Obrazy na stronie

tuition they strove to acquire a currect dressed him in words like these Are knowledge of the French language and you the scoundrel that dared to strike my government. They became acquainted son ?" There were tw swords banging here with several persons of rank, among against the wall, which Marsbal bad whom were a Prince of Rohan and the brought from France. One of these he Dukes of Choiseul and Aguilon, at whose presented to Mr. Macqueen; the other seats in the neighbourhood they were he drew, and putting himself in a fightiog sometimes received as guests. An ac- attitude, cried out“ Defend yourself, Sir!" quaintanee with such people would make The sight of a sword held near to his Marshal feel pain on account of his want breast by a tall, vigorous, indignant man, of external accomplishments; and this quickly turned Mr. Macqueeo's rage into probably was the reason of his labouring fear, and occasioned hiin 10 retire with to learn to dance and to fence while he was great precipitation. After this adventure, at Tours, though he was then more than Marsbal, if he had ever held any, inust 30 years old. He returned to England in have given up all hopes of being a Prothe summer of 1774 ; and proceeded soon fessor at Edinburgh ; and from this time after to Edinburgh, where he resumed the he appears to have studied medicine with employment of reading Latin and Greek a determination to practise it. The writer with young men. Hitherto he seems to of this account became acquainted with have formed no settled plan of life, but to him in the winter of 1775 and 1776, and have bounded his views almost entirely to found him very diligent in the pursuit of the acquisition of knowledge, and a pre- medical knowledge, but not well-versed in * sent subsistence. His friends, however, it. In the summer of 1776, some intim had been induced to hope that he would at macy having in the mean time been formed some time be advanced to a Professor's between them, though Marshal was the chatt; and it is possible that he enter- elder by 15 years, they agreed to take tained the same hope himself. In the private lessons in Butany together, fruta spring of 1775, this hope appeared to be an assistant in Dr. Hope's public garden. strengthened by his being requested by Marshal was by far the more diligent scho. Mr. Stewart, the Professor of Humanity lar of the two; he took to the study with ac Edinburgh, to officiate for him, as he enthusiasm, and in following it used often was then unwell: Marshal complied. The to surprize bis companion with the warmth class he had to teach consisted in great of his expressions on the beauty of plants, measure of boys of 13 or 14 years, who and the wisdom of their structure. In the had come a few months before from the spring of 1777 he was enabled, by the asHigh School of Ediaburgh, the boys in sistance of a friend, Mr. John Campbell which are perhaps more unruly than those of Edinburgh, to come to London for proof any other large school in Great Britain. fessional improvement; and studied anaMarshal had in consequence great diffi- tomy under Dr. W. Hunter, and surgery cully in keeping his pupils in order, ren- under Mr. J. Hanter. After be had been dered no doubt more unmanageable by here a twelve month, he pas appointed surtheir looking upon bim as an assistant, 'geon to the 83rd, or Glasgow Regiment, and therefore inferior in rank to their pro. Throngh the interest of the Earl of Leven, per preceptor. One day an idle boy, the father of his late pupil, Lord Balgonamed Macqueen, son of an eminent laws nie. The first year after was passed with yer, who afterwards became Lord Justice bis regiment in Scotland. In the follow'. Clerk, was particularly troublesme. Heing be accompanied it to Jersey, where he was desired to leave the class ; but he re- remained with it almost conslantly, till the fused, and continued his rudeness. Mar. conclusion of the war in the begioning of shal at length was so irritated by his be- 1783, when it was disbanded. In this siliaviour, that, contrary to the established tuation he enjoyed, almost for the first tule, he struck him with a small stick or time, the pleasures best suited to a man of switch. The boy ran home, followed by a independent mind. His income was more number of other boys, and complained to than sufficient for his support ; his indus. his father. Mr. Macqueen, in a rage, try and konwledge reudered him useful; sallied from his house, without his hat, and his character for integrity and honour and, accompanied by the boys who had procured him general esteem. Proin Jercome with his son, proceeded to Marshal's sey he came to London, seeking for a setlodgings. Students of Divinity (and Mar. tlement, and was advised by Dr. D. Pitshal was still regarded oue) do not rank cairn (wito whom he had formed a friend high in Scotland, being for the most part ship while a student at Glasgow) to pracpersons of low birth, who, placing their tice surgery bere, though he had taken chief hope of obtaining a church in the degree of Doctor of Physic the prepleasing a patron, are often tempted to ceding year at Edinburgh; and to teach obtain his favour by submissiveness and anatomy at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, assentation. Mr. Macqueen supposed it being at the same time proposed, tbat Marshal to be one of these persous: when the physicians to that Hospital (of whom therefore he burst into his room, he ad. Dr. Pitcairn was one) should lecture om



