Obrazy na stronie

Professor says in this language is said ance in his task, the execution of always with accuracy, often with ele- which we shall in a future number gance; but we see nothing in his proceed to examine. style superior to what we have a right 61. A Description of more than Three to expect in an English Scholar; and, Hundred Animals, including Drçadruon the whole, it is rather too much peds, Birds, Fishes, Serpents, and studied. But, perhaps, the excellence Insects, forming a Compendium of of Pörson has made us fastidious. Natural History, confirmed by actual

and personal Observations, with origi“ Scias," says the Professor, Pref.

nal Remarks, and interesting Quotes p. ix.“ me ingenue juventutis commo

tions from antient and modern Authors. dis potissimum studuisse.” (Why this needless epithet?] “ Primum, operam

To which is subjoined a new and curious

Appendix, upon Aliegorical and Fabudedi, ut hæc Travædia, ex optimis auc

lous Animals. The whole illustrated toritatibus emendata, purior quam in

by elegant and appropriate Figures, prioribus editionibus prodiret : deinde

copied from Nature, and engraved quicquid in verbis ac sententiis difficile

on Wood with Taste and Accuracy. esset aut reconditum, id conatus sum

A new Edition, carefully revised, explicare, et exemplis à Græca Poesi,

corrected, and considerably augmented maximeque Euripideâ, petitis, illustrare.

by A. D, M Quin, H. F. S. A. pp. 364. In textu recensendo, nullum supe

Crosby, and Co. riorum editorum per omnia secutus sum; è varietatibus lectionum apud Codices

IN the introduction to this interestManuscriptos, à Musgravio, Brunckio, ing Work, the Author has very judi. et aliis collatos, veteresque editiones ciously observed, that the first step to, Lascaris et Aldi, quas ipse diligenter wards wisdom is the study ofthe works contuli, Poetæ verba probabiliter eruenda of the Creator the spectacle which esse duxi.

Huc accedebant permulta Nature offers to ourastonished eyes can veterum scriptorum loca, qui è nostra never fail inspiring a ser sible mind with Tragædiâ hinc illinc verba laudaverant.” love for the Author of all good; and p. v.-" Codicum lectiones, præter pau- no man can ever deny that he only is cas è maxime vitiosis, in annotationibus truly wise who loves God as he ought. mes indicantur........ Textus ex mera

Natural History has of late years wnjecturâ non nisi perpaucis in locis mutatus est.” p. vi.-" In choricis versi-sained considerable ground upon

the mind of Man, and all publications bus .. distribuendis

operam dedi, ut quæ metrorum genera Tragicis frequen- favourable reception from Readers of

on that subject have met with a very tata sint, ea, quantum fieri licuit repræsentarem ; et ut singula cantica è ver

all classes. Two objections had long sibus constarent, quos libenter ab iis stood in the way against the study of cunjunctos esse viderim..... De iis quæ Nature; the first was, that works of novata sunt in notis admonui, observa- that description were generally too tiones etiam nonnullas buc spectantes voluminous to peruse, and consein gratiam tironum intertexui.” p. vii.- quently too expensive to buy; and, “Quod ad interpretandi et illustrandi mu

secondly, that they were not always Aus atcinet, difficilium et rarioruin locu- fit to be placed in the hands of youth tionum explicationes è veteribus Gram- of either sex, on account of several maticis haustas subjecimus." ibid. discussions which were very excep

The Professor also tells us, that the tionable. The book under our eyes Master and Seniors of his learned and il- parlakes of neither of these inconlustrious College have allowed to bim, veniencies ; it seems to have been writas they did to Mr.Blomfield, the exami

ten by a man who, to the greatest nation of Porson's MSS.; that the whole regard for morality and religion, scene from v. 176 to v. 266, is printed unites the desire and power of infrom Porson's correction, which we structing and amusing at the same afterwards find, from his note on the time ; nor is it either expensive or place, was communicated to him by his bulky. The Author has added a very friend Mr. Dobree of the same College. curious appendix upon fabulous ani He returns his thanks also to Mr. mals ; and more than three hundred Blom field for some Notes; and, v.1288, wood-cuts, very neatly executed, add makes a proper and handsome acknow- considerably to the value of the perledgment to Mr. Hole, also Fellow of formance. 'It is calculated for SeTrinity, for some emendations of Gil, minaries, private families, and inbert Wakefield's. We do not remem.

dividual use.

