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• At least,' a voice seemed to say to me, 'walk here with seriousness and humility ; bow thy head, and cleanse thy heart, and tread with meekness the ground trod by Him who was here humbled for thee, and here bore thy sins upon the cross.' It was the Sabbath also,this first day of our visit; and the quiet and healthful influence of that holy season was added to the power which Jerusalem would at any time have exercised upon the heart.
“I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ. Imagination, in its highest flights, has not pictured a scene that will compare in interest, or in deep and searching pathos, with the reality here displayed in the redemption of man. It partakes of the character of all the works of God, combining a simplicity that opens it to the comprehension of all men, with a grandeur and sublimity that must excite the admiration of the highest seraphim. I have seen it where I have seen man's proud philosophy quail and shrink into nothingness, -in the sick room and by the dying bed; I have seen it come gently and quietly, and open the feeble lips in praise and in utterance of joyful and triumphant hope. I have seen it sustain and cheer those whom the world, and the world's enjoyments and earthly hopes too, had all deserted, and who would otherwise have been left in maddening solitude and wretchedness; I have seen it sustain them; and while the body was tortured with pains, I have seen it raise the mind superior to bodily feeling; and while the cold sweat was breaking out upon the brow, keep that brow calm and serene. The tortured child of clay thought of his Saviour's humiliation and pains, and of the glory wrought out for him; and, in the boundless love that led to the sufferings of Calvary, found assurance that God was even now a friend closer than a brother, and would not desert him to the last. 'I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ crucified, for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth ;'and the highest honor of my life was on that day, when I was permitted to walk amid scenes dignified and exalted by the great events of our redemption.”—pp. 167–170.
Jerusalem is now about three-fourths of a mile at its greatest length, and about two-thirds of a mile in width. li contains a population of twenty thousand persons, consisting of ten thousand Mohammedans, six thousand Jews, three thousand five hundred Greeks and Catholics, and five hundred Armenians. The walls of the city are twenty-five or thirty feet in height, and are flanked with numerous towers. There are four principal gates.
Mr. Jones enters into a minute examination of the facts and traditions respecting the real position of Calvary. His opinion, which, we doubt not, is well founded, is, that the place of the Saviour's crucifixion and burial was, in fact, the spot where the church of Mount Calvary and of the Holy Sepulchre now stands. Mr. Jones, however, sheds new light on the real condition of the spot at the time of the crucifixion, and adds the following striking remarks:
“My impression is, that the scene we sketch is very seldom correct, and that the event itself had a depth of humiliation that our thoughts do not reach ; and in this I do not have reference to the condescension of the sufferer, but to circumstances connected with the locality of the suffering. Our thoughits, when they turn to this subject, I believe, place before us an eminence of considerable elevation, sloping gradually upward, and crowned at the summit by the crosses of our Saviour and the malefactors, while the slopes are all crowded with the excited spectators. This, I believe, is the picture that is generally presented io our mind; and there is in it a degree of physical dignity, that the event itself, I am inclined to think, did not possess. On the other hand, if my apprehensions are correct, the crucifixion was attended with every physical circumstance that could make it humbling as well as painful; instead of being on the summit of a lotty eminence, it was on a rocky kuoll at the bottom of a natural theatre of hills; on one side, at the distance of five huvdred feet, was the city wall; on another, the low and wretched suburb of a suburb; it was in an open place, with dusty roads to various parts of the city passing near it; a thoroughfare, in short, where the spectacle of dust and confusion was broken only by a few gardens, the remains of a larger range of such enclosures, now nearly destroyed by the encroaching suburb."--Pp. 171, 172.
Mr. Jones furnishes a small map of Jerusalem, in which he has delineated the walls and other localities of the city, as it existed in ancient times, so far as the facts can now be gleaned from the Scriptures, Josephus,* and other sources. The walls of the preseni city are also traced. We think, that Mr. Jones has thrown much light on various obscure poinis, and we are inclined to adopt most of bis explanations. The "fancy sketch," which he bas given of the city and the temple, as they existed in the days of the Saviour, is vividly drawn, and we should be glad to quote a part of it. The earth has bad no other structure equal in magnificence to the glorious temple; and we believe, ibat no other nation bas, on the whole, enjoyed so much temporal bappiness as the Jews, during the long periods of peace and prosperity, which, with many occasional interruptions, prevailed in Judea for several centuries preceding the captivity. The purpose of God was accomplished. While all the rest of the earth was enveloped in
Mr. Jones has the following note respecting Josephus:-"I have been surprised as well as pleased to see the large number of copies of Josephus that are sold in this city [New-York). I have attended the book auctions here quite frequently; and have observed, that there is no book of its size that nieets with such a ready sale, or brings so good a price. The work merits all this; Josephus has not received the praise from literary men that he deserves."
VOL. II.-NO. V.
darkness, Judea was bright with the presence of Jehovah. There his laws were known; there bis worship was maintained; there the principles of his moral government were developed ; there was presented a bright example of the happiness of that people whose God is the Lord ; and there, too, was exhibited a terrific proof, that Jehovah abhors sin. There, above all, was a long continued preparation for the advent of the Messiah.
Mr. Jones gives a touching account of the sufferings and toils of the missionaries at Jerusalem, Messrs. Thompson and Nicholayson and their families. Amid sickness, death, war, and almost every other form of discouragement, they patiently persevered in attempts to do good. Mr. Jones most pertinently asks:
“ Is this a life to be sought for, for the sake of worldly considerations? I think not. There is only one way in which we can reconcile it even with common sense ; and that is, by supposing that missionaries are sincere ;-that they love their work ;—that the promises of the gospel and the cheering influences of heavenly grace support them and that they look to eternity for their exceeding great reward. And when we look at them in this point of view, how engaging is their work, and how godlike the errand on which they are gone!”—p. 299.
