Obrazy na stronie
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of subcarbonate of potash, and one of sulphur, rotechny. It consists of 6.75 acid + 6.5 stron. mixed together in a warm mortar, form the ful- tites. minating powder; a small quantity of which, Nitrate of lime, the calcareous nitre of older laid on a fire-shovel, and held over the fire till it writers, abounds in the mortar of old buildings, begins to melt, explodes with a loud sharp noise. particularly those that have been much exposed Mixed with sulphur and charcoal it forms gun- to animal effluvia, or processes in which azote is powder. See GUNPOWDER.

set free. Hence it abounds in nitre beds, as Three parts of nitre, one of sulphur, and one was observed when treating of the nitrate of of fine saw-dust, well mixed, constitute what is potash. It may also be prepared artificially, by called the powder of fusion. If a bit of base pouring dilute nitric acid on carbonate of lime. copper be folded up and covered with this pow- If the solution be boiled down to a syrupy conder in a walnut-shell, and the powder be set on sistence, and exposed in a cool place, it crystalfire with a lighted paper, it will detonate rapidly, lises in long prisms, resembling bundles of needles and fuse the metal into a globule of sulphuret diverging from a centre. These are soluble, acwithout burning the shell.

cording to Henry, in an equal weight of boiling If nitrate of potash be heated in a retort with water, and twice their weight of cold; soon delihalf its weight of solid phosphoric or boracic quesce on exposure to the air, and are decomacid, as soon as this acid begins to enter into fu- posed at a red heat. Fourcroy says that cold sion it combines with the potash, and the nitric water dissolves four times its weight, and that its acid is expelled, accompanied with a small por- own water of crystallisation is sufficient to distion of oxygen gas and nitric oxide.

solve it at a boiling heat. It is likewise soluble Silex, alumina, and barytes, decompose this in less than its weight of alcohol. By evaposalt in a high temperature by uniting with its rating the aqueous solution to dryness, continuing base. The alumina will effect this even after it the heat till the nitrate fuses, keeping it in this has been made into pottery.

state five or ten minutes, and then pouring it into The uses of nitre are various. Beside those an iron pot previously heated, we obtain Baldalready indicated, it enters into the composition win's phosphorus. This, which is perhaps more of fluxes, and is extensively employed in metal- properly nitrate of lime, being broken to pieces, lurgy; it serves to promote the combustion of and kept in a phial closely stopped, will emit a sulphur in fabricating its acid; it is used in the beautiful white light in the dark, after having art of dyeing; it is added to common salt for been exposed some time to the rays of the sun. preserving meat, to which it gives a red hue; it At present no use is made of this salt, except for is an ingredient in some frigorific mixtures; and drying some of the gases by attracting their it is prescribed in medicine, as cooling, febrifuge, moisture; but it might be employed, instead of and diuretic; and some have recominended it the nitrate of potash, for manufacturing aquamixed with vinegar as a very powerful remedy fortis. for the sea scurvy.

The nitrate of ammonia possesses the properly Nitrate of soda, formerly called cubic or quad- of exploding, and being totally decomposed, at rangular nitre, approaches in its properties to the the temperature of 600°; whence it acquired mitrate of potash; but differs from it in being the name of nitrum flammans. The readiest somewhat more soluble in cold water, though less mode of preparing it is by adding carbonate in hot, which takes up little more than its own of ammonia io dilute nitric acid till saturation weight; in being inclined to attract moisture from takes place. If this solution be evaporated the atmosphere; and in crystallising in rhombs, in a heat between 70° and 100°, and the evapoor rhomboidal prisms. It may be prepared by ration not carried too far, it crystallises in hexahesaturating soda with the nitric acid; by precipi- dral prisms, terminating in very acute pyramids: tating nitric solutions of the metals, or of the if the heat rise to 212°, it will afford, on cooling, earths, except barytes, by soda; by lixiviating long fibrous silky crystals: if the evaporation be and crystallising the residuum of common salt carried so far as for the salt to concrete immedistilled with three-fourths its weight of nitric diately on a glass rod by cooling, it will form a acid; or by saturating the mother waters of nitre compact mass. According to Sir H. Davy, with soda instead of potash.

these differ but little from each other, except in This salt has been considered as useless; but the water they contain, their component parts professor Proust says that five parts of it, with being as follows:one of charcoal and one of sulphur, will burn Prismatic three times as long as common powder, so as to form an economical composition for fire-works. Compact Sof acid ( 74.5 It consists of 6.75 acid + 4. soda.