The style of the Wriber that he speaks of any other assist ter is clegant, and appropriate to the


different subjects which he describes, cock stand nearly allied in the family as inay be seen by the following quo. chain of aniniated beings. --There is a tations:

specjes of Peacocks, now not uncom“ THE PEACOCK,

mou in getlemen's parks and pleasure

grounds, which are of the brightest whose gay train Adorns him, colourd with the florid hue unmixed white. They participate, with Of rainbows and starry eyes.'

the other breed, the elegance of shape

in the head and body, and the widely Milton's Paradise Lost, B. VI. *** Astonished at the unparalleled nerated branch of the family, which

spreading tail; but they look as a degebeauty of this bird, the Antients could

the coldness of our Northern climate not help indulging their lively and

has deprived, by degrees, of its native creative fancy, in accounting for the magnificence of his 'plumage. They that of the common cock and hen; and

splendour.-The Peacock's food is like made him the favourite of imperial Juno, the female hatohes her young to the sister and wife to Jupiter, and not less than the hundred eyes of Argus were

number of five or six, with great atten. pulled out to ornament his tail. Indeed

tion and patience, while the male, in

full rotation and gaudy display, sheds there is scarcely any thing in nature that can vie with the transcendant lustre

around her nest the glowing radiance of

his train. The fiesh of the Peacock was of the Peacock's feathers. The chang- antiently a princely dish, and the whole ing glory of his neck eclipses the deep bird used to be served on the table with azure of ultramarine; and, at the least

the feathers of the neck and tail preevolution, it assumes the green tint of served; but few people could now relish the emerald and the purple bue of the

such food, as it is much coarser than the amethyst. „His bead, which is small flesh of the Turkey. The Italians have and finely shaped, offers several curious given this laconic description of the stripes of wbite and black round the

Peacock: He has the plumage of an eyes, and is surmounted by an elegant angel, the voice of a devil, and the panache, or tuft of feathers, each of stomach of a thief. Let us observe that which is.composed of a slender stem and a small flower at the top. Displayed of those who, with most alluring out

this bird may be a true moral emblein with conscious pride, for the purpose of ward qualities, do not possess the inuch expressing his love to his female, and

more valuable ones of the heart and exposed under a variety of angles to the mind, for the Peacock is both cruel and reflections of versatile light, the broad stupid. We have seen instances of the and variegated discus of his tail, of Peahen tossing up her chicks with unwhich the neck, head, and breast of the bird become the centre, claims our well- and out of the several ones which she

natural barbarity, till they were dead; merited admiration. By an extraordi- batches, she seldom real's more than one nary mixture of the brightest colours, it

or two. The Latin name Pavo origidisplays at once the richness of gold, and the påler tints of silver, fringed they repeat in rainy weather."

nates from the clang Pea-hoa, which with bronze-coloured edges, and surrounding eye-like spots of dark brown

“ THE NIGHTINGALE and sapphire. It is supposed that this “ Has little tu boast, if we consider bird is conscious of bis incomparable bis pluinage, which is of a pale tawny beauty, and sensible to the voice of colour on the head and back, dashed praise. The female does not share these with a little shade of olive; the breast great honours with the cock, and is and upper part of the belly incline to a , generally of a light brown. It has been grayish tint; and the lower part of the said that both are ashamed of the hoarse- belly is almost white; the exterior web ness of their voice and ill-shapedness of of the quill-feathers are of reddish their feet; and indeed they may, for here brown; the tail of a dull red; the legs we ought again to acknowledge the great and feet ash-coloured; the irides hazel; system of equity and compensation and the eyes large, bright, and staring: which pervades the whole of Nature. But, if we consider how Nature has faThe loud screamings of the Peacock are voured him in another way, we must worse than the harsh croakings of the again bumble ourselves, admire and Raven, and a sure prognostic for bad adore Providence, for that eternal and weather; and his feet, more clumsy than constant system of equity and compenthose of the Turkey, make a sad con- sation, which is so evident through the trast with the elegance of the rest. The whole of the creation. It is hardly spreading of the tail, the swelling of the possible to give an idea of the extraor. throat, neck, and breast, and the puffing dinary power which this small bird posnoise which they emit at certain times, sesses in his throat, as to extension of are proofs that the Turkey and the Pea- sound, sweetness of tone, and versa


