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Her mangled fame in barbarous pastime lost, to signify nothing; to set at naught' is not to The coxcomb's novel, and the drunkard's toast. value or regard.
Ye have set at nought all my counsel, and would By the novel constitutions, burial may not be de. none of my reproof.
Prop. i. 25. nied to any one.
Ayliffe's Parergon. Ye are of nothing, and your work of nought. By the civil law no one was to be ordained
Isaiah xli. 24. a presbyter till he was thirty-five years of age : Thereto, said he, Faire Dame,' be noug kt disthough by a later novel it was sufficient
maid, above thirty:
For sorrowes past; their griefe is with them gone. Such is the constant strain of this blessed saint,
Spenser. Faerie Queene. who every where brands the Arian doctrine, as the
Who cannot see this palpable device? new, novel, upstart heresy, folly and madness.
Yet who so bold, but says he sees it not?
Waterland. Bad is the world, and it will come to nought, The abettors and favourers of them he ranks with
When such ill dealings must be seen in thought. the Abonites, Argemonites, and Samosaterians, con
Shakspeare. demned hereticks, brands them as novelists of late Such smiling rogues as these sooth every passion, appearing.
Renege, affirm, and turn their halcyon beaks
With every gale and vary of their masters,
And knowing nought, like dogs, but following. Id.
In young Rinaldo fierce desires he spyed, For novel and increased expense. Cowpor. And noble heart, of rest impatient, I admire the preface, in which you have given an To wealth or sovereign power he nought applyed. air of novelty to a worn out topic, and have actually
Fairfas. engaged the favour of the reader by saying those things Be frustrate all ye stratagems of hell, in a delicate and uncommon way, which in general And devilish machinations come to nought. are disgusting. Id. Private Correspondence.
Milton. Novel, in the civil law, a term used for the
Who fixed the corner-stone; what hand declare, constitutions of several emperors, more particu- Hung it on nought, and fastened it in air, larly those of Justinian. They were called When the bright morning stars in concert sung,
When heaven's high arch with loud bosannas rung. novels, either from their producing a great alte
Young. ration in the face of the ancient law, or because
But oh! she's an heiress, auld Robin's a laird, they were made on new cases, and after the revival And my daddie has nought but a cot-house and of the ancient code.
yard ; NOVEM'BER, n. s.
Lat. November. The A wooer like me maunna hope to come speed, eleventh month of the year, or the ninth reckon- The wounds I must hide that will soon be my dead. ed from March, which was, when the Romans
Burns. named the months, accounted the first.
But recollecting, with a sudden thought, November is drawn in a garment of changeable That flight in circles urged advanced them nought, green, and black upon his head. Peacham. They gathered close around the old pit's brink, NOVEMVIRI, nine magistrates of Athens,
And thought again-but knew not what to think.
Couper. . whose government lasted but for one year; the first of whom was called archon, or prince; the
NOVGOROD, a considerable province of second basileus, or king; the third polemarchus, European Russia, to the east of the governor general of the army : the other six were called
ments of Petersburg and Pskov. It lies bethesmothelæ, or lawgivers. They took an oath
tween 20° 50' and 38° 50' of E. loog., and to observe the laws; and, in case of failure, 57° 30' and 60° 30' of N. lat., having an area of obliged themselves to bestow upon the common- 55,000 square miles, but the number of inbabiwealth a statue of gold equal to their own weight. tants do not exceed 780,000. This province is Those who discharged their office with honor surrounded by a part of the elevated tract called were received into the number of the senators
the Valdaic Mountains. In the north large of Areopagus.
tracts are covered either with marshes or moss; NOV'ENARY, n. s. Lat. novenarius. Num- but the south part produces corn, hemp, flax, ber of nine; nine collectively.
timber, and some iron and salt. The whole is
The rivers Ptolemy by parts and numbers implieth climac. divided into ten districts or circles. terical years; that is, septenaries and novenaries.
are the Volchov, the Msta, and the Mologa. The Browne.
lakes Ilmen, Bielojo, Osero, and Vosh. Some Looking upon them as in their original differences manufactures of common articles are carried on and combinations, and as selected out of a natural in the towns; and in the country soap, linen, stock of nine quaternions, or four novenaries, their candles, and potash, are made. The exports are nature and differences lie most obvious to be under- corn, flax, hemp, and wood. The capital of the stood.
