Obrazy na stronie



rative, every part of which had been siderably; and the fourth cervical ver confirmed by the investigation, so far as tebra was found to be cut through its it had advanced : and it will not be de- substance, transversely, leaving the surnied that the shape of the face, the fore- faces of the divided portions perfectly head, an eye, and the beard, are the smooth and even, an appearance which most important features by which resem- could have been produced only by a blance is determined.-When the head beavy blow, inflicted with a very sharp had been entirely disengaged from the instrument, and which furnished the attachments which confined it, it was last proof wanting to identify King fou to be loose, and, without any Charles the First. After this examinadifficulty, was taken up and held to tion of the head, which served every

It was quite wet *, and gave a purpose in view, and without examining greenish red tinge to paper and to linen, the body below the neck, it was immewhich touched it. The back part of the diately restored to its situation, the scalp was entirely perfect, and bad a re- coffin was soldered up again, and the markably fresh appearance; the pores of vault closed. Neither of the other the skin being more distinct, as they coffins had any inscription upon them. usually are when soaked in moisture; The larger one, supposed on good and the tendons and ligaments of the 'grounds to contain the remains of King

neck were of considerable substance and Henry VIII. measured six feet ten inches - firmness. The bair was thick at the

in length, and had been inclosed in an back part of the head, and, in appear- elm one of two inches in thickness: but ance, nearly black. A portion of it, this was decayed, and lay in small fragwhich has since been cleaned and dried, ments near it. The leaden coffin apis of a beautiful dark brown colour. peared to have been beaten in by violence That of the beard was a redder brown. about the middle; and a considerable On the back part of the head, it was opening in that part of it exposed a more than an inch in length, and bad mere skeleton of the King. Some beard probably been cut so short for the con- remained upon the chin, but there was venience of the executioner, or perhaps nothing to discriminate the personage by the piety of friends soon after death, contained in it.—The smaller coffin, unin order to furpish memorials of the derstood to be that of Queen Jane Seyunhappy King. On holding up the mour, was not touched; mere curiosity head, to examine the place of separation not being considered, by the Prince Refrom the body, the muscles of the neck gent, as a sufficient motive for disturbe had evidently retracted themselves con- ing these remains.-On examining the

*“I have not asserted this liquid to be vault with some attention, it was found blood, because I had not an opportunity that the wall at the West end had, of being sure that it was so, and I

at some period or other, been partly wished to record facts only, and not pulled down and repaired again, not by opinions : I believe it, however, to have regular masonry, but by fragments of been blood, in which the head rested. stones and bricks, put rudely and has It gave to writing-paper, and to a white tily together without cement.- From handkerchief, such a colour as blood Lord Clarendon's account, as well as which has been kept for a length of from Mr. Herbert's narrative of the intime generally leaves behind it. Nobody terment of King Charles, it is to be inpresent had a doubt of its being blood"; ferred, that the ceremony was a very and it appears from Mr. Herbert's Nar hasty one, performed in the presence of rative, that the King was embalmed

the Governor, who had refused to allow immediately after decapitation. It is the service according to the Book of probable, therefore, that the large blood- Common Prayer to be used on the ocvessels continued to empty themselves casion; and had, probably, scarcely for some time afterwards. I am aware,

admitted the time necessary for a decent that some of the softer parts of the deposit of the body. It is not unlikely, human body, and particularly the brain, therefore, that the coffin of King Henry undergo, in the course of time, a de- VIII. had been injured by a precipicomposition, and will melt. A liquid,

tate introduction of the coffin of King therefore, might be found after long in- Charles; and that the Governor was not terment, where solids only bad been under the influence of feelings, in those buried : but the weight of the head, in times, which gave him any concern this instance, gave no suspicion that the about Royal remains, or the vault which brain had lost its substance; and no

contained them," moisture appeared in any other part of

In an Appendix are given, the coffin, as far as we could see, excepting at the back part of the head 1. “ Extract from Clarendon's 'Hisand neck.

tory of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in


England, vol. II. Part I. p. 393. Ox. 65. The Geographical Primmer, designed ford, 1807.

