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"If I have had any enjoyment in the changes and chances of my chequered life, it has been principally produced by the habits of beneficence which I have had an opportunity of cultivating. I claim no praise for this, for I found the practice to be agreeable to my nature; and if I had reflected on this subject, my resolution would only have derived additional support from the balance of pleasure, and the calculations of interest. Here I request you to unite with me in admiring that wise constitution of the moral world, which makes the most exquisite satisfaction and the most permanent happiness to arise out of the addition which we make to the gratification of others, and to the general stock of human felicity."
This answer moved many of the ladies to tears.
From the Inhabitants of Mary-le-bone.
"I am under many heartfelt obligations to the Inhabitant Householders of the populous and opulent parish of St. Mary-le-bone, for this patriotic and affectionate Address. I am more gratified by the honest sentiments of men so enlightened and so upright, than I should be by the most sumptuous incense of adulation from that selfish and corrupt junto who have so long possessed all the patronage and engrossed all the honours of the State.
"In my long travels, both by land and sea, all my movements have been watched by insidious emissaries; and I verily believe that if I could have mounted in the air, I should have been followed by a balloon full of spies. But though my conduct has been scrutinized with as much inquisitorial pertinacity as if my adversaries had been composed of nothing but eyes and ears, they have not hitherto been able to establish a single charge to lessen my respectability, or to blur my reputation. Before my adversaries menaced my destruction by an unconstitutional Bill of Pains and Penalties. I had only to claim a restoration of my just rights, or an open and impartial trial of my conduct; but that Bill has altered the position in which I stood with respect to my enemies on the one side, and to the country on the other. The question is not now simply whether the Queen shall have her constitutional rights, but whether the destruction of the Queen shall pave the way for the destruction of public liberty. It is public liberty which is attacked in the person of the Queen; and the preservation of the Queen, in her rights, is become necessary to the preservation of the nation in its liberties. The alternative at present is not between one Queen and another but between liberty and servitude; between a free Constitution and an arbitrary Government.
"When the statesmen of future times reflect on the follies of their progenitors, will it not excite their astonishment or provoke their rí
dicule, that the present governing powers of Great Britain should suffer the whole kingdom to be agitated from one end to the other, and the public tranquillity to be endangered, in order to determine the probabilities of an infidelity, where the complaining party is on the confines of old age, and the party against whom the complaint is alledged is past the meridian of her days? Can auy man think this a sufficient reason for superseding all our established laws, and all our judicial forms-for causing the capital to be surrounded with troops, and the House of Lords to be fortified as if it were in danger of being attacked by an enemy? What opinion would an impartial observer form, when he beheld a judicial proceeding, or what has the semblance of a judicial proceeding, going on under the cover of an armed force? While the temporal Peers, assisted by the counsel of learned Judges, and sanctified by the presence of mitred Bishops and Archbishops, are endeavouring to calculate the chances of, what they are pleased to call, an adulterous intercourse, the bayonets of the troops are glittering on the walls of Parliament, or gleaming in the passages to that venerable tribunal.
"When senates are obliged to deliberate, or courts of justice to try causes, under the protection of an armed force, it seems to indicate that those bodies are not acting in unison with the sentiments and affections of the people. The voice of the laws was of old said to be inaudible amid the clash of arms; but is it because an attempt is making to set asi the laws, that recourse is had to a military force? These, however, are times in which it is well understood that the interests of the army can never be really distinct from the other interests of the community.
"I have often experienced the generosity of Englishmen; and by that generosity none have been more distinguished than my nobleminded friends in the parish of St. Mary-le-bone."
From the Inhabitants of Clerkenwell.
"I accept. with unfeigned satisfaction, this affectionate Address from the parish of Clerkenwell.
"No intimidation shall prevent me from doing right; no bribe induce me to do wrong. I have a monitor within whose injunctions I deem superior to any temptations of interest, or any incitements of ambition. As long as I do not behold myself contaminated in the mir. ror of my own conscience, I can, not only look my enemies in the face, but I can solemnly invoke the Almighty to testify my innocence.
"When I reflect upon the pain and misery that seem, in a greater or less degree, inseparable from the condition of nian, I do not con
sider myself to possess any claim to an exemption from the common afictions of humanity. I look up to the author of my being, only as to the author of my happiness; and, though I may lainent his chastisements, I cannot question his benevolence.
"The members of the hierarchy who have silently given their con sent, or openly lent their sanction to the exclusion of my name from the Liturgy, must inconsiderately have forgotten it to be their duty not to prostrate themselves at the feet of any temporal master, in questions in which conscience is concerned.