other branches of medical learning. He spent by him in his dissecting and lecture took a house, in consequence, in the neigh

He had, therefore, but little time bourhood of the Hospital; and proceeded for seeing sick persons, except at hours to prepare for the exi cution of his part of frequently inconvenient to them; and was the scheme. This proving abortive, he be- by this means prevented from enjoying gan to teach anatomy, the following year, much medical practice; but as soon as he at his own house ; and so far was he from bad recovered his health, after ceasing to enjoyiug the patronage of St. Bartholo- lecture, bis practice began to increase. mew's Hospital, as he had once expected. The following year it was so far increased that the next year an ingenious young as to render it proper that he should keep gentleman, (since well known to the world a carriage. From this time to within a from his valuable works,) Mr. Abernethy few months of bis death, an interval of 12 was appointed anatomical lecturer there. years, his life flowed on in nearly an equaMarsbal, however, did not desist; on the ble stream. He had business enough in contrary, he redoubled his efforts, and at the way he conducted it to give him emlength succeeded in procuring annually a ployment during the greater part of the considerable number of pupils, attracted day; and his professional profits were sufto hinı solely by the reputation of his be- ficient to enable him to live in the manner ing a most diligent and able teacher. In he chose, and provide for the wants of 1788 he quitted the practice of surgery, sickness and old age. After having apand commenced that of medicine, having peared somewhat feeble for two or three previously become a Member of the Lou- years, he made known, for the first time, don College of Physicians. In the ensuing in the beginning of last November, that year a dispute arose between John Hun- he laboured under a disease of his bladier and him, which it is proper to relate, der, though he must then have been seveas it had influence on his after-life. When ral years affected with it. His ailment was Marshal returned to London, he renewed incurable, and scarcely admitted of palhis acquaintance with Mr. Hunter, who Jiation. For several months he was al-, thought so well of hin, that he requested most constantly in great pain, which he bis attendance at a committee of his bore manfully. At length, exhausted by friends, to whose correction he submitted his sufferings, he died on the end of April, his work on the venereal disease, before it at his house in Bartlett's-buildings, Holwas published. He became also a Mem- born, being then in the 71st year of his age. ber of a small society, instituted by Dr. Agreeably to his own desire, his body was Fordyce and Mr. Hunter, for the improve- interred in the church-yard of the parish ment of medical and surgical knowledge of Si. Pancras. His fortune, amounting Having menrioned at a meeting of this So. to abont 80001. was, for the most part, ciety, that, in the dissection of those who bequeathed to sisters and nephews. bad died insane, he had always found - The Writer will now proceed to speak marks of disease in the head, Mr. Hunter specially of Dr. Marhsal's character. denied the truth of this in very coarse lan- Thongli bis genius, with the assistance of guage. The other members interfering, great industry, enabled bim to attain a Mr. Hunter agreed to say, that his ex- very considerable proficiency in many pressions did not refer to Dr. Marshal's different parts of learniog, it was not veracity, but to the aecuracy of his obser- equally well adapted for every purpose of vation. Marshal, not being satisfied with a literary man. It was better fitted to this declaration, at the next meeting of the acquire than digest, to beap up than arSociety demanded an ample apology; but range, to make a scholar thao render its Mr. H. instead of making one, repeated possessor philosopher; and hence he the offensive expressions; on which Mar. often appeared to less advantage in conshal poured some water over his head out versation than other persons of much inof a bottle which had stood near them. A ferior possessions. The successful exerscufle ensued, which was immediately tion of his talents had given him a contistopped by the other inembers, and no dence in thein, which otherwise would farther personal contention between them have been justly regarded as presumpever occurred. But Marshal, conceiving tuous. At the age of 41, with little previ. that their common friends in the Society ous knowlege of the subject, he began had, from the superior rank of Mr. Huo. to prepare for being a teacher of Ana. ter, favoured him more in this matter than tomy in London, and, in the following justice permited, sovo after estranged year, actually gave a course of lectures himself froin them, He continued the upon it. These lectures were not superteaching of Anatomy till 1800, in which ficial; they were, on the contrary, reyear, during a tedious illness, the favour- mackable for muuteness of description able termination of which appeared doubt. and copiousness of illustration. When he ful to him, he resolved, rather suddenly, to could derive assistance from his other stu. give it up. While he taught anatomy, dies, as while speaking of the uses of the almost the whole of the fore part of the bones, and muscles, he was particularly day, during eight months in the year, was full aud instructive. In his lectures, how

INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FROM THE LONDON GAZETTES, Foreign-Office, March 30. Under this off in great haste, in consequence of the head is a notification to the Ministers of landing of the British troops, which were friendly and neutral Powers, residing at reported to amount to a considerable nuinthe Court of St. James's, “that the neces. ber. Baron de Tettenborn, Colonel Comsary measures have been taken, for the mandant of a corps of that division of the blockade of the ports and harbours of New Russian army commanded by Count Witt. York, Charlestown, Port Royal, Savannah, genstein, entered Hamburgh on the 18th and of the river Mississipi, in the United inst. amidst the acclamations and every States of America, and that from this time deinonstration of joy on the part of the all the measures authorised by the Law of citizens. In consequence of this happy Nations, will be adopted and executed with event, the antient Government has been respect to all vessels which may attempt restored, and a mail from England is now to violate the said blockade."

dispatched from that city.

Downing-street, March 20. Extracts of a Admiralty-office, March 30. Copies of two

Letter from Colonel Hamilton, Lieute- letters from Lieut. Francis Banks, of the naut-governor of Heligoland, dated Blazer gun-vessel, dated eff Cuxhaven, March 23.

the 16th and 17th inst. In my letter dated 17th inst. I had the Blazer, at Anchor off Cuxhaven, March 16. honour to represent to your Lordship, that SIR-I beg to inform you, for the inin consequence of the effect which the formation of the Lords Commissioners of glorious success of the Russian arms pro- the Admiralty, that from the intelligence duced, and the favourable reports from communicated to me by the Lieutenantdifferent parts of the Hanoverian coast, I governor of Heligoland, and what I oiherdetermined immediately to take every step, wise learned by the arrival of vessels from wbich the inconsiderable force at my dis- the Continent, of the distressed state of posal would admit of, to promote the the French forces at Cuxhaven, and of the great and just cause. ---Lieut. Banks pro- entrance of a Russian army into Ham. ceeded with two gun-brigs, reinforced by burgh, I judged it expedient to take the two serjeants and thirty veterans, to Cux. Brevdageren under my orders, and prohaven, from which the French had depart- ceeded to the river Elbe, which I entered ed with great expedition, after destroying early this morning, with the hope of interall their gun-boats, and dismounting the cepting such of the Enemy's vessels as guns from the strong works constructed might attempt to make their escape ; two for the defence of the harbour. On a sum- of the gun-vessels we found deserted in the mons from Lieut. Banks, the Castle of entrance of this river, and were afterRitzebuttel, and batteries of Clixhaven, wards destroyed : on a nearer approach to were surrendered to be at the disposal of this place, I observed some were burning, his Majesty, by the burghers; and the others were sunk and drifting about in all British and Hamburgh Aags were imme- directions; and I have the satisfaction to diately displayed. Major Kentzinger, an inform you of the total destruction of the officer perfectly qualified for such a mis French fotilla that was stationed at Cuxsion, was sent to Cuxhaven, having re- haven, which were 20 large gun schuyts: ceived instructions to communicate as soon the timely appearance of his Majesty's as possible with the Russian General and brig prevented the escape of two, and, t the Senate of Hamburgh; and this officer firmly believe, led to the destruction of the was immediately followed by a detachment rest by their own hands : the Hamburgh from the 8th royal veteran battalion, and flag is displayed on the batteries and a supply of all the arms, &c. which were Castle of Kitzbuttel, and I intend to gain not actually employed by this garrison. a communication with the shore. The loyal people of Hanover who have

