Obrazy na stronie



to Asia, where he built Ephesus, Miletus, Prien, tribute to the king, a certain proportion of the Colophon, Myus, Teos, Lebedos, Clazomence, fruit of the ground; and this was anciently as&c. Paus. vii. c. 2.

certained by the elevation of the water on the NILL, v.a. From Sax. nillan, ne will. Not nilometer, and by the mensuration of the land to will; to refuse; reject.

actually overflowed. But the Saracen governCertes, said he, I nill thine offered grace, ment, and afterwards the Turkish, taxed the Ne to be made so happy do intend,

people by the elevation alone of the water, withAnother bliss before mine eyes I place, out attending to its course over the country, or Another happiness, another end. Spenser. the extent of the land actually overflowed; and In all atfections she concurreth still;

this tax is sometimes cruelly oppressive. If now, with man and wife to will and nill

NIM, v. a. Teut. nemen ; Belg. numen, to The self-same things, a note of concord be,

take. In cant language, to steal. I know no couple better can agree. Ben Jonson.

They'll question Mars, and by his look NILOMETER, or NilosCOPE, an instrument

Detect who 'twas that nimmed a cloak. Hudibras. used among the ancients to measure the height They could not keep themselves honest of their of the water of the Nile in its overflowings; fingers, but would be nimming something or other for anciently called Mikeas, or rather Mykeas, from the love of thieving.

L'Estrange. Mukaw, to roar, or make a hollow sound, al

NIM’BLE, adj.

Sax. numıl, numan, luding to the noise of the waters. The word


ready, tractable. Nilometer comes from Nellos, Nile (and that

NIMÖBLEWITTED, adj. Quick; speedy; active; from vea elus, new mud, or, as others have it,

Nim'bly, udv. lively: nimble-witted, from I flow, and elus, mud), and merpov, ready in mind; apt or eager to speak : the ad

The Greeks more ordinarily call it verb and noun substantive follow these senses. Naokotiov. The nilometer is said, by several Arabian writers, to have been first set up for this the stay thought it better to trust to the nimbleness

The hounds were straight uncoupled, and ere long purpose by Joseph, during his regency in Egypt: of his feet, than to the slender fortification of his the measure of it was sixteen cubits, this being the


Sidney. height of the increase of the Nile, which was neces- Himself shewing at one instant both steadiness sary to the fruitfulness of Egypt. In the late French and nimbleness.

Sidney. king's library is an Arabic treatise on the nilo

All things are therefore partakers of God; they meters, entitled Neil fi alnal al Nal; wherein arc are his offspring, his influence is in them, and the described all the overflowings of the Nile, from personal wisdom of God is for that very cause said the first year of the Hegira to the 875th. Hero- to excel in nimbleness or agility, to pierce into all dotus mentions a column erected in a point of intellectual, pure and subtile spirits, to go through

Hooker. the Delta, to serve as a nilometer; and there is all, and to reach unto every thing. still one of the same kind in a mosque of the They being nimbler-jointed than the rest, same place. As all the riches of Egypt arise

And more industrious, gathered more store. from the inundations of the Nile, the inhabitants

Spenser. used to supplicate them of Serapis ; and com

You nimble lightnings, dart your blinding flames

Into her scornful eyes. mitted the most execrable crimes, as actions of

Id. King Lear.

You have dancing shoes religion, to obtain his favor. This occasioned

With nimble soles. Id. Romeo and Juliet, Constantine expressly to prohibit these sacrifices,

We, lying still, &c., and to order the nilometer to be removed

Are full of rest, defence and nimbleness. into the church; whereas, till that time, it had

Shakspeare. been in the temple of Serapis. Julian the apos- He capers nimbly in a lady'3 chamber, tate had it replaced in the temple, where it con- To the lascivious playing of a lute. tinued till the time of Theodosius the Great.