All these are completely deliquescent, but Nitrate of strontian may be obtained in the they differ a little in solubility. Alcohol at 176° same manner as that of barytes, with which it dissolves nearly 90-9 of its own weight. agrees in the shape of its crystals, and most of When dried as much as possible without its properties. It is much more soluble, however, decomposition, it consists of 6-75 acid + 2-125 requiring but four or five parts of water accord

ammonia + 1.125 water. ing to Vauquelin, and only an equal weight ac- The chief use of this salt is for affording nicording to Mr. Henry. Boiling water dissolves trous oxide on being decomposed by heat. See riearly twice as much as cold. Applied to the NITROGEN, Oxide of. wick of a candle, or added to burning alcohol, it

Nitrate of magnesia, magnesian nitre, crystalgives a deep red color to the flame. On this ac- lises in four-sided rhomboidal prisms with oblicount it may be useful, perhaps, in the art of py- que or truncated summits, and sometimes in

con-
tains

Fibrous

69-5

ammo72.5

nia

18.4
19.3 water
19.8

12.1 8.2 5.7

cence.

bundley of small needles. Its taste is bitter, nitrite, if the heat be not urged so far, or conand very similar to that of nitrate of line, but tinued so long, as tu effect a complete decompoless pungent. It is fusible, and decomposable sition of the salt. In this way the nitrites of by heat, giving out first a little oxygen gas, then potash and soda may be obtained, and perhaps nitrous oxile, and lastly nitric acid. It deli- ibose of barytes, strontian, lime, and magnesia. quesces slowly. It is soluble in an equal weight The nitrites are particularly characterised ly of cold water, and in but little more hot, so that being decomposable by all the acids, except the it is scarcely crystallisable but by spontaneous carbonic, even by the nitric acid itself, all of evaporation.

which expel them from nitrous acid. We are The two preceding species are capable of little acquainted with any one except that of combining into a triple salt, an ammoniaco- potash, which attracts moisture from the air, magnesian nitrate, either by uniting the two in changes blue vegetable colors to green, is somesolution, or by a partial decomposition of either what acrid to the taste, and when powdered by means of the base of the other. This is slightly emits a smell of nitric oxide. inflammable when suddenly leated; and by a The acid itself is best obtained by exposing lower heat is decomposed, giving out oxygen, nitrate of lead to heat in a glass retort, Pure azote, more water than it contained, nitrous nitrous acid comes over in the form of an orange oxide, and nitric acid. The residuum is pure colored liquid. It is so volatile as to boil at the magnesia. It is disposed to attract moisture temperature of 82°. Ils specitic gravity is 1.450. from the air, but is much less deliquescent than When mixed with water it is decomposed, and either of the salts that compose it, and requires nitrous gas is disengaged, occasioning etterveseleven parts of water at 60° to dissolve it. Boil- It is composed of one volume of oxygen ing water takes up more, so that it will crystal- united with two of nitrous gas. It therelore lise by cooling. It consists of seventy-eight consists ultimately, by weight, of 175 nitrogen parts of nitrate of magnesia, and twenty-two of + four oxygen; by measure, of two oxygen + nitrate of ammonia.

one nitrogen. The various colored acids of From the activity of the nitric acid as a solvent nitre are not nitrous acids, but nitric acid imof earths in analysation, the nitrate of glucine is pregnated with nitrous gas, the deutoside of better known than any other of the salts of this nitrogen or azote. new earth. Its form is either pulverulent, or a NINC ACID, OXYGENISED, was first formed tenacious or ductile mass. Its taste is at first by M. Thenard. When the peroxide of barium, saccharine, and afterward astringent. It grows prepared by saturating barytes with oxygen, soft by exposure to heat, soon melts, its acid is is moistened, it falls to powder, without much decomposed into oxygen and azote, and its base increase of temperature. If in this state it lie alone is left behind. It is very soluble and very mixed with seven or eight times its weight of deliquescent.

water, and dilute nitric acid he gradually poured Nitrate, or rather supernitrate, of alumina crys- upon it, il dissolves gradually by agitation, tallises, though with difficulty, in thin, soft, pliahle without the evolution of any gas. The solution flakes. It is of an austere and acid taste, and is neutral, or has no action on turnsole or turreddens blue vegetable colors. It may be formed meric. When we add to this solution the requiby dissolving in diluted nitric acid, with the site quantity of sulphuric acid, a copious preassistance of heat, fresh precipitated alumina, cipitate of sulphate of barytes falls, and the file well washeid but not dried. It is deliquescent, tered liquor is merely water, holding in solution and soluble in a very small portion of water. oxygenised nitrid acid. This acid is liquid and Alcohol dissolves its own weight. It is easily colorless; it strongly reddens turnsole, and redecomposed by heat.

sembles in all its properties nitric acid. Nitrate of zircone was first discovered by When heated it immediately begins to disKlaprothi, and bas since been examined by Guy- charge oxygen; but its decomposition is never ton-Morvean and l'auquelin. Its crystals are complete, unless it be kept boing for some small, capillary, silky needles.