Holder. province, employed in commerce, was declared, NOVER’CAL, adj. Lat. novercalis, noverca. by an official report, in the beginning of this cenHaving the manner of a stepmother; beseeming tury, to be £1,200,000. a stepmother.
Novgorod, or Novgorod-VELIKI (the Grea! When the whole tribe of birds by incubation, pro- Novgorod), a large town of the north-west of duce their young, it is a wonderful deviation, that European Russia, the capital of the above gosome few families should do it in a more novercal vernment, is situated in a plain at the north exway.
tremity of the lake Ilmen. The Volchov, a deep NOUGHT, n. s. Sax, neauht. Naught, as and rapid stream, divides it into two parts. The it should be written; but naught is by custom part on the right bank is called the Torgaraia, or applied to bad or worthless things: and nought Market Town; that on the left, the Sophiskaia, and is surrounded with a rampart of earth, and fixed his residence in Novogorod. In the midst a ditch flanked with towers. It is about a mile of those intestine divisions which resulted from and a half in circumference, but this includes the partition of the empire, at the death of Vladimuch open space, and contains the Kremlin or mir (A. D. 1015), who divided his states among his citadel,' in which is an ancient palace of the twelve sons, there arose three independent princes czars, and the cathedral of St. Sophia, a large and a great number of petty confederacies. The building with sculptured brazen gates. Some of seat of government was successively removed to the paintings here are of great antiquity, and Suzedal, Vladimir, and Moscow. Novogorod the Russians, according to Dr. Clarke, are fond adopted a mixed government, partly monarchical of copying them. We find at the end of the and partly republican. In the middle of the eighteenth century,' he observes, 'a Russian thirteenth century (A. D. 1250) it was distinpeasant placing before his bogh (God), a picture guished by the victories of its grand duke over purchased in the market of St. Petersburg or the Swedes on the banks of the Neva; and, by Moscow, exactly similar to those brought from its remote situation it escaped the ravages of the Greece during the tenth; the same stiff represen- Tartars in the fourteenth. In the fifteenth it tation of figures which the Greeks themselves submitted to the yoke of Ivan I., whose successeem to have copied from works in mosaic; the sor Ivan II., in the sixteenth, ravaged and desosame mode of mixing and laying on the colors lated the place, carrying away the palladium of on a plain gold surface; the same custom of the city, the famous bell, which the inhabitants painting upon wood; and the same expensive had dignified with the appellation of eternal.' covering of a silver coat of mail.' Here are also About the middle of the fifteenth century this some curious specimens of the architecture as town was the chief factory of the flanseatic well as painting of the eleventh and twelth cen- league, in their trade with Russia and Poland. turies. The tombs of Vladimir and of Theodor Its territory at this time reaching, on the north, are in the cathedral, the gates of which are sa d to the frontiers of Livonia and Finland, and to have been brought by the former from Cherson. comprising a great part of the province of Arch
On the bridge leading to the kremlin from the angel, with a district beyond the north-west other part of the town, Dr. Clarke noticed, “a limits of Siberia. In 1553, in consequence of small sanctuary, where every peasant who passes Ivan IV. seizing the effects, and imprisoning the deposits either his candle or his penny.. Before persons, of the nierchants resident there, Novogothis place, which is filled with old pictures of rod was abandoned by the Hanseatic league, and the kind already described, and which a stranger its traders removed first to Revel, and afierwards might really mistake for a picture-stall, devotees to Narva. It still continued, however, to be the during the whole day may be seen bowing and most commercial city in Russia. Chancellor, who crossing themselves. A Russian hardly commits passed through it, thus describes in it 1554:any action without this previous ceremony. If Next unto Moscow, the city of Novgorod is he be employed to drive your carriage, his cross- reputed the chiefest of Russia'; for although it ing occupies two minutes before he is mounted. be in majestie inferior to it, yet in greatnesse it When he descends, the same motion is repeated. goeth beyond it. It is the chiefest and greatest If a church be in view, you see him at work with mart town of all Muscovy; and albeit ihe emhis head and hand as if seized with St. Vitus's peror's seat is not there, but at Moscow, yet the dauce. If he make any earnest protestation, or commodiousness of the river, falling into that enter a room, or go out, you are entertained with gulf which is called Sinus Finnicus, whereby it the same manual and capital exercise. When is well frequented by merchants, makes it more beggars return thanks for alms, the operation famous than Moscow itself.' But its ruin was lasts a longer time; and then, between the not fully accomplished,' as Dr. Clarke observes, crossing, by way of interlude, they generally until the building of St. Petersburg, when all make prostration, and touch their foreheads to the commerce of the Baltic was transferred to that the earth.'