The air On the night of St. John, when, by the falling of Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself. ihe dew, they perceive the rain-water from

Sir Nicholas Bacon, when a certain nimblewitted gin to announce the elevation of the river, having difference betwixt you and me ; a pain to me to Ethiopia mixed with the Nile at Cairo, they be- counsellor at the bar, who was forward to speak, did

interrupt him often, said unto him, There is a great then five pecks of water marked on the nilometer, and two unmarked for the sludge, of which they speak, and a pain to you to hold your peace. Bacon.

Most legs can nimbly run, though some be lame. take no notice. Their first proclamation, supposing the Nile to have risen twelve digits, is

His off'ring soon itious fire from heaven twelve from six, or wants twelve digits to be six Consumed with nimble glance and grateful steam; pecks. When it has risen three more, it is nine The others not, for his was not sincere. from six; and so on till the whole eighteen be The liquor we poured from the crystals, and set it filled, when all the land of Egypt is fit for culti- in a digesting furnace to evaporate more nimbly. vation. Several canals are then opened, which

Boyle. convey the water into the desert, and hinder any

Ovid ranged over all Parnassus with great nimblefarther stagnation on the fields. There is indeed

ness and agility; but, as he did not much care for the a great deal more water to come from Ethiopia; toil requisite to climb the upper part of the hill, he but, were the inundation suffered to go on, it was generally roving about the bottom. would not drain soon enough to fit the land for

Through the mid seas the nimble pinnace sails, tillage: and, to guard against this mischief, is the

A loof from Crete before the northern gales. Pope. principal use of the nilometer, though the Turkish The chameleon, who is said to feed upon nothing government makes it an engine of taxation. but air, has of all animals the nimblest tongue. From time immemorial the Egyptians paid, as






Addison's Guardian.

NIMBUS, in antiquity, a circle observed on becoming masters of it, surrendered it to St. certain medals, around the heads of some em- Louis in 1258. Under the reign of Charles VI., perors; answering to the cireles of light drawn in 1417, it fell into the possession of the English. round the images of saints.

Most of its inhabitants embraced Calvinism; NIMEGL'EN, or VIMEGEN, an old town of but, after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, Guelderland, situated on the Waal. It is forti- Louis XIV. caused their church to be demolished, fied and not ill built, but has an irregular aspect and built a citadel on the ruins. For a long from the river, the windows of one range of time after this it was the theatre of dreadful houses overlooking the chimneys of another, and siruggles on account of religion, and, in 1791 the elevation from this spot being very abrupt. and 1815, of some bloody reactions; so that for Among the public buildings worth attention are fourteen centuries it was subject to the most an old edifice, said to have been raised by the dreadtul scourges that can africt a rich and Romans, now forming a part of the fortifications; populous city. the old castle of Valkenof, built by Charlemagne; This was the native place of Jean Nicot, who, the town-house, and several of the churches; as in 1559, introduced tobacco into France; of well as the flying-bridge across the Waal. The Jean Fabre, who piously devoted himself to the Belvidere is a beautiful shady promenade, much punishment of the galleys, in the room of his resorted to on account of the extensive view father, who had been surprised, while secretly which it commands. The town is celebrated for worshipping God according to the reformed reits pale ale, which is sent to almost every part of ligion; of the naturalist Dorthey and Rabaud; the Netherlands. In history it is known from St. Etienne, a learned man, and a deputy of the the treaty concluded here in 1678. It was taken national convention, who was beheaded at Paris by the French in September 1794, after a severe

on the 5th of December 1793, aged fifty years. action with the allies. Population 13,300. Fifty Manufactures are carried on here of cotton miles south-east of Amsterdam. Long. 5° 50' 51" stockings, silk stockings and hats, coarse silk E., lat. 51° 51' 20" N.