for the younger Classes of Learners, 2. “ Extract from Wood's Athenæ and calculated to advance them, by Oxonienses,' 1721, vol. II. p. 703." natural and easy gradations, to a per

fect acquaintance with the Elements 63. An Attempt to ascertain the Author of the Science ; with an Appendix,

of the Letters published under the Sig- containing fourteen hundred Questions nature of Junius. By the Rev. J. on the principal Maps. By J. H. Blakeway, M. A. F. S. A. pp. 72. Wiffen. Darton. 12mo. pp. 196. J, J. Stockdale.

GEOGRAPHY being so essential of the general merits of this Pam- an auxiliary in education, whatever can phlet our opinion entirely coincides facilitate the acquirement of it to the with that of our Correspondent in p. student must be desirable. Mr. Wif303. Whatever falls from the pen of fon's plan appears to us a plain and Mr. Blakeway cannot fail of being easy one. After a series of lessons elegant, and worthy of attention. to be learned upon the maps, follow But we cannot assent to the main many practical questions well adapt-' point which he endeavours to prove. ed to fix some material points on the The Pamphlet is throughout a severe memory. criticism on Junius and on Mr. HORNE

66. The Juvenile Spectator, Part II. Tooke ; but that they are one and the

containing some Account of old Friends, same person we are by no means con- and an Introduction to a few Stranvinced. Mr. Blakeway's reasoning gers. By Arabella Argus. Darton. agaiost Lord Shelburne's being the 8vo. pp. 220. Author has been obviated in our last, WE have found so inuch satisfacp. 303; and his reason for doubting Mr. tion from a perusal of this Second Part Jackson's assertion is a Non sequitur. of “ The Juvenile Spectator,” that We happen to know that Mr. Jackson we regret the former publication did was aware of its being a Letter of not fall in our way. We sincerely Junius before it was opened. an- wish Mrs. Argus may be encouraged other Pamphlet on this subject in our again to address the younger part of next.

the publick by other approbation be

sides what we willingly bestow on her 64. The Spirit of the Public Journals for entertaining and moral strictures. 1812. 12mo. pp. 372. Ridgway.

67. Pedestrianism : or, an Account of the WE have again to pay our annual

Performances of celebrated Pedestrians tribute of acknowledgment to the

during the last and present Century ; industrious Editor of this periodical with a full Narrative of Captain Work, for the variety of entertain- Barclay's Public and Private Matches, ment he affords us.

The present

and an Essay on Training. By [Walter Volume is at least equal, perhaps Thom] the Authur' of the History superior, to any that have preceded of Aberdeen,” 8vo. pp. 286. it. To the admirers of political PREFIXED is a good Portrait of squibs, of whatever party, the col- Captain Barclay in his Walking Dress. lection cannot fail of being acceptable. --Eheu jam satis !



Systéme est l'assemblage des regles de l'harmonie, tirées de quelques prin• cipes communs qui les rassemblent, qui forment leur liaison, desquels elles découtent, et par lesquels on en rend raison. Jusqu'à notre siécle l’Harmonie, née "successivement et comme par hazard, n'a eu que des régles éparses, établies par l'oreille, confirmées par l'usage, et qui paroissoient absolument arbitraires. M. Rameau* est le premier qui, par le système de la Basse-fondamentale, a donné des principes à ces régles.”

J. J. Rousseau. 19. Elements of Musical Composition ; IF the linits which we have pre

comprehending the Rules of Thorough scribed to the subject of musick would Bass, and the Theory of Tuning: By permit, we should introduce our acWilliam Crotch, Mus. Doc. Prof. Mus.

count of this valuable treatise with Oxon. Longman and Co. 410, pp.

an exposition of the various systems 136, and 59 plates of Musick.