capital.' The other part of the town contains the • The melancholy ideas excited by the present governor's house; the rest of the houses are wooden appearance of Novgorod,' Dr. Clarke further structures, very irregularly placed at present. But remarks, have been felt by all travellers. Who here a number of brick churches and convents has not heard the ancient saying, which prevailed witness its former consequence. A trade in corn in the days of its greatness—Quis contra Deos is carried on here, and there are some inconsiet magnam Novogordiam ?-Who can resist the derable manufactures of canvas and other articles. gods and Novgorod the Great? Nomade Slavo- The population of the whole city at present nians were its founders, about the time that the amounts only to 8000. Novgorod is still the see Saxons, invited by Vortigern, first came into of an archbishop, and is 112 miles S. S. E. of Britain. Four centuries after, a motley tribe, St. Petersburg: collected from the original inhabitants of all the
Novgorod-Sieverskoi, a town in the gowatery and sandy plains around the Finland vernment of Czernigov, in European Russia. Gulf, made it their metropolis. Nearly 1000 It was for some time the capital of the governyears have passed away since Ruric, the Norman, ment, and has three yearly fairs. It stands at the gathering them together at the mouth of the confluence of the Dnieper and Desna. InhabiVolchova (Volkhov), laid the foundation of an tants 3000. Eighty-six miles E. N. E. of Czerempire, destined to extend over the vast territories nigov. of all the Russias ; afterwards, ascending the NOVI, a town of North-west Italy, in the river to the spot where its rapid current rushes Sardinian states, situated in a fertile plain, at the from the lake Ilmen, to the Ladoga Lake, he foot of the Appennines; on an eminence stands the castle. The houses are often painted of va- NOVIODUNUM, in ancient geography, the rious colors on the outside; several of the name of seven towns, mostly in Gaul; viz. 1. A affluent inhabitants of Genoa have country resi- town of the Ædui, commodiously seated on the dences here, and the place is on the whole well Liguris (Cæsar), the Nivernun of Antonine; now built. In front of the principal church is a pub- called Nevers, on the Loire. 2. A town of tbe lic square. The chief manufactures are silk, and Aulerci Diablintes, in Gallia Celtica (Antonine, this place is an entrepot for goods coming from Ptolemy). 3. A town of the Bituriges (Casar), the Levant, which pass into Lombardy and the now called Nueve sur Baranion; fifteen miles north of Germany. 'In August, 1799, one of the north of Bourges. 4. A town of Mæsia Inferior most sanguinary battles in the eighteenth century (Ptolemy), situated on the Ister; now Nivorz. took place here, between the French under Joubert 5. A town of Pannonia Superior (Antonine); and Moreau, and the Austro-Russian forces under now Gurkfeld in Carinthia. 6. Noviodunum Suwarrow, in which the latter was victorious. Saessionum, the same with Augusta Suessionum. Inhabitants 5400. Twenty-three miles north by 7. A town of the Veromandui, in Gallia Belgica east of Genoa.
(Cæsar); now called Noyon. Novi-Bazar, or Novi Pazar, a consider- NOVITIATE, or Noviciate, is a year of proable town of small trade, in the north of European bation appointed for the trial of novices, whether Turkey, in Servia, near the Oresco, formerly the they have a vocation, and the necessary qualities capital of the province of Rascia. It contains for living up to the rule; the observation whereof about 8000 inhabitants, partly Christians and they are to bind themselves to by vow. The nopartly Turks, and is seventy miles west by north viciate lasts more than a year in some house of Nessa.
