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take away the heart of stone; I will put my Spirit within you,” S°C.
2. All things are of God, not only as the contriver, willer, and promiser of them, but also as the Creator, worker, and effecter of them. Who creates the clean heart; who creates the fruit of the lips; who creates the new heavens, and the new earth; who makes the faculties of the foul like a new heaven, in point of spirituality ; and the members of the body like a new earth, in point of instrumentality for service? Who, but God the Lord doth all these things ? Ila. xlv. 7. Who turneth men, who are like beasts, into faints ? « Behold, I will do a new thing: the beasts of the field ishall honour me, the dragon and the owl. This people have I formed for myself; they Niall fhew forth my praise,” Isa. xliii. 19, 20, 21. Hence our Lord faith, “ My Father worketh hitherto, and I work,” John v. 17.
3. All things are of Goll, as the disposer, director, and manager; as he upholdeth all things by the word of his power, Heb. i. 3.
“ Fear not, for I am with thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousnefs,” Isa. xli. 10.: so he orders and disposes all things in the new creation, according to his sovereign pleasure; partly, by preserving and maintaining all things that he hath wrought; partly, by advancing, building up, and furthering his work; and partly, by restoring and repairing all things relating to the new creation, that fall under a decay: Thy visitation hath preserved my spirit,' faith Job.
“ The builder of all things is God,” faith the apostle.
“ He restoreth my soul,” saith David.-They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the corn', and grow asthe vine,"? Hof. xiv.7.
He alloteth to every one such a share of all things, that are of him in the new creation, as he fees fit to grant. As he hath mercy on whom he will have mercy, so the vessels of mercy are sometimes very empty, fometimes half-full, and sometimes overflow with communi. cations ; “Even fo, Father, for fo it seemeth good in thy sight.” All things are of God. How comes, it, that the praying vessel of mercy, the praying foul is like a dry vessel, not a drop can fall from it; and, at other
times, able to pour out a prayer, to pour out water like a food before the Lord? Why, the reason is, All tbings are of God, as the disposer. How comes it, that there is such an ebbing of grace in the believer at times, and fuch a flowing of the raging, roaring tide of corruption, as grace cannot be seen; and such an ebb of corruption, at other times, and flowing of grace, like an overwhelming flood, that fin and corruption seem to be drowned, and cannot be seen ? Why, it must be refolved ulti. mately into divine unaccountable fovereignty; “ Be still, and know that I am God,” Pfalm xlvi. 10. All things are of him, as the wise dispofer.
4. All things are of God, as the perfecter and compleater thereof: for, as he is a rock, and his work is perfect; fo he will not leave the new creation-work unperfected ;
Being confident of this very thing, that he that hath begun the good work, will perform it, (perfect or finish it, as in the niargin,] until the day of Jesus Christ,” Phil. i. 6. that as it is already complete in Christ the head, Col. ii. 10. so it may be complete in all the members of his body, who are to be presented at last a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing, Eph. v. 27:
In a word, all things, relating to the new creation, are of God, in Cbrist; of the purpose and decree of God, of the will and pleasure of God, of the word and promise of God, of the Spirit and power of God, of the grace and mercy of God, of the work and operation of God; and, if there be any good or great work among us this day, or at this occasion, it must be of God, as the worker: and therefore, let us imitate David, Psalm lvii. 2. “ I will cry unto God most high, unto God that performeth all things for me;" and acknowledge, with the apostle, Phil. ii. 13. " It is God that worketh in us both to will and to do, of his good pleasure;' that he may get the praise that the church ascribes to him, Isa. xxvi. 12.
Lord, thou hast wrought all works in us and for us.“,
III. The third thing proposed was, To give the reafons why all things are of God, that relate to the new creation, I offer these four grounds of the doctrine. 1. All things are of God, because he is God, and it
is his will to be the Author of all things, “ Thou haft created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created,” Rev. iv. II. Being God, he is the fountain of all things and beings; the fountain of life : as without him nothing was made that was made; so, without him no new creation can take place; neither men nor angels can create : “ In the beginning God created heaven and earth, and all things in them :" and he only could do it; because he is God, and there is none else. And if all things be made new, a new heaven and a new earth, a new heart and a new life, a new faith and a new hope: he only can do it, because he is God, and there is none else. The work here is greater; for, when he made the world, there was nothing to refft him; but all the powers of earth and hell oppose this new work.