John Philip Rameau, the celebrated author of nunierous works on the theory sf music, was born at Dijon, 1683. He died in 1764.


of harmony and composition (for of grammar, from the usage of apthere are many) which have been proved writers, rather than from any offered to the publick, and with a physical experiment.

physical experiment. We shall excomparison of their defects and ad

tract the rules for the succession of vantages. Such an introduction we

triads, because that is one of the could have desired from the pen of subjects concerning which systems are Dr. Crotch ; and we are surprised found to differ. It is necessary to. that he has omitted what would have premise that the Guidonian syllables, so much enhanced the value, and which had been pretty generally laid increased, with many, the influence of aside in England, are used in a new hits Elements. In the preface we are manner by this author to name the told, that "originality seldom forms different sounds of a key or scale, in the leading feature of a work of this preference to letters: thus, the 7 nature, the excellence of which should sounds of the major key or mode, consist chiefly in the accumulated ex- ascending from the key note, are 1 perience of many treatises.”. This is do, 2 re, 3 mi, 4 fa, 5 gol, 6 la, 7 si; very true ; and we add that, in such a

and the same syllables are applied to case, justice requires that their au

the same degrees of the relative minor thors should be inentioned. Some of key, and are then printed in italics, our English harmonists have followed or written with a dash under them. the system of Rameau ; but Dr. " In a diatonic scale, there are 6 Crotch is not one of the number, as consonant triads and 1 dissonant triad. will appear from our extracts. His The triad is called by the name of its work is divided into nine chapters, lowest sound (or root). The 3'major which treat on the following subjects: triads belong to the major key, and 1. Oo notes, intervals, scales, and the minor triads to the relative keys : 2. On CONCORDS ; major, mi- minor key, and are the triads of do, por, consonant and dissonant triads; fa, and sol in each. A succession of simple and mixed diatonic, and chro- these 6 triads (forming one diatonic matic, succession of triads; acconi- scale on a keyed instrument) in any paniment; the two inversions of a

order and for any fength of time is triad ; on the full, the half, the de- allowable. There are 6 simple diaceptive, and the delayed close or tonic successions, namely, 1. falling cudence : 3. On diatonic DISCORDS; 5ths or rising 4ths; 2. rising 5ths or discords of addition, of suspension, falling 4ths; 3. falling 3ds or rising of transition, of syncopation, and 6ths ; 4. rising 3ds or falling 6ths ; chromatic discords :. 4. On MELODY;

5. falling 2nds or rising 7ths; and 6. essential, unessential, passing, and rising 2nds or falling 7this. Some comadjunct roles; appogiaturas, and posers have introduced the dissonant potes of anticipation : 5. On mu- triad in the first succession*. The sick in parts ; on time: 6. On modu

succession sol sol, as well as sol do, lation, diatonic, chromatic, and en

are proper only for the antient style harmonic; vatural and unnutural, of musick. The student is recoingradual and sudden: 7. On capon, mended to avoid using the following fugue, and imitation. 8. Vocal and

successions, except he is writing in instrumentał musick. 9. On the de

the church style: fa, fa; fa, do ; do, rivation of the scale of sounds; tu. .do; do, sol; sol, sol; fa, sol; sol, fa; ping, &c.-From this sketch of the fa (or rather fa) do ; do, fu; fa, sol ; contents, it will be seen that the sol, fa. The first and second succes. author, in treating on chords, bas sions are the most agreeable to the nearly followed the arrangement of ear, and should be most frequently Dr. Callcotl's Musical Grammar. All used. Mixed diatonic successions : the rules and explanations in these 1. falling 3ds and 5ths alternately, or Elements are uucumbered with useless references and quotations, are remarkably clear and concise, and * " The dissonant triad, when used in very complete, with the exception the first ple diatonic succession, is perhaps of those which treat on ca

derived from Fa with a 6th, inverted dences; but the student will not find from Re with a 3d, and 5th.” Elem. p. thoseprincipes communs qui forme 27. See Callcott's Grana p. 149 and leur liaison, &c.” Indeed, these rules 202. edit. 1809. Kollmann's New Theory,

17. 1806. scem to have been deduced, like rules pi

rising rising 6ths and 4ths ; 2. rising 3ds and 21. The Cypress Wreath, from Rokeby. 5ths alternately, or falling 6ths and Inscribed to Mrs. Walter Scott, by Dr. 4ths; 3. falling 5ths and 2nds alter- John Clarke, of Cambridge. pp. 9. nately, or rising 4ths and 7ths ; 4. ri.