I am, &c.

F. Banks. been so long oppressed, display every where the British colours, and G. R. upon Blazer, at Anchor off' Cuxhaven, March 17. their habitations. In the Weser the inha- SIR-I beg leave to acquaint you, for bitants of that part of the country assem. the information of my Lords Commissionbled in considerable numbers, and took the ers of the Admiralty, that having had comstrong and important battery and works at munication with the civil authorities of Bremerlee; and a .corps of about 1500 Ritzbuttel, they expressed a desire that I French having assembled in its vicinity, would take possession of the batteries that which threatened to retake the battery, had been lately evacuated by the French. application was made immediately to Ma. I accordingly this morning disembarked jor Kentzinger, for assistance, who, having the small detachment of 32 of the royal left Cuxhaven with a party of the soldiers veteran battalion from Heligoland, and in waggons, was met by these brave and

took possession of Cuxhaven battery. Fort grateful men, who gave him the pleasing Napoleon, which is half a mile higher up intelligence that the Enemy had marched the river, I shall order to be destroyed. Every thing in these forts is in disorder, beg to return my sincere thanks to them, the guns dismounted, the carriages and and to Mr. Duobar, the master of the: stores destroyed. From what I have been Blazer. These two vessels were sent three able to observe this day, all is anarchy days ago from Gluckstadt, for the express and confusion among the inhabitants, but purpose of intercepting the trade from they rejoiced much at a few English being Heligoland. I beg to report the above landed. No Senate as yet is formed at proceeding to the Commander-in-Chief, Hamburgh, nor do I hear of the Russian who, I trust, will approve of my conduct army having entered that city : whenever on this occasion. I have, &c. that can be ascertained, I sball communi

T. B. Devon, Lieut. and Com. cate this event to the Commanding Officer Lieut. Banks. there.

The French withdrew from this place Vice-Admiral Sir E. Pellew has transyesterday morning at five o'clock; their mitted a letter from Capt. Hoste, of the collective force was about 1200; they made Bacchante, addressed to Admiral Fretheir retreat by Bederkesa to Bremen. mantle, and dated off Otranto the 6th of

I enclose a copy of the Articles con- January, giving an account of the capture cluded op between the Civil Authorities of five arıned vessels on that day, by the and myself ; I shall forward a list of mi- Bacchante, and Weazle sloop, under litary and other stores the moment I am Lieuts. O‘Brien, Hood, and Gosling, of the able. I have the honour, &c. F. BANKS. former, and Lieut. Whaley, of the latter.