and fancy works, Madras shawls, silk and cotton NIMES, or Nismes, Nemausus, a large and goods, velvets, coarse cloths, printed cottons, very ancient city, the chief place of the pre- furniture stufis, pasteboards, brandy, and vinegar. fecture of the department of the Garı), having a There are also dye-houses, and tan-yards for royal court for that department, together with chamois and other leathers. A considerable those of the Lozère and Vaucluse, an inferior trade is carried on in these articles, as well as court, a chamber of commerce, an agricultural grocery, drugs, grain, essences, &c. It is the society, an academy, a royal college, schools for principal mart in the kingdom for silks. All drawing and chemistry, a medical society, and a parts of Europe are supplied from this place bishop's see. It is a posi-town, with 38,000 in- with medicinal plants, through the medium of habitants. This city is situated in a delightful rich mercantile houses, which purchase them of plain, at the foot of several hills, which com- the peasant cultivators, and forward them to Ammand a fertile country, covered with the rich sterdam, llamburgh, and Lubec. productions of agriculture, and surrounded with Among the modern public buildings may be eminences crowned with fruit trees, vines, and mentioned the library, containing 10,000 volumes; olives. It is in general badly built, and the the museum of natural history; the assize court, streets confined; but the suburbs present some remarkable for its pillars supporting the front, straight and long streets; the boulevards are con- and the rich vestibule dividing the halls of tinually embellished with new buildings, and auilience; the new assembly room; and the colthat part which reaches from the end of the lege church. The cathedral contains the tombs canal of the Fountain to the Esplanade is very of Flechier and cardinal Bernis. The squarebeautiful.

house, an ancient temple, erected by the emperor As a modern city Nimes contains nothing very Adrian, was restored, by order of Louis M., remarkable; but, when we consider its antiquity, in 1689, and again repaired in 1820. It is a many remains of which are still extant, it is rectangular building, seventy feet long by thirtyhighly worthy of attention. Next to Rome, it six broad, and of a height equal to its breadın, las been said to offer to the antiquary more Ro- adorned with thirty futed Corinthian columns, man monuments than any other city in the the chapiters of which are the admiration of all world; the square house, the amphitheatre, the connoisseurs. The amphitheatre is a majestic cathedral, an ancient temple consecrated to Au- circus of the Doric order, of an elliptic form, gustus, the fountain, the temple of Diana, and 404 feet diameter in the outer circumference, the Magnus tower, give us the noblest ideas of and 317 in the inner. This tine work is conthe state of the arts at the time of the erection of structed on 120 arcades of smooth stone, wrought these monuments, while at the same time they with admirable art; thirty-two rows of seats rise excite our admiration of those who planned and one above the other in the interior, which it is directed them. Nimes was founded by the supposed were capable of accommodating 17,000 Phoceans of lonia, who occupied it for nearly spectators. The entrance is by four principal four centuries; it then passed into the hands of gates, facing the four points of the compass. the Romans, and formed part of their empire for The fountain and temple of Diana are fine rem500 years. In the fifth century of the Christian nants of antiquity, as also is the Magnus tower, era it became by turns the prey of the Goths an imposing ruin of a pyramidal form, 245 feet and the Vandals; in sixth the lisigoth

nce, with seven sides below and seized on it, and in the eighth it was ravaged by eight above, the destination of which is altogether the Saracens. Afterwards the kings of Arragon, uncertain; its ornaments are chiefly of the Done

in circumt



order. Nimes is 106 miles south of Privas, forty. The weyward sisters, five west of Avignon, eighty-seven north-west of Thus do go about, about, Marseilles, forty north-east of Montpelier, and

Thrice to thine and thrice to mine, 542 S.S. E. of Paris.

And thrice again, to make up nine. Shakspeare. NIMIQUAS, a nation of South Africa, divided and schoolboys playing at nine-pins upon ice in July

A painter made blossoms upon trees in December into two tribes, called by Vaillant the Greater and Less Nimiquas. The former inhabited a

This huge convex of fire, country extending from ng. 15° 25' to 18° 25' Outrageous to devour, iminures us round ninefold. E. of London, and between lat. 25° and 28° S.;

Milton. the latter a district nearly in the same longitude For as when merchants break, o'erthrown with the above, but lying between lat. 28° 12' Like nine-pins they strike others down. Hudibras. and 29° 36' S. They are now mixed with the Upon a strict observation of many, I have not other native tribes at the Cape, and own no dis- found any that see the ninth day. tinct territory. See Cape and HOTTENTOTS. A thousand scruples may startle at first, and yet

NIMROD, the sixth son of Cush. The sacred in conclusion prove but a nine-days' wonder. historian tells us, that · Nimrod began to be a

L'Estrange. mighty one in the earth ;' that he was a mighty

Eugenius has two hundred pounds a-year ; but hunter before the Lord,' even to a proverb; and he has a right to the tenth part, which he always ap

never values himself above nine-score, as not thinking that the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, propriates to charitable uses.