We can scarcely conceive it possising 5ths and 2nds alternately, or fall.

ble for the sentiments of the poet to ing 4ths and 7ths ; 5. rising 2nds and be more forcibly and delightfully exfalling 3ds alternately, or falling the pressed than by the composition beand rising 6ths alternately. A chro- 'fore us, judiciously performed by a matic succession implies an alteration of the triads, from minor to major,

singer possessed of requisite voice and

sensibility. Five verses to the same in the minor key." p. 26. Here fol

air, and that necessarily in a slow low to p. 33. some useful rules for

movement, would have been tedious the position of the right hand to

from repetition: Dr. C. has therefore avoid consecutive perfect 5ths and

given the same melody only to the 8ths, in performing thorough bass.

first three verses,and to the concluding According to Dr. Callcott, “a cadence

lines of the others. The compass of consists of two distinct chords, (the

the vocal part is from middle C up last of which is generally accented,)

to F, a tenth above. It is in the ma and is used to terminate the sections and periods of musical rhythm." Dr. jor key of F. Crotch defines it to be « the termic nation, or last chord of a passage,

Mr. T. PRESTON is going to publish which ought always to be accented. a Selection of Irish Melodies with There are 4 kinds of cadence: 1. symphonies and accompaniments by When a passage ends with the triad of Beethoven.-J. NATHAN is about to do, called a full close or perfect ca- publish “ Hebrew Melodies, all of dence ; 2. when it ends with the triad them upwards of 1000 years old, and of sol, called a half close or imper- some of them performed by the anfect cadence ; 3. when with the triad, tient Hebrews before the destruction of fa, called a deceptive cadence; of the Temple.” and 4. when it concludes with do in the minor, preceded by either of the

INDEX INDICATORIUS. triads of the major key (generally

We acknowledge the receipt of the sol), or concludes with fa in the major Rev. Henry White's Answer to an APkey, preceded by either of the triads CHITECT'S Observations on the intended of the minor key (generally sol) that Repairs of the Church of Allhallows termination is called, in this work, a Barking, Tower-street; which want of close delayed.” p. 43. Scarcely any room compels us to defer till our next, two writers agree in defining musical A CONSTANT READER is requested to kadences.

send us for insertion a copy of the six

lines he alludes to. 20. An Introduction, March, and Rondo, We must trouble to transcribe his

for the Pianoforte, composed and dedi- Quotations.
cated to Miss Caroline Daubeney, by S. E. shall be returned.
Caroline Kerby. pp. 9.

LEGUleius will find ample Pedigrees THIS composition has claims on of the Drury Family, of Suffolk, in the our approbation, for its military new Edition of Sir John Cullum's very spirit, regularity of construction, and excellent “ History of Hawsted.” unity of character, independently of T. Hemel observes that Peerages are its being the production of a young

so minutely printed, that they are rarely lady only thirteen years


who useful to any but the young; that Kearsperformed in public with applause at ley's and Debrett's accounts of the Nobithe age of seven, and can now execute lity are rendered useless to students of with ease and accuracy the whole of maturity from the smallness of the print;

and that Collins's Peerage is indeed adCramer's Studio per il Pianoforte, and

vantageously printed, but the price is the fugues of Sebastian Bach.

above the reach of many, whose curiosity We hope the success of this youth

is greater than their fortune. Is it not ful effort will stimulate the Authoress possible, he asks, to print useful works to pursue her musical studies with

in octavo, as well as duodecimo, for the renovated ardour, to attain that high accommodation of middle-aged readers ? degree of excellence which is promised The communications of Mr. SALMON ; to the industrious cultivation of her Mr. SNAPE; W. B.; J.P.; B. D. Quainton; talents.

" Celibacy, &c.;" in our next.


