Obrazy na stronie

And it is not, perhaps, more anomalous than Semperlenitas. 138. I had rather have a fool to make me mer.

ry, than experience to make me sad.Gray says, in the Ode on a distant Prospect of Eaton College,

" Where ignorance is bliss,

'Tis folly to be wise." Had rather is corrupt idiom, proceeding, as Dr. Lowth has well explained, from confounding the contraction of I would, I'd, with that of I had. 141. The foolish chronicles of that age found

it was Hero of Cestos.Sir T. Hanmer's reading, coroners for “ chroniclers,” is adopted by Mr. Edwards, who thinks it has support in Hamlet :-“The coroner hath sat on her, and finds it Christian burial.” Mr. Malone, too, though he prefers the old text, says that “ found” is certainly used in a forensic sense, and Mr. M. Mason asserts, that the allusion is evidently to a coroner's inquest on the body of Leander, and that their verdict was, Hero of Cestos was the cause of Leander's death : but, unfortunately for this fair argument, we know that a coroner's inquest upon the body either of Ophelia or Leander, could only declare that the persor was drowned; though they might find it accidental, or the effect of lunacy. 142."

Then love me, Rosalind.Ros, Yes, faith will I, Fridays and Saturdays,

and all." After the reformation and the abolition of the Romish fasts, political fasts were ordered upon



Fridays and Saturdays, for the purpose of promoting the fisheries upon the coasts of England.

Anderson's History of Commerce. This note is from Lord Chedworth's correspondent, and is signed R. T. 148. “ Sing it ; no matter how it be in tune,

So it make noise enough,&c. Jaques appears to have been, slily, no disrelisher of music: this is the second time he has called for a song


162. “ Grapes were made to eat.

“ Made to eat," for made to be eaten, is a corruption of phraseology still in use: the implied ellipsis is too violent; " made (for men) to eat.”

SCENE II. 164. Isot possible that, on so little acquaint

ance, you should like her ? that, but · seeing, you should love her ? and, loving, woo? and wooing, she should

grant ?" I cannot help repeating here, what occurs in Warner's Albion's England:

- Jove chaunced her to see, “And seeing liked, liking, lov'd, and loving

made it known.”

SCENE III. 172. Though there was no greater matter in

the ditty, yet the note was very untuneable.

Touchstone would not be so exorbitant as to require music and sense at the same time; but, compounding for the absence of matter, he complains that the grace of harmony was wanting also. This mode of expression occurs elsewhere, as in Act 3 of this play, Scene 4: What though you have no beauty; As, by my faith, I see no more in you, “ Than, without candle, may go dark to bed.”

SCENE IV. 174. “ I sometimes do believe, and sometimes do


As those that fear they hope, and know

they fear." Mr. Henley's punctnation appears necessary to obtain sense :“ As those that fear; they hope, and know they

fear.” i. e. They entertain a dubious hope, but a certain perception of danger. 181. The countercheck quarrelsome ; and so to

the lie circumstantial and the lie direct." I never could understand how the lie circumstantial and the lie direct are to be distinguished from the countercheck quarrelsome.


THE EPILOGUE. Much depravation, I think, is discernible amidst the indisputable excellencies of this play ; and the epilogue, at last, resembles rather the goodly work of Messieurs Hemings and Condell, the eloquent addressers to The great Variety of Readers, and the first editors of As You Like It, than the writing of our great poet.



204. “ He that so generally is at all times

good.i. e. He that so diffuses his unremitting goodness. He hath persecuted time with hope, and finds

no other advantage in the process, but

only the losing of hope by time." Time was long persécuted by hope, and hope itself is now destroyed by time. The passage is analogous to the epitaph on a fiddler, named Stephen: " Stephen and Time are now both even : “ Stephen beat Time; now Time beats Stephen." 205. Had it stretch'd so far, would have made

Nature immortal.It seems wanting after far; this was supplied in the edition of 1785. LORD CHEDWORTH.

206. For where an unclean mind carries vir

tuous qualities, there commendations

go with pity.Where a disposition, not inherently good, is adorned with adventitious graces, there the praise due to excellence is repressed by regret, that such excellence is unsubstantial.”

- They are virtues and traitors too." The construction here is incorrect, a new noun interposing between “ they” and the antecedent “ virtuous qualities ;" but the sense of the passage is more material, and this, I think, Dr. Warburton has come nearer to than his eloquent successor, who appears, howsoever ingeniously, to have wandered beyond the mark. " They (the advantages of education or refinement) are virtues and traitors too.” The first part of the declaration is indisputable; but how are those virtuous qualities traitors ? —not so much, I apprehend, as they may affect other people, as that they betray'the object to whom they adhere; because, instead of reclaiming or correcting, as might be expected, the original depravity, they foment and strengthen it. Dr. Johnson here has not brought his illustration to the text, but carried the text to his illustration. In her they are better for their simpleness ;

she derives her honesty and achieves her

goodness.Education in her is better for its conformity to nature, whereby it more readily effects its object; amiable benevolence, the integrity of her mind, she inherits with her blood; her active virtue is achieved by herself. 208. “ Lest it be rather thought you affect a

sorrow, than to have " This, certainly, is not correct English idiom ; but the inaccuracy of phrase is, perhaps, less remarkable than the apparent oversight of the in

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