Its taste is as

The only method which M. Thenard tringent. It is easily decomposed by fire, very found successful for concentrating it was to soluble in water, and deliquescent. It may be place it in a capsule, under the receiver of an prepared by dissolving zircone in strong nitric air-pump, along with another capsule full of acid; but, like the preceding species, the acid lime, and to exhaust the receiver. By this means is always in excess.

he obtained an acid sufficientiy concentrated 10 Nitrate of yttria may be prepared in a similar give out eleven times its bulk of oxygen gas.

lis' taste is sweetish and astringent. This acid combines very well with barytes, It is scarcely to be obtained in crystals; and if potash, soda, ammonia, and neutralises them. it be evaporated by too strong a heat, the salt When crystallisation commences in the liquid, becomes soft like honey, and on cooling concretes by even å spontaneous evaporation, these salts into a stony mass. See CHEMISTRY.

are instantly decomposed. The exhausted reNitrous acid. It was formerly called fuming ceiver also decomposes them. The oxygenised nitrous acid.

appears to form a distinct nitraies, when changed into common vitrates, do genus of salts, that may be termed nitrites. But not change the state of their neutralisation. Strong these cannot be made by a direct union of their solution of potash poured into their solutions component parts, being obtainable only by ex- decomposes them. posing a nitrate to a high temperature, which Oxygenised nitric acid does not act on gold; expels a portion of its oxygen in the state of but it dissolves all the metals which the common cas, and leaves the remainder in the state of a acid acts on, and when it is not too concentrated,

time.

manner.

It

it dissolves them without effervescence. Deut- oxide. A taper plunged into this gas burns with oxide or peroxide of barium, contains just double great brilliancy; the flame being surrounded the proportion of oxygen that its protoxide does. with a bluish halo. But phosphorus may be inelted But M. Thenard says that the barytes obtained and sublimed in it without taking fire. When from the nitrate by ignition contains always a this combustible is introduced into it, in a state little of the peroxide. When oxygenised nitric of vivid combustion, the brilliancy of the flame acid is poured upon oxide of silver a strong is greatly increased. Sulphur and most other effervescence takes place, owing to the disen- combustible bodies require a higher degree of gagement of oxygen. One portion of the oxide heat for their combustion in it than in either of silver is dissolved, the other is reduced at

oxygen or common air. This may be attributed first, and then dissolves likewise, provided the to the counteracting affinity of the intimately quantity of acid be sufficient. The solution be- combined nitrogen. Its specific gravity is 1.5277: ing completed, if we add potash to it, by little 100 cubic inches weigh 466 gr. It is respirable, and little, a new effervescence takes place, and a but not fitted to support life. Sir H. Davy first dark violet precipitate falls; at least this is al- showed, that hy breathing a few quarts of it, ways the color of the first deposit. It is inso- contained in a silk bag, for two or three minutes, luble in ammonia, and, according to all appear- effects analogous to those occasioned by drinkacce, is a protoxide of silver.

ing fermented liquors were produced. See Air As soon as we plunge a tube containing oxide and Chemistry, Index. The following very of silver into a solution of oxygenised nitrate of remarkable cases of the effects of nitrous oxide potash, a violent effervescence takes place, the occurred among Professor Silliman's students at oxide is reduced, the silver precipitates, the Yale College, New llaven. A gentleman about whole oxygen of the oxygenised nitrate is disen- nineteen years of age, of a sanguine temperagaged at the same time with that of the oxide; ment and cheerful temper, and in the most perand the solution, which contains merely common fect health, inhaled the gas, which was prepared nitrate of potash, remains neutral, if it was so at and administered in the usual dose and manner. first. But the most unaccountable phenomenon Immediately his feelings were uncommonly eleis the following:- If silver, in a state of extreme vated, so that, as he expressed it, he could not redivision (fine filings), be put into the oxygenised frain from dancing and shouting. To such a denitrate or oxygenised muriate of potash, the whole gree was he excited that he was thrown into a oxygen is immediately disengaged. The silver it- frightful delirium, and his exertions became so self is not attacked and the salt remains neutral violent that he sunk to the earth exhausted; and, as before.