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SELECT POETRY. To Joun Dent, Esq. on beholding his very

Made sacred by the purest, noblest plan, beautiful and classical Library. That ever dignified the mind of man ! By LORD THURLOW.

And most ungrateful were that Poet's lays, WHATE'ER of Greece or Rome remains, That did not celebrate the Founder's praise;

Within this beauteous room is plac'd; Now too that age, and sickness, both comAnd here, to crown thy learned pains,


[mind: All that our later age has grac'd.

Have master'd all his powers—but not his Here Tully might the world explore,

To you he looks to foster, and maintain And Virgil think whole years away;

This lov'd and cherish'à offspring of his

brain ! Here Bacon weigh the antient lore,

In active health 'twas what he held most And Milton frame th' heroick lay.


(here. The Genius of this hallow'd roon,

And his last worldly thoughts will linger Unseen, to guard its stores is found ; With softer light dispell the gloom,

To aid the suffering sage, in Misery's And breathe a sacred stiUness round !


Acts like the dew upon the drooping flower, O Dent, to grace thy learned care,

That, parch'd and wither'd from the want An image of the world, assign’d,

of rain, Is here, like Jove's bright circle fair,

Feels the relief, and rears its head again! And polish'd, as its owner's mind!

In the black Catalogue of human woes,

None equal what repining Genius knows, SONG. By LORD THURLOW.

Whose proud, indignant spirit breaks to THE Lilies in the silver air,

find Are they inflam'd with love ? In beauteous marriage do they pair,

Himself, the most neglected of mankind!

Conscious his talents had the noblest aim, And its soft rapture prove ?

To climb by Virtue's steps to honest Fame; Yes : ev'ry sweet delight they share,

And, scorning every mean and selfish end, The golden earth above!

To prove himself his country's ardent The Fountains, that Aurora streaks,

friend! Do they in passion flow? Of Love, that ev'ry creature seeks,

The sanguine nature of ingenuous youth Can wat’ry bosoms know?

Mistakes professions for the test of truth; Yes: ev'ry plaintive murmur speaks

Warm'd with the lessons of Imperial Rome, Their soft delight in woe.

He thinks to find th’Augustan age at home;

Misléd by flattering manners to depend The Marbles, in whose polish'd face

On some Mæcenas, Learning's seeming The flow'ry Summer burns,

friend, Can these be touch'd by perfect grace,

Year after year on promises he feeds, And know of Love the turus?

And builds his hope on rafters made of Yes, Love in these has fairest place,

reeds !

[care; As Nature's eye discerns.

"Till age approaching, with augmented The Lilies, then, with pleasure die,

He sees his day-dreams vanish into air ! The Fountains waste away,

And learns, in anguish of his heart, too late, The Marbles view the Summer sky, That the vain man is seldom truly great. And fondly blame the day;

Such are the objects that to you may fily, Yet you from me, O Daphne, fly, And throw delight away.

Nor fear the cold address and alter'd eye;

No pride administers what you bestow, Delight, which e'en the Angels find,

Who feel the sympathy that's due to woe; To be belov'd again!

Feel that who most deserve will least com. And can that soft angelic mind

plain; Let pity plead in vain?

For silence aggravates the sense of pain ; In youth, in form, in nature kind,

And the niute eye more eloquent appears • You but affect disdain !

Than Importunity with all her tears ! Amid' the Lilies we will lie, Or by the Fountains' side,

Though no Mæcenas may again arise, Or near the beauteous Marbles sigh,

To make companions of the learn's and Whom Fate shall not divide :


The grateful sons of Science here must own,
Upon your bosom let me die,
And I'm to Gods allied !

They found a Patron nearest to the Throne;
Who, 'midst the cares of Empire, sends re-

Poems for the Anniversary of the

To aid their cause, and mitigate their grief! LITERARY FUND. 1. By Wm. Tho. Fitz-GERALD, Esq. Look round the world, and mark in ev'ry TIME's feather’d pinion wings the hours age, away,

How ill requited are the Bard and Sage; And brings again this consecrated day,


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