These vessels were bound from the Island Articles concluded between the Civil Autho- of Corfu to Otranto, for the purpose of

Tities of Ritzbuttel, and Lieut. F. Banks, conveying money for the payment of the commanding in the River Elbe.

troops on the island; and although the The Hamburgh fag shall be hoisted in boats met with a spirited resistance, they conjunction with the British at the French were carried without any loss on our part. batteries near Cuxhaven, until his Britan- Vice-Admiral Sir E. Pellew has also nic Majesty's pleasure is known. All mi- transmitted a letter from Capt. Moupsey, litary and other stores belonging to the of the Furieuse, giving ap account of his French shall be delivered up to the Eng- haying ou the 10th of Jan. captured, off lish.--Tbe British troops shall take imme- Monto Christo, L'Argus French brigantine diate possession of the batteries, and gar- privateer, pierced for 13 guns, but only rišon the same.- Executed on board his four long 12-pounders mounted, and 85 Majesty's brig the Blazer, this 17th March, men-eight days from Leghorn, without 1813.

making any capture. Copy of an Inclosure to Admiral Young. The Naval department of this Gazette

His M.'s brig Brevdageren, closes with lists of American vessels cap

River Elbe, March 21. tured and re-captured by the squadrons in SIR-Agreeably to your arrangement, I the Atlantic, in the West Indies, in the proceeded with the galley of the Brevda- Channel, and taken into Bermuda. They gerea and cutter of the Blazer, in search amount in the whole to 158. of the Danish privateer said to infest the upper part of the river. At day-light this April 6. This Gazette mentions the capmorning we discovered two galliols, which ture by the Unicorn, Capt. Salt, of the were at first supposed to be merchant-ves- French privateer Miquellonnaise, of St. sels; but, on approaching them, they haile Maloes, having 20 guns and 130 men ; out ed, and instantly opened a fire. In this four days from Quimper, and had taken critical situation there was no safety but in and sunk the brig Alexander, from London, resolutely boarding, and I took advantage with a cargo of tin aud iron for Lisbon. of the cheerful readiness of our people. We carried them under the smoke of their Foreign-office, April 10. Dispatches from second discharge, without the loss of a General Viscount Cathcart, K. T. His man, and only two wounded on the part of Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary the Enemy; the galley boarding the first, and Plenipotentiary to the Court of and the Blazer's cutter, in the most gal- Russia. Jant manner, the second. They proved to Imperial Head Quarters, Kalisch, March 6. be the Danish gun-boats Die Junge Trout- Referring to my dispatch from St. Pe. man, commanded by Lieut. Lutkin, and tersburgh, by the messenger Lyell, I have Die Liebe, Lieut. Writt, each mounting now the honour to acquaint your Lordtwo long 18-pounders,and three 12-pounder ship, that having begun my journey, upon carronades, with a complement of twenty- the Emperor's invitation to join him at . five men each.--When you consider, that head quarters, on the 12th of February, I each of these formidable vessels was car- reached Riga in 48 hours, and arrived in ried by a single boat, one by a cutter with this town before daybreak on the 2d of twelve men, and the other by a galley with March. The Emperor received me in his pine, the conduct of the brave fellows un- accustomed most gracious manner, and, in der my orders needs no comment; and I an audience immediately after the parade,


was pleased to state the outline of his re- niatowski, went, in the first instance, to Pecent operations. In the first place, the re

trikaw, auď a part, with the Prince, are sult of his Imperial Majesty's communi. gone to Czentochaw, where it is said some 'cations to the Court of Berlin, made on his

force bas been assembled : and I have also first arrival at Wilna, has been the con- understood that the Polish part of Reg. clusion of a treaty of peace and alliance nier's corps, after the affair of Kalisch, offensive and defensive with that Power.

took that direction. A Russian corps is The Plenipotentiaries are Marshal Prince stationed to the Southward of Warsaw, to Kutusoff Smolensko, and the Chancellor

observe their motions.. Baron Hardenberg. In pursuance of this Imperial Head Quarters, Kalisch, March 26. renovation of amicable relations, the most

My LØRD-la my dispatches of the 6th active combined military operations are

inst. I had the houour of reporting my aralready in progress. This day a report

rival at this place, and of detailing to your has been received of the actual occupa.