having there remained till he in some degree reNITROGEN, or Azote, in chemistry, an impor- covered his strength, he again rose only to renew tant elementary or undecomposed principle. As the most convulsive muscular efforts, and the it constitutes four-fifths of the volume of atmos- most piercing screams and cries, until, overpheric air, the readiest mode of procuring azote powered by the intensity of the paroxysms, he 13 to abstract its oxygenous associate, by the again fell to the ground apparently senseless, combustion of phosphorus or hydrogen. It may and panting vehemently. For the space of two also be obtained from animal matters, subjected hours these symptoms continued; he was perin a glass retort to the action of nitric acid, di- fectly unconscious of what he was doing, and luted with eight or ten times its weight of water. was in every respect like a maniac: he states,

Nitrogen possesses all the physical properties however, that his feelings vibrated between perof air. It extinguishes flame and animal life. fect happiness and the most consummate misery. It is absorbable by about 100 volumes of water. After the first violent effects had subsided he was Its specific gravity is 0.9722. 100 cubic inches obliged to lie down two or three times, from exweigh 29:65 grains. It has neither taste nor cessive fatigue, although he was immediately smell. It unites with oxygen in four proportions, aroused upon any one's entering the room. The forming four important compounds. These are, effects remained in a degree for two or three 1. Protoxide of nitrogen, or nitrous oxide. 2. days, accompanied by a hoarseness, which he atDeutoxide of nitrogen, nitrous gas, or nitric tributed to the exertions made while under the oxide. 3. Nitrous acid. 4. Nitric acid.

influence of the gas. 1. Nitrous oxide or protoxide of azote was

The other case was that of a man of mature discovered by Dr. Priestley in 1772, hut was age, and of a grave character. For nearly two first accurately investigated by Sir H. Davy in years previously to his taking the gas, his health

The best mode of procuring it is to ex- had been very delicate, and his mind so gloomy pose the salt called nitrate of ammonia to the and depressed that he was obliged almost enfame of an Argand lamp, in a glass retort. tirely to discontinue his studies. In this state of When the temperature reaches 400° F. a whitish debility, he inhaled three quarts of the nitrous cloud will begin to project itself into the neck of oxide. The consequences were an astonishing the retort accompanied by the copious evolution invigoration of his whole system, and the most of gas, which must be collected over mercury exquisite perception of delight. These were for accurate researches, but for common experi manifested by an uncommon disposition for mirth ments may be received over water. It has all

and pleasantry, and by extraordinary muscular the physical properties of air. It has a sweet power. The effects of the gas were felt, without taste, a faint agreeable odor, and is condensible diminution, for at least thirty hours, and, in a by about its own volume of water, previously de- greater or less degree, for more than a week; prived of its atmospheric air. This property , but the most remarkable effect was upon the enables us to determine the purity of nitrous organs of taste. Before taking the gas, he felt

1799.

[graphic]

no peculiar choice in the articles of food, but, 'I attempted,' says Sir H. Dary,ʻte er immediately after that event, he manifested a the products of the explosion of the 23 taste for such things only as were sweet, and for stance, by applying the heat of a spirit-ar several days ate nothing but sweet cake. Indeed, a globule of it, confined in a curved glas this singular taste was carried to such excess, over water: a little gas was at first extra that he used sugar and molasses, not only upon but, long before the water had attained the his bread and butter, and lighter food, but upon perature of ebullition, a violent flash o' his meat and vegetables ; and this he continued was perceived, with a sharp report ; tbe to do all the eight days after he had inhaled the glass were broken into small fragments, a. gas. He became quite regular in his mind, and ceived a severe wound in the transparent : habitually cheerful, while before he was habitu- of the eye, which has produced a come ally grave, and even to a degree gloomy. inflammation of the eye, and obliges me to

2. Deutoxide of nitrogen, or nitric oxide, was this communication by an amanuensis 1 first described by Dr. Priestley in 1772. Into periment proves what extreme caution 1 13 a glass retort, containing copper turnings, pour sary in operating on this substance ; for the a nitric acid diluted with six or eight times its tity I used was scarcely as large as a quantity of water, and apply a gentle heat. A mustard seed.' Philosophical Transactions gas comes over, which may be collected over part I. It evaporates pretty rapidly in : water; but, for exact experiments, it should be and in vacuo it expands into a vapor, received over mercury. Its specific gravity is possesses the power of exploding by heat i 1.0416. 100 cubic inches weigh 36.77 grains. it is cooled artificially in water