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tility of notes. His song is composed of have, however, seen a few instances of several musical phrases, each of which a Nightingale brought up and kept for does not continue more than the third several years; but we cannot avow that part of a minute: but they are so varied ; his domestic notes are so pleasing as the passing from one tone to another is they are in his wild state. so fanciful and so rapid; the melody so “We cannot resist the desire of quoting sheet and so mellow, that the most here a translation of the beautiful pasconsummate musician is pleasingly led sage in the Georgics of Virgil, where to a deep sense of admiration at hearing Orpheus, having been deprived, for the him. Sometimes joyful and merry, he second time, of his beloved Eurydice, is runs down the diapason with the velo- compared to the Nightingale who has city of the lightning, touching the treble just lost her young: and the base nearly at the same instant;

- Thus in the shade at other times mournful and plaintive, Of thick-leaved poplars, Philomela the unfortunate' Philomela draws hea

[ing bind vily her lengthened notes, and breathes For her lost brood, whom some sly-watcha delightful melancholy around. These Has stol'n, unfeather'd, from the nest. have the appearance of sorrowful sighs ; All night,

[and fills the other modulations - resemble the Perch'd on the bough, she plaintive siogs, laughter of the happy. Solitary on the The wide-extended woods with melantwig of a small tree, and cautiously at choly strains. a certain distance from the nest, where The following lines, from the 4th the pledges of his love are treasured book of the Paradise Lost, are stamped under the fostering breast of his mate, with Milton's usual sublimity of thought the male fills constantly the silent woods and boldness of expression : with his harmonious strains; and during

Beast and bird, the whole night entertains and repays They to their grassy couch, these to their his female for the irksome duties of in

(ingale : cubation. For it is not when the harsh Were slunk; all, but the wakeful Nightand sometimes discordant concert of the She all night long her am'rous descant other songsters is at full play, that the

sung; Nightingale wastes his songs to the Silence was pleased astounded coppices; he waits till the The Virginia Nightingale is not much blackbird and the thrush have uttered less than the common blackbird : what their evening call, even till the stock dis guishes him particularly is the crest and ring-doves have, by their soft mur- with which bis head is adorned; it is a murings, lulled each other to rest, and tuft of feathers of scarlet colour, which then he displays, at full, his melodious obeys the will of the bird; the whole faculties,

body is of the same tint, except the tail, List’ning Philomela deigns which is much fainter. This bird isust To let them joy, and purposes, in thought be evdowed by Nature with a certain Elate, to make her night excel their day.' share of courage and audacity; for when

Thomson. he sees bis image in a glass, mistaking “ It is a great subject of astonish- it for a rival or an enemy, he makes ment, that so small a bird should be en- 'several strange gesticulations, accomdowed with such potent lungs; as several panied with a hissing noise, lowering observers have calculated, that his voice his crest, setting up his tail like a peaagitates with vibrations a diameter of cock, shaking his wings, and striking two miles, or a circumference of six. the looking-glass with his bill." Wbere is the player on our stages, whose

« The GLOW-WORM. voice could fill up such an area ? This “ This curious insect is a living phæbird, who is the ornament and charm of nomenon; the light, or phosphoric glow, our spring and summer evenings, disap- which he emits from two spots placed at pears on a sudden, anal, as it cannot be the interior part of his body, bas been ascertained where he retires, he has been long the admiration of all, and the placed generally among the birds of puzzle of many Naturalists. This light passage ; but bis wings not being calcu- resembles so much in its colour, and lated to bear him long through the skies, perhaps in its naturė, that which shines we cannot easily believe that he flies far on putrid fish and rotten wood; that it away. The disapparition, or emigration might be nothing else', but the fæces of of birds, is, as we have observed above, the animal in a certain state of fermen; a mystery still concealed behind the tation :, and this appears the more proawful veil of Nature. Nightingales are bable, when we consider that the light Sometimes reared up, and doomed to, appears in brightness and intensity in the prison of a cage; but seldom, if ever, proportion with the worm's being more fepay their keeper for his trouble, We or less irritated. This insect's body is