It is esteemed the bed of the civil death of a NOV’ICE, n. s.
Fr. novice, noviciat; Lat. novice, who expires to the world by profession, NovITIATE, , novitius. One newly ac
NOUN, n. s. Old French, noun; Lat. ROBC1. Nov'ity. quainted with a thing; a
The name of any thing, in grammar. fresh man; probationer: one in monastic affairs,
Thou hast men about thee, that usually talk of a who has not taken the vow: novitiate, the state
noun and a verb, and such abominable words 25 DO
christian ear can endure to hear. Shakspeare. of a novice, or of being under tutelage : novity, a foolish redundancy in our language, adopted mode, or relation, which in speech is used to signify
A noun is the name of a thing, whether substance, only, as we find, by the author of "Vulgar the same when there is occasion to affirm or deny acy Errors' for novelty, newness.
thing about it, or to express any relation it has to
Clarke. Not a novice, lest being puffed up with pride he any other thing. fall into the condemnation of the devil. St. Paul. The boy, who scarce has paid his entrance down, Bring me to the sight of Isabella,
To this proud pedant, or declined a noun. Drwen. A novice of this place.
NOUR’ISH, v. a & n. s.
Fr. nourrir ; ltal. Shakspeare. Measure for Measure. Nour'ISHABLE, adj.
nodrire, nutrire; You are novices ; 'tis a world to see
Nour'isHER, n. S.
Span. nutrir; Lat. How tame when men and women are alone,
nutrio. A meacock wretch can make the cursest shrew. port; maintain; encourage ; feed; promote
Shakspeare. We have novices and apprentices, that the suc
growth and strength ; train; educate: and, in an cession of the former employed men do not fail.
obsolete sense, to gain strength or grow : nourishBaron.
able is susceptible of nourishment: a nourisher, The good man's actions are so many copies for he who yields or communicates strength, support, novices to take out no less instructive than the wiser
or maintenance: nourishment, nutriment; supmen's precepts.
Bp. Hall. port of strength; hence food; sustentation. Some conceive she might not yet be certain, that
A restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old
Ruta. only man was privileged with speech, and, being in the novity of the creation and unexperience of all
I travel not, neither do I nourish up young men, things, might not be affrighted to hear a serpent
nor bring up virgins.
Isaiah xxl. 4. speak.
Pharaoh's daughter took him up, and nourised him for her own son.
Acts vii. 21. I am young, a novice in the trade, The fool of love, unpractised to persuade;
Thou shalt be a good minister of Jesus Christ, And want the soothing arts that catch the fair,
nourished up in the words of faith. 1 Tim. iv. 6. But caught myself lie struggling in the snare.
What madness was it with such proofs to pour And she I love, or laughs at all my pain,
their contentions, when there were such effectual
Haker. Or knows her worth too well, and pays me with dis
means to end all controversy! dain.
He instructeth them, that as in the one place they
use to refresh their bodies, so they may in the other This is so great a masterpiece in sin, that he must learn to seek the nourishment of their souls. ld have passed his tyrocinium or noritiale in sinning, before he come to this, be he never so quick a pro
Whilst I in Ireland nourish a mighty band,
I will stir up in England some black storm. ficient. South.
Shakspeare. If any unexperienced young norice happens into the fatal neighbourhood of such pests, presently they
Sleep, chief nourisher in life's feast.
In vegetable there is one part more nourishing than are plying his full purse and his empty pate.
another; as grains and roots nourish more than their In these experiments I have set down such circum- leaves.
Racon. stances, by which either the phenomenon might be Milk warm from the cow is a great nourisher, and rendered more conspicuous, or a novice might more a good remedy in consumptions.
Id. easily try them, or by which I did try them only.
Him will I follow, and this house forego
Yet to nourish and advance the early virtue of tion or inference: and, by way of contrast with young persons was his more chosen desire.
then, to denote present time emphatically; or a Ile that commanded the sea to stand still and succession of places, as they rise to notice: as a guard us, can as easily command the earth to nourish substantive, seldom used but in poetry, it signi
fies the present moment: now-a-days, means in Please to taste These bounties, which our nourisher hath caused
the present age; in these days. The earth to yield.