Addison. and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land

Three silver pennies, and a nine-pence bent. of Shinar.' Authors have taken a great deal of

Gay's Pastorals. pains to find Nimrod in profane history. Some At ninety-nine a modern and a dunce.

Pope. have imagined him to be the same with Belus, The faults are nine in ten owing to affectation, the founder of the Babylonish empire; others and not the want of understanding. Swift. with Ninus, the first Assyrian monarch: some Nineteen in twenty of perplexing words might be think he was Evechous, the first Chaldean king; changed into easy ones, such as occur to ordinary and others perceive a great resembance between men.

Id. him and Bacchus. Some Mahometan writers

Nine is the last of the radical numbers or suppose him to have been Zohak, a Persian characters, from the combination of which any king of the first dynasty ; others Cay Cans, the definite number, however large, may be prosecond king of the second race; and some of the duced. It is observed by arithmeticians,' says Jews say he is the same with Amraphel, the Hume, “ that the products of 9 compose always king of Shinar, mentioned by Moses. Some of either 9 or some smaller products of 9, if you the rabbios pretend he was slain by Esau, whom add together all the characters of which any of they absurdly make his contemporary. There is the former products is composed : thus of 18, a tradition that he was killed by the fall of the 27, 36, which are products of 9, you make 9, by tower of Babel: others say that, as he led an adding 1 to 8, 2 to 7, 3 to 6. Thus 369 is also army against Abraham, God sent a squadron of a product of 9; and if you add 3, 6, and 9, you goats, which destroyed most of them, and parti- make 18, a less product of 9.' cularly Nimrod, whose brain was pierced by one NINEVEHI, in ancient geography, the capital of those insects.

of Assyria, founded by Asshur, the son of Shem NINCOMPOOP, n. s. A corruption of the (Gen. x. 11). It was one of the most ancient, Latin non compos. A fool; a trifler.

famous, and potent cities of the world. It is An old ninnyhammer, a dotard, a nincompoop, is difficult exactly to fix the time of its foundation ; the best language she can afford me.

but it could not be long after the building of

Babel. It was situated upon the banks of the NINE, adj.

Sax. nigan; Goth. niun, Tigris; and in the time of the prophet Jonah, Nine'FOLD, adj. neun; Teut. neune ; Ital. who was sent thither under Jeroboam II. king of NINE'Pence, n. s. I niu; Fr. neuf ; Span. neuve; Israel, and, as Calmet thinks, under the reign of NINE'PINS, Lat. novem, à novus, accord- Pul, father of Sardanapalus, king of Assyria, NINE'Score, adj. Şing to Minsheu and Ains. Nineveh was a very great city, its circuit being NINETEEN, worth, i.e. ultimus, because three days' journey (Jonah ini. 3.). Diodorus Nine’TEENTI, it is the last single figure Siculus, who has given us the dimensions of it, NINE'TIET), for a number. Eight and says it was 480 stadia in circumference, or fortyNINE'ty. one; one less than ten :

seven miles; and that it was surrounded with Dinefold is nine times; any thing repeated nine lofty walls and towers ; the former being 200 times : pine-pins, a game in which nine pieces feet in height, and so very broad that three chaof wood are thrown at: nine-pence, a coin of riots might drive on them a-breast; and the latter this value: nine-score, nine times twenty: nine- 200 feet in height, and 1500 in number. Strabo teen, nine and ten : nineteenth, its ordinal: nine- allows it to have been much greater than Babytieth, the ordinal of ninety: ninety, nine times lon. At the time of Jonah's mission it was so

populous that it was reckoned to contain more What semeth to you, if ther weren to a man an than 120,000 persons who could not distinguish hundrid scheep, and oon of hem hath errid wher he their right hand from their left (Jonah iv. 11), schal not leve nynty and nyne in desert, and sehal go which is generally explained of young children; to secke that that errid. Wiclif. Matt. xviii.

