still.” “No,” quoth his brother, “it will put you to more pain ; and the truss will do a poor man good.” Whereunto Master Ridley said, “Be it, in the name of God;" and so unlaced himself. Then, being in his shirt, he stood upon

the foresaid stone, and held up his hand and said, “O Ridley

heavenly Father, I will give unto thee most hearty thanks, for God for his that thou hast called me to be a professor of thee, even and prayeth unto death. I beseech thee, Lord God, take mercy upon for England.

this realm of England, and deliver the same from all her enemies.”

Then the smith took a chain of iron, and brought the same about both Dr Ridley's, and Master Latimer's middle: and as he was knocking in a staple, Dr Ridley took the chain in his hand, and shaked the same, for it did gird in his belly, and looking aside to the smith, said, “Good fel-low, knock it in hard, for the flesh will have his course."

[ Pieces, or roots. Ed.]
[ Lightly-easily or commonly. ED.]

thanketh

“ Yea,

Then his brother did bring him gunpowder in a bag, and Gunpowder would have tied the same about his neck. Master Ridley martyrs, asked what it was. His brother said, “Gunpowder.” “Then,” said he, “I will take it to be sent of God; therefore I will receive it as sent of him. And have you any,” said he, "for my brother?” meaning Master Latimer. sir, that I have,” quoth his brother. “Then give it unto him," said he, “betime; lest ye come too late.” So his brother went, and carried of the same gunpowder unto Master Latimer.

In the mean time Dr Ridley spake unto my lord Wil- Ridley'ssait liams, and said, “My lord, I must be a suitor unto your for leases of lordship in the behalf of divers poor men, and specially in poor men. the cause of my poor sister: I have made a supplication to the queen's majesty in their behalfs. I beseech your lordship for Christ's sake, to be a mean to her grace for them. My brother here hath the supplication, and will resort to your lordship to certify you hereof. There is nothing in all the world that troubleth my conscience, I praise God, this only excepted. Whilst I was in the see of London, divers poor men took leases of me, and agreed with me for the same. Now I hear say, the bishop that now occupieth the same room will not allow my grants unto them made, poses

fenn but, contrary unto all law and conscience, hath taken from ranted be. them their livings, and will not suffer them to enjoy the Ridley. same. I beseech you, my lord, be a mean for them: you shall do a good deed, and God will reward you.”

Then they brought a faggot, kindled with fire, and laid The church the same down at Dr Ridley's feet. To whom Master Latimer the martyrspake in this manner : “Be of good comfort, Master Ridley, saints. and play the man. We shall this day light such a candle, by God's grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out.”

And so the fire being given unto them, when Dr Ridley saw the fire flaming up towards him, he cried with a wonderful loud voice, “In manus tuas, Domine, commendo spiritum meum: Domine, recipe spiritum meum." And after repeated this latter part often in English, “Lord, Lord, receive my spirit;" Master Latimer crying as vehemently on the other side, “O Father of heaven, receive my soul !" who received Latimer's the flame as it were embracing of it. After that he had martyrdom.

Bonner taketh

away the

fore by

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