, or the 2: Water condenses only about one-twentieth of its niacal solution, to 40° Fahrenheit

, the st". volume of nitric oxide. But a solution of pro- ing fluid congeals; but when alone it tosulphate or protomuriate of iron absorbs it very surrounded with a mixture of ice and me. copiously, forming a dark colored liquid, which lime, without freezing. It gradually dia.cat is used for condensing oxygen, in the eudiometer in water, producing azote; while the art of Sir H. Davy. When a jar of nitric oxide is comes acid, acquiring the taste and see opened in the atmosphere red fumes appear in weak solution of nitro-muriatic acid. W consequence of the absorption of oxygen, and riatic and nitric acids, it yields azote : 25 formation of nitrous acid. When an animal is dilute sulphuric acid, a mixture of at made to inhale this gas it is instantly destroyed oxygen. In strong solutions of ammoris by the formation of this acid, and condensation tonates; with weak ones it affords Lite of the oxygen in its lungs. When a burning When it was exposed to pure mercury, *, taper is immersed in this gas it is extinguished; the contact of water, a white powder (chia as well as the flame of sulphur. But inflamed and nitrogen were the results.

• The 2nd phosphorus burns in it with great splendor. A mercury on the compound,' says Sir L mixture of hydrogen gas and nitric oxide burns peared to offer a more correct and les der with a lambent green flame, but does not ex- ous mode of attempting its analysis ; batea plode by the electric spark"; though Fourcroy troducing two grains under a glass teke says that it detonates

on being passed through an with mercury, and inverted, a violent des ignited porcelain tube. The pyrophorus of occurred, by which I was slightly WOLTA Homberg spontaneously burns in it.

the head and hands, and should have bed? Nitrogen combines with chlorine and iodine to verely wounded had not my eyes and the form two very formidable compounds :1. The chloride of nitrogen was discovered proper cap; a precaution very necessarie

defended by a plate of glass, attached Lut its nature was first investigated and ascér- Transactions, 1813, part II. ' In using tained by Sir H. Davy.

quantities, and recently distilled mercur, Put into an evaporating porcelain basin a so- tained the results of the experiments

, with lution of one part of nitrate or muriate of am- violence of action. monia in ten of water, heated to about 100°, and invert into it a wide-mouthed bottle filled with lysis of this formidable substance

, by

From his admirable experiments on chlorine. As the liquid ascends by the conden- by muriatic acid, and from the discolor: floating on its surface, which collect together, to beand fall to the bottom in large globules. This is chloride of nitrogen or azote.

4 vol. of chlorine = 10 By putting a

1 of azote thin stratum of common salt into the bottom of

= 0.97221 the basin, we prevent the decomposition of the chloride, by the ammoniacal salt.' It should be nitrogen.

or very nearly 10 by weight of chloride 31

A small globule of it, thrown into a cize liquid, of a yellow color, and a very pungent and the glass, though strong, was broken en intolerable odor, similar to that of chlorocar- fragments. Similar effects were produced bonous acid. Its specific gravity is 1.653. When action on oil of turpentine and naphtha. We tepid water is poured into a glass containing it, it was thrown into ether, or alcohol, there was it expands into a volume of elastic fluid, of an orange color, which diminishes as it passes touched under water by a particle of pbomo

very slight action. When a particle on 2 through the water.

rus a brilliant light was perceived under de

4 primes ita

water, and permanent gas was disengaged having potash water nitrogen is disengaged, and the the characters of azote or nitrogen.

same products are obtained as when iodine is When quantities larger than a grain of mus- dissolved in that alkaline lixivium. The hydriotard-seed were used for the contact with phos- date of ammonia, which has the property of phorus, the explosion was always so violent as dissolving a great deal of iodine, gradually deio break the vessel in which the experiment was composes the fulminating powder, while azote is made. On tinfoil and zinc it exerted no action; set at liberty. Water itself has this property, nor on sulphur and resin. But it detonated though in a much lower degree. As the elemost violently when thrown into a solution of ments of iodide of nitrogen are so feebly united, phosphorus in ether or alcohol. The mechani- it ought to be prepared with great precautions, cal force of this compound, in detonation, seems and should not be preserved. The strongest *superior to that of any other known, not even arguments for the compound nature of nitrogen excepting the ammoniacal fulminating silver. are derived from its slight tendency to combinaThe velocity of its action appears to be like- tion, and from its being found abundantly in the wise greater. I touched,' says Dr. Ure, “a organs of animals who feed on substances that minute globule of it, in a platina spoon resting do not contain it. See CHEMISTRY, Index, and on a table, with a fragment of phosphorus at the the article Air. point of a pen-knife. The blade was instantly NITRO-MURIATIC Acid. See CHEMISTRY. shivered into fragments by the explosion.