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divided into twelve sections, or annuletş, sicality of the result bas stamped the each covered with a scale of a black individual with the discordant appendage colour; the head is flat and depressed, of frightful beauty. Armed cap a pie, the body measures about an inch, and surrounded with spines and thorns, the worm is found upon banks on the bristling on his back and fins, like an sides of roads, and at the foot of hedges, armed phalanx of lance-bearers; and where this bright lustre shines through decorated on the body with yellow ribthe blades of grass, among which the bands, interwoven with white fillets; creature creeps very slowly. The best and on the purple fins of his breast, observers pretend to have ascertained, with the milky dots of the pintado ; the that the shiving worm is the female of Scorpion presents a most extraordinary the species, and that the male is a small contrast. His eyes, like those of which fly, which, in its form, does not resemble Poets sang when celebrating the Nereids the glow-worm. If it is so, it must be and Naiads, consist in black pupils surone of the greatest anonialies in nature, rounded with a silver iris radiated with and' especially in Entomology, where alternate divisions of blue and black we have not yet found an union between compartments. The rays of the dorsal a winged insect and a worm.

The case

fin are spiny, spotted brown and yellow, of the ants, and other hymenoptery, is conjoined below by a dark-brown memdifferent; the males and females are the brane, and at liberty above; the ventral same in the shape of the body, except fins are violet, with white drops, and the that the male is furnished with wings, tail and anal ones are a sort of tessethat he may, with less trouble, and in a lated work of blue, black, and white shorter time, single out and overtake

united with the greatest symmetry, and the object of his love, for the grand end not unlike those antient fragments of of nature. But here we are told that Roman pavements often found in this the Ay is considerably smaller than the island.—This variegated fish is found in worni, and does not seem to be akin to the rivers of Amboyna and Japan, and it. However, it is a mystery which is even there it is scarce; its Aesh'is white, not yet unravelled; and if it is a fact, firm, and well tasted, like our perch, we find it very appropriately concealed but it does not grow so large ; it is of a under the mythological and elegant very voracious stomach, feeding on the story of Psyche and Cupid; he the lover young of other fish, some of which, two with wings, she following him with a inches in length, have been found in its lainp in her hand. The following lines

The skin has both the appear. allude to the fable :

ance and smoothness of parcbwent. To • Thou, living meteor of the dewy bank, the tremendous armour of its back, fins, That tip'st the glossy leaves and emerald and tail, this fish owes the name of turf

Scorpion.--The Butterfly Fish is about With silver rays; bright Cieindela, tell, six or seven inches long, and inhabits Oh! tell me how thy lovely mother once,

the Adriatic sea. In October he is not The gentle Psyche, on the eager wings uncommon at Venice, where he is offerOf fond desire, thro' all the world, in ed to sale among the great quantity of quest

[from heav'n, various fish which the coasts of Italy Of wanton Cupid, went; and brought afford, He has no apparent scales, and This clear, translucid lamp, thou still is of a faint blue or ash colour; the preserv'st,

[of love, dorsal fin is elegantly spotted with black, "And hold'st up still, like her, in search and the flesh is well tasted and tender. A faithful beacon to thy wand'ring mate. This fish bears some resemblance and " THE FLYING SCORPION.

apparent affinity to the Scorpion, the “ How admirable is Nature! how ex

Gurnard, and Father-Lasher.

A general index, and another with tensive her power, and how various the

the names of the Animals in English, forms with which she has surrounded the united elements of animated matter! Latin, and French, will facilitate the From the uncouth shape of the wallow- comparing of the descriptions with ing whale, of the unwieldy hippopota- Works of a greater extent. mus, or ponderous elephant, to the light 62. An Account of what appeared on openand elegant form of the painted moth ing the Coffin of King Charles the First, or futtering ri; she seems to have in the Vault of King Henry the Eighth exhausted all ideas, all conceptions, and in St. George's Chapel at Windsor, on not to have left a single figure untried. the First of April, MDCCCXIII. By The fish correctly represented above is Sir Henry Halford, Bart. F.R.S. and one of those in the outlines and decora. F.S.A. Physician to the King and the tions of which she appears to have in- Prince Regent. 4to, pp. 19. White & Co. dulged her fancy in one of the bappiest AFTER the very ample particulars bours of the creation, and yet the whim. in our last, respecting the interment



of the Royal Martyr*, 'we proceed, Dean of Windsor, Benjamin Charles agreeably io promise, to extract the Stevenson, esq. and Sir Henry Halford. well-written and distinct narrative of