"Every day tends to furnish more and more clues for penetrating into the dark labyrinth of that conspiracy which has for so many years been preparing its train of artifices against my character and my happiness. The present plot has been carefully got up; and no pains have been spared to make it complete in every part. Falsehood bas been purchased wherever it could be found; and the witnesses, who have been brought to appear against the Queen Consort, will cost the Exchequer more than the pay of many a gallant regiment. The actors in this grand representation of connubial infelicity are to be seen in every kind of costume; and Europe, Asia, and Africa, are to play their respective parts at the bar of the House of Lords,
"My adversaries have no regard for the venerable principles of the British constitution; for the rights it confers, or the liberty it guarantees. Their love for the constitution is only a cover for their owa selfish views they love no part of the constitution except that which is in decay. It is that decayed part alone in which they live, and move, and have their being-in which they bound with transport, aud seem drunk with joy!
"The good and the wise, among all classes, contemplate with horror the tremendous probabilities of a disputed succession, with which the present bill of pains and penalties menaces the country; but my adversaries are so ravished with the present delights of place, and so busy in rifling the immediate sweets of corruption, they think nothing real but what is in close contact with sense :-they live only for the day; and they leave it to their successors to provide for the morrow. Perhaps, in the testamentary disposition of their intellectual effects, they may rejoice in bequeathing to the next generation the legacy of a civil war.”
CONTINUATION OF REPLY TO THE REV. THO. MAS HARTWELL HORNE'S PAMPHLET, ENTI TLED "DEISM REFUTED." From p. 36.
We now come to the first book of Samuel, which is also called the first book of Kings, as the origin of Jewish kingcraft is mentioned in this book, but accompanied with some very wholesome instructions. The mischief is, that those instructions proceeded from a priest, and seem rather as the offspring of a jealousy of the loss of power, than as patriotic effusions. Priestcraft and Kingcraft seem to be two diseases that have more or less pervaded all societies of men, and each in its turn has predominated over the other, producing frequent struggles and convulsions. Both are morbid and unnatural excrescences alone calculated to corrupt and vitiate the body politic.
I shall pass over the birth of Samuel, which fills the first chapter, as I see nothing to object to in it. It pourtrays the character of the Jewish women, who were passionately anxious to bear their husbands male children, and barrenness was always considered amongst them as a chastisement from their god. It has been said, that the hope of bringing forth the Messiah was prevalent among the Jewish women, but this is false, as the Messiah was not dreamt of until the Babylonish captivity. In almost all other countries, and in former times, it has been considered a blessing to have a large family of children, but such is the grinding system of taxation to support the vices of monarchy in the present day, that a peasant dreads nothing so much as an increasing family, and the English Legislature has impiously opposed the dictates of nature, by discouraging the propagation of the human species, and encouraging the propagation and preservation of certain animals which it calls game, and which occasionally affords the Aristocracy a few hours of barbarous amusement, and numbers of cur peasantry as much imprisonment. I doubt not, but that as many hours sport as the game laws afford the Aristocracy become hours of imprisonment for our peasantry, in consequence of the same laws, and that if there be any difference, the extent of the latter exceeds the former.
VOL. IV, No. 2.
In the second chapter, we have an excellent delineation of the character of an established and legalised priesthood, in the persons of Hophni and Phinehas the two sons of Eli: it is as follows:
"Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the Lord. And the priest's custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook hrought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw. And if any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, Nay; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force."
I have before observed, that the Jews were a gross and carnal people, and that the chief object of the priests was to rob them of the best part of their animal food. The above quotation is a full verification of this assertion, for whether the distinct circumstance, as relating to the sons of Eli, be correct or not, the tale is unquestionably borrowed from that, or from general circumstances.
It now appears, that the Jewish history earries something like probability with it, for neither Jehovah nor his angels make their appearance in any of the stories in the different books of Kings, but whether the lives and characters of the kings, as recited, be true or not, is to us in the present day, a matter of indifference. I read it as I should read a novel or romance, and if I find any thing that is calculated "to paint a moral or adorn a tale," I embrace it as such, and nothing further. The third chapter relates a tale, how Jehovah addressed himself to Samuel whilst yet a boy, and told him of the downfall of the family of Eli. It should be observed, that Samuel heareth a voice, but beheld nothing, and this is related as a great condescension on the part of Jehovah, for we are told in the first verse, that "the word of the Lord was precious in those days; there was no open vision." The Jews, like all other nations, have had their heroes both as priests and kings, and in preserving the history of them by tradition, they have suffered nothing to escape, but each generation continued to add something, until they learnt the use of letters at Ba