2: All tbings are of God, relating to the new creation, because he therein designs the glory of his perfections. He that is the beginning, is the end of all things; and all things are of him, because they are to hiin; “ For of him, and through him, and to him are all things,“ Rom. xi. 36. Of him, as the efficient; through him, as the dispofing; and to him, as the final cause. And, particularly, the new creation of all things in Christ Jesus is for the manifestation of his glory: Thy people shall be all righteous, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified, Ifa.lx. 22. That they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified," Isa. lxii. I. And again, as in the forecited text, “This people have I formed for myself, they shall fhew forth my praise.” He makes them to himself a peculiar people, to fhew forth the praise of him that called them out of darkness into his marvellous light. Yea, they will never be so active in shewing forth his glory, as he is active in glorifying himself, in shewing forth his own glory herein : therefore, Ifa. xliv. 23. “ Sing, O ye heavens, for the Lord hath done it; fhout, ye lower parts of the earth ; for the Lord hath redeemd Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.” He hath designed, in all things, the glory of all his perfections.
3. All things are of God, relating to the new creation, because all things relating to redemptionand reconciliation, which is the ground upon which the new creation stands, are of God. Here is a special ground why all these things are of God, that relate to the new creation; why, the new creation is in Christ the Redeemer, and all things relating to this Redeemer, and redemption through him, are of God.
And here I shall give instances why the Redeemer himself is of God. It is true, the Redeemer, Christ Jesus, is God, being the eternal Son, co-equal with the Father: yet, as Redeemer, he is of God; he took not this honour to himfelf, but was chosen and called of God unto it; and fo he is a Redeemer of God's calling and electing, Isa. xlii. 1. Every thing he hath, as Redeemer, is of God. As his divine Sonship is of God the Father, by eternal, ineffable generation; so his human nature is of God, by special, wonderful donation. Therefore Christ says,
A body haft thou given mę,” i. e, a human nature. His divine person, in the constitution thereof, as God-man Mediator, is of God: therefore God says, “ A virgin shall bring forth a Son, and his name shall be called IMMANUEL, God with us."--His mission is of God; for,“ God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”-His saving offices are of God, who says," I have found David my fervant, with mine holy oil have I anointed him: I have laid help upon One that is mighty.” And that our help might be laid upon him, our sin and guilt was laid upon him: and this imputation of our fin to him, is of God; “ The Lord hath laid upon him the iniquity of us all.--He hath made him to be fin for us."'--Hisability to execute these offices is of God; for, “ Him hath God the Father sealed:” and he opens up his sealed commiffion; “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,” Luke iv. 18. Isa. Ixi.1.-+ His furniture and fulness is of God; for, “ It pleased the Father, that in himshould all fulness dwell:" and he says, “ I have put my Spirit upon him, and he shall bring forth VOL. VII, .TR
judgjudgment to the Gentiles.”—His fittedness for us, and our necessities, is of God: for,.“ Of God he is made unto us righteousness, sanctification, and redemption.”-His work of doing and fuffering is of God; and his warrant to do and suffer for us, isofGod; “ He is the man of God's right. hand, whom he made strong for himself;” and who could say,“ I have power to lay down my life for my sheep, and power to take it up again: this commandment have I received of my Father.”---His approbation in this work is of God, who says, “ This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleafed:” and Christ fays, “ Therefore doth my Father love nie, because I lay down my life, that I may take it up again.”-His fatisfactory sacrifice, that he offered to justice, is of God; for, “ It pleased the Lord to bruise him.--Hespared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all: and the sacrifice was of a sweet-fmelling fav. our unto God.”—His being a ranfom for us is of God, who says, “I have found a ranfom; therefore deliver his soul from going down to the pit.”-His being a propitiation for us is of God; for he hath fet him forth to be a propitiation thro' faith in his blood.-His death, which we commemorate this day, is of God, whose holy hand over-ruled the wicked hands of men in crucifying him at Jerusalem: for, “ Him being delivered by the determinate counsel and fore-knowledge of God, ye have taken,” says the apostle, " and by wicked hands have crucified and flain;" and, they did whatfoever his hand and his counsel determined before to be done.- His refurrection from the dead is of God; " Ye killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, whereof we are witnesses, Acts iii.
He did not fuffer his holy One to fee corruption.”—His exaltation and glorification is of God; for, “Becaufe he humb. led himself, and became obedient unto death, therefore God hath highly exalted him, &c.;" and, “By him we believe in God, who raised him from the dead, and gave him glory,” i Pet. 1:21.-His bleffed tongue, by which he pleads for us in heaven, and speaks in to our hearts on earth, is of God; for Christ says, “ The Lord hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I may fpeak a word in feasoa to the weary.” And he hath made him a Priest for ever. -His headthip over the church is of God; for, “ He