-The vault is covered by an arch, half

a brick in thickness, is seven feet two Sir Henry Halford :

inches in width, nine feet six inches in “ Were it allowable," says the learned Physician, to hazard à conjecture, length, and four feet ten inches in height,

and is situated in the centre of the choir, after Lord Clarendon's deprecation of all conjectures on the subject, one might opposite the eleventh Knight's stall, on

the Sovereign's side.-On removing the suppose that it was deemed imprudent by the Ministers of King Charles II. pall, a plain leaden coffin, with no apthat his Majesty should indulge his pious pearance of ever having been inclosed

in wood, and bearing an inscription, inclination to re-inter his Father, at a

" KING CHARLES, 1648," in large legi. period when those ill-judged effusions

ble characters, on a scroll of lead encirof loyalty which had been manifested, by taking out of their graves, and hang- cling it, immediately presented itself to

the view. A square opening was then ing up the bodies of some of the most

made in the upper part of the lid, of active members of the Court which had

such dimensions as to admit a clear incondemned and executed the King, might, in the event of another triumph sight into its contents. These were, an

internal wooden coffin, very much deof the Republicans, have subjected the body of the Monarch to similar indig- cayed, and the body, carefully wrapped nity. But the fact is, King Charles I.

up in cere-cloth, into the folds of which was buried in the Vault of King Henry mixed with resin, as it seemed, bad

a quantity of unctuous or greasy matter, VIII. situated precisely where Mr. Herbert has described it;

and an accident

been melted, so as to exclude, as effechas served to elucidate a point in History, coffin was completely full; and, from the

tually as possible, the external air. The which the great authority of Lord Clarendon had involved in some obscurity.

tenacity of the cere-cloth, great diffi

culty was experienced in detaching it -On completing the Mausoleum, which

successfully from the parts which it enhis present Majesty has built in the Tomb-house as it is called, it was ne

veloped. Wherever the unctuous matter

had insinuated itself, the separation of cessary to form a passage to it from under the Choir of St. George's Chapel.

the cere-cloth was easy; and when it In constructing this passage, an aper

came off, a correct impression of the

features to which it had been applied ture was made accidentally in one of the

was observed in the unctuous substance. walls of the vault of King Henry VIII.

At length, the whole face was disen. through which the workmen were enabled to see, not only the two coffins, ion of the skin of it was dark and dis

gaged from its covering. The complexwbich were supposed to contain the bodies of King Henry VIII. and Queen had lost little or nothing of their mus

coloured. The forehead and temples Jane Seymour, but a third also, covered

cular substance; the cartilage of the with a black velvet pall, which, from Mr. Herbert's Narrative, might fairly be

nose was gone; but the left eye, in the presumed to hold the remains of King full, though it vanished almost imme

first moment of exposure, was open and Charles I.-On representing the circumstance to the Prince Regent, his Royal racteristic of the period of the reign of

diately: and the pointed beard, so chaHighness perceived at once, that a doubt- King Charles, was perfect

. The shape ful point in History might be cleared up

of the face was a long oval; many of by opening this vault; and accordingly the teeth remained; and the left ear, in his Royal Highness ordered an examination to be made on the first conve

consequence of the interposition of the

unctuous matter between it and the nient opportunity. This was done on

cere-cloth, was found entire.--It was the 1st of April last, the day after the funeral of the Duchess of Brunswick, declaration, that, notwithstanding its

difficult, at this moment, to withhold a, in the presence of his Royal Highness disfigurement, the countenance did bear himself, who guaranteed thereby the

a strong resemblance to the coins, the most respectful care and attention to the remains of the dead, during the in

busts, and especially to the pictures of quiry. His Royal Highness was accom

King Charles I. by Vandyke, by which

it had been made familiar to us. It is panied by his Royal Highness the Duke

true, that the minds of the spectators of Cumberland, Count Munster, the

of this interesting sight were well pre

pared to receive this impression; but it * In the Account of K. Charles's is also certain, that such a facility of Funeral, given in our p. 300. a. I. 31. belief had been occasioned by the simfor Salisbury, read Southampton. Edit. plicity and truth of Mr. Herbert's NarGENT. Mag. May, 18.13.


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