NIVELLES, a town of the Netherlands, in Messrs. Porrett

, Wilson, and Rupert Kirk, South Brabant, the chief place of an extensive brought 125 different substances in contact with district, stands on the river Thienne. It has three it. The following were the only ones which suburbs, and a population of 6600; manufaccaused it to explode :

tures of cambric and lace, oil, and paper: and Supersulphareted hydrogen. Oil of turpentine.

the environs produce fax, hemp, and hops. Phosphorus.

Oil of tar.

Fifteen miles south of Brussels, and seventy-five

N. N. W. of Namur. Phosphuret of lime. Oil of amber.

Long.' 5° 15' E., lat. 50°

35' N. Phosphureted camphor. Oil of petroleum. Camphureted oil.

Oil of orange peel.

NIV’EOUS, adj. Lat. niveus. Snowy; re

sembling snow. Phosphureted hydrogen gas. Naphtha. Caoutchouc.

Cinabar becomes red by the acid exhalation of Soap of silver.

sulphur, which otherwise presents a pure and niveous Myrrh. Soap of mercury. white.

Browne. Palm oil.

Soap of copper.

NIVERNOIS, the former name of a province Ambergris.

Soap of lead. Whale oil.

Soap of manganese. to the west of Burgundy, in the interior of Linseed oil.

Fused potash.

France. It is about sixty miles long, and fifty Olive oil.

Aqueous ammonia. broad, containing a population of upwards of Sulphureted oil.

Nitrous gas.

220,000. Its climate is very pleasant and agree

able. The greater part of it is now comprehended Iodide of nitrogen. Azote does not combine in the department of the Nievre. directly with iodine. We obtain the combina

NIZOLIUS (Marius), an Italian grammarian, tion only by means of ammonia. It was dis- who, by his erudition, contributed much to the covered by M. Courtois, and carefully examined promotion of literature in the sixteenth century. by M. Colin. When ammoniacal gas is passed In 1553 he published, De l'eris Principiis et over iodine a viscid shining liquid is immedi- Vera Ratione Philosopbandi contra Pseudoately formed, of a brownish-black color, which, philosophos ; wherein he attacks the schoolmen in proportion as it is saturated with ammonia, and followers of Aristotle for their absurd opiloses its lustre and viscosity.

nions and barbarisms, with great shrewdness and No gas is disengaged during the formation of vivacity. Leibnitz was so pleased with it that this liquid, which may be called iodide of am- he republished it, with critical notes of his own, monia. It is not fulminating. When dissolved in 410., 1607. Nizolius also published, Thesaurus in water a part of the ammonia is decomposed; Ciceronianus, sive Apparatus Linguæ Latinæ è its hydrogen forms hydriodic acid, and its nic Scriptis Tullii Ciceronis collectus ; fol. trogen combines with a portion of the iodive, NI'ZY, n. s. From Fr, niais. A dunce; a and forms the fulminating powder. We may simpleton. A low word. obtain the iodide of azote directly, by putting True critics laugh, and bid the trifling nisy pulverulent iodine into common water of am- Go read Quintilian. monia. This indeed is the best way of pre

NO, adv. & adj. Sax. na, no; Goth. nea ; paring it; for the water is not decomposed, and Swed. nei; Teut. ni; Fr. and Lat. Ital. seems to concur in the production of this iodide,

no. Nay; the word used in simply denying or only by determining the formation of hydriodate refusing; it confirms a foregoing negative: as of ammonia. The jodide of nitrogen is pulveru- an adjective, it means not any; none. lent, and of a brownish-black color. It de

Let there be no strife between thee and me. tonates from the smallest shock, and from heat, with a feeble violet vapor.

When

When we saw that they were no where, we came properly prepared, it often detonates sponta

1 Sumuel x. 14. neously. Hence after the black powder is

Our courteous Antony, formed, and the liquid ammonia decanted off, Whom ne'er the word of no woman heard speak, we must leave the capsule containing it in per- Being barbered ten times o'er, goes to the feast. When this iodide is put into

Shakspeare.

A non.

non;

Genesis.

to Sainuel.

fect repose.

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