so that it is computed that the inhabitants of Enos lived ninety years and begat Cainan. Gen. Nineveh were then above 600,000 persons. Ni

In the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar, neveh was taken by Arbaces and Belesis, A. M. king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan.

3257, in the reign of Sardanapalus, in the time

2 Kings.






of Ał az king of Judah, and about the time of the faith, during the reign of Theodosius II. Bede foundation of Rome. It was taken a second time says, lie built a church dedicated to St. Martin, by Astyages and Nabopolassar, from Chynalydan in a style unknown to the Britons of that time; king of Assyria, in 3378. After this time Nine- and adds that during his time the Saxons belá veh no more recovered its former splendor. It this province (Gallovidia, now Galloway); and was so entirely ruined in the time of Lucianus that as, in consequence of the labors of this saint, Samosatensis, who lived under the emperor the converts to Christianity incriased, an episcoAdrian, that no traces of it could be found, nor pal see was established there. Dr. Henry says, so much as the place where it stood.

he was a Briton of noble birth and excellent it was rebuilt under the Persians, and destroyed genius. After he had received as good an eduagain by the Saracens about the seventh century: cation at home as his own country could afford, Profane historians tell us that Ninus first founded he travelled for improvement, and spent several Ninevel; but the Scripture assures us that it years at Rome, then the chief seat of learnwas Asshur (Gen. x. 11). The sacred authorsing, as well as of empire. Thence he returned make frequent mention of this city; and Nahum into Britain, and spent his life in preaching the and Zephaniah foretold its ruin in a very parti- gospel in the most uncultivated parts of it, with cular and pathetic manner. It was several times equal zeal and success.' Buchanan says that in besieged.The first attempt was made by Phra- the reign of king Dongard, about A. D. 452, the ortes, the second king of the Medes; but it failed, Scottish clergy being infected with Pelagianism, and he perished in it, in his twenty-second year St. Ninian was sent into Scotland by Palladius (See MedIA). His son, Cyaxares 1., though he to oppose it, and became highly distinguished also failed in two attempts, was more successful by his learning and zeal.- Buch. lib. v. in a third, and, by the assistance of Nebuchad- Acc. xvii. 385. nezzar, took and demolished it. Modern tra- NINNY, n. S. Span, ninno, a baby; Gr. veov, vellers say that the ruins of ancient Nineveh a novice. A simpleton; a childish person. may still be seen on the east banks of the Tigris, What a pied nimy's this? Shakspeare. Tempest. opposite to Mousul (See MOUSUL). This asser

Have you no more manners than to rail at Ilocus, tion, however, is far from probable; for every that has saved that clod-patel, numskulled, ninnytrace of it seems to have so iotally disappeared, hammer of yours from ruin, and all his family? even so early as A. D. 627, that the vacant space

i, buthnot's Jou Bull. afforded a spacious field for the celebrated battle The dean was so shablyy, and looked like a ninny, between the emperor lleraclius and the Persians. That the captain supposed he was curate. There are few ihings in ancient history which NINTS, the second king of Assyria, the son have more puzzled the learned world than to de- of Belus, or Asshur. He enlarged Nineveh and termine the spot where this city stood. dr. Ives Babylon ; conquered Zoroaster king of the Bacsays, that some imagine it stood near what is trians; married Semiramis of Ascalon; subdued called Jonah's tomb : others, however, place it almost all Asia; and died, after a glorious reign some hours' journey up the Tigris. These dif- of fifty-two years, about 1150 B.C. See Asferent opinions, however, seem perfectly reconcileable; for ancient Nineveh comprehended the VINYAS, the son of Ninus and Semiramis, whole ground which lies between these two and successor of the latter in the kingdom of Asruined places. Mr. Ives adds, that what con- syria, whom he is said to have put to death for firms this conjecture is, that much of this ground her incestuous attachment to him. Little is reis now hilly, owing to the rubbish of the ancient corded of his reign, but that he entrusted the buildings. There is one mount of 200 or 300 care of his government to his favorites, and began yards square, which stands some yards north-east that inglorious course of luxury and effeminacy, of Jonah's tomb, whereon it appears a fortifica- which, being pursued by his successors with inlion once stood.'