Milton's Paradise Lost. Thy servants trade hath been about cattle, from By temperance taught,
our youth even until now.
Gen. xlvi. 34. In what thou eatest and drinkest; seeking from Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man thence
but Barabbas; now Barabbas was a robber. Due nourishment, no gluttonous delight. Milton.
St. John, The chyle is mixed herewith, partly for its better Not so great as it was wont of yore, conversion into blood, and partly for its more ready It's nowadays, ne half so strait and sore. adhesion to all the nourishable parts. Grew.
Spenser. When the nourishment grows unfit to be assimilated, Now whatsoever he did or suffered, the end thereof or the central heat grows too feeble to assimilate it, was to open the doors of the kingdom of heaven, the motion ends in confusion, putrefaction and death. which our iniquities had shut up.
Hooker. Newton's Opticks.
Now and then they ground themselves on human The limbs are exhausted by what is called an authority, even when they most pretend divine. Id. atrophy, and grow lean and thin by a defect of Now the blood of twenty thousand men nourishment, occasioned by an inordinate scorbutick Did triumph in my face, and they are fled. or erratick heat. Blackmore.
Shakspeare. Through her nourished powers enlarged by thee,
Reason and love keep little company together She springs aloft. Thomson's Seasons. nowadays.
ld. You are to honour, improve, and perfect the spirit
A mead here, there a heath, and now and then a that is within you: you are to prepare it for the wood.
Drayton. kingdom of heaven, io nourish it with the love of Natural reason persuades man to love his neighGod and of virtue, to adorn it with good works, and bour, because of similitude of kind : because mutual to make it as holy and heavenly as you can. Law. love is necessary for man's welfare and preservation, And seems it nothing in a father's eye
and every one desires another should love him. Now That unimproved those many moments fly? it is a maxim of Nature, that one do to others, acAnd is he well content his son should find
cording as he would himself be done to. While. No nourishment to feed his growing mind
Nothing is there to come, and nothing past, But conjugated verbs and nouns declined ? But an eternal now does ever last.
Cowley. For such is all the mental food purveyed
How frail our passions !
Cowper. Made the sea blush with blood, resign their hate. Pride at the bottom of the human heart
Waller. Lay, and gave root and nourishment to all
Refer all the actions of this short and dying life That grew above.
Pollok. to that state which will shortly begin, but never have NOU'R'ITURE, n. s. Fr. nourrice, nourri- an end; and this will approve itself to be wisdom NouR'SLING, ture. See Nurse and at last, whatever the world judge of it now.
Tillotson. Nour'sle, v. a.
SNURTURE. Tutelage; education : á noursling is used by Spenser for bold cavils of perverse and unreasonable men, we are
Such are those principles which, by reason of the the creature nursed: to noursle by Bp. Hall for nowadays put to defend.
Id. to tutor, educate.
Now and then something of extraordinary, that is Thither the great magician Merlin came, any thing of your production, is requisite to refresh As was his use, oftimes to visit me ;
Dryden. For he had charge my discipline to frame,
She vanished, we can scarcely say she died,
This moment perfect health, the next was death. have been invincibly noursled, commisserate with
Id. weeping eyes and bleeding hearts, be carried hood
How shall any man distinguish now betwixt a winked to those hideous impieties--shall the native parasite and a man of honour, where hypocrisy and subjects of the defender of the faith, who have been
interest look so like duty and affection? trained up in so clear a light of the gospel, begin to
L'Estrange. cast wanton eyes upon their glorious superstitions ? Now that languages abound with words standing
for such combinations, an usual way of getting these NOU’SEL, n. s. The same with nuzzel, and complex ideas, is by the explication of those terms both corrupted from nursle. To nurse up: hence
that stand for them.
Locke. to confine. Obsolete.
Pheasants which are granivorous birds, the young Bald friars and knavish shavelings sought to nousel live mostly upon ants eggs. Now birds, being of a the common people in ignorance, lest being once ac
hot nature, are very voracious, therefore there had quainted with the truth of things, they would in time need be an infinite number of insects produced for
their sustenance. smell out the untruth of their packed pelf and mass
Ray. penny religion.
A most effectual argument against spontaneous
generation is, that there is no new species produced, NOW, adv., conj. & n.s.? Sax. nu; Goth.,
which would now and then happen, were there any Nowaday, adv.