From Judea, the Delaware proceeded to Tyre. Here is an awful monument of the fulllment of prophecy. On the spot where stood ancient Tyre, which was sixteen miles in circunference, whose walls were one hundred and twenty feet in height, ** whose merchants were princes, and whose traffickers were the honorable of the earth, there is now nothing but sand.
Mr. Jones and others made a visit to Lady Hester Stanhope, who resides about seven miles from Sidon. She is a granddaughter of the great Earl of Chatham. She forsook England several years ago, and she has since resided in Syria :
“She is a very extraordinary woman. Her person is tall and commanding, and is shown by ber costume,—the Turkish trowsers and vest and turban,—to the best advantage. She is still handsome, and appears to take pleasure in showing her arm, which is remarkably well turned and beautiful. Coffee, pipes, &c., were brought in; and while she encircled herself with the aromatic fumes, she conversed on various topics,-politics, literature, manners and religion. She appeared to have a good knowledge of our country; and the intelligence she displayed about the politics of Europe was extraordinary for a person shut out as she is from society, and seldom get
ting even a newspaper. On most subjects, she showed excellent sense, and a strength of judgment seldom witnessed in either of the sexes; but when religion was broached, she became instantly changed, and was as wild as a maniac, both in language and to some degree also in manner. She believes in magic and astrology, and also that the Messiah will shortly appear; and has in her stables a horse, with a natural sinking or indentation in the back like a saddle, on which she says he is to ride.”—pp. 317, 318.
The best account which we have seen of Lady Stanhope, is given by Lamartine. He is, in some respects, a kindred spirit, imaginative, enthusiastic, and prone to poetical musings. To him she was uncommonly affable, and disclosed many of her wildest reveries. She is undoubtedly the victim of a peculiar species of insanity.
The author's visit to Dainascus and Balbec we must pass over, though he relates occurrences and describes many scenes worthy of notice. At Damascus, he saw “the street which is called Straight"(Acts 9: 11). "It is a narrow prolongation of the city at the southern end, about three-quarters of a mile in length. Commencing in the body of the city, and extending along the whole length of this portion, is the street which is called Straight,' still remarkable for its length and direct course, and still, I am informed, going by its ancient name.”-p. 339.
The book closes with some patriotic reflections, suggested by the interest which the ship Delaware excited in the Mediterranean. She was visited, says Mr. Jones, by at least two hundred thousand persons, at Naples, Palermo and other ports. She was viewed with admiration by these crowds, in whose minds the noble ship awakened feelings of respect for the free and happy nation to which she belongs. Our hearts respond to the inspiring thoughts with which the author concludes:
“ Around the world, the voice of freedom and of humanity is beginning to make itself heard. In many places, it is only a still şmall voice, but it is yet heard ; and though people often scarcely know what it means, yet there is a feeling in their breasts that more or less responds, and tells them that what it says is the truth. They have heard, too, that there is a republic somewhere, in a distant land,-a country of free principles and equal rights. They cannot tell how the system operates; but this system, as far as they know it, is a beautiful one, and they would like greatly to know more of it. A ship comes among them from that far country, and their vague, floating visions now take a more substantial forin. It is a vessel bearing signs of wealth and power, marked by good order and efficiency. The country that has sent out this ship must be wealthy and prosperous, enterprising and successful. This is the lesson
which is taught by all our ships, wherever they go; and taught in a manner that is intelligible to the lowest capacity.
“And to this noble and glorious cause of bumanity, we bid prosperity and success. Yes,-may Heaven sustain and bless it! I am not a politician, but I hope I am a philanthropist; and, next to religion, I love my country and its institutions, for I believe that in them is the regenerating priuciple that is going to awaken and vivity the world. These plains that we have just been passing over, abounding in a rich soil, and under a prolitic sky,--why are they not cultivated? But they will be cultivated, and this people here will be intelligent and intellectual; the mind will rouse up and claim its high preëminence; woman will be elevated to her proper lofty sphere; brute force will yield to moral power; and smiling plenty, and security, and bappiness will prevail; and from our country will come the power that is to effect this mighty change.
“ It is good sometimes to get far ofl' from our land, so that, as from an elevated spot, we may look over the whole country; and, away from the ivfluence of local prejudice, and interest, and alarms, may scrutinize our institutions, and examine into their permanency, and see what strengthening and what counteracting influences are at work to promise them security. For myself, I have no fear for them. They are built on knowledge ; and, till we can destroy for ever our privting-presses, and can roll back the age of ignorance, they are safe; they may change their forms, but the substance will remain; and always, and in every form, will liberty and humanity be secure.
"It is good, also, sometimes to get away, and to be able to compare our own country with others, and be able thus to calculate the amount of prosperity and happiness which we enjoy. In the clashings of enterprise and rivulship among us, angry feelings sometimes will arise. Europe is disgorging upon our land the inmates of ber prisons, and there will be crime; the poor, the ignorant, and the oppressed of her population find refuge here, and abundance; and, in the wild joy at their newly acquired comforts and their freedom, they may run into riots and disorders; but nowhere in the world is so mucli virtue to be found as amid our population ; and virtue is happiness. We are a nation but of yesterday; aud our rail-roads, and canals, and steamboats, and commerce, are already a subject of astonishment; and what will they be a few years bience? and a century after that? and why may not the whole world be like it? There is nothing, surely, to prevent this, except ignorance and its twin-sister, vice; but knowledge, and with it virtue, are gone forth conquering and to conquer, and their triumph will be coinplete. It is a glorious thing, to live in such an age as this.”—pp. 385—387.