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hath given him to be Head over all things to the church.” His Lordship is of God; therefore faith the apostle, “ Let all the house of Israel know affuredly, that Gud hath made that same Jesus, whom ye liave crucified, both Lord and Chrilt.”-His universal dominion is of God; “ All power in heaven and in earth is given unto me,” says Christ. -His principality and Saviourship is of God, “ Who hath exalted him with his riwht-hand to be a Prince and Savi. our, to give repentance to Ifrael, and remillion of fin.”And, as his coming in the flesh is of God; so his coming in the clouds of heaven, his coming to judgment is of God; “Because he hath appointed a day, in which he will judge the world in righteousnefs, by that man whom he hath ordained,” Acts xvii.31.-And till that awful day come, his coming in the Spirit, from time to time, is of God; “I will pray the Father, says Christ, and he shall give you another Comforter, that lhall abide with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth,” John xiv. 16. See also John xv. 25. “I will send him unto you from the Father."--All hisusefulness to us is of God, who says to him, “ I will give thee for a covenant of the people, a light to the Gentiles, to open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that fit in darkness out of the prison-houle, Isa. xlii.6,7.; and to be my salvation to the end of the earth,” Ifa. xl. 6.His gifts and graces, for our use, are of God; " He hath received them for men, even for the rebellious.”-In a word, all things that he hath, are of God; “ The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.” Why then, All things are of God: all. things that are in Christ, are of God. what a preci" ous Christ is this! O what of God is in this Chrift! He is the Christ of God, the Son of God, the Sent of God, the Sealed of God, the Gift of God, the Word of God, The Wisdom of God, the Power of God, the Lamb of God, the Image of God, the centre of all the perfections of God; " My faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him, and in my name shall his horn be exalted.” Surely then, all thing's relating to the new creation in Christ, are of God, because all things, relating to redemption and reconciliation in Christ, which is the foundation of that new creation, are of God.

4. Another

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4. Another reason of the doctrine is, All things are of God, relating to the new creation in Christ, because he is a reconciled God in Christ; fo say the words following the text, “ All things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation, to wit, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself.” Now, all things are of him, and from him, as he is, and because he is a reconciled God in Chrift: if he were not fo, we could expect nothing, we could have no ground of hope; but because he is reconciled in Christ, pacified and appeased in him; therefore we have ground of faith and hope : for all things contained in the covenant of reconciliation in Chrilt, who, having fulfilled the condition of that covenant, hath paid the price of them all to his infinite satisfaction : and therefore is ready to give out all things we need freely to us, upon the ground of that righteousness, through which his grace reigns to eternal life. And hence, in the context here, God, as a reconciled God in Christ, is represented to us,

(1.) As a giving God; giving to us the word of re. conciliation, that we may give it to you ; and that you may take it upon his word, that he is a reconciled God.

(2.) He is represented also as a pardoning God; not imputing our trespasses to us, but imputing bur fin to Christ, and his righteousness to us, that he might be fin for us, and we the righteousness of God in him.

(3.) He is represented as a praying God; praying us to be reconciled to him, because he is reconciled and well-pleased in Christ'; “ As though God did beseech you by us, we pray you, in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled unto God.” And,

(4.) He is represented as a God powerfully effecting this reconciliation, and ready to make us yield to this treaty of peace : for, whereas it is said, verfe 20. “ He hath committed to us the word of reconciliation ;' in the margin it is, put in us. He hath put it in us, that by us he may put it in you, even in your heart, and cause

your heart to yield to the word of reconciliation. As all things are of him, so this among the rest, that


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he makes finners to believe the gospel of his grace, kills the natural enmity this way, and actually makes up the peace. It is he who inclines the hearts of finners to hearken to the offers of Christ, to believe the word of reconciliation, and so to be at peace with God, and reconciled to him, who, being reconciled to us in Chrift, gives out all things needful through him. And why is it that sinners get so little from him, that hath all things to give out through Christ, but because we cannot be. lieve, that he is a reconciled God in Christ? We take him to be no friend, but an enemy; and therefore can have no confidence in him : but, O Sirs, we might come good speed at his hand this day, if we could believe him to be a reconciled God in Christ. Whatever good cause he hath to be angry at us, and to give us nothing; yet he is well-pleased in, and hath no caufe to be angry at Christ, in whom he hath all good things to give.-Thus you fee, why all things, needful to make us up this day and for ever, are of God.