creasing folly and extravagance, ended in the NINGPO, a sea-port and city of the first rank ruin of the empire under Sardanapalus. in the province of Tchekiang, China. By the NIO, anciently los, a small hilly island in the early Portuguese writers it is called Liampoo, Greek Archipelago, west of Namphio. It has a and situated in a fertile plain, watered by nume- population of 1000 Greeks, who raise wine and rous canals. The streets are narrow, and con- cotton. Their principal property, however, contracted by the penthouses over the shops, and the sists in caitle. Nio, the chief place, is said to city, though five miles in circumference, does not contain 3000 inhabitants. Tradition asserts that contain any edifice of much importance. It Homer died in this island, and there was forlies at the mouth of a small river, which forms merly erected to him a monument here. Long. a good harbour, though there is a bar, which j? [ E., lat. 309 467X. renders the entrance difficult. The place is much NIOBE, ID fabulous history, the dau xhtrs of resorted to by the merchants of Fokien, as well Tantalus, and wife of Amphion king of Thebes, as by the Chinese settled in Siam and Batavia, by whom shield seven sons and seven daughters. who come for the purpose of buying the silks. Ilaving become so proud of her children and Its trade with Japan is also considerable.

bith birth as to prefer herself before Luona, and NINIAN, or Ninia, a saint among the ancient to slight the sacrifices offered up by the Theban Britons. Ile resided at or near a place called matrons to that goddess, Apollo and Diana, the by Ptolemy Leucopibia, and by Bede Candida children of Latona, resented this contempt. The Rosa; but the English and Scots call it Whit- former slew the male chikiren, and the latter the horne. He is said to have been the first who female; upon which Niobe was struck dumb convericd the Scots and Picts to the Christian with grief, and remained without s.nisation. Cie



very cold,

Id. Hamlet.

cero is of opinion that on this account the poets hence to blast or destroy prematurely; to vex; feigned her to be turned into stone. The story irritate; taunt: a nipper is an obsolete word for of Niobe is beautifully related in Ovid's Meta- a satirist : nippers are small pincers. morphoses, lib. vi. fab. 5. Among the relics of

I am sharply taunted, yea, sometimes with pinches, ancient statuary is preserved a beautiful statue rips, and bobs.

Ascham's Schoolmuster. of Niobe. With her right hand she clasps one Ready backbiters, sore nippers, and spiteful reof her little daughters, who throws herself into porters privily of good men. her bosom; which attitude equally expresses the Quick wits commonly be in desire new fangled ; ardent affection of the mother, and that natural in purpose unconstant; bold with any person ; busy confidence which children have in the protection in every matter ; soothing such as be present, nipping of a parent. This is reckoned by Pliny one of any that is absent.

Id. Schoolmaster. the most beautiful works of antiquity; but he And sharp remorse his heart did prick and nip, doubts to which of the Grecian artists he ought That drops of blood thence like a well did play. to ascribe it, whether to Scopas or Praxiteles.

Spenser. We have no certain information at what period

But the right gentle mind would bite his lip this celebrated work was transported from Greece

To hear the javel so good men to nip. Hubberd to Rome, nor where it was first erected. Fla- This is the state of man: to-day he puts forth minius Vacca says, that all these statues were

The tender leaves of hope, to-morrow blossoms, found in his time, near the gate of St. John, and

And bears his blushing honours thick upon him : that they were afterwards placed by the grand And when he thinks, good easy man, full surely

The third day comes a frost, a killing frost ; duke Ferdinand in the gardens of the Villa de His greatness is a-ripening, nips his root ; Medici, near Rome.