Swed. and Dan. nu;
such thing. Teut. nun; Lat. nunc ; Gr. vuy: there is also a
It was a vestal and a virgin fire, and differed Pers. nu. At the present time; at any time sup as much from that which sses by this name nouposed to be present; a little while ago: it is adays, as the vital heat from the burning of a fever. often used conjunctively as a particle of connec
Helim bethought himself, that the first day of the NOWED', adj. ? Lat. nodus; French noué. full moon of the month Tizpa was near at hand. Nowes, n. s. Knotted ; inwreathed: nowes, Now it is a received tradition among the Persians,
the marriage knot. that the souls of the royal family, who are in a state
Reuben is conceived to bear three barres waved, of bliss, do, on the first full moon after their decease,
Judah a lion
rampant, Dan a serpent noved. pass through the eastern gate of the black palace.
Thou shalt look round about and see
Thousands of crowned souls thronged to be Now if some flies, perchance, however small,
Themselves thy crown, sons of thy nottes ; Into the alabaster urn should fall,
The virgin births with which thy spouse The odours die.
Prior. Made fruitful thy fair soul. Crashau. The only motives that can be imagined of obedi- NOʻWHERE, adv. No and where. Not in ence to laws, are either the value and certainty any place. of rewards, or an apprehension of justice and severity. Now neither of these, exclusive of the other,
Some men, of whom we think very reverently, have
in their books and writings nouchere mentioned or is the true principle of our obedience to God.
Hocker They now and then appear in the offices of religion, and avoid some scandalous enormities. Id. True pleasure and perfect freedom are nowhere to be
found but in the practice of virtue. Tillotson. A patient of mine is now living, in an advanced age, that thirty years ago did, at several times, cast NOʻWISE, adj. No and wise. This is comup from the lungs a large quantity of blood. monly spoken and written by the ignorant no
ways; not in any manner or degree. He who resolves to walk by the gospel rule of for
These animalcula gloriæ, these flies, these insects of bearing all revenge, will have opportunities every glory, these not bladders, but bubbles of vanity, now and then to exercise his forgiving temper. would be admired and praised for that which is nou in Atterbury. admirable or laudable,
Barrow Now high, now low, now master up, now miss.
A power of natural gravitation, without contact While like a tide our minutes flow
or impulse, can in nowise be attributed to mere matter.
NOX, Night, in the pagan mythology, one of
Watts. the most ancient deities among the heathens, What men of spirit nowadays, daughter of Chaos. Froin her union with her Come to give sober judgment of new plays. brother Erebus she gave birth to the Day and
the Light. She was also the mother of the Parcz, My disobedience now,
Hesperides, Dreams, Discord, Death, Nomus, Nor some reproof yourself refuse
Fraud, &c. She is called by some of the poets From your aggrieved Bow-wow. Cowley.
the mother of all things, of gods as well as of Of Adam's race he was, and lonely sat
men; and she was worshipped with great soBy chance that day in meditation deep,
lemnity by the ancients. She had a famous staReflecting much of time, and earth, and man; lue in Diana's temple at Ephesus. It was usual And now to pensive, now to cheerful notes,
to offer her a black sheep, as she was the mother e touched a harp of wondrous melody.
Pollok. of the Furies. The cock' was also offered to her, NOWARAHAUT, a town of Bengal, the sta- as that bird proclaims the approach of day during tion of the war and state boats belonging to the the darkness of the night. She is represented as nabobs of Bengal. The establishment consisted mounted on a chariot, and covered with a veil of 760 boats of various kinds; which, beside the bespangled with stars. The constellations genecrew of sailors, were manned by 1000 Portu- rally went before her as her constant messengers. guese, or native Christians, who served as artil- Sometimes she is seen holding two children under lery-men; and a jagier or estate was assigned for her arms; one of whom is black, representing its support, yielding nearly £100,000 per annum. Death; and the other white, representing Sleep. Since the English reduced this establishment the Some describe her as a woman veiled in mourslown has fallen to decay. Ten miles north-easting, crowned with poppies, and carried in a of Dacca.
chariot drawn by owls and bats.