Lordship the progress which the Emperor tion of Berlin by the forces of his Impe

had made in his arrangements, and in presial Majesty, under the Aid-de-camp Geu.

parations for the campaign, togetber with Chernicheff. The head-quarters of the the gigantic steps which had already been Russian army are established in this cen- taken in carrying on the inilitary opera. tral position, to give the necessary time

tions, already begun. These reports infor receiving recruits and convalescents,

cluded the conclusion of a treaty of peace who are daily arriving, and for supplying

and alliance with Prussia, the raufications necessaries to troops who have been en

of wbich have since been exchanged; also gaged in a campaign of an unexampled the capture of Berlin, where General Wittand uninterrupted series of military ope

genstein has established bis quarters since rations and marches for eleven months.

about the 10th instant. Since that period This pause, however, will be of short du. His Imperial Majesty has visited the King ration. Nothing can be more striking than

of Prussia at Breslaw ; Hamburgh has the contrast between the march of the

been occupied by the Russian forces; Lu. Russian army, and the conciliatory pro

beck has opened its gates. The enemy has ceedings of the Emperor, with that of been entirely driven from Swedish PomeBuonaparte, and the troops under the rapia, Mecklenbourg, Lauenbourg, and all French Generals. The most rigid' and

the Prussian territory within the Elbe. eorrect discipline has been observed in Detachments of the Russian army have the Duchy, as well as in Prussia. His penetrated to Dresden, which capital they Imperial Majesty, though in possession of now occupy, Marshal Davoust having rethe keys of Warsaw, has not placed a sol

treated across the Elbe, and having dedier within its walls ; and has, in every in- stroyed some of the arches of the magnistance, treated the Poles with the utmost

ficent bridge at that place. A proportion clemency and indulgence. The Anstrian of the Prussian arıny has passed the Sileauxiliary force, in consequence of an uns.

sian frontier into Lusatia, and is advaucing limited armistice, are gradually retiring to

towards Dresden. Three detachments of the Gallician frontier.-Regnier's corps,

the division under General Miutgenstein as I conjectured; retired behind the Aus- have by this time crossed the Elbe ; one in trians,' by Rawa, to this place : they were the centre under Major-General Dornberg, here overtaken by General Winzingerode, who is moving upon Hanover, with Majorwho attacked them with inferior force, and General Tettenborn upon his right in the put them to fight, taking prisoner the direction of Bremen, and Major-General Saxon General Rostitz, three colonels, Czchernicheff upon his left in the direcforty-seven other officers, fifteen hu.jdred tion of Brunswick. Lord Walpole is the rank and file, with two colours, and seven bearer of the present dispatches : hiş Lordcannon. The remainder of this corps pur- ship proceeds by Berlin, and I have no sued their retreat in the direction of Glo- doubt but that he will find it perfectly easy gau, probably not exceeding five or six to take his departure from Cuxhaven. I thousand men. It remains for me to offer have already stated that the Prussian army my congratulations on the signal success is in the best state of preparation ; nowhich has hitherto attended the great and thing can exceed the condition of that part unremitting exertions of the Emperor, which was assembled at Breslau on the who, in the course of two months, at this Emperor's arrival, and it is impossible to season, has continued the pursuit of the exaggerate the enthusiasm which has been enemy from Wilna to the Oder; and has exhibited by all ranks of persons throughunited to his own zealous endeavours, the out the Prussian dumivions; or the dedecided and hearty support of the King monstrations of joy with which the Empeof Prussia, and of the whole population ror Alexander was received. The King of of his dominions, who seem must solici- Prussia has made an excursion to Berlin, tous to emulate the Russians in patriotic where he was to see General De Yorck. donations, as well as in personal service. The inhabitants in Saxony have every I understand the Polish government, which where received the Russian forces with exwithdrew from Warsaw under Prince Po- pressions of cordiality not inferior to those



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