IV. The fourth Head proposed was, To offer fume Inferences for application. Is it so, That all things relating to the new creation in Christ Jesus are of God? Then,

1. Hence we may fee, the fubitance of the sacramental fupper, which we have here before us, both as to the matter and Maker of it. The matter of it, is all things. Christ, and all good things with him, called, a feast of fat things. The Maker and Master of the feast is God; ; All things are of God, as a reconciled God in Christ; all things that relate to the new creation, the new cove. nant that stands fast in Christ, are of God. Here is the fum and fubftance of the facramental feast.

2. Hence fee, that we are equally obliged to the whole glorious Trinity, for all things that belong to the new creation in Christ Jesus; for, All ibing's are of God; all things are of God the Father, in the Son, by the Holy Ghost. Think not diminutively of the Father's love and grace, besides that of the Son of God, our Saviour; for, the Father fent him, the Father fealed him, the Father anointed him with the Holy Ghost for that great work. Christ is the ordinance of God for

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our recovery from the pit of fin and misery. All ibings are of God.

3. Hence see, if all things be of God, then nothing is of man. Let all boasting be excluded; and, “ Let him that glorieth, glory in the Lord:” fur, not only all our temporal outward blessings are of God, our life, and health, and liberty, and comforts; as the very heathens could say,

O Melibee, Deus nobis hæc otia fecit; but also all our fpiritual blessings are of God, so as the Christian Thauld say, My new life is of God, my righte. oulness is of God, my strength is of God, my faith and hope is of God. Let Arminian doctrine be doomed and disclaimed by all that would have God glorified, and their fouls saved. Let the ductrine of man's freewill and natural powers fall before the ark of God, the doctrine of God's free grace, and of his divine power; fur, 'All things are of God. Let none allume a deity to theniselves, as if they were gods; but come down and ly in the dust: “. Let the haughtiness of man be brought down, and the loftiness of man laid low, that the Lord alone may be exalted,” Isa. xlvii. i. O that he would ítain the pride of man!

4. Hence fee a strong motive to the use of means. Indeed, the language of proud nature, upon hearing that All things are of God, is, Then we may ramble at our pleasure, and need use no means, for God must do all: but, though all is of him, in point of power; yet there is something incumbent upon us, in point of means; and the language of scripture bears this as the greatest encouragement to ufe the means, that the blefling of ther depends on God. This you see in outward af. fairs of life. What encouragement hath the labouring man to plow and fow the ground? Why, God hath promised seed-time and harvest, and he usually gives it; and, if man had not that encouragement, he needed i not put to his hand : so, in spirituals, we are called to work out the work of our salvation with fear and trem·bling. Why? what encouragement have we, since nothing is of us? The encouragement follows, “ It is God



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that worketh in you, both to will and ta do, of his good pleasure,” Phil. ii. 13. And, indeed, if the willing power and the doing power were not of God, you could have no heart or hope in the use of the means : but, because it is of him, therefore up and be doing. Thus, the witnessing work for Reforniation at this day, it must be of God; for, it is he that buildeth the temple, and shall bear the glory: therefore we should put to our hand and build with hope. Thus, if believing work and communicating work were not of God, we would have no ground of hope this day: but, that All things are of God, is the greatest encouragement. As the work is of God, we are to stand still and see the salvation of God, as was said to Israel at the Red-fea: and therefore, in point of means, we are to speak to ourselves, and to the people, that they go forward. Though there were a Red-sea in the way, and insuperable difficulties to surmount, let us go forward and see the work of God, the falvation of God in Christ Jesus.

5. Hence fee an evidence of faith, by which we may try and examine ourselves, before we go to the Lord's table. One sure mark may be as probative and evidential as twenty. Try then if your faith be founded upon the faving knowledge of this, that All things are of God. Do you know, that all things relating to the new covenant, and the new creation, are of God? This is such a pointof saving knowledge, that it is observed in Christ's prayer to the Father, as a high attainment and a special character of his people; John xvii. 7. “ Now, they have known, that all things whatsoever thou hast given me, are of thee :” q.d. They are otherwise taught than the blasphemous Jews, who thought of my perfon, that I was but a man, the carpenter's fon; and, of my miraculous works, that they were of the devil, as if I had been in compact with him: but, “ They have known, that all things whatsoever thou haft given me are of thee:” that they are neither of men nor of devils, but of God.

Now, examine if ever you have got this view, name. ly, the knowledge and faith of this, that Christ is whol. ly the Christ of God; that his commission and authori. ty is of God, he being fent of the Father : that all his R4


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