And then he falls, as I do. NIORT, a large and ancient post town, and

Shakspeare. Henry VII, principal place of a prefecture, in the arrondisse- The air bites shrewdly, it is ment of the same naine, department of the Two - It is a nipping and an eager air. Sevres, France, containing 17,000 inhabitants,

What ? this a sleeve? 'tis like a demi-cannon ; and having an inferior court, under the royal What, up and down, calved like an apple-tart ? court of Poictiers; a chamber of arts and ma- Here's snip, and nip, and cut, and slish, and slash, dufactures, an agricultural society, an athenæum Like to a censer in a barber's shop. Shukspeare. of arts and sciences, a communal college, and a

In oranges and lemons, the nipping of their rind free drawing school. This town stands plea- giveth out their smell more. santly, on the sides of two hills, at the foot of

Bacon's Natural History. which flows the Sèvre, navigable in this part of

A flower doth spread and dye, its course. It is well built, and the streets airy; Thou would'st extend me to some good, in the neighbourhood are some very fine scenes Before I were by frost's extremity nipt in the bud. and delightful walks, much improved by art. From a little esplanade, constructed in the most

His delivery now proves elevated part of the town, there is a most beau

Abortive, as the first-born bloom of spring, tiful prospect of the charming country watered

Nipt with the lagging rear of winter's frost. by the Sèvre, the smiling meadows along its

The small shoots that extract the sap of the most baoks, and the numerous houses scattered over

leading branches must be nipt off. this fine and fertile valley. Niort was taken by the English, who kept Scorning the midwifery of rip’ning showers,

So hasty fruits and too ambitious flowers, possession of it for eighteen years; it was In spite of frosts, spring from the unwilling earth, protected by an ancient castle, formed of two But find a nip untimely as their birth. Stepney. large towers united by massive masonry.


Had he not been nipped in the bud, he might have castle was for a long time the residence of the made a formidable figure in his own works among governors of the town, and now serves for a posterity.

Addison prison. It is the native place of Fontanes, a From such encouragement it is easy to guess to distinguished literary man, and one of the purest what perfection I might have brought this work, writers of our day. There are here manufactures had it not been nipt in the bud.

Arbuthnot's John Bull. of chamois leather, doe-skin gloves, braces, sailors' shoes, saddle-bows, horn and wood NIPHON, a large island in the east of Asia, combs, woollen stuffs, and paper. There are forming the greater part of the empire of Japan. also woollen yarn factories, and cousiderable It is 300 leagues long, but of very unequal tan-yards. A considerable trade is carried on breadth, i. e. from seventy to thirty leagues. in Bourdeaux wines, grain, corn, measures, pre- Jeddo, the metropolis, is on the east side, and served angelica, vinegar, wool, hair, leather, and is said to be so extensive as to require twentygloves. Here is a public library, containing one hours to walk round it; and the palace of 15,000 volumes, also a botanical garden and the emperor, we are assured, is surrounded by a departmental nursery, a public garden, a town wall of stone, five leagues in circuit, with ditches hall, the baths, the fine fountain of Viviers, &c. and drawbridges. The houses are of wood, two Niort is fifty-seven miles south-west of Poictiers, stories, the ground floor towards the street being 150 north of Bourdeaux, and 324 south-west of shops. The gulf, in which the city is situated, Paris.

is so shallow that vessels cannot approach the NIP, v. n. & n. s. Belg. nippen ; Teut. town. See Japan. 'Nip'per, n.s. kneipen; Goth. niupa. To NIP'PLE, n. s. Sax. nypele ; Fr. from Nip. NIP'pers, plu.


pinch ; injure by pinch- The teat, or dug; that which the sucking young ing in any way, as by the nails, teeth, frosi, &c.; take into and nip with their mouths. VOL